Overview and Descriptive Statistics | p. 1 |

Introduction | p. 1 |

Populations, Samples, and Processes | p. 3 |

Pictorial and Tabular Methods in Descriptive Statistics | p. 11 |

Measures of Location | p. 28 |

Measures of Variability | p. 36 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 48 |

Bibliography | p. 51 |

Probability | p. 52 |

Introduction | p. 52 |

Sample Spaces and Events | p. 53 |

Axioms, Interpretations, and Properties of Probability | p. 58 |

Counting Techniques | p. 67 |

Conditional Probability | p. 75 |

Independence | p. 86 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 92 |

Bibliography | p. 96 |

Discrete Random Variables and Probability Distributions | p. 97 |

Introduction | p. 97 |

Random Variables | p. 98 |

Probability Distributions for Discrete Random Variables | p. 101 |

Expected Values of Discrete Random Variables | p. 111 |

The Binomial Probability Distribution | p. 120 |

Hypergeometric and Negative Binomial Distributions | p. 128 |

The Poisson Probability Distribution | p. 135 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 140 |

Bibliography | p. 144 |

Continuous Random Variables and Probability Distributions | p. 145 |

Introduction | p. 145 |

Continuous Random Variables and Probability Density Functions | p. 146 |

Cumulative Distribution Functions and Expected Values | p. 152 |

The Normal Distribution | p. 160 |

The Gamma Distribution and Its Relatives | p. 174 |

Other Continuous Distributions | p. 181 |

Probability Plots | p. 188 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 199 |

Bibliography | p. 204 |

Joint Probability Distributions and Random Samples | p. 205 |

Introduction | p. 205 |

Jointly Distributed Random Variables | p. 206 |

Expected Values, Covariance, and Correlation | p. 219 |

Statistics and Their Distributions | p. 225 |

The Distribution of the Sample Mean | p. 237 |

The Distribution of a Linear Combination | p. 243 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 249 |

Bibliography | p. 252 |

Point Estimation | p. 253 |

Introduction | p. 253 |

Some General Concepts of Point Estimation | p. 254 |

Methods of Point Estimation | p. 269 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 278 |

Bibliography | p. 279 |

Statistical Intervals Based on a Single Sample | p. 281 |

Introduction | p. 281 |

Basic Properties of Confidence Intervals | p. 282 |

Large-Sample Confidence Intervals for a Population Mean and Proportion | p. 291 |

Intervals Based on a Normal Population Distribution | p. 299 |

Confidence Intervals for the Variance and Standard Deviation of a Normal Population | p. 308 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 311 |

Bibliography | p. 314 |

Tests of Hypotheses Based on a Single Sample | p. 315 |

Introduction | p. 315 |

Hypotheses and Test Procedures | p. 316 |

Tests About a Population Mean | p. 326 |

Tests Concerning a Population Proportion | p. 339 |

P-Values | p. 344 |

Some Comments on Selecting a Test Procedure | p. 352 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 356 |

Bibliography | p. 359 |

Inferences Based on Two Samples | p. 354 |

Introduction | p. 354 |

z Tests and Confidence Intervals for a Difference Between Two Population Means | p. 361 |

The Two-Sample t Test and Confidence Interval | p. 372 |

Analysis of Paired Data | p. 381 |

Inferences Concerning a Difference Between Population Proportions | p. 391 |

Inferences Concerning Two Population Variances | p. 399 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 403 |

Bibliography | p. 409 |

The Analysis of Variance | p. 410 |

Introduction | p. 410 |

Single-Factor ANOVA | p. 411 |

Multiple Comparisons in ANOVA | p. 422 |

More on Single-Factor ANOVA | p. 428 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 438 |

Bibliography | p. 440 |

Multifactor Analysis of Variance | p. 441 |

Introduction | p. 441 |

Two-Factor ANOVA with K[subscript ij] = 1 | p. 442 |

Two-Factor ANOVA with K[subscript ij] [greater than sign] 1 | p. 456 |

Three-Factor ANOVA | p. 465 |

2[superscript p] Factorial Experiments | p. 476 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 491 |

Bibliography | p. 494 |

Simple Linear Regression and Correlation | p. 496 |

Introduction | p. 496 |

The Simple Linear Regression Model | p. 497 |

Estimating Model Parameters | p. 505 |

Inferences About the Slope Parameter beta[subscript 1] | p. 520 |

Inferences Concerning [mu subscript Y[middle dot]x*] and the Prediction of Future Y Values | p. 530 |

Correlation | p. 538 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 549 |

Bibliography | p. 554 |

Nonlinear and Multiple Regression | p. 555 |

Introduction | p. 555 |

Aptness of the Model and Model Checking | p. 556 |

Regression with Transformed Variables | p. 564 |

Polynomial Regression | p. 576 |

Multiple Regression Analysis | p. 587 |

Other Issues in Multiple Regression | p. 612 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 626 |

Bibliography | p. 632 |

Goodness-of-Fit Tests and Categorical Data Analysis | p. 633 |

Introduction | p. 633 |

Goodness-of-Fit Tests When Category Probabilities Are Completely Specified | p. 634 |

Goodness-of-Fit Tests for Composite Hypotheses | p. 642 |

Two-Way Contingency Tables | p. 655 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 663 |

Bibliography | p. 666 |

Distribution-Free Procedures | p. 667 |

Introduction | p. 667 |

The Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test | p. 668 |

The Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Test | p. 677 |

Distribution-Free Confidence Intervals | p. 684 |

Distribution-Free ANOVA | p. 689 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 693 |

Bibliography | p. 695 |

Quality Control Methods | p. 696 |

Introduction | p. 696 |

General Comments on Control Charts | p. 697 |

Control Charts for Process Location | p. 699 |

Control Charts for Process Variation | p. 708 |

Control Charts for Attributes | p. 713 |

CUSUM Procedures | p. 718 |

Acceptance Sampling | p. 727 |

Supplementary Exercises | p. 733 |

Bibliography | p. 734 |

Tables | p. 735 |

Cumulative Binomial Probabilities | p. 736 |

Cumulative Poisson Probabilities | p. 738 |

Standard Normal Curve Areas | p. 740 |

The Incomplete Gamma Function | p. 742 |

Critical Values for t Distributions | p. 743 |

Tolerance Critical Values for Normal Population Distributions | p. 744 |

Critical Values for Chi-Squared Distributions | p. 745 |

t Curve Tail Areas | p. 746 |

Critical Values for F Distributions | p. 748 |

Critical Values for Studentized Range Distributions | p. 754 |

Chi-Squared Curve Tail Areas | p. 755 |

Critical Values for the Ryan-Joiner Test of Normality | p. 757 |

Critical Values for the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test | p. 758 |

Critical Values for the Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Test | p. 759 |

Critical Values for the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Interval | p. 760 |

Critical Values for the Wilcoxon Rank-Sum Interval | p. 761 |

[beta] Curves for t Tests | p. 762 |

Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises | p. 763 |

Index | p. 785 |

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