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Research-based but highly accessible, this fresh, contemporary, and engaging volume helps students appreciate the science of psychology and understand how its principles apply to their own lives.
CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES, NOT JUST CONTEMPORARY REFERENCES Giving careful consideration to the field's historical foundations, Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives provides a unique balance of traditional and contemporary perspectives. This approach invites students to develop a modern appraisal of psychology.
THE MOST CURRENT RESEARCH The book covers the latest in evolutionary psychology and behavior genetics, ecological and evolutionary theories of learning, cross-cultural work in cognition, the latest neuroscience data (and its critiques), and endophenotype research in the genetic causes of schizophrenia.
CLEAR AND COMPELLING WRITING Exceptionally well written, Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives uses stories to help students connect with the principles of psychology.
RICH PEDAGOGY All running features are integrated into the main body of the text, helping to maintain the flow of the narrative--and the attention of students!
* "Freeze Frame" snapshots underscoring the theme of each chapter tell the compelling stories of real-life individuals.
* "Living Psychology" applies psychology to students' everyday lives, helping them understand the benefits of what they are studying.
* "Critical Thinking about Psychology" sections give students the tools they need in order to effectively and objectively interpret research.
* "At the Forefront" highlights new and influential research in the field.
CAREFULLY CRAFTED STUDY TOOLS Placing an emphasis on "review, retrieve, and learn," Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives takes a "back-to-basics" approach to study tools.
* "In Summary" sections provide clear, concise chapter descriptions, offering students powerful tools for review.
* "Retrieve!" questions encourage students to test their knowledge of what they have just read. Each question includes the page numbers on which the relevant material was first presented, aiding in additional review and reinforcing learning.
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* Instructor's Ancillary Resource Center: Available online exclusively to adopters, this valuable resource features detailed chapter outlines, lecture suggestions and activities, discussion questions, video resources, and Web resources, along with a computerized test bank containing 1,400+ test questions.
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* Instructor's Companion Website: The instructor's portion of the companion website--available to adopters--includes all the teaching tools described above, which are available for immediate download (www.oup.com/us/okami).
* Online Homework: Oxford's Learning Management System delivers quality content and tools to track student progress in an intuitive, nationally hosted learning environment. Assessments are designed to accompany Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives and auto-graded so that instructors may check students' understanding without hours of grading. A color-coded gradebook shows instructors at a glance where their students are succeeding and where they need improvement; this allows instructors to adapt their lectures as needed at a moment's notice. For students, this means quality content and instant feedback. Oxford's Learning Management System features a streamlined interface that connects instructors and students with the functions that they perform most often, simplifying the learning experience in order to save instructors time and put students' progress first. (ISBN: 978-0-19-934982-1)
* Free Online Student Study Guide: Offering a variety of learning and review tools, this free online resource includes comprehensive yet concise chapter outlines, visual concept maps, and approximately twenty-five multiple-choice questions per chapter.
Paul Okami (BA, Hunter College, MA and PhD, University of California at Los Angeles) is Adjunct Professor of Psychology at Widener University and a member of the Association for Psychological Science. As a graduate student, Okami published frequently in the areas of sexuality, evolutionary psychology, and child development. Some of this work gained wide recognition by top experts in related fields.
A beloved instructor, Dr. Okami's grasp of contemporary perspectives in psychology--and how to teach them--has enabled him to achieve great success teaching introductory students. He has taught at every level of higher education from university to community college, reaching traditional undergraduate and graduate students as well as returning and non-traditional adult students.
Table of Contents
ABOUT THE AUTHOR PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
CHAPTER 1: PSYCHOLOGY AS SCIENCE What Is Psychology? Psychology Is the Scientific Study of Mind and Behavior Psychology Is Distinct from Psychiatry Psychology Today Is Distinguished in Three Ways Psychology Did Not Exist in the Ancient World Prescientific Psychology in the Age of Reason Pioneers of Modern Psychological Science Is Psychological Science Really Scientific? Science Is an Empirical Way of Knowing Intuition Is an Empirical Mixed Blessing Science Is the Best Method of Gaining Material Knowledge Science Has Goals and Methods Science Has a Point of View: Skepticism Science Uses Theories to Explain Facts **Critical Thinking about Psychology: What Science Is Not: Pseudoscience** Psychological Science Varies in Quality How Do Psychologists Conduct Research? There Are Three Categories of Research Methods Descriptive Methods Take "Snapshots" of Individuals or Groups Descriptive Research Is Valuable, but Limited Correlational Methods Examine Relationships among Variables Experiments Can Establish Cause and Effect Why Are Statistics Important in Psychology? Both Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Are Important Statistical Significance and Effect Size: Are Results Real and Meaningful? Statistical Literacy Is Urgently Important Why Are Ethics Important in Psychology? Ethical Concerns: Scholarship and Treatment of Research Participants Nails in the Coffin of Research Free-for-Alls Nonhuman Animals Also Have Rights
CHAPTER 2: THE BRAIN, THE BODY, AND BEHAVIOR Where Is the Mind? There Are Two Views about the Location of the Mind How Is the Nervous System Built? The Nervous System Is Composed of Cells Neurons Have an Anatomy Glia Assist Neurons in Their Work The Action Potential: How Neurons Do Their Work Neurotransmitters Send the Signal How Is the Nervous System Organized? The Central Nervous System Is "Command Central" The Peripheral Nervous System Connects Brain, Body, and the Environment The Autonomic Nervous System Is Also Subdivided How Is the Brain Organized? The Brain Is a Network of Neural Connections The Hindbrain and Midbrain Keep House The Forebrain Houses More Complex Brain Functions Each Cerebral Hemisphere Is Specialized **At the Forefront: Male and Female Brains Are Not Identical** Although the Brain Is Specialized, It Is Also Plastic What Is the Endocrine System? The Nervous and Endocrine Systems Overlap What Is Neuroscience? Behavioral Neuroscience Is the Study of the Neural Basis of Behavior Cognitive Neuroscience: The Neural Basis of Cognition and Emotion There Are Limits to Neuroscience
CHAPTER 3: THE NATURE AND NURTURE OF BEHAVIOR What Are Genes? The Gene Is the Unit of Heredity Phenotypes Are Observable Characteristics Genes Have at Least Three Functions How Do Genes and Environments Influence Behavior? Twin and Adoption Studies Disentangle Nature and Nurture The Heritability Statistic Is an Estimate of Genetic Influence Genes and Environments Interact Why Are Psychologists Interested in Evolution? Evolution Is Both Fact and Theory The Theory of Natural Selection Guides Evolutionary Psychology Evolutionary Psychology Is a New Way of Looking at Old Problems Human Sex Differences: A "Test Case" for Evolutionary Psychology **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Exceptions May Prove Trivers's Rule** Questions about the Evolutionary Approach What Is the Sociocultural Perspective? Society and Culture Help Shape Mind and Behavior The Sociocultural Perspective Highlights Differences and Similarities Three Examples of Cultural Psychology **Living Psychology: Are Friends Good to Have? Friendship in West Africa and North America** Social Role Theory: The "Social" Is Sociocultural
CHAPTER 4: HUMAN LIFESPAN DEVELOPMENT Why Study Development? Four Assumptions of the Life-Span Perspective How Does the Unborn Embryo become a Newborn Infant? The Embryo and Fetus Face Challenges **Critical Thinking about Psychology: The "Crack Baby": Crackpot Idea?** The Newborn Infant Is Already Skilled How Does the Infant become a Child? Brain Development Is Rapid Social and Emotional Development Require Nature and Nurture **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Early Child Care Has Benefits--and Costs** Cognitive Development: What Infants and Toddlers Know How Does the Child become Adolescent? Adolescence Is a Process The Adolescent Brain Is a "Work in Progress" Parents Matter--But How? Peers Matter More than Ever **Living Psychology: Our Parents Were Right (Sort of): Choose Your Friends Wisely** Moral Development in Adolescence Is Complex **At the Forefront: The Neural Basis of Morality** How Does the Adolescent become Adult? Development in Adulthood: More Stages and Continuities Work, Marriage, and Parenthood Still Define Adulthood for Most People How Does the Adult Age? Physical Changes Are Associated with Aging Cognitive Changes Are Associated with Aging Social and Emotional Changes Involve Loss and Gain Death Is a Process
CHAPTER 5: PERCEPTION AND THE SENSES How Do Sensing and Perceiving Differ? Psychophysicists Study the Relationship between Stimuli and Perception Signal Detection Theory Acknowledges the "Human" Factor Sensory Adaptation Reduces Sensitivity to Stimuli Subliminal Perception Occurs below the Level of Awareness **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Can Subliminal Persuasion Make You Buy Coca-Cola or Boost Your Self-Esteem?** How Does the Eye Work? The Eye Receives Light Eyes Form Images of the World, but Do Not "See" Visual Signals Are Interpreted in the Visual Cortex Brains--Not Objects--Have Color How Does the Ear Work? Sound Is Vibration The Ear Collects, Amplifies, and Transforms Sound Waves Both Ears Are Necessary to Locate Sounds How Do the Nose and Tongue Receive Chemical Signals? The Nose Detects Odors The Nose Also Detects Chemical Communications The Tongue Tastes, but It Needs the Nose for Flavor How Do the Skin and Body Feel? Skin: The Agony and the Ecstasy How Do We Perceive Visual Images? Visual Images Are Organized Visual Images Have Depth Visual Images Have Constancy How Do Evolution, Culture, and Experience Affect Perception? Face Recognition: Specialized Tool of Perception? Perception Is Influenced by Expectation and Attention Perceptual Set People from Different Cultures May "See Things Differently"
CHAPTER 6: VARIETIES OF CONSCIOUSNESS What Is Consciousness? No One Knows A Commonsense Definition of Consciousness The Hard Problem: How Do We Get from Brain to Self? Consciousness Comes in Many Varieties How--and Why--Do We Sleep? How Much Sleep Is Enough? Sleep Patterns Are Regulated by Two Processes Falling Asleep Is a Gradual Process Sleep Comes in Two Types and Five Stages The Function of Sleep Is Unknown What Are Dreams? Sleep Mentation Includes Thinking and Two Levels of Dreaming Dreams Have Meaning to the Dreamer What Are Sleep Disorders? "Sleep Problems" and "Sleep Disorders" Are Not the Same Insomnia Has a Life of Its Own **Living Psychology: Getting a Good Night's Sleep** Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) Can Be Life-Threatening Parasomnias Can Be Nightmarish Narcolepsy Destroys the Boundaries between Sleep and Wakefulness Is Hypnosis an Altered State of Consciousness? Hypnosis Is a Social Event Special State vs. Nonstate Debate What Is the Nature of Meditation? Meditation Has at Least Two Basic Characteristics Meditation as an Altered State How Do Psychoactive Drugs Affect Consciousness? Use of Psychoactive Drugs Is an Ordinary Part of Most People's Lives "Addiction" Has Many Definitions All Substances Are Potentially Toxic Narcotics Stimulants Depressants **Critical Thinking about Psychology: The Most Common Date Rape Drug Is Alcohol** Psychedelics "Legal Highs"
CHAPTER 7: LEARNING What Is Learning? Learning Is Difficult to Define "Learned" Is Not the Opposite of "Innate" Habituation and Sensitization Are the Simplest Forms of Learning Associative Learning Is More Complex What Is Classical Conditioning? Classical Conditioning Prepares an Organism for What Is to Come Classical Conditioning Includes Stimulus and Response **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Will the Real Little Albert Please Crawl Forward?** What Are the Limits of Classical Conditioning? Cognition Plays a Part in Classical Conditioning Evolution Prepares Each Animal to Form Certain Associations The Ecology of the Organism Affects Conditioning What Is Operant Conditioning? In Operant Conditioning, the Organism Teaches Itself Reinforcement and Punishment Are the Conditioning Factors Shaping: The Building Blocks of Operant Behavior Reinforcers Differ in Strength and Origin Reinforcement Schedules Affect Conditioning Punishment May Be Effective but Can Also Pose Problems What Are the Limits of Operant Conditioning? Cognition and Evolution Also Affect Operant Conditioning What Is Observational Learning? Modeling Is Learning through Imitation Vicarious Conditioning Is Learning by Observing Consequences Mirror Neurons May Be the "How" of Observational Learning **At the Forefront: Mirror Neurons and Autism** Effects of Media Violence: An Unsettled, and Unsettling, Question
CHAPTER 8: MEMORY What Are Memories? Memories Are Encoded, Stored, and Retrieved The Modal Model of Memory Consists of "Stores" **Living Psychology: How Not to Prepare for Exams** What Is "Remembering"? Retrieval Cues Working Memory Is Working with Memory There Are Two Types (and Two Subtypes) of LTM Levels of Processing Framework: Are Memory Stores Real? **At the Forefront: Are "Brain Steroids" Useful (and Ethical)?** How Do We Forget Things That Happened (and Remember Things That Never Happened)? Memories Are Constructed, Not Recorded Eyewitness Testimony Is Surprisingly Unreliable Children's Memories Can Be Manipulated The Seven "Sins" of Memory **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Memories of Trauma, False and True** Are Our Memories Defective?
CHAPTER 9: THINKING, LANGUAGE, AND INTELLIGENCE How Does the Mind Work? Thinking and Cognition Are Not the Same Mental Images Represent Information in Picture Form Concepts Are Mental Categories Thinking Fast, Thinking Slow: Kahneman's Two-System Theory How Do We Use Thinking to Solve Problems? Trial and Error Eliminates Solutions One at a Time Algorithms Never Fail, but They Are Not Always Available Heuristics Are Mental "Rules of Thumb" Aha!Insight! Creativity: Finding Problems and Solving Them How Do Biases Affect Decision Making? The Confirmation Bias Tells Us What We Want to Hear Belief Persistence **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Chance Is Lumpy: The Gambler's Fallacy** Language: What Is It, and How Do We Learn It? Language Is an Open-Ended Code Language May Also Be a "Mental Organ" **Critical Thinking about Psychology: There Ain't No Such Thing as Bad Grammar, Yo': The Linguistic View** Language May Influence the Way We Think Do Nonhuman Animals Have Language? Washoe, Nim, and Kanzi: Conversationalists or Trained Chimps? What Is Intelligence? There Are Two General Meanings of the Word "Intelligence" General Intelligence (g) Is One Way of Describing "Book Smarts" IQ Is the Most Commonly Accepted Measure of Intelligence IQ Measures Something Important, but It May Not Be Intelligence Multiple Intelligences: An Alternative to g and IQ Most Theories of Intelligence Incorporate the Idea of g Where Does Intelligence Come from? Genes and Environments Determine Cognitive Ability
CHAPTER 10: MOTIVATION What Are Motivations? Motivations Initiate and Direct Behavior Motivations Include Instincts and Adaptations Motivations Also Include Drives, Incentives, and Needs Some Motivations Are Universal or "Nearly Universal" How Is Work a Window onto Motivation? Traits Influence Work Performance Perceived Self-Efficacy Goal Setting **Living Psychology: "Do What You Are": Using Positive Psychology to Help Choose a Career Why Do We Eat? Hunger and Appetite Are Not the Same People Tend to Maintain an Energy Balance Eating Disorders Have become More Common Overweight and Obesity Are Epidemic The Social Motivations: Why Do We Turn toward One Another? Affiliation Means Being Near, but Not Necessarily Close Belonging Means Caring Relationships that Endure Aggression: Why Do We Turn against One Another? Aggression May Be Violent or Non-Violent Aggression May Be Hostile or Instrumental There Are Sex Differences in Aggression Aggression Is Triggered by Specific Factors Aggressors Believe They Are in the Right Competence: Why Do People Seek to Do Well? Approach and Avoidance Are Two Strategies for Competence Achievement Is a Part of Competence Motivation
CHAPTER 11: EMOTION AND HEALTH What Is Emotion? How Are Your Feelings? Unpleasant Emotions Outnumber Pleasant Ones Emotions Serve Important Functions Everyone Wants to Feel Good--But What Is "Feeling Good"? Are Some Emotions "Basic"? Basic Emotions Are Primary Basic Emotions Are Affected by Culture Deception Is Linked to Emotion and Cognition How Do Psychologists Explain Emotion? Early Theories: Which Comes First, Feeling or Emotion? Cognitive Theories Stress Interpretation of Events Some Emotional Experiences May Bypass Cognition Embodied Emotion: The Body Is the Mind Which Theory of Emotion Is "Right"? How Do People Deal with Anger? Anger Is Common, Varied, and Dangerous "Venting" Is Not an Effective Strategy for Dealing with Anger **Living Psychology: To Forgive Is Human as Well as Divine** Who Is Happy (and Why)? Most People Are Reasonably Happy When Money Buys Happiness When Money Buys Unhappiness Happiness "Set Points" Are Not Set in Stone What Makes People Happy What Is Stress? Stress Is a Response to Challenging or Threatening Events We Need Stress The Stress Response Involves Activation and Adaptation Hans Selye and the GAS Model Tend and Befriend: The Female Fight or Flight? Ethnic Minorities Experience Unique Stressors Does Stress Cause Illness? Stress Affects Immune Systems **At the Forefront: Placebo: Treatment or Non-Treatment?** Coping: How Can Stress Be Managed? Optimism Aerobic Exercise Meditation **Living Psychology: How to Meditate** Social Support Religion and Spiritual Life If All Else Fails, Get a Dog
CHAPTER 12: PERSONALITY What Is Personality? Like All Others, Some Others, and No Other Organized, Integrated and Relatively Enduring What Are the "Grand Theories" of Personality? Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis: The Life of the Unconscious Mind The Neo-Freudians: Keeping the Baby, Throwing out the Bathwater The Behaviorists: Personality Is a Learning Experience The Humanists: Faith in Humankind **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Self-Esteem: It Feels Good, but What Does It Actually Do?** Winds of Change How Do Traits and Situations Affect Personality? Traits Describe--but Do Not Explain--Personality **Living Psychology: What Is Your Big Five Score?** Situations Can Powerfully Influence Behavior Traits and Situations Form Revealing Patterns Social-Cognitive Theories: Creating Your Own Personality **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Astrology: Is Personality in the Stars?** How Do Genes, Environments, and Culture Influence Personality? Genes Play an Important Role in Personality Development Nonshared Environments Are Equally Important Culture Influences Personality, But In Unexpected Ways How Is Personality Measured? Projective Tests Interpret Personality Objective Tests Are Constructed Empirically How Much Does Personality Change over Time? Traits Are Surprisingly--but Not Entirely--Stable Other Aspects of Personality May Also Change
CHAPTER 13: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS What Is a Psychological Disorder? The DSM View: Disorder = Dysfunction and Distress (or Impairment) The Myth of Mental Illness View: Disorders Are Social Judgments, Not "Illnesses" The Harmful Dysfunction View: Fact and Social Judgment Define Disorder What about "Insanity?" The Number of People with Disorders Is Not Known with Certainty Major Mental Disorders and Personality Disorders What Are Anxiety Disorders? Generalized Anxiety Disorder Defines the Experience of Anxiety Phobias Are Irrational Fears Panic Disorder: Anxious about Fear Anxiety Results from Combinations of Causes Obsessive-Compulsive and Trauma-Related Disorders Are in Categories All Their Own Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Can Dominate a Person's Life Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Rare Response to Trauma **Living Psychology: Beware of Psychology Students' Disease!** What Are Depressive and Bipolar Disorders? Major Depressive Disorder: The Most Severe Form of Depression How Depression Arises Women Have Much Higher Rates of Depression Bipolar Disorders Are a Spectrum, Not a Single Disorder Depressive and Bipolar Disorders Increase the Risk of Suicide Are Depression and Anxiety Overdiagnosed? Social Phobia: When Is It Truly Dysfunctional? When Ordinary Sadness becomes Disorder What Is Schizophrenia? Symptoms May Be Positive and Negative The Search for Causes of Schizophrenia Partial Recovery Is Possible What Are Personality Disorders? Paranoid Personality Disorder Fosters Mistrust Borderline Personality Disorder Leads to a Stormy Life Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Wants Rules Obeyed **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Sybil and the Epidemic of Multiple Personalities**
CHAPTER 14: TREATMENT What Is Psychotherapy? Psychotherapy Involves a Healing Personal Relationship People Enter Psychotherapy for Many Reasons There Are Different Styles of Psychotherapy Psychotherapists' Training Varies Widely How Do Styles of Psychotherapy Differ? Psychoanalysis: Uncommon, but Influential Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Behavior Therapy: Changing Maladaptive Behavior Cognitive Therapies: Changing Feelings by Changing Thoughts **Living Psychology: Cognitive Therapy to Fight Depression** Integrative Therapy: Using What Works Bibliotherapy: Reading Your Way to Relief? What Are Group, Couple, and Family Therapies? Group Therapy Involves Three or More Family Therapy: The Family as a System Couple Therapy for Marital or Individual Distress Does Psychotherapy Work? What Does "Works" Mean? Efficacy and Effectiveness No One Style of Therapy Has Proved Superior Overall Psychotherapy May Work for the "Wrong Reasons" Psychotherapy Can Also Cause Harm Culture Plays a Role in Psychotherapy Therapists Are People Psychological Services beyond Psychotherapy What Is Pharmacotherapy? Pharmacotherapy Uses Psychoactive Medications Anxiety Is Treated with Anxiolytics Depression Is Treated with Antidepressants Bipolar Disorders Are Treated with Mood Stabilizers Schizophrenia Is Treated With Antipsychotics Does Pharmacotherapy Work? Large Corporations Manage Information about Pharmacotherapy Eliminating Publication Bias Reveals a Different Picture of Antidepressants What Other Biological Treatments Are Available? Electroconvulsive Treatment Is Controversial Magnetic Brain Stimulation Psychosurgery Closing Remarks: The Future of Treatment Is Integrative
CHAPTER 15: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY What Is Psychological Self-Defense? Cognitive Biases Are Potent Self-Defense Weapons The Ups and Downs of Comparing Yourself to Others Cognitive Dissonance: When Attitudes and Behavior Clash When Self-Defense Fails, the Self May Attempt to Change How Do We Present Ourselves to Others? Impression Management Involves Motivation and Construction Self-Presentation in Cyberspace Our Ideas of How Others See Us Are Often Wildly Off Track How Do We Explain Our Own and Others' Behavior? The Fundamental Attribution Error: Mistaking the Situation for the Person The Actor-Observer Bias: Mistaking the Person for the Situation Who Attracts Whom? Positive Assortment The Mere Exposure Effect Beauty Is Not Entirely in the Eye of the Beholder How Do Other People Affect Our Opinions and Behavior? People Conform for Many Reasons Groupthink Is Dangerous Bystander Apathy, Tragedy, and Public Outrage Deindividuation in Groups: Human Beings at Their Worst Altruism: Human Beings at Their Best How Does Intergroup Conflict Lead to Aggression? Stereotyping Can Lead to Prejudice Ingroup Bias May Also Lead to Prejudice Prejudice Can Be Subtle and Unconscious Prejudice in the Face of Terror and Death Obedience to Authority **At the Forefront: "Ultimate" Aggression: What Motivates a Suicide Terrorist?** Intergroup Contact: Reducing Prejudice in Jittery Times Lessons of Abu Ghraib
CHAPTER 16: SEX, GENDER, AND SEXUAL BEHAVIOR Are "Sex" and "Gender" Different? Sex at Birth Is Chromosomal, Gonadal, Hormonal, and Anatomical "Gender" Is Less Easy to Define than "Sex" Gender Identity Begins in Early Childhood Gender Roles Are Beliefs about How Men and Women Ought to Behave Gender Stereotypes Are Beliefs about What Men and Women Are Like How Do the Sexes Differ? There Are Sex Differences in Play Styles and Toy Preferences Sex Differences in Cognition Favor Men and Women in Different Ways Sex Differences in Cognition Might Exist in Three Ways **Critical Thinking about Psychology: Stereotype Threat: Are Scientific Theories about Sex Differences Dangerous?** Sexual Behavior: What Is "Having Sex" and Why Do People Have It? People Do Not Agree on What Constitutes "Having Sex" The Physiology of Sexual Response Proceeds in Stages **Living Psychology: Sexual Aggression: What Should You Do if You Are Raped or Sexually Assaulted?** How Does Sexuality Develop? Child Sexuality Is Human Sexuality, but It Isn't Adult Sexuality Sexual Development in Adolescence Is Multifaceted What Is Sexual Orientation? Sexual Orientation Includes Behavior, Desire, and Identity Patterns of Sexual Orientation Differ for Men and Women Causes of Sexual Orientation Are Not Known with Certainty How Closely Are Sex and Love Linked? Love as a Set of Characteristic Feelings, Thoughts, and Behaviors Love Is a Human Universal--with Cultural Variations Love and Sex: The Biobehavioral Model
GLOSSARY REFERENCES CREDITS NAME INDEX SUBJECT INDEX