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The book provides a comprehensive coverage of psychological theories of crime and criminality. Rather than present various psychological perspectives as a series of discrete and rival explanations, the aim of the book is to emphasise the connections among approaches, and to show how, taken together, they provide a more complete picture of crime and criminality than each provides individually. Theories are arranged in a temporal sequence, from distal to proximal causes of crime. Some theories focus on factors that are present at birth; other theories focus on factors that influence the offender over the lifespan; and other theories focus on factors that are present at the crime scene. The analysis spans 100,000 years, from the evolutionary roots of criminal behaviour in the ancestral environments of early humans on the African savana, to the decision to engage in a specific criminal act.
Richard Wortley began his career as a prison psychologist and has subsequently taught in criminology schools for many years. He is currently a Professor at University College London, where he is Director of the Jill Dando Institute for Security and Crime Science.
Table of Contents
|List of illustrations||p. x|
|What is psychological criminology?||p. 1|
|Defining crime and criminals||p. 3|
|Debates about the nature of crime and criminality||p. 7|
|Psychological theories of crime and criminality: an integrated model||p. 15|
|Human nature||p. 20|
|The principles of evolution||p. 20|
|Evolution and behaviour||p. 24|
|Crime-focused evolutionary approaches||p. 30|
|Offender-focused evolutionary approaches||p. 35|
|Conclusion and evaluation||p. 40|
|A primer in behavioural genetics||p. 42|
|Heritability of criminality||p. 49|
|Variations in the heritability of criminality||p. 57|
|Beyond behavioural genetics: molecular genetics||p. 61|
|Conclusion and evaluation||p. 62|
|The brain||p. 65|
|Basic brain structures and functions||p. 65|
|Psychophysiology and crime||p. 73|
|Biochemistry and crime||p. 74|
|Neuroanatomy and crime||p. 77|
|Neuro-environmental factors and crime||p. 81|
|Putting it together: neuropsychological theories of crime||p. 85|
|Conclusion and evaluation||p. 88|
|Trait approaches to personality||p. 90|
|The single-trait approach and crime||p. 96|
|The super-trait approach: Eysenck's three-factor theory of crime||p. 100|
|Antisocial personality disorder (APD)||p. 106|
|Conclusion and evaluation||p. 113|
|The biological and environmental foundations of human development||p. 115|
|Developmental risk and protective factors for crime||p. 121|
|Psychosocial development and crime||p. 126|
|Criminal careers||p. 132|
|Conclusion and evaluation||p. 137|
|The science of behaviour||p. 139|
|Classical conditioning||p. 145|
|Operant conditioning||p. 151|
|Social learning||p. 155|
|Conclusion and evaluation||p. 160|
|The cognitive revolution||p. 162|
|Social cognitive theory||p. 166|
|Offender decision-making||p. 174|
|Schemas and scripts||p. 180|
|Conclusion and evaluation||p. 184|
|What is a situation?||p. 186|
|Social psychology||p. 191|
|Environmental psychology||p. 195|
|Opportunity theories||p. 199|
|The person-situation interaction (again)||p. 205|
|Conclusion and evaluation||p. 206|
|The argument in a nutshell||p. 208|
|The strengths and limits of integration||p. 210|
|Implications for practice||p. 212|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|