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Probation and Parole: Theory and Practice,9780130214591
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Probation and Parole: Theory and Practice

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780130214591

ISBN10:
0130214590
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $81.00

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This is the 7th edition with a publication date of 1/1/2000.
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Summary

For sophomore/senior-level courses in Probation and Parole and Community Corrections.Featuring a front-line practitioner's insights based on the author's extensive experience as a senior New York State parole officer. This text exposes students to the complex, "real" world of probation and parole. Comprehensive in approach, it explores the cutting-edge of both practice and theory with regard to all aspects of adult and juvenile probation, institutions, and parole.

Table of Contents

Preface xv
Acknowledgments xvii
About the Author xxi
Probation and Parole in Criminal Justice
1(21)
American Criminal Justice
2(3)
What Is a Crime? Who Is a Criminal?
5(1)
Index Crimes
5(2)
Responding to Crime
7(6)
Classical View
8(2)
Neoclassicalism
10(1)
Positive View
11(2)
The American System of Criminal Justice
13(4)
Entering the System
13(1)
Pretrial Court Appearances
14(1)
Pretrial Hearings
14(1)
Trial or Guilty Plea
15(1)
Sentencing
16(1)
Appeals
17(1)
Probation and Parole: Why Bother?
17(1)
Review Questions
18(4)
part one Probation
Juvenile Justice and Young Offenders
22(74)
The History of the Juvenile Court
22(2)
Houses of Refuge and Orphan Asylums
23(1)
The Child Savers
24(1)
The Juvenile Court
24(3)
Procedures in the Juvenile Court
27(25)
Intake
29(5)
Preliminary Hearing
34(3)
Adjudicatory Hearing
37(1)
Predisposition Report
37(1)
Disposition Hearing
38(14)
Status Offenders
52(3)
Juvenile Court Judges
55(1)
Juvenile Court Dispositions
56(23)
Administration of Juvenile Services
57(1)
Probation Supervision
57(8)
Day Treatment
65(2)
The Group Home
67(1)
Residential Treatment Center
68(3)
Training School
71(3)
The Youth Authority
74(5)
Aftercare and Parole
79(8)
Juveniles in Criminal Court
87(5)
Blended Sentence
91(1)
Legal Decisions
92(2)
Review Questions
94(2)
Probation and the Courts: History and Administration
96(37)
Court Systems: Federal and State
96(1)
Jurisdiction
96(1)
The State Courts
97(2)
The Federal Courts
99(2)
History of Probation
101(3)
Early Probation and John Augustus
101(1)
Early Probation Statutes
102(1)
Probation at the Turn of the Century
103(1)
Administration of Probation
104(4)
Granting Probation
108(3)
Conditions of Probation
111(4)
Length of Supervision
115(1)
Violation of Probation
116(10)
Preliminary/Probable Cause Hearing
118(4)
Revocation Hearing
122(2)
Street Time
124(2)
Legal Decisions
126(5)
Conditions of Probation
127(1)
Probation Violation and the Three Theories of Probation
128(1)
Probation Revocation
129(2)
Review Questions
131(2)
Sentencing and the Presentence Investigation
133(39)
Presentence Investigation Report
133(2)
Content of Presentence Investigation Report
135(1)
Gathering Information for the PSI
136(4)
Interviews
137(1)
Review of Records and Reports
138(2)
Short- and Long-Form Presentence Investigation Reports
140(6)
Sentencing Guidelines, Mandatory Sentences, and the Classical PSI
146(17)
Requiring a Presentence Investigation Report
163(1)
Plea Bargaining and the Pre-Plea Investigation
163(2)
Confidentiality of the Presentence Investigation Report
165(2)
Criticism of the Presentence Investigation Report
167(3)
Review Questions
170(2)
part two Parole
A History of American Prisons
172(32)
Origins of the American System of Prisons
174(2)
Pennsylvania: Walnut Street and Other Early Prisons
176(2)
Pennsylvania After Walnut Street
178(1)
Auburn
179(2)
Convict Labor
181(2)
Modern Prison Industries
183(1)
The ``Big House''
184(1)
Corrections
185(1)
Correctional Institutions: Divisions, Rebellions, and Riots
186(4)
Attica
188(2)
Just Deserts: Contemporary Correctional Institutions
190(4)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Tuberculosis
191(1)
Drug Abusing and Mentally Ill Inmates
192(1)
Prison Violence
192(1)
Prison Gangs
193(1)
Prisons and the Courts
194(2)
Community-Based Corrections
196(3)
Prisons for Profit
199(3)
Review Questions
202(2)
Parole and the Indeterminate Sentence
204(19)
Transportation to America
204(1)
Maconochie and Norfolk Island
205(1)
Crofton and the Irish System
205(1)
Developments in the United States
206(3)
Elmira Reformatory
206(3)
Positivism Reemerges as the Medical Model
209(4)
Indeterminate and Determinate Sentencing
213(3)
Determinate Sentencing, Prosecutorial Discretion, and Disparate Justice
216(3)
The ``Why?'' of Parole
219(2)
Review Questions
221(2)
Parole Administration and Services
223(57)
Administration of Parole Services
223(3)
The Parole Board
226(1)
Parole Board Procedures
226(18)
Victim Participation
234(1)
Parole Board Criteria
235(2)
Parole Board Guidelines
237(7)
Parole Services---Institutional
244(3)
Parole Services---Field
247(1)
Conditions of Parole
248(2)
Length of Supervision
250(2)
Violation of Parole/Conditional Release
252(13)
Preliminary Hearing
255(7)
Revocation Hearing
262(1)
Street Time
262(3)
Parole Services: Executive Clemency
265(4)
Reprieve
265(1)
Commutation
265(1)
Pardon
266(3)
Legal Decisions Affecting Parole
269(7)
Parole Release and Parole Hearings
269(2)
Parole Violation and the Three Theories of Parole
271(4)
Parole Board Liability
275(1)
Parole Officer Liability
275(1)
Review Questions
276(4)
part three Treatment and Supervision in Probation and Parole
Treatment Theory and Practice
280(35)
Theory
280(1)
Psychoanalytic Theory and Psychoanalysis
281(1)
Stages of Psychological Development
282(2)
Crime and the Superego
284(1)
Psychoanalytic Treatment
285(1)
Social Casework
286(6)
Assessment
287(2)
Planning
289(1)
Intervention
290(1)
Changing the Environment
290(1)
Ego Support
291(1)
Clarification
292(1)
Learning Theory/Behavior Modification
292(7)
Cognitive Social Learning
294(1)
Token Economy
295(1)
Other Behavior Modification Systems
296(1)
Criticism of Behavior Modification
297(2)
Reality Therapy
299(4)
Group Work
303(2)
Cognitive Learning Skills Training
304(1)
Sociological Theory
305(8)
Anomie
305(1)
Differential Association
306(1)
Delinquent Subcultures
307(1)
Neutralization
308(1)
Differential/Limited Opportunity
309(1)
Social Control Theory
310(1)
Drift
311(1)
Labeling
312(1)
Conflict Theory
312(1)
Review Questions
313(2)
Probation and Parole Officers
315(22)
The Tasks of Probation/Parole Officers
315(2)
Probation/Parole Officer Roles and Agency Models
317(2)
The Probation/Parole Officer as Treatment Agent
319(1)
The Probation/Parole Officer as Broker or Advocate
320(1)
The Probation/Parole Officer as Law Enforcement Agent
321(9)
Selection of Probation and Parole Officers
330(1)
Personal Qualities
331(1)
Volunteers
332(3)
Review Questions
335(2)
Probation and Parole Supervision
337(32)
Classification in Probation and Parole
337(2)
Risk/Needs Assessment
339(2)
Probation/Parole Supervision
341(15)
Case Assignment
342(1)
Initial Interview
343(5)
Pretrial Supervision
348(3)
Ongoing Supervision
351(5)
Offender Employment
356(7)
The Stigma of Conviction
360(3)
An Emerging Model of Supervision: Restorative Justice
363(4)
Review Questions
367(2)
Special Problems and Programs in Probation and Parole
369(39)
Substance-Abusing Clients
370(9)
Methadone Treatment
371(1)
Behavior Modification
371(2)
Therapeutic Community (TC)
373(2)
Chemical Dependency (CD) Programs
375(1)
Alcoholics and Narcotics Anonymous
375(3)
Drug Testing
378(1)
HIV/AIDS
379(2)
Sex Offenders
381(4)
Drunk Drivers
385(1)
Developmentally Disabled
386(1)
Gang Intervention Unit
387(1)
Restitution, Community Service, and Fees
387(5)
Restitution
387(1)
Community Service
388(2)
Probation/Parole Fees
390(2)
Work Release
392(2)
Halfway Houses
394(3)
Interstate Adult and Juvenile Compacts
397(9)
Review Questions
406(2)
Intermediate Punishments
408(38)
Intensive Probation/Parole Supervision
410(16)
Florida Community Control
411(1)
Georgia Intensive Probation Supervision
412(1)
Cook County (Chicago) Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision
412(1)
New York and Colorado
413(1)
Lucas County (Toledo, Ohio) Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision
414(1)
Dauphin County (Pennsylvania) Intensive Juvenile Probation
414(1)
Texas Intensive Supervision Program
414(1)
Intensive Supervision: Research Findings
415(7)
Discussion
422(4)
Electronic Monitoring
426(7)
Discussion
432(1)
Shock Probation/Parole
433(3)
Shock Incarceration/Boot Camp
436(7)
Discussion/Shock Approach
440(2)
Discussion/Boot Camp
442(1)
Day Reporting Centers
443(1)
Washington, D.C.
444(1)
Maricopa County, Arizona
444(1)
Review Questions
444(2)
In Conclusion... 446(8)
Probation and Parole: Success or Failure?
446(2)
Felony Probation
448(1)
Goals of Probation and Parole
449(3)
Where Have We Been, Where Are We Now, and Where Are We Going?
452(1)
Review Questions
453(1)
References 454(39)
Author Index 493(7)
Subject Index 500


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