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Probation, Parole and Community Corrections,9780131829848
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Probation, Parole and Community Corrections

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780131829848

ISBN10:
013182984X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $108.00
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Summary

For Probation and Parole and Community Corrections courses. This comprehensive text examines the objectives of probation and parole systems for criminally convicted adults and juveniles and how these objectives are achieved. The text includes coverage of the history of parole and probation in the United States, contemporary probation and parole programs, and various classes of offenders. Exceptionally well organized, the text emphasizes a legalistic approach, notes key legal cases where appropriate, and includes the most recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Criminal Justice System Components: Locating Probation and Parole
1(30)
Chapter Objectives
2(1)
Introduction
2(2)
An Overview of the Criminal Justice System
4(3)
Types of Offenses
7(2)
Classifying Offenders
9(4)
Criminal Justice System Components
13(14)
Probation and Parole Distinguished
27(4)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
An Overview of Community Corrections: Types, Goals, and Functions
31(45)
Chapter Objectives
32(2)
Introduction
34(1)
Community Corrections and Intermediate Punishments
34(3)
The Community Corrections Act
37(1)
The Philosophy and History of Community Corrections
38(1)
Characteristics, Goals, and Functions of Community Corrections Programs
39(6)
Selected Issues in Community Corrections
45(6)
Home Confinement Programs
51(7)
Electronic Monitoring Programs
58(10)
Day Reporting Centers
68(8)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Sentencing and the Presentence Investigation Report: Background, Preparation, and Functions
76(51)
Chapter Objectives
77(2)
Introduction
79(1)
The Sentencing Process: Types of Sentencing Systems and Sentencing Issues
80(9)
The Role of Probation Officers in Sentencing
89(1)
Presentence Investigation (PSI) Reports: Interstate Variations
90(10)
The Sentencing Hearing
100(2)
Aggravating and Mitigating Circumstances
102(1)
A Presentence Investigation Report from the State of Wisconsin
103(6)
Changing Responsibilities of Probation Officers Resulting from Sentencing Reforms and Trends
109(18)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Appendix 3.1: Sample Federal Presentence Investigation Report
Probation and Probationers: History, Philosophy, Goals, and Functions
127(43)
Chapter Objectives
128(3)
Introduction
131(1)
Probation Defined
131(2)
The History of Probation in the United States
133(5)
The Philosophy of Probation
138(4)
Models for Dealing with Criminal Offenders
142(3)
Functions of Probation
145(3)
A Profile of Probationers
148(1)
First Offenders and Recidivists
148(4)
Civil Mechanisms in Lieu of Probation
152(10)
Judicial Discretion and the Probation Decision
162(8)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Programs for Probationers
170(65)
Chapter Objectives
171(2)
Introduction
173(1)
Standard Probation
173(8)
Intensive Supervised Probation (ISP)
181(13)
Shock Probation and Split Sentencing
194(3)
Boot Camps
197(6)
Female Probationers and Parolees: A Profile
203(9)
The Probation Revocation Process
212(8)
Landmark Cases and Special Issues
220(15)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Jails and Prisons
235(48)
Chapter Objectives
236(2)
Introduction
238(1)
Jails and Jail Characteristics
239(4)
Functions of Jails
243(2)
A Profile of Jail Inmates
245(3)
Prisons, Prison History, and Prison Characteristics
248(4)
The Functions of Prisons
252(4)
Inmate Classification Systems
256(6)
A Profile of Prisoners in U.S. Prisons
262(4)
Some Jail and Prison Contrasts
266(1)
Selected Jail and Prison Issues
267(10)
The Role of Jails and Prisons in Probation and Parole Decision Making
277(6)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Parole and Parolees
283(30)
Chapter Objectives
284(1)
Introduction
285(1)
Parole Defined
286(1)
The Historical Context of Parole
286(3)
Parole and Alternative Sentencing Systems
289(6)
The Philosophy of Parole
295(1)
The Functions of Parole
295(8)
A Profile of Parolees in the United States
303(4)
The Growing Gang Presence
307(6)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Early Release, Parole Programs, and Parole Revocation
313(69)
Chapter Objectives
314(1)
Introduction
315(1)
Parole Programs
316(1)
Pre-Release
317(1)
Work/Study Release
318(3)
Furlough Programs
321(3)
Halfway Houses and Community Residential Centers
324(3)
Standard Parole with Conditions
327(9)
Intensive Supervised Parole (ISP)
336(11)
Other Parole Conditions
347(5)
Parole Boards and Early-Release Decision Making
352(10)
Granting or Denying Parole
362(7)
The Process of Parole Revocation
369(2)
Landmark Cases and Selected Issues
371(11)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Probation/Parole Organization and Operations: Recruitment, Training, and Officer-Client Relations
382(47)
Chapter Objectives
383(2)
Introduction
385(1)
The Organization and Operation of Probation and Parole Agencies
386(8)
Probation and Parole Officers: A Profile
394(13)
PO Training and Specialization
407(7)
Probation and Parole Officer Caseloads
414(6)
Officer/Client Interactions
420(1)
A Code of Ethics
421(2)
PO Unionization and Collective Bargaining
423(6)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Probation and Parole Professionals
429(42)
Chapter Objectives
430(1)
Introduction
430(1)
Probation and Parole: Risk/Needs Assessments
431(14)
The Changing Probation/Parole Officer Role
445(2)
Apprehension Units
447(2)
Gang Units
449(2)
Research Units
451(1)
Stress and Burnout in Probation/Parole Officer Role Performance
451(5)
Volunteers in Probation/Parole Work
456(8)
Paraprofessionals in Probation/Parole Work
464(7)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Theories of Offender Treatment
471(32)
Chapter Objectives
472(1)
Introduction
472(2)
Theories of Criminal Behavior
474(21)
Social Casework
495(1)
Which Theory is Best? An Evaluation
496(2)
Treatment Programs and Theories
498(5)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Offender Supervision: Types of Offenders and Special Supervisory Considerations
503(40)
Chapter Objectives
504(1)
Introduction
505(2)
Special-Needs Offenders: An Overview
507(11)
Mentally III Offenders
518(2)
Gang Members
520(6)
Sex Offenders
526(1)
Offenders with HIV / AIDS
527(1)
Substance-Abusing Offenders
528(4)
Community Programs for Special-Needs Offenders
532(11)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Juvenile Probation and Parole
543(72)
Chapter Objectives
544(1)
Introduction
545(2)
Juveniles and Juvenile Delinquency
547(1)
An Overview of the Juvenile Justice System
547(18)
Types of Waivers
565(10)
Implications of Waiver Hearings for Juveniles
575(1)
Juvenile Rights
576(3)
Offense Seriousness and Dispositions: Aggravating and Mitigating Circumstances
579(7)
Juvenile POs and Predispositional Reports
586(9)
Juvenile Probation and Parole Programs
595(9)
Revoking Juvenile Probation and Parole
604(11)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Evaluating Programs: Balancing Service Delivery and Recidivism Considerations
615(28)
Chapter Objectives
616(1)
Introduction
617(1)
Program Evaluation: How Do We Know Programs Are Effective?
617(8)
Balancing Program Objectives and Offender Needs
625(2)
Recidicivism
627(9)
Recidivists and Their Characteristics
636(2)
Probationers, Parolees, and Recidivism
638(5)
Summary
Questions For Review
Suggested Readings
Internet Connections
Glossary 643(18)
Internet Addresses for Professional Organizations and Probation/Parole Agencies 661(2)
List of References 663(24)
Cases Cited 687(2)
Name Index 689(8)
Subject Index 697


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