9780878143351

The Properties of Petroleum Fluids

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780878143351

  • ISBN10:

    0878143351

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 4/1/1990
  • Publisher: Pennwell Corp
  • Purchase Benefits
  • Free Shipping On Orders Over $59!
    Your order must be $59 or more to qualify for free economy shipping. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace items, eBooks and apparel do not qualify for this offer.
  • Get Rewarded for Ordering Your Textbooks! Enroll Now
  • We Buy This Book Back!
    In-Store Credit: $31.50
    Check/Direct Deposit: $30.00
List Price: $139.00

Table of Contents

Nomenclature xv
Preface xxxvii
Components of Naturally Occurring Petroleum Fluids
1(45)
Organic Chemistry
3(9)
Structural Theory
Chemical Bonding
Naming Organic Chemicals
Hydrocarbons
Homologous Series
Alkanes
12(6)
Nomenclature of Alkanes
Physical and Chemical Properties of Alkanes
Alkenes
18(4)
Nomenclature of Alkenes
Physical and Chemical Properties of Alkenes
Alkadienes, Alkatrienes, and Alkatetraenes
22(1)
Alkynes
22(2)
Nomenclature of Alkynes
Physical and Chemical Properties of Alkynes
Cycloaliphatic Hydrocarbons
24(4)
Cycloalkanes
Condensed Rings
Cycloalkenes and Cycloalkadienes
Aromatics
28(5)
Benzene
Benzene Bonds
Nomenclature of Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Physical and Chemical Properties of the Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Cycloalkanoaromatics
33(1)
Other Organic Compounds
34(1)
Nonhydrocarbon Components of Petroleum
35(5)
Sulfur Compounds
Oxygen Compounds
Nitrogen Compounds
Organometallic Compounds
Resins and Asphaltenes
40(1)
Classification of Crude Oils
40(2)
Physical Classification
Chemical Classification
Exercises
42(3)
General References
45(1)
Phase Behavior
46(44)
Pure Substances
47(14)
Phase Diagram for a Pure Substance
Use of Phase Diagrams
Vapor Pressure of a Pure Substance
Pressure-Volume Diagram for a Pure Substance
Density-Temperature Diagram for a Pure Substance
Two-Component Mixtures
61(12)
Phase Diagrams of Two-Component Mixtures
Pressure-Volume Diagram for a Two-Component Mixture
Composition Diagrams
Three-Component Mixtures
73(10)
Ternary Diagrams
Three-Component Phase Diagrams
Uses of Ternary Diagrams
Multicomponent Mixtures
83(1)
Exercises
84(5)
References
89(1)
Equations of State
90(39)
The Ideal Gas
90(10)
Boyle's Equation
Charles' Equation
Avogadro's Law
The Equation of State for an Ideal Gas
Density of an Ideal Gas
Kinetic Theory of Gases
Mixtures of Ideal Gases
100(4)
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
Amagat's Law of Partial Volumes
Apparent Molecular Weight of a Gas Mixture
Specific Gravity of a Gas
Behavior of Real Gases
104(18)
The Compressibility Equation of State
The Law of Corresponding States
The Compressibility Equation of State for Gas Mixtures
Exercises
122(6)
References
128(1)
Other Equations of State For Real Gases
129(18)
van der Waals Equation of State
129(1)
Other Equations of State in the ``Spirit of van der Waals''
130(2)
Equations of State at the Critical Point
132(1)
The Virial Equation of State
133(4)
The Beattie-Bridgeman Equation of State
137(3)
The Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation of State Recent Developments in Equations of State
Redlich-Kwong Equation of State
140(4)
Peng-Robinson Equation of State
Mixing Rules
Exercises
144(1)
References
145(1)
General References
146(1)
The Five Reservoir Fluids
147(18)
Multicomponent Phase Diagrams
147(1)
The Five Reservoir Fluids
148(1)
Identification of Fluid Type
Black Oils
149(2)
Black Oil Phase Diagram
Comments
Field Identification of Black Oils
Laboratory Analysis of Black Oils
Volatile Oils
151(3)
Volatile Oil Phase Diagram
Comments
Field Identification of Volatile Oils
Laboratory Analysis of Volatile Oils
Retrograde Gases
154(1)
Retrograde Gas Phase Diagram
Field Identification of Retrograde Gases
Laboratory Analysis of Retrograde Gases
Comments
Wet Gases
155(2)
Wet Gas Phase Diagram
Comments
Field Identification of Wet Gases
Dry Gases
157(2)
Dry Gas Phase Diagram
Comments
Exercises
159(5)
References
164(1)
Properties of Dry Gases
165(30)
Standard Conditions
165(2)
Dry Gases
167(20)
Gas Formation Volume Factor
The Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility of Gas
The Coefficient of Viscosity of Gas
Heating Value
187(3)
Joule-Thomson Effect
190(1)
Exercises
191(3)
References
194(1)
Properties of Wet Gases
195(29)
Recombination of Surface Fluids--Compositions Known
195(6)
Surface Compositions Known
Separator Compositions Known
Recombination of Surface Fluids--Compositions Unknown
201(9)
Separator Gas and Stock-Tank Vent Gas Properties Known
Properties of Stock-Tank Gas Unknown
Formation Volume Factor of Wet Gas
210(5)
Surface Compositions Known
Compositions Unknown
Plant Products
215(2)
Retrograde Gases
217(1)
Exercises
218(5)
References
223(1)
Properties of Black Oils--Definitions
224(23)
Specific Gravity of a Liquid
224(1)
Formation Volume Factor of Oil
225(2)
Solution Gas-Oil Ratio
227(2)
Total Formation Volume Factor
229(2)
The Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility of Oil
231(5)
Pressures Above the Bubble-Point Pressure
Pressures Below the Bubble-Point Pressure
Coefficient of Viscosity of Oil
236(1)
Coefficient of Isobaric Thermal Expansion of a Liquid
237(2)
Interfacial Tension
239(1)
Volatile Oils
240(2)
Exercises
242(4)
Reference
246(1)
Properties of Black Oils--Field Data
247(10)
Black Oil Reservoirs--Initial Reservoir Pressure
247(1)
Black Oil Reservoirs--Gas Production Trends
248(1)
Black Oil Reservoirs--Pressure Trends
248(1)
Fluid Properties from Production-Pressure History
249(2)
Adjustment of Surface Gas Data
251(2)
Volatile Oils
253(1)
Retrograde Gases
253(1)
Exercises
254(2)
Reference
256(1)
Properties of Black Oils--Reservoir Fluid Studies
257(39)
Collection of Reservoir Oil Samples
258(1)
Reservoir Fluid Study
258(22)
Compositions
Flash Vaporization
Differential Vaporization
Separator Tests
Oil Viscosity
Gas Viscosity
Reservoir Fluid Properties from Reservoir Fluid Study
280(12)
Selection of Separator Conditions
Formation Volume Factor of Oil
Solution Gas
Oil Ratio
Formation Volume Factor of Gas
Total Formation Volume Factor
Viscosities
Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility of Oil
Exercises
292(3)
References
295(1)
Properties of Black Oils--Correlations
296(51)
Bubble-Point Pressure
296(2)
Solution Gas-Oil Ratio
298(1)
Density of a Liquid
299(18)
Calculation of Liquid Density Using Ideal-Solution Principles
Calculation of Reservoir Liquid Density at Saturation Pressure Using Ideal-Solution Principles
Calculation of Reservoir Liquid Density at Pressures Above the Bubble Point
Formation Volume Factor of Oil
317(5)
Estimation of Formation Volume Factor of Oil at Saturation Pressure Using Ideal-Solution Principles
Estimation of Formation Volume Factor of Oil at Saturation Pressure by Correlation
Estimation of Formation Volume Factor of Oil at Pressures Above the Bubble-Point Pressure
Adjustment of Formation Volume Factor of Oil and Solution Gas- Oil Ratio for Field Derived Bubble-Point Pressure
322(1)
Total Formation Volume Factor
323(3)
The Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility of Oil
326(2)
Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility of Oil at Pressures Above Bubble-Point Pressure
Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility at Pressures Below Bubble-Point Pressure
The Coefficient of Viscosity of Oil
328(5)
Estimation of Oil Viscosity at Bubble-Point Pressure and Below
Estimation of Oil Viscosity at Pressures Above Bubble-Point Pressure
Interfacial Tension
333(5)
Liquid-Gas Interfacial Tension, Pure Substances
Liquid-Gas Interfacial Tension, Hydrocarbon Mixtures
Exercises
338(7)
References
345(2)
Gas-Liquid Equilibria
347(27)
Ideal Solutions
348(6)
Raoult's Equation
Dalton's Equation
Compositions and Quantities of the Equilibrium Gas and Liquid Phases of an Ideal Solution
Calculation of the Bubble-Point Pressure of an Ideal Liquid Solution
Calculation of the Dew-Point Pressure of an Ideal Gas Solution
Nonideal Solutions
354(8)
Compositions and Quantities of the Equilibrium Gas and Liquid Phases of a Real Solution
Calculation of the Bubble-Point Pressure of a Real Liquid
Calculation of the Dew-Point Pressure of a Real Gas
Flash Vaporization
362(1)
Differential Vaporization
363(7)
Calculation Procedure, Final Pressure Known
Calculation Procedure, Number of Moles to be Vaporized Known
Exercises
370(3)
Reference
373(1)
Surface Separation
374(21)
Surface Separator Calculations for Black Oils
374(9)
Separator Calculations for Other Reservoir Fluid Types
383(2)
K-factors for Separator Calculations
385(1)
Exercises
386(8)
Reference
394(1)
Equilibrium-Ratio Correlations
395(19)
Convergence Pressure
396(8)
Definition of Convergence Pressure
Estimation of Convergence Pressure
Effect of Inaccurate Values of Equilibrium Ratios
404(2)
Correlating and Smoothing K-factors
406(5)
Exercises
411(2)
References
413(1)
Gas-Liquid Equilibria Calculations with Equations of State
414(24)
Pure Substances
414(11)
Chemical Potential
The Fugacity
Fugacity Coefficient
Example of State Calculation for a Pure Substance
Mixtures
425(11)
Chemical Potential
Fugacity Coefficient
Example of State Calculation for Mixtures
Exercises
436(1)
References
437(1)
General References
437(1)
Properties of Oilfield Waters
438(36)
Composition of Oilfield Waters
438(6)
Bubble-Point Pressure of Oilfield Waters
444(1)
Formation Volume Factor of Oilfield Waters
444(5)
Density of Oilfield Waters
449(1)
Solubility of Natural Gas in Water
450(1)
The Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility of Water
451(5)
The Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility of Water at Pressures Above the Bubble Point
The Coefficient of Isothermal Compressibility of Water at Pressures Below the Bubble Point
The Coefficient of Viscosity of Oilfield Waters
456(5)
Solubility of Water in Natural Gas
461(2)
Solubility of Water in Hydrocarbon Liquid
463(1)
Resistivity of Oilfield Waters
464(1)
Interfacial Tension
464(3)
Interfacial Tension of Water-Hydrocarbon Gas
Interfacial Tension of Water-Hydrocarbon Liquid
Exercises
467(5)
References
472(1)
General References
473(1)
Gas Hydrates
474(17)
Gas Hydrate Formation
474(1)
Conditions for Gas Hydrate Formation
475(6)
Inhibition of Gas Hydrate Formation
481(2)
Gas Hydrate Formation Caused by Reduction of Pressure
483(2)
Exercises
485(3)
Reference
488(1)
General Reference
489(2)
Appendix A 491(18)
Appendix B 509(25)
Index 534

Rewards Program

Write a Review