9780023030857

Psychological Testing

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780023030857

  • ISBN10:

    0023030852

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1996-12-27
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

This classic, authoritative introduction to psychological testing is widely hailed for its broad coverage and its ability to cover "graduate school" topics in terms that one with little testing experience can understand.This book familiarizes the reader with the basics of test construction and prepares the reader to effectively evaluate different tests, choose tests for particular purposes and individual examines, and interpret scores properly.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
PART ONE FUNCTIONS AND ORIGINS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING 2(46)
1 Nature and Use of Psychological Tests
2(30)
Uses and Varieties of Psychological Tests
2(2)
What Is a Psychological Test?
4(6)
Why Control the Use of Psychological Tests?
10(3)
Test Administration
13(4)
Examiner and Situational Variables
17(3)
A View from the Test-Taker's Perspective
20(3)
Effects of Training on Test Performance
23(4)
Sources of Information about Tests
27(5)
2 Historical Antecedents of Modern Testing
32(16)
Early Interest in Classification and Training of Mentally Retarded Persons
33(1)
The First Experimental Psychologists
34(1)
Contributions of Francis Galton
35(1)
Cattell and the Early "Mental Tests"
36(1)
Binet and the Rise of Intelligence Tests
37(1)
Group Testing
38(1)
Aptitude Testing
39(3)
Standardized Achievement Tests
42(2)
Assessment of Personality
44(4)
PART TWO TECHNICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLE 48(156)
3 Norms and the Meaning of Test Scores
48(36)
Statistical Concepts
49(5)
Developmental Norms
54(4)
Within-Group Norms
58(8)
Relativity of Norms
66(8)
Computers and the Interpretation of Test Scores
74(2)
Domain-Referenced Test Interpretation
76(4)
Minimum Qualifications and Cutoff Scores
80(4)
4 Reliability
84(29)
The Correlation Coefficient
85(6)
Types of Reliability
91(11)
Reliability of Speeded Tests
102(3)
Dependence of Reliability Coefficients on the Sample Tested
105(2)
Standard Error of Measurement
107(5)
Reliability Applied to Mastery Testing and Cutoff Scores
112(1)
5 Validity: Basic Concepts
113(28)
Evolving Concepts of Test Validity
114(1)
Content-Description Procedures
114(4)
Criterion-Prediction Procedures
118(8)
Construct-Indentification Procedures
126(10)
Overview and Integration
136(4)
6 Validity: Measurement and Interpretation
140(32)
Validity Coefficient and Error of Estimate
141(3)
Test Validity and Decision Theorey
144(12)
Combining Information from Different Tests
156(4)
Use of Tests for Classification Decisions
160(4)
Statistical Analyses of Test Bias
164(8)
7 Item Analysis
172(32)
Item Difficulty
173(6)
Item Discrimination
179(8)
Item Response Theory
187(6)
Item Analysis of Speeded Tests
193(1)
Cross-Validation
194(2)
Differential Item Functioning
196(4)
Explorations in Item Development
200(4)
PART THREE ABILITY TESTING 204(144)
8 Individual Tests
204(30)
Stanford-Biner Intelligence Scale
205(9)
The Wechsler Scales
214(8)
The Kaufman Scales
222(4)
Differential Ability Scales
226(7)
Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System
233(1)
9 Tests for Special Populations
234(37)
Infant and Preschool Testing
235(12)
Comprehensive Assessment of Mentally Retarded Persons
247(5)
Testing Persons with Physical Disabilities
252(7)
Multicultural Testing
259(12)
10 Group Testing
271(23)
Group Tests versus Individual Tests
272(2)
Adaptive Testing and Computer-Based Administration
274(4)
Multilevel Batteries
278(9)
Measuring Multiple Aptitudes
287(7)
11 Nature of Intelligence
294(29)
Meaning of an IQ
295(2)
Heritability and Modifiability
297(3)
Motivation and Intelligence
300(3)
Factor Analysis of Intelligence
303(6)
Theories of Triat Organization
309(9)
Nature and Development of Traits
318(5)
12 Psychological Issues in Ability Testing
323(25)
Longitudinal Studies of Children's Intelligence
323(4)
Intelligence In Early Childhood
327(4)
Problems in the Testing of Adults Intelligence
331(6)
Population Changes in Intelligence Test Performance
337(3)
Cultural Diversity
340(8)
PART FOUR PERSONALITY TESTING 348(126)
13 Self-Report Personality Inventories
348(38)
Content-Related Procedures
349(1)
Empirical Criterion Keying
350(12)
Factor Analysis in Test Development
362(5)
Personality Theory in Test Development
367(7)
Test-Taking Attitudes and Response Biases
374(5)
Traits, States, Persons, and Situations
379(6)
Current Status of Personality Inventories
385(1)
14 Measuring Interests and Attitudes
386(24)
Interest Inventories: Current Setting
387(2)
The Strong Interest Inventory (SII)
389(7)
Interest Inventories: Overview and Some Highlights
396(6)
Some Significant Trends
402(2)
Opinion Surveys and Attitude Scales
404(4)
Locus of Control
408(2)
15 Projective Techniques
410(33)
Nature of Projective Techniques
411(1)
Inkblot Techniques
411(8)
Pictorial Techniques
419(6)
Verbal Techniques
425(2)
Autobiographical Memories
427(2)
Performance Techniques
429(3)
Evaluation of Projective Techniques
432(11)
16 Other Assessment Techniques
443(31)
Measures of Styles and Types
443(7)
Situational Tests
450(4)
Self-Concepts and Personal Constructs
454(9)
Observer Reports
463(6)
Biodata
469(5)
PART FIVE APPLICATIONS OF TESTING 474(77)
17 Major Contexts of Current Test Use
474(59)
Educational Testing
474(16)
Occupational Testing
490(19)
Test Use in Clinical and Counseling Psychology
509(29)
18 Ethical and Social Considerations in Testing
533(18)
Ethical Issues in Physchological Testing and Assessment
535(1)
User Qualifications and Professional Competence
536(2)
Responsibilities of Test Publishers
538(2)
Protection of Privacy
540(2)
Confidentiality
542(1)
Communicating Test Results
543(1)
Testing Diverse Populations
544(7)
APPENDIXES 551(10)
A. Alphabetical Listing of Tests and Other Assessment Tools 551(4)
B. Addresses of Test Publishers, Distributors, and Test-Related Organizations 555(6)
References 561(120)
Acknowledgments 681(3)
Name Index 684(24)
Subject Index 708

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