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Prose Reader, The: Essays for Thinking, Reading, and Writing

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780130293251

ISBN10:
0130293253
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

NEW FEATURES

  • Fifteen new essays that introduce interesting and provocative topics
  • A stronger commitment to cultural and gender diversity
  • New end-of-chapter writing assignments that offer practice in the mode and additional assignments that focus on contemporary topics regardless of the rhetorical strategy
  • Completely renovated capstone chapter ("Thinking, Reading, and Writing") that provides a strong conclusion to the theoretical framework of the text

COMPANION WEBSITE
www.prenhall.com/flachmann

The companion website provides students with additional chapter by chapter exercises, links, and activities that reinforce and build upon the material presented in the text.

Features include:

  • Additional essay and short answer questions for every reading in the text
  • Web links that provide additional author biographical information
  • Web destinations that relate to every essay topic
  • Instructor area that includes downloadable quizzes for every reading

Table of Contents

Thematic Table of Contents xvii
Preface xxvii
Introduction: Thinking, Reading, and Writing 1(2)
Thinking Critically
3(2)
Reading Critically
5(16)
Preparing to Read
5(4)
Reading
9(7)
Rereading
16(4)
Reading Inventory
20(1)
Writing Critically
21(15)
Preparing to Write
21(6)
Writing
27(3)
Rewriting
30(2)
Writing Inventory
32(4)
Conclusion
36(2)
Description: Exploring Through the Senses
38(64)
Defining Description
38(2)
Thinking Critically by Using Description
40(1)
Reading and Writing Descriptive Essays
41(6)
Student Essay: Description at Work
47(4)
Some Final Thoughts on Description
51(1)
Description in Review
51(3)
Summer Rituals
54(7)
Ray Bradbury
The description of a simple, comforting ritual---the putting up of a front-porch swing in early summer---confirms the value of ceremony in the life of a small town
Notes from the Country Club
61(13)
Kimberly Wozencraft
Have you ever wondered what being in prison is like? Kimberly Wozencraft takes us for a no-nonsense tour of the ``correctional institution'' in Kentucky that was her home for over a year
The Pines
74(8)
John McPhee
John McPhee's gift of richly detailed prose is captured in this compelling description of two very different natives of ``The Pines,'' a wilderness area in the eastern United States
The View from 80
82(13)
Malcolm Cowley
In this humorous, touching, and ultimately optimistic essay, the author introduces us to the unfamiliar ``country'' of old age
Land and Bones
95(6)
Susan Austin
What kind of place do you call ``home''? Susan Austin describes in loving detail her cabin in the wind-swept contours of North Dakota
Chapter Writing Assignments
101(1)
Narration: Telling a Story
102(53)
Defining Narration
102(2)
Thinking Critically by Using Narration
104(1)
Reading and Writing Narrative Essays
105(4)
Student Essay: Narration at Work
109(5)
Some Final Thoughts on Narration
114(1)
Narration in Review
115(2)
For My Indian Daughter
117(6)
Lewis Sawaquat
A Native American responds to prejudice by searching for ethnic and cultural pride
New Directions
123(5)
Maya Angelou
Deserted by her husband, a proud and determined Annie Johnson decides to ``step off the road and cut...a new path'' for herself
The Saturday Evening Post
128(11)
Russell Baker
In this autobiographical essay, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Russell Baker offers an unflinching look at his childhood days in the small town of Morrisonville, Virginia
Only daughter
139(7)
Sandra Cisneros
The only daughter in a large family, Sandra Cisneros feels overwhelming pride when her father praises her skill as a writer
How the Crab Apple Grew
146(9)
Garrison Keillor
Humorist Garrison Keillor mixes a delightful literary stew out of marriage, mushrooms, a Piper Cub airplane, and an English assignment
Chapter Writing Assignments
154(1)
Example: Illustrating Ideas
155(53)
Defining Examples
155(2)
Thinking Critically by Using Example
157(1)
Reading and Writing Essays That Use Examples
158(4)
Student Essay: Examples at Work
162(4)
Some Final Thoughts on Examples
166(1)
Example in Review
166(2)
The Baffling Question
168(5)
Bill Cosby
Why do people have children? Comedian Bill Cosby presents several hilarious and ironic reasons in this truthful look at the effects kids have on our lives
Hating the Sick: Health Chauvinism and Its Cure
173(12)
Fred Pelka
In this well-researched article, Fred Pelka exposes the practice of ``health chauvinism,'' a shameful cultural phenomenon asserting that ``sickness and disability are caused by sin, bad karma, or negative emotions''
Darkness at Noon
185(6)
Harold Krents
How should we treat the handicapped? Blind author Harold Krents gives us a few lessons about judging people on their abilities rather than their disabilities
Mother Tongue
191(10)
Amy Tan
In this provocative and intriguing essay, author Amy Tan examines the relationship between her mother's ``fractured'' English and her own talent as a writer
A Brother's Murder
201(7)
Brent Staples
Brent Staples's horrifying description of his brother's inner city killing lays bare the decay of urban America and its effect on the young African-American men who are imprisoned there
Chapter Writing Assignments
207(1)
Process Analysis: Explaining Step by Step
208(64)
Defining Process Analysis
208(2)
Thinking Critically by Using Process Analysis
210(1)
Reading and Writing Process Analysis Essays
211(4)
Student Essay: Process Analysis at Work
215(4)
Some Final Thoughts on Process Analysis
219(1)
Process Analysis in Review
219(2)
Managing Your Time
221(8)
Edwin Bliss
Feeling frantic and disorganized? Time-management expert Edwin Bliss reveals secrets of organization that will make your life much easier
Behind the Formaldehyde Curtain
229(12)
Jessica Mitford
In this chilling and macabre essay, celebrated ``muckraker'' Jessica Mitford exposes the greed and hypocrisy of the American mortuary business
How to Say Nothing in Five Hundred Words
241(16)
Paul Roberts
Would you like to write a really bad essay in your freshman English class? Paul Roberts tells you how to get F's or A's---the choice is up to you!
Accidents, Suicide, and Euthanasia
257(8)
Sherwin Nuland
In this compassionate and thoughtful article, physician Sherwin Nuland considers a limited number of situations in which suicide might be morally acceptable
E-mail: What You Should---and Shouldn't---Say
265(6)
Mark Hansen
Ever send a nasty e-mail to the wrong person and end up with egg on your cyberface? Mark Hansen has just the solution in his brief essay on e-mail etiquette
Chapter Writing Assignments
271(1)
Division/Classification: Finding Categories
272(51)
Defining Division/Classification
272(2)
Thinking Critically by Using Division/Classification
274(1)
Reading and Writing Division/Classification Essays
275(4)
Student Essay: Division/Classification at Work
279(3)
Some Final Thoughts on Division/Classification
282(1)
Division/Classification in Review
282(3)
Memory: Tips You'll Never Forget
285(6)
Phyllis Schneider
Ever forget where you parked your car? Phyllis Schneider suggests how to perk up your aging memory
Why I Want a Wife
291(6)
Judy Brady
Do you need someone to cook for you, clean up after you, and constantly massage your ego? Feminist Judy Brady has just the ironic answer---a wife!
Second Chances for Children of Divorce
297(10)
Judith Wallerstein
Sandra Blakeslee
Children of divorce often have a difficult time coping with their parents' separation, but they can return to a happy, well-adjusted life if they accomplish a series of important ``tasks'' identified in this fascinating essay
Confessions of an Ex-Smoker
307(6)
Franklin Zimring
Are you a reformed smoker? Do you know someone who is? Franklin Zimring offers a witty classification of people who have kicked the habit
The Truth About Lying
313(9)
Judith Viorst
Do you always tell the truth? Judith Viorst classifies and evaluates several types of lies that are a part of our morally complex world
Chapter Writing Assignments
322(1)
Comparison/Contrast: Discovering Similarities and Differences
323(60)
Defining Comparison/Contrast
324(1)
Thinking Critically by Using Comparison/Contrast
325(1)
Reading and Writing Comparison/Contrast Essays
326(6)
Student Essay: Comparison/Contrast at Work
332(4)
Some Final Thoughts on Comparison/Contrast
336(1)
Comparison/Contrast in Review
337(2)
Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts
339(7)
Bruce Catton
Historian Bruce Catton vividly compares the backgrounds, personalities, and fighting qualities of two fascinating Civil War generals
A Child Is Born
346(11)
Germaine Greer
Germaine Greer contrasts the traditional childbirth customs of rural cultures in India, Africa, and the Middle East with their more ``civilized'' counterparts in the Western world
Japanese and American Workers: Two Casts of Mind
357(9)
William Ouchi
The phrase ``Made in Japan'' will take on new meaning after you read this essay on ``collective responsibility'' in the Land of the Rising Sun
The Politics of Muscle
366(9)
Gloria Steinem
Feminist Gloria Steinem examines the muscle-bound world of women's bodybuilding and discovers that strength means sexual power
Living Like Weasels
375(7)
Annie Dillard
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Annie Dillard recalls a time in the woods when she stared deeply into the black eyes of a weasel, allowing both human and animal to share ``the perfect freedom'' of their lives in a single instant
Chapter Writing Assignments
382(1)
Definition: Limiting the Frame of Reference
383(54)
Defining Definition
383(1)
Thinking Critically by Using Definition
384(1)
Reading and Writing Definition Essays
385(3)
Student Essay: Definition at Work
388(4)
Some Final Thoughts on Definition
392(1)
Definition in Review
393(2)
When Is It Rape?
395(14)
Nancy Gibbs
Does ``no'' ever mean ``yes''? Nancy Gibbs examines the myths, realities, and legal complexities surrounding the topic of date rape in this candid article
The Barrio
409(7)
Robert Ramirez
Robert Ramirez lovingly describes the ``feeling of family'' in this definition of a typical inner-city barrio
Beliefs About Families
416(8)
Mary Pipher
What is a ``family''? Psychologist Mary Pipher attempts to answer this intriguing question by evaluating the effect that different categories of family members have on our ability to function in society as a whole
How to Find True Love: Or Rather, How It Finds You
424(7)
Lois Smith Brady
Want to find your true love, settle down, and live happily ever after? Lois Brady tells you just how to do it
A Working Community
431(5)
Ellen Goodman
Been back to visit your old ``neighborhood'' lately? Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist Ellen Goodman gives new meaning to the term in her essay on the ``communities'' we all belong to
Chapter Writing Assignments
436(1)
Cause/Effect: Tracing Reasons and Results
437(53)
Defining Cause/Effect
438(3)
Thinking Critically by Using Cause/Effect
441(1)
Reading and Writing Cause/Effect Essays
442(3)
Student Essay: Cause/Effect at Work
445(4)
Some Final Thoughts on Cause/Effect
449(1)
Cause/Effect in Review
450(2)
Why We Crave Horror Movies
452(6)
Stephen King
Seen any good horror movies lately? Best-selling author Stephen King explains why we are so fascinated by films that appeal to our darker instincts
The Broken Cord
458(7)
Michael Dorris
An angry and frustrated Michael Dorris describes the long-term damage done to his adopted son, Adam, by the ravages of fetal alcohol syndrome
The Fear of Losing a Culture
465(7)
Richard Rodriguez
How can Hispanics ``belong to America without betraying their past''? Richard Rodriguez offers some helpful insights on a complex cultural topic
Meet the Bickersons
472(6)
Mary Roach
``Waddya mean I never do the dishes?!'' Mary Roach presents a light-hearted but sensible view of arguing fairly within a relationship
Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self
478(11)
Alice Walker
Looking back on an accident suffered many years ago, Alice Walker analyzes the connection between physical beauty and her own self-image
Chapter Writing Assignments
489(1)
Argument and Persuasion: Inciting People to Thought or Action
490(76)
Defining Argument and Persuasion
491(2)
Thinking Critically by Using Argument and Persuasion
493(1)
Reading and Writing Persuasive Essays
494(6)
Student Essay: Argument and Persuasion at Work
500(4)
Some Final Thoughts on Argument and Persuasion
504(1)
Argument/Persuasion in Review
504(2)
Arming Myself with a Gun Is Not the Answer
506(5)
Bronwyn Jones
Do handguns make our society a safer place? Bronwyn Jones provides a surprising answer to this controversial question
Affirmative Action: The Price of Preference
511(14)
Shelby Steele
Controversial author Shelby Steele examines the extent to which affirmative action programs perpetuate the ``cultural myth of black inferiority.''
Take a Ticket
525(9)
Peter Salins
What's your opinion in the debate over immigration in America? Peter Salins offers some intriguing facts and figures to help clarify the issue
Opposing Viewpoints: Computers and Books
534(2)
The Demise of Writing
536(5)
Geoffrey Meredith
Will We Still Turn Pages?
541(5)
Kevin Kelly
Can you imagine a time in the future when no one will be able to read this sentence? Geoffrey Meredith and Kevin Kelly can. What will happen to our world when ``text is toast''?
Opposing Viewpoints: Freedom of the Press
546(2)
Freedom of the Press Must Be Unlimited
548(7)
Mario Cuomo
Freedom of the Press Must Be Limited
555(10)
John Merrill
With the ethics of journalists at an all-time low, should we begin to reevaluate the constitutional guarantee of freedom of the press? Mario Cuomo and John Merrill square off over this controversial issue
Chapter Writing Assignments
565(1)
Documented Essays: Reading and Writing from Sources
566(43)
Defining Documented Essays
566(2)
Reading and Writing Documented Essays
568(6)
Student Essay: Documentation at Work
574(7)
Some Final Thoughts on Documented Essays
581(1)
Documented Essays in Review
582(2)
The Ecstasy of War
584(10)
Barbara Ehrenreich
Do men and women possess a natural ``warrior instinct'' that enables them to kill their enemies during battle? Not so, claims Barbara Ehrenreich, though many social and cultural rituals help transform ordinary people into effective soldiers
Appearance and Delinquency: A Research Note
594(14)
Jill Leslie Rosenbaum
Meda Chesney-Lind
Criminologists Rosenbaum and Chesney-Lind offer some fascinating evidence about the relationship between the attractiveness of female offenders and the severity of their punishment
Chapter Writing Assignments
608(1)
Essays on Thinking, Reading, and Writing
609(51)
``I Am Writing Blindly''
611(2)
Roger Rosenblatt
Listening
613(5)
Eudora Welty
Good Reasons to Hone Your Writing Skills
618(2)
Diane Russo Cody
To Read Fiction
620(4)
Donald Hall
What Will Replace the Internet?
624(3)
Vinton Cerf
The Rules of Writing Practice
627(4)
Natalie Goldberg
How to Write with Style
631(4)
Kurt Vonnegut
The Death of Reading
635(14)
Mitchell Stephens
Instantly Growing Up
649(3)
John Greenwald
Writing as a Moral Act
652(7)
Rita Mae Brown
Chapter Writing Assignments
659(1)
Glossary of Useful Terms 660(14)
Credits 674(4)
Index of Authors and Titles 678


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