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Psychology, Eighth Edition in Modules,9780716779278

Psychology, Eighth Edition in Modules

by
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780716779278

ISBN10:
0716779277
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
7/31/2006
Publisher(s):
Worth Publishers
List Price: $166.85

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Summary

This modular version of Myers's full-length text,Psychology, reflects the author's research-supported belief that many students learn better using a text comprised of brief modules, as opposed standard-length chapters. Psychology, Eighth Edition, in Modules breaks down the 18 chapters ofPsychologyinto 58 short modules, retaining that acclaimed text's captivating writing, superior pedagogy, and wealth of references to recent cutting-edge research. The modular version has its own extensive media and supplements package, with content organized to match its table of contents.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Introduction to the History and Science of Psychology
1(48)
The History and Scope of Psychology
2(14)
Psychology's Roots
2(5)
Contemporary Psychology
7(5)
Close-Up: Your Study of Psychology
12(4)
Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
16(14)
The Need for Psychological Science
16(6)
Frequently Asked Questions About Psychology
22(6)
Thinking Critically About: Desegregation and the Death Penalty---When Beliefs Collide With Psychological Science
28(2)
Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions
30(19)
Description
30(3)
Correlation
33(5)
Experimentation
38(3)
Statistical Reasoning
41(8)
Neuroscience and Behavior
49(42)
Neural and Hormonal Systems
50(14)
Neural Communication
50(6)
The Nervous System
56(4)
The Endocrine System
60(4)
The Brain
64(27)
The Tools of Discovery
64(3)
Older Brain Structures
67(4)
The Cerebral Cortex
71(9)
Our Divided Brain
80(4)
Thinking Critically About: Left Brain/Right Brain
84(3)
Reflections on the Biological Revolution in Psychology
87(4)
Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity
91(42)
Behavior Genetics and Evolutionary Psychology
92(18)
Behavior Genetics: Predicting Individual Differences
92(10)
Evolutionary Psychology: Understanding Human Nature
102(8)
Environmental Influences on Behavior
110(23)
Parents and Peers
110(4)
Cultural Influences
114(7)
Gender Development
121(6)
Reflections on Nature and Nurture
127(6)
Developing Through the Life Span
133(58)
Prenatal Development and the Newborn
134(5)
Conception
134(1)
Prenatal Development
135(1)
The Competent Newborn
136(2)
Close-Up: Research Strategies for Understanding Infants' Thinking
138(1)
Infancy and Childhood
139(21)
Physical Development
139(2)
Cognitive Development
141(6)
Close-Up: Autism
147(2)
Social Development
149(11)
Adolescence
160(11)
Physical Development
161(2)
Cognitive Development
163(3)
Social Development
166(3)
Emerging Adulthood
169(2)
Adulthood, and Reflections on Developmental Issues
171(20)
Physical Development
171(6)
Cognitive Development
177(4)
Social Development
181(6)
Reflections on Two Major Developmental Issues
187(4)
Sensation and Perception
191(74)
Introduction to Sensation and Perception
192(9)
Thresholds
193(4)
Sensory Adaptation
197(1)
Selective Attention
198(3)
Vision
201(13)
The Stimulus Input: Light Energy
201(1)
The Eye
202(3)
Visual Information Processing
205(5)
Color Vision
210(4)
Hearing
214(10)
The Stimulus Input: Sound Waves
214(2)
The Ear
216(1)
Close-Up: A Noisy Noise Annoys
217(2)
Hearing Loss and Deaf Culture
219(2)
Close-Up: Living in a Silent World
221(3)
Other Important Senses
224(11)
Touch
224(5)
Taste
229(1)
Smell
230(3)
Body Position and Movement
233(2)
Perceptual Organization
235(15)
Perceptual Illusions
235(2)
Organizational Principles
237(13)
Perceptual Interpretation
250(15)
Sensory Deprivation and Restored Vision
250(1)
Perceptual Adaptation
251(1)
Perceptual Set
252(4)
Perception and the Human Factor
256(2)
Is There Extrasensory Perception?
258(7)
States of Consciousness
265(44)
Waking and Sleeping Rhythms
266(20)
Consciousness and Information Processing
266(2)
Sleep and Dreams
268(18)
Hypnosis
286(6)
Facts and Falsehoods
287(2)
Is Hypnosis an Altered State of Consciousness?
289(3)
Drugs and Consciousness
292(17)
Dependence and Addiction
292(2)
Psychoactive Drugs
294(6)
Close-Up: Near-Death Experiences---Mystical Visions or Hallucinations?
300(2)
Influences on Drug Use
302(7)
Learning
309
Classical Conditioning
312(11)
Pavlov's Experiments
312(5)
Updating Pavlov's Understanding
317(2)
Pavlov's Legacy
319(2)
Close-Up: Trauma as Classical Conditioning
321(2)
Operant Conditioning
323(15)
Skinner's Experiments
323(8)
Extending Skinner's Understanding
331(2)
Skinner's Legacy
333(2)
Contrasting Classical and Operant Conditioning
335(3)
Learning by Observation
338(7)
Bandura's Experiments
339(1)
Applications of Observational Learning
340(5)
Memory
345(1)
Introduction to Memory
346(4)
Memory Loss and Feats
346(1)
Information Processing
347(3)
Encoding: Getting Information In
350(10)
How We Encode
350(3)
What We Encode
353(7)
Storage: Retaining Information
360(10)
Sensory Memory
360(1)
Working/Short-Term Memory
361(1)
Long-Term Memory
362(1)
Storing Memories in the Brain
363(7)
Retrieval: Getting Information Out
370(6)
Recall, Recognition, and Relearning
370(1)
Close-Up: Retrieving Passwords
371(1)
Retrieval Cues
371(5)
Forgetting, Memory Construction, and Memory Improvement
376(19)
Forgetting
377(5)
Memory Construction
382(8)
Improving Memory
390(5)
Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
395(1)
Thinking
396(16)
Concepts
396(2)
Solving Problems
398(3)
Making Decisions and Forming Judgments
401(3)
Thinking Critically About: The Fear Factor---Do We Fear the Right Things?
404(3)
Belief Bias
407(5)
Language and Thought
412(18)
Language Structure
412(1)
Language Development
413(6)
Thinking and Language
419(4)
Animal Thinking and Language
423(7)
Introduction to Intelligence
430(12)
Is Intelligence One General Ability or Several Specific Abilities?
430(5)
Emotional Intelligence
435(2)
Intelligence and Creativity
437(1)
Is Intelligence Neurologically Measurable?
438(4)
Assessing Intelligence
442(12)
The Origins of Intelligence Testing
442(2)
Modern Tests of Mental Abilities
444(2)
Principles of Test Construction
446(3)
The Dynamics of Intelligence
449(5)
Genetic and Environmental Influences on Intelligence
454(15)
Genetic Influences
454(2)
Environmental Influences
456(2)
Group Differences in Intelligence Test Scores
458(6)
The Question of Bias
464(5)
Motivation and Work
469(1)
Introduction to Motivation
470(4)
Instincts
470(1)
Drives and Incentives
471(1)
Optimum Arousal
471(1)
A Hierarchy of Motives
472(2)
Hunger
474(8)
The Physiology of Hunger
474(3)
The Psychology of Hunger
477(5)
Sexual Motivation and the Need to Belong
482(18)
The Physiology of Sex
482(3)
The Psychology of Sex
485(1)
Adolescent Sexuality
486(2)
Sexual Orientation
488(6)
Sex and Human Values
494(1)
The Need to Belong
495(5)
Motivation at Work
500(13)
Close-Up: I/O Psychology at Work
501(1)
Personnel Psychology
502(1)
Close-Up: Discovering Your Strengths
502(3)
Organizational Psychology: Motivating Achievement
505(2)
Close-Up: Doing Well While Doing Good: ``The Great Experiment''
507(6)
Emotion
513(1)
Introduction to Emotion
514(10)
Theories of Emotion
514(2)
Embodied Emotion
516(2)
Thinking Critically About: Lie Detection
518(6)
Expressed Emotion
524(9)
Nonverbal Communication
524(3)
Detecting and Computing Emotion
527(1)
Culture and Emotional Expression
528(2)
The Effects of Facial Expression
530(3)
Experienced Emotion
533(16)
Fear
534(2)
Anger
536(2)
Happiness
538(8)
Close-Up: How to Be Happier
546(3)
Stress and Health
549(1)
Stress and Illness
550(13)
Stress and Stressors
550(5)
Stress and the Heart
555(2)
Stress and Susceptibility to Disease
557(2)
Stress and AIDS
559(4)
Coping With Stress
563(15)
Strategies for Alleviating Stress
563(3)
Close-Up: Pets Are Friends, Too
566(2)
Managing Stress
568(4)
Thinking Critically About: Alternative Medicine---New Ways to Health, or Old Snake Oil?
572(6)
Modifying Illness-Related Behaviors
578(19)
Smoking
578(4)
Close-Up: For Those Who Want to Stop Smoking
582(2)
Obesity
584(2)
The Social Effects of Obesity
586(6)
Close-Up: For Those Who Want to Lose Weight
592(5)
Personality
597(1)
The Psychoanalytic Perspective
598(14)
Exploring the Unconscious
598(5)
The Neo-Freudian and Psychodynamic Theorists
603(1)
Assessing Unconscious Processes
604(2)
Evaluating the Psychoanalytic Perspective
606(6)
The Humanistic Perspective
612(4)
Abraham Maslow's Self-Actualizing Person
612(1)
Carl Rogers' Person-Centered Perspective
613(1)
Assessing the Self
613(1)
Evaluating the Humanistic Perspective
614(2)
Contemporary Research on Personality
616(25)
The Trait Perspective
616(4)
Thinking Critically About: How to Be a ``Successful'' Astrologer or Palm Reader
620(5)
The Social-Cognitive Perspective
625(6)
Close-Up: Toward a More Positive Psychology
631(2)
Exploring the Self
633(8)
Psychological Disorders
641(1)
Introduction to Psychological Disorders
642(12)
Defining Psychological Disorders
642(1)
Thinking Critically About: ADHD---Pathologizing Rambunctiousness or Genuine Disorder?
643(1)
Understanding Psychological Disorders
644(2)
Classifying Psychological Disorders
646(1)
Labeling Psychological Disorders
647(1)
Close-Up: The ``un-DSM'': A Diagnostic Manual of Human Strengths
648(1)
Thinking Critically About: Insanity and Responsibility
649(1)
Rates of Psychological Disorders
650(4)
Anxiety Disorders
654(8)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder
654(1)
Phobias
655(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
656(1)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
657(1)
Explaining Anxiety Disorders
658(4)
Dissociative and Personality Disorders
662(5)
Dissociative Disorders
662(2)
Personality Disorders
664(3)
Mood Disorders
667(11)
Major Depressive Disorder
667(1)
Bipolar Disorder
668(1)
Explaining Mood Disorders
669(1)
Close-Up: Suicide
670(8)
Schizophrenia
678(9)
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
678(1)
Subtypes of Schizophrenia
679(1)
Explaining Schizophrenia
680(7)
Therapy
687(1)
The Psychological Therapies
688(14)
Psychoanalysis
688(3)
Humanistic Therapies
691(2)
Behavior Therapies
693(3)
Cognitive Therapies
696(3)
Group and Family Therapies
699(3)
Evaluating Psychotherapies
702(13)
Is Psychotherapy Effective?
702(2)
Thinking Critically About: ``Regressing'' from Unusual to Usual
704(2)
The Relative Effectiveness of Different Therapies
706(1)
Evaluating Alternative Therapies
707(2)
Commonalities Among Psychotherapies
709(1)
Close-Up: A Consumer's Guide to Psychotherapists
710(1)
Culture and Values in Psychotherapy
711(1)
Close-Up: Preventing Psychological Disorders by Treating the Social Contexts That Breed Them
712(3)
The Biomedical Therapies
715(10)
Drug Therapies
715(4)
Brain Stimulation
719(2)
Psychosurgery
721(4)
Social Psychology
725(1)
Social Thinking
726(8)
Attributing Behavior to Persons or to Situations
726(3)
Attitudes and Actions
729(2)
Close-Up: Abu Ghraib Prison: An ``Atrocity-Producing Situation''?
731(3)
Social Influence
734(13)
Conformity and Obedience
734(7)
Group Influence
741(6)
Antisocial Relations
747(18)
Prejudice
747(2)
Close-Up: Automatic Prejudice
749(4)
Aggression
753(6)
Close-Up: Parallels Between Smoking and Media Violence Effects
759(2)
Conflict
761(4)
Prosocial Relations
765
Attraction
765(6)
Altruism
771(3)
Peacemaking
774
Appendix A: Careers in Psychology 1(1)
Appendix B: Answers to Test Yourself Questions 1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
References 1(1)
Name Index 1(1)
Subject Index 1


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