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Psychological Testing and Assessment,9780205354719
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Psychological Testing and Assessment

by
Edition:
11th
ISBN13:

9780205354719

ISBN10:
0205354718
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon

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Summary

A proven classic in the field, Psychological Testing and Assessment has been completely updated, offering extensive coverage of new tests, inventories, and scales, and the methods used in constructing, administering, scoring, and interpreting these psychometric instruments.Revisions in the content and format of college entrance examinations, new editions of various tests, and renewed interest in the "politics of intelligence testing" drive Aiken's eleventh edition. Greater attention has also been given to adaptive testing, item response theory, the use of computers in psychological testing, neuropsychological and developmental testing, and applications of tests in various contexts.This is an essential text for any student who is planning to construct, administer, and make decisions based on test scores in clinical or educational settings.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Historical and Professional Matters
1(17)
Historical Overview
1(5)
Testing as a Profession
6(4)
Testing Standards and Ethics
10(5)
Summary
15(1)
Questions and Activities
16(2)
Test Design and Construction
18(25)
Planning a Test
18(6)
Preparing Test Items
24(8)
Assembling and Reproducing a Test
32(5)
Oral Testing
37(1)
Performance Testing
38(2)
Summary
40(1)
Questions and activities
40(3)
Test Administration and Scoring
43(19)
Test Administration
43(9)
Test Scoring
52(7)
Summary
59(1)
Questions and Activities
60(2)
Item Analysis and Test Standardization
62(23)
Item Analysis
62(11)
Test Standardization and Norms
73(8)
Equating Tests
81(1)
Summary
82(1)
Questions and Activities
83(2)
Reliability and Validity
85(23)
Reliability
85(9)
Validity
94(6)
Using Tests In Personnel Decision Making
100(5)
Summary
105(1)
Questions and Activities
106(2)
Standardized Achievement Tests
108(27)
Foundations of Achievement Testing
108(8)
Types and Selection of Standardized Achievement Tests
116(4)
Achievement Test Batteries
120(2)
Achievement Tests In Specific Areas
122(8)
Summary
130(2)
Questions and Activities
132(3)
Intelligence Testing
135(30)
History, Definitions, and Theories
135(6)
Individual Intelligence tests
141(13)
Group Intelligence Tests
154(8)
Summary
162(1)
Questions and Activities
163(2)
Individual and Group Differences in Mental Abilities
165(27)
Mental Retardation, Giftedness, and Creativity
165(9)
Research On Demographic Correlates of Mental Abilities
174(9)
Biological Factors and Mental Abilities
183(5)
Summary
188(2)
Questions and Activities
190(2)
Developmental and Neuropsychological Assessment
192(20)
Developmental Assessment of Infants and Young Children
192(6)
Learning Disabilities
198(3)
Neuropsychological Disorders and Assessment
201(8)
Summary
209(1)
Questions and Activities
210(2)
Evaluating Special Abilities
212(27)
Concepts and Characteristics of Special Abilities
212(4)
Sensory-Perceptual and Psychomotor Skills
216(4)
Mechanical Ability
220(4)
Clerical and Computer-Related Abilities
224(1)
Artistic and Musical Abilities
225(2)
Multiple-Aptitude Test Batteries
227(9)
Summary
236(1)
Questions and Activities
237(2)
Applications and Issues in Ability Testing
239(26)
Assessment in Educational Contexts
239(5)
Criticisms and Issues in Ability Testing
244(9)
Other Issues in Educational Testing
253(6)
Employment Testing and Bias
259(4)
Summary
263(1)
Questions and Activities
264(1)
Vocational Interests
265(29)
Foundations of Interest Measurement
265(3)
Validity of Interest Inventories
268(3)
Strong Interest Inventories
271(5)
Kuder Interest Inventories
276(2)
Interests and Personality
278(6)
Other General-and Special-Purpose Interest Inventories
284(3)
Using Interest Inventories in Counseling
287(2)
Summary
289(1)
Questions and Activities
290(4)
Attitudes, Values, and Personal Orientations
294(19)
Attitude Measurement
294(11)
Measurement of Values
305(2)
Personal Orientations
307(2)
Summary
309(1)
Questions and Activities
310(3)
Personality Assessment: Origins, Applications, and Issues
313(29)
Pseudosciences and Other Historical Antecedents
313(2)
Theories of Personality
315(7)
Uses and Misuses of Personality Assessments
322(4)
Clinical Assessment
326(2)
Other Areas of Application of Personality Assessment
328(5)
Issues and Controversies in Personality Assessment
333(6)
Summary
339(1)
Questions and Activities
340(2)
Observations and Interviews
342(22)
Observations
342(6)
Biographical Data
348(1)
Interviews
349(10)
Behavior Analysis and Assessment
359(2)
Summary
361(1)
Questions and Activities
362(2)
Checklists and Rating Scales
364(23)
Characteristics of Checklists
364(4)
Types and Examples of Checklists
368(5)
Strategies for Constructing Rating Scales
373(1)
Types of Rating Scales
374(5)
Problems With Rating
379(2)
Standardized Rating Scales
381(1)
Q-Sorts and the Rep Test
381(1)
Summary
382(1)
Questions and Activities
383(4)
Personality Inventories
387(25)
Truthfulness, Reliability, and Validity
387(2)
Single-Construct and Symptom Inventories
389(2)
Multiscore Content-Validated Inventories
391(2)
Factor-Analyzed Inventories
393(3)
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
396(8)
Other Criterion-Keyed Personality Inventories
404(5)
Summary
409(1)
Questions and Activities
410(2)
Projective Techniques
412(16)
Word Associations and Constructions
413(4)
Inkblot Tests
417(3)
The Tat and Variations
420(2)
Other Apperception Tests
422(1)
Problems with Projectives
423(1)
Prospects for Personality Assessment
424(1)
Summary
425(1)
Questions and Activities
425(3)
APPENDIX A: DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS 428(20)
Scales of Measurement
428(1)
Frequency Distributions
429(4)
Measures of Central Tendency
433(2)
Percentiles, Deciles, and Quartiles
435(1)
Measures of Variability
435(2)
Correlation and Simple Linear Regression
437(3)
Multiple Regression and Factor Analysis
440(5)
Summary
445(1)
Questions and Activities
446(2)
APPENDIX B: AREAS UNDER THE NORMAL CURVE 448(3)
APPENDIX C: COMMERCIAL SUPPLIERS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT MATERIALS 451(6)
APPENDIX D: WEB SITES OF ORGANIZATIONS CONCERNED WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING AND ASSESSMENT 457(1)
Glossary 458(18)
Answers to Quantitative Questions and Activities 476(6)
References 482(26)
Author Index 508(9)
Subject Index 517(7)
Test Index 524


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