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Professional Ethics in Criminal Justice : Being Ethical When No One Is Looking,9780205359202

Professional Ethics in Criminal Justice : Being Ethical When No One Is Looking

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205359202

ISBN10:
0205359205
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $43.00
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Summary

A well balanced survey of ethics presented through applications to the criminal justice system. The text introduces the reader to ethical decision making in the first chapter and then moves through each of the three ethical perspectives utilized. The text then moves to the social context where ethics and the law are compared before dealing with the three components of the criminal justice systempolice, courts, and corrections. The penultimate chapter questions whether unethical behavior should have liabilities attached to it, and the final chapter looks to the future development of ethics in everyday life.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Acknowledgments xvii
About the Author xix
1 Recognizing Ethical Decisions: Ethics and Critical Thinking
1(10)
What Are Ethics and What Is Ethical?
2(1)
To What Types of Things or Beings Should We Limit the Discussion of Ethics?
2(1)
What Is the Difference between Morals and Ethics?
3(1)
What Are Values?
3(1)
Why Is Critical Thinking Fundamental to Ethics?
4(1)
ETHICS CHECKUP: Too Much Nintendo
5(1)
Can Morality Be Taught?
5(1)
What Is Moral Relativism?
6(1)
How Can We Choose What to Believe and How to Act Ethically?
7(1)
Critical Thinking Exercises
8(3)
1.1 Teenagers and Drug Sniffing Dogs
9(1)
1.2 Sentenced to the Newspaper
9(1)
1.3 Brewing Up a Storm
10(1)
2 Virtue Ethics: Seeking the Good
11(15)
The Roles of Socrates and Plato
12(1)
Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle
13(1)
A Hierarchy of Goods
13(1)
The Ultimate Good
14(1)
Stoicism and Hedonism
15(1)
ETHICS CHECKUP: ATM Trouble
16(1)
Moral Virtue
16(1)
Achieving Moral Virtue
17(2)
The Habit of Moral Virtue
19(2)
Evaluating Ethical Dilemmas
21(1)
Critical Thinking Exercises
22(4)
2.1 A Parole Fugitive at Princeton
23(1)
2.2 Good Performance, but Forged Transcripts
23(1)
2.3 Presidential Exit Ethics
23(3)
3 Formalism: Carrying Out Obligation and Duty
26(10)
Kantian Ethics
27(1)
The Categorical Imperative
28(1)
The Practical Imperative
29(2)
ETHICS CHECKUP: Punishment for Lying
30(1)
Lying and Criticisms
31(1)
Comparing Formalism and Virtue Ethics
31(2)
Critical Thinking Exercises
33(3)
3.1 Lying to the Sick and Dying
33(1)
3.2 Lies of Public Officials
34(1)
3.3 Is a Good Deed Required?
34(2)
4 Utilitarianism: Measuring Consequences
36(11)
John Stuart Mill
37(1)
Pain, Pleasure, and Happiness
38(1)
Motivation versus Consequences
39(1)
ETHICS CHECKUP: Martha Stewart an Example?
40(1)
Criticisms of Utilitarianism
40(1)
Summarizing Ethical Theories
41(2)
Critical Thinking Exercises
43(4)
4.1 A Flexible Expense Account
43(1)
4.2 The Bad Samaritan
44(1)
4.3 The Ring of Gyges
44(3)
5 Crime and Law: Which Behaviors Ought to Be Crimes?
47(21)
The Outer Limits of Morality
48(1)
Choosing What to Criminalize
49(3)
Violating Law on Moral Grounds
52(1)
ETHICS CHECKUP: Beeper Ban
52(1)
The Ethics of Criminals
53(1)
An Ethical Explanation of Crime
54(7)
Ethics Laws
61(2)
Critical Thinking Exercises
63(5)
5.1 A Boat Ride with Some Close Friends
64(1)
5.2 It Fell Off a Truck
65(1)
5.3 Prostitution: Simply a Business?
65(3)
6 Police: How Should the Law Be Enforced?
68(24)
The Scope of Police Decisions
69(1)
Investigation and Surveillance
69(2)
Curtailing Liberty: Stop and Frisk
71(3)
Placing in Custody: Arrest and Search
74(3)
Police Corruption
77(5)
ETHICS CHECKUP: Dirty Harry
81(1)
Questioning: Interrogation of Suspects
82(2)
Lies in Court
84(1)
Codes of Ethics
85(2)
Critical Thinking Exercises
87(5)
6.1 Suicide by Cop
87(1)
6.2 Abusive Speed Traps
88(1)
6.3 The Informants among Us
89(3)
7 Courts: How Ought a Case Be Adjudicated?
92(16)
Doing Justice
94(1)
Prosecutor Misconduct
95(1)
Defense Misconduct
96(2)
Issues at Trial
98(2)
ETHICS CHECKUP: Justice versus Mercy
99(1)
Deciding Cases without Trial
100(1)
Judicial Decisions
101(2)
Critical Thinking Exercises
103(5)
7.1 Butt Charge
104(1)
7.2 Attorney Confidentiality of a Client's Criminal Plans?
104(1)
7.3 A Judge's Relations
105(3)
8 Punishment and Corrections: What Should Be Done with Offenders?
108(15)
The Ethics of Punishment
109(1)
The Problems of Sentencing
110(2)
ETHICS CHECKUP: Punishment by Electric Shock
111(1)
Corporal Punishment
112(1)
Innovative Penalties
113(1)
Capital Punishment
114(2)
Life Imprisonment More Severe Than Death?
116(3)
Critical Thinking Exercises
119(4)
8.1 Ethics of Sniping and Negotiating
119(1)
8.2 Ethics and Mandatory Minimums
120(1)
8.3 Lawyer-Assisted Suicide
120(3)
9 Liability: What Should Be the Consequence of Unethical Conduct?
123(16)
Civil Remedies for Ethical Misconduct
124(2)
Individual Misconduct
126(3)
ETHICS CHECKUP: Employee E-Mail Surveillance
129(1)
Corporate Misconduct
129(3)
Government Misconduct
132(2)
Critical Thinking Exercises
134(6)
9.1 The Scarlet Driver's License
135(1)
9.2 Paying for Legislative Results?
135(1)
9.3 Would You Do It for $1 Million?
136(3)
10 The Future: Will We Be More or Less Ethical? 139(11)
Recognizing Ethical Decisions When They Arise
140(1)
Is the Bar Rising?
141(2)
Finding Defining Moments in Life
143(1)
ETHICS CHECKUP: A Bathrobe Bonus
144(1)
Being Ethical When No One Is Looking
144(2)
Critical Thinking Exercises
146(4)
10.1 Both Sides of Genetic Testing
146(1)
10.2 Transplant or Prosecute?
147(1)
10.3 A Marriage Proposal
147
Major Criminal Justice Codes of Conduct
Appendix A International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
150(1)
Appendix B Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Core Values
151(1)
Appendix C Judicial Conference of the United States Code of Conduct
152(2)
Appendix D American Correctional Association Code of Ethics
154(2)
Appendix E United Nations Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials
156(5)
Appendix F International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Ad Hoc Committee on Police Image and Ethics Recommendations
161(7)
Index 168


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