CART

(0) items

PRINCIPLES OF RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGING: AN ART AND A SCIENCE, 2ND ED,9780827368644
This item qualifies for
FREE SHIPPING!

FREE SHIPPING OVER $59!

Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order.

Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included.

PRINCIPLES OF RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGING: AN ART AND A SCIENCE, 2ND ED

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780827368644

ISBN10:
082736864X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/1996
Publisher(s):
ITP
List Price: $77.95
More New and Used
from Private Sellers
Starting at $0.01
See Prices

Rent Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

eTextbook

We're Sorry
Not Available

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Related Products


  • Principles of Radiographic Imaging : An Art and a Science
    Principles of Radiographic Imaging : An Art and a Science
  • Principles of Radiographic Imaging : An Art and a Science
    Principles of Radiographic Imaging : An Art and a Science
  • Workbook for Carlton/Adler's Principles of Radiographic Imaging, 5th
    Workbook for Carlton/Adler's Principles of Radiographic Imaging, 5th
  • Workbook with Lab Exercises for Carlton/Adler's Principles of Radiographic Imaging: An Art and a Science, 4th
    Workbook with Lab Exercises for Carlton/Adler's Principles of Radiographic Imaging: An Art and a Science, 4th




Summary

This book presents a comprehensive introduction to the principles and techniques of radiographic imaging. The physics principles that are the foundation of radiography are explained clearly, with numerous illustrations, examples and solved problems to aid comprehension. Chapters are organized into six units: Creating the Beam, Protecting Patients and Personnel, Creating the Image, Analyzing the Image, Comparing Exposure Systems, and Special Imaging Systems. Specialized imaging modalities, such as mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography and computed radiography, are explained in individual chapters. (KEYWORDS: radiographic technology, radiographic imaging, radiographic physics, imaging modalities)

Table of Contents

List of Tables
xii
Foreword xv
Preface xvi
Acknowledgments xvii
Epigraph Sources and Credits xx
Unit I Creating the Beam 1(140)
Basic Mathematics
3(17)
Mary Ann Hovis
Arithmetic
4(5)
Algebra
9(7)
Units of Measurement
16(4)
Radiation Concepts
20(18)
Matter and Energy
21(2)
Atomic Theory
23(8)
Types of Energy
31(1)
Electromagnetic Spectrum
32(2)
The Discovery of X-Rays
34(1)
X-Ray Properties
35(3)
Electricity
38(19)
Electrostatics
39(5)
Electrodynamics
44(7)
Series and Parallel Circuits
51(6)
Electromagnetism
57(29)
Magnetism
58(4)
Electromagnetism
62(11)
Controlling Electrical Current
73(4)
Rectification
77(9)
X-Ray Equipment
86(25)
Types of X-Ray Equipment
87(5)
Power for X-Ray Generation
92(2)
A Basic X-Ray Circuit
94(5)
Generators
99(7)
Automatic Exposure Controls
106(5)
The X-Ray Tube
111(21)
The Cathode Assembly
112(3)
The Anode Assembly
115(8)
The Glass Envelope
123(1)
Protective Housing
124(1)
Off-Focus Radiation
125(1)
Rating Charts and Cooling Curves
125(3)
Recommendations for Extending Tube Life
128(4)
X-Ray Production
132(9)
Conditions
133(1)
Target Interactions
133(3)
Emission Spectrum
136(5)
Unit II Protecting Patients and Personnel 141(80)
Radiation Protection Concepts and Equipment
143(12)
The Basics of Radiation Protection Principles and Practice
144(2)
Quantities and Units Relevant to Radiation Protection
146(3)
Detection and Measurement of Ionizing Radiation
149(6)
Radiation Protection Procedures for Patients and Personnel
155(15)
Advisory Groups and Regulatory Agencies
156(1)
Limiting Exposure to Ionizing Radiation
156(2)
Protection of Personnel
158(3)
Protection of the Patient
161(3)
Radiation Exposure and Pregnancy
164(6)
Filtration
170(8)
Measurement
171(1)
Types of Filtration
172(2)
Effect on Output
174(4)
The Prime Factors
178(12)
The Prime Factors
179(1)
Milliamperage-Second (mAs)
179(4)
Kilovoltage (kVp)
183(1)
Distance
184(6)
X-Ray Interactions
190(14)
X-Ray Interaction with Matter
191(1)
Photoelectric Absorption
192(3)
Coherent Scattering
195(1)
Compton Scattering
195(2)
Pair Production
197(2)
Photodisintegrtion
199(1)
Effect on Technical Factor Selection
199(5)
Minimizing Patient Dose
204(17)
Estimating Approximate Entrance Skin Exposure
205(2)
Typical Entrance Skin Exposure
207(1)
Reducing Patient Dose with Communication
208(1)
Reducing Patient Dose with Positioning
208(1)
Reducing Patient Dose with Technical Factors
209(4)
Discussing Radiation Risk Versus Benefit with Patients
213(8)
Unit III Creating the Image 221(136)
Vision and Perception
223(13)
Image Perception
224(5)
Controlling the Image in Space
229(1)
Radiography as an Art Form
230(6)
Beam Restriction
236(11)
Controlling Scatter
237(2)
Beam Restrictors
239(4)
Ancillary Devices
243(4)
The Patient as a Beam Emitter
247(6)
Attenuation
248(1)
The Human Body as an Attenuator
248(2)
The Patient's Relationship to Image Quality
250(3)
The Pathology Problem
253(11)
Pathology and Radiation Absorption
254(2)
Increased Attenuation (Additive) Conditions
256(3)
Decreased Attenuation (Destructive) Conditions
259(5)
The Gird
264(15)
Purpose of the Grid
265(1)
Grid Construction
266(2)
Grid Patterns
268(1)
Crid Types
269(1)
Grid Uses
270(1)
Grid Selection/Conversions
271(1)
Grid Performance Evaluation
272(1)
Grid Errors
272(2)
Other Scatter Reduction Methods
274(5)
Radiographic Film
279(16)
Construction
280(5)
Latent Image Formation
285(1)
Types of Film
286(2)
The Duplication Process
288(1)
The Subtrction Process
289(1)
Film Storage and Handling
290(2)
Film Identification
292(3)
Radiographic Processing
295(20)
Developing
296(3)
Fixing
299(1)
Archiving
300(1)
Automatic Processing
301(6)
Darkroom
307(2)
Silver Recovery Systems
309(6)
Sensitometry
315(14)
Sensitometric Equipment
316(3)
The D Log E Curve
319(1)
Film Characteristics
320(9)
Intensifying Screens
329(14)
Construction
330(1)
Phosphors
331(2)
Characteristics
333(4)
Cassettes and Holders
337(1)
Care
338(5)
Film/Screen Combinations
343(14)
Emission Spectra
344(1)
Characteristics
345(5)
Selecting Film/Screen Combinations
350(1)
Clinical Choices
351(6)
Unit IV Analyzing the Image 357(100)
Establishing Imaging Standards
359(7)
Professional Imaging Standards
360(1)
The Analytical Process
360(1)
Acceptance Limits
361(5)
Density
366(18)
Assessing Density
367(1)
Effects on Image Appearance
368(1)
Factors Affecting Density
368(16)
Contrast
384(19)
Assessing Contrast
385(3)
Radiographic Contrast
388(4)
Evaluating Contrast
392(3)
Factors Affecting Contrast
395(8)
Recorded Detail
403(13)
Assessing Recorded Detail
404(1)
Effects on Image Appearance
404(1)
Factors Affecting Recorded Detail
405(11)
Distortion
416(15)
Assessing Distortion
417(1)
Factor Affecting Size Distortion
417(4)
Factors Affecting Shape Distortion
421(6)
Effect on Image Appearance
427(4)
The Art of Film Critique
431(9)
Implementing Imaging Standards
432(1)
Identifying an Imaging Problem
432(1)
An Effective Film Critique Method
433(4)
Applying the Film Critique Method
437(3)
Quality Control
440(17)
Quality Assurance and Quality Control
441(1)
Purchaing Equipment
441(2)
Monitoring Equipment Performance
443(6)
Ancilliary Equipment
449(1)
Repeat Film Studies
450(1)
Trobleshooting
451(6)
Unit V Comparing Exposure Systems 457(62)
Developing Exposure Charts
459(9)
System Selection
460(3)
Anatomically Programmed Radiography
463(1)
Establishing a Technique Chart
463(5)
Fixed Kilovoltage Systems
468(9)
Principles of Fixed Kilovoltage Exposure Systems
469(1)
Establishing a Fixed Kilovoltage Peak Technique Chart
470(7)
Variable Kiolvoltage Systems
477(20)
Principles of a Variable Kilovoltage Peak Exposure System
478(3)
Establishing a Stepped Variable kVp System
481(3)
The Mayo Clinic Variable kVp system
484(4)
Establishing a Mayo Clinic Variable kVp Chart
488(9)
Other Exposure Systems
497(7)
XVS Unit Step System
498(1)
Du Point Bit System
499(1)
Siemens Point System
499(1)
SupertechTM Calculator
500(1)
Proportional Anatomy Systems
500(4)
Atomatic Exposure Controls
504(8)
Ionization Chambers
505(2)
Positioning Skills
507(5)
Exposure Conversion Problems
512(7)
Standard Conversion Relationships and Tables
513(1)
Solving Complex Exposure Problems
513(6)
Unit VI Special Imaging Systems 519(171)
Mobile Radiography
521(12)
Special Patient Considerations
522(1)
Special Radiation Protection Considerations
523(1)
Types of Equipment
524(3)
Automatic Exposure Control
527(1)
Special Technical Factor Selection Considerations
527(6)
Fluoroscopy
533(20)
Historical Development
534(1)
Fluoroscopic Uses
534(1)
Types of Equipment
535(1)
Fluoroscopic X-Ray Tubes
536(1)
Image Intensification Tubes
536(4)
Fluroscopic Generators
540(1)
Image Quality
540(2)
Viewing Systems
542(3)
Recording the Fluoroscopic Image
545(2)
Mobile Fluoroscopic Equipment
547(1)
Radiation Protection During Fluoroscopy
547(6)
Tomography
553(14)
The Tomographic Principle
554(2)
Tomographic Quality
556(4)
Types of Motion
560(2)
Tomogrpahic Procedures
562(5)
Technical Aspects of Mammography
567(29)
Eugene D. Frank
Historical Development
568(4)
Generator Characteristics
572(5)
X-Ray Tube
577(10)
Accessories
587(4)
Resolution
591(2)
Quality Control
593(3)
Vascular Imaging Equipment
596(22)
Joseph R. Bittengle
Donna C. Davis
Generators
597(1)
X-Ray Tubes
597(7)
Angiographic Tables
604(1)
Image Recording Devices
605(8)
Contrast Medium Injection Devices
613(2)
Quality Control
615(3)
Digital Image Processing
618(20)
The Computer
619(3)
Image Processing
622(1)
Digital Image Quality
623(7)
Computed Radiography and Fluoroscopy
630(3)
Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS)
633(1)
Laser Film Printers
634(4)
Computed Tomography
638(25)
The Invention of Computed Tomography
639(1)
Gantry
639(6)
Table
645(1)
X-Ray Tubes
646(1)
Detectors
646(2)
Computer
648(1)
Display Console
649(2)
Image Storage Units
651(1)
CT Numbers (Hounsfield Units)
651(1)
Image Reconstruction
652(1)
Image Quality
653(1)
Scanning Procedures
654(2)
Artifacts
656(1)
Radiation Protection
657(6)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
663(27)
The Physics of Magnetic Resonance
664(5)
Production of the Magnetic Resonance Image
669(7)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Equipment
676(5)
Image Quality
681(4)
Safety and Biological Hazards
685(5)
Appendix A On a New Kind of Rays 690(5)
W. C. Rontgen
Appendix B Agfa's Troubleshooting the Radiographic System: Symptoms and Possible Causes 695(5)
Appendix C Du Pont Bit System 700(5)
Appendix D Basic Exposure Table: Siemens Point System 705(5)
Appendix E Answers to Case Studies 710(3)
Index 713


Please wait while the item is added to your cart...