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Psychology in Modules,9780716764281
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Psychology in Modules

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780716764281

ISBN10:
0716764288
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
3/17/2006
Publisher(s):
Worth Publishers
List Price: $184.52
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Summary

This new edition continues the story of psychology with added research and enhanced content from the most dynamic areas of the field--cognition, gender and diversity studies, neuroscience and more, while at the same time using the most effective teaching approaches and learning tools.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
Prologue: The Story of Psychology 1(1)
Psychology's Roots
2(6)
Prescientific Psychology
2(1)
Psychological Science Is Born
3(3)
Psychological Science Develops
6(2)
Contemporary Psychology
8(11)
Psychology's Big Debate
9(1)
Psychology's Three Main Levels of Analysis
10(2)
Psychology's Subfields
12(3)
Close-Up: Your Study of Psychology
15(4)
Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
19(34)
The Need for Psychological Science
19(7)
The Limits of Intuition and Common Sense
19(4)
The Scientific Attitude
23(1)
The Scientific Method
24(2)
Description
26(4)
The Case Study
26(1)
The Survey
27(2)
Naturalistic Observation
29(1)
Correlation
30(6)
Correlation and Causation
32(1)
Illusory Correlations
33(1)
Perceiving Order in Random Events
34(2)
Experimentation
36(3)
Exploring Cause and Effect
36(1)
Evaluating Therapies
37(1)
Independent and Dependent Variables
38(1)
Statistical Reasoning
39(5)
Describing Data
40(2)
Making Inferences
42(2)
Frequently Asked Questions About Psychology
44(9)
Thinking Critically About: Desegregation and the Death Penalty---When Beliefs Collide With Psychological Science
50(3)
Neuroscience and Behavior
53(42)
Neural Communication
54(7)
Neurons
55(2)
How Neurons Communicate
57(1)
How Neurotransmitters Influence Us
58(3)
The Nervous System
61(4)
The Peripheral Nervous System
62(1)
The Central Nervous System
63(2)
The Endocrine System
65(2)
The Brain
67(28)
The Tools of Discovery
68(2)
Older Brain Structures
70(4)
The Cerebral Cortex
74(9)
Our Divided Brain
83(4)
Thinking Critically About: Left Brain/Right Brain
87(8)
Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity
95(44)
Behavior Genetics: Predicting Individual Differences
96(11)
Genes: Our Codes for Life
96(1)
Twin Studies
97(3)
Adoption Studies
100(2)
Temperament Studies
102(1)
Heritability
102(2)
Gene-Environment Interaction
104(1)
The New Frontier: Molecular Genetics
105(2)
Evolutionary Psychology: Understanding Human Nature
107(7)
Natural Selection
107(3)
An Evolutionary Explanation of Human Sexuality
110(2)
Critiquing the Evolutionary Perspective
112(2)
Parents and Peers
114(5)
Parents and Early Experiences
114(3)
Peer Influence
117(2)
Cultural Influences
119(7)
Variation Across Cultures
120(1)
Variation Over Time
121(1)
Culture and the Self
121(3)
Culture and Child-Rearing
124(1)
Developmental Similarities Across Groups
125(1)
Gender Development
126(8)
Gender Similarities and Differences
126(3)
The Nature of Gender
129(2)
The Nurture of Gender
131(3)
Reflections on Nature and Nurture
134(5)
Developing Through the Life Span
139(58)
Prenatal Development and the Newborn
139(5)
Conception
139(1)
Prenatal Development
140(2)
The Competent Newborn
142(1)
Close-Up: Research Strategies for Understanding Infants' Thinking
143(1)
Infancy and Childhood
144(20)
Physical Development
144(3)
Cognitive Development
147(5)
Close-Up: Autism
152(2)
Social Development
154(10)
Adolescence
164(11)
Physical Development
165(2)
Cognitive Development
167(3)
Social Development
170(3)
Emerging Adulthood
173(2)
Adulthood
175(18)
Physical Development
175(6)
Cognitive Development
181(4)
Social Development
185(8)
Reflections on Two Major Developmental Issues
193(4)
Continuity and Stages
193(1)
Stability and Change
193(4)
Sensation
197(40)
Sensing the World: Some Basic Principles
198(6)
Thresholds
199(3)
Sensory Adaptation
202(2)
Vision
204(11)
The Stimulus Input: Light Energy
204(1)
The Eye
205(3)
Visual Information Processing
208(4)
Color Vision
212(3)
Hearing
215(9)
The Stimulus Input: Sound Waves
215(2)
The Ear
217(1)
Close-Up: A Noisy Noise Annoys
218(2)
Hearing Loss and Deaf Culture
220(2)
Close-Up: Living in a Silent World
222(2)
Other Important Senses
224(13)
Touch
224(5)
Taste
229(2)
Smell
231(2)
Body Position and Movement
233(4)
Perception
237(34)
Selective Attention
237(3)
Perceptual Illusions
240(2)
Perceptual Organization
242(12)
Form Perception
243(2)
Depth Perception
245(4)
Motion Perception
249(1)
Perceptual Constancy
250(4)
Perceptual Interpretation
254(10)
Sensory Deprivation and Restored Vision
255(1)
Perceptual Adaptation
256(1)
Perceptual Set
257(4)
Perception and the Human Factor
261(3)
Is There Extrasensory Perception?
264(7)
Claims of ESP
264(1)
Premonitions or Pretensions?
265(1)
Putting ESP to Experimental Test
266(5)
States of Consciousness
271(42)
Consciousness and Information Processing
271(3)
Sleep and Dreams
274(16)
Biological Rhythms
274(1)
The Rhythm of Sleep
275(4)
Why Do We Sleep?
279(4)
Sleep Disorders
283(2)
Dreams
285(5)
Hypnosis
290(6)
Facts and Falsehoods
291(3)
Is Hypnosis an Altered State of Consciousness?
294(2)
Drugs and Consciousness
296(13)
Dependence and Addiction
296(2)
Psychoactive Drugs
298(6)
Influences on Drug Use
304(5)
Near-Death Experiences
309(4)
Learning
313(36)
How Do We Learn?
313(2)
Classical Conditioning
315(11)
Pavlov's Experiments
316(5)
Extending Pavlov's Understanding
321(2)
Pavlov's Legacy
323(2)
Close-Up: Trauma as Classical Conditioning
325(1)
Operant Conditioning
326(15)
Skinner's Experiments
327(6)
Extending Skinner's Understanding
333(3)
Skinner's Legacy
336(3)
Contrasting Classical and Operant Conditioning
339(2)
Learning by Observation
341(8)
Bandura's Experiments
343(1)
Applications of Observational Learning
343(6)
Memory
349(290)
The Phenomenon of Memory
349(4)
Information Processing
351(2)
Encoding: Getting Information In
353(270)
How We Encode
353(3)
What We Encode
356(262)
The Big Five Factors
618(1)
Evaluating the Trait Perspective
619(4)
The Social-Cognitive Perspective
623(8)
Reciprocal Influences
623(2)
Personal Control
625(3)
Close-Up: Toward a More Positive Psychology
628(1)
Assessing Behavior in Situations
629(1)
Evaluating the Social-Cognitive Perspective
630(1)
Exploring the Self
631(8)
The Benefits of Self-Esteem
632(1)
Culture and Self-Esteem
633(1)
Self-Serving Bias
633(6)
Psychological Disorders
639(46)
Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
640(9)
Defining Psychological Disorders
640(1)
Thinking Critically About: ADHD---Pathologizing Rambunctiousness or Genuine Disorder?
641(1)
Understanding Psychological Disorders
642(2)
Classifying Psychological Disorders
644(1)
Labeling Psychological Disorders
645(1)
Close-Up: The ``un-DSM'': A Diagnostic Manual of Human Strengths
646(1)
Thinking Critically About: Insanity and Responsibility
647(2)
Anxiety Disorders
649(9)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder
649(1)
Phobias
650(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
651(1)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
652(1)
Explaining Anxiety Disorders
653(3)
Thinking Critically About: Dissociation and Multiple Personalities
656(2)
Mood Disorders
658(11)
Major Depressive Disorder
659(1)
Bipolar Disorder
659(1)
Explaining Mood Disorders
660(2)
Close-Up: Suicide
662(7)
Schizophrenia
669(8)
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
669(2)
Subtypes of Schizophrenia
671(1)
Understanding Schizophrenia
672(5)
Personality Disorders
677(3)
Antisocial Personality Disorder
677(1)
Understanding Antisocial Personality Disorder
678(2)
Rates of Psychological Disorders
680(5)
Therapy
685(38)
The Psychological Therapies
686(14)
Psychoanalysis
686(3)
Humanistic Therapies
689(1)
Behavior Therapies
690(4)
Cognitive Therapies
694(3)
Group and Family Therapies
697(3)
Evaluating Psychotherapies
700(11)
Is Psychotherapy Effective?
700(1)
Thinking Critically About: ``Regressing'' From Unusual to Usual
701(3)
The Relative Effectiveness of Different Therapies
704(1)
Evaluating Alternative Therapies
705(2)
Commonalities Among Psychotherapies
707(1)
Culture and Values in Psychotherapy
708(1)
Close-Up: A Consumer's Guide to Psychotherapists
709(2)
The Biomedical Therapies
711(8)
Drug Therapies
711(4)
Brain Stimulation
715(2)
Psychosurgery
717(2)
Preventing Psychological Disorders
719(4)
Social Psychology
723(1)
Social Thinking
723(7)
Attributing Behavior to Persons or to Situations
724(2)
Attitudes and Actions
726(3)
Close-Up: Abu Ghraib Prison: An ``Atrocity-Producing Situation?''
729(1)
Social Influence
730(12)
Conformity and Obedience
731(6)
Group Influence
737(5)
Social Relations
742
Prejudice
743(1)
Close-Up: Automatic Prejudice
744(5)
Aggression
749(6)
Close-Up: Parallels Between Smoking Effects and Media Violence Effects
755(1)
Conflict
756(2)
Attraction
758(6)
Altruism
764(3)
Peacemaking
767
APPENDIX A Careers in Psychology
1(1)
Jennifer Lento
Preparing for a Career in Psychology
1(3)
The Bachelor's Degree
1(1)
Postgraduate Degrees
2(2)
Subfields of Psychology
4(4)
Preparing Early for Graduate Study in Psychology
8
APPENDIX B Answers to Test Yourself Questions
1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
References 1(1)
Name Index 1(1)
Subject Index 1


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