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Psychology in Modules,9780716752516
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Psychology in Modules

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780716752516

ISBN10:
0716752514
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
6/6/2003
Publisher(s):
Worth Publishers
List Price: $171.15
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Summary

This new edition continues the story of psychology with added research and enhanced content from the most dynamic areas of the fieldcognition, gender and diversity studies, neuroscience and more, while at the same time using the most effective teaching approaches and learning tools

Table of Contents

Preface xix
Prologue: The Story of Psychology 1(1)
Psychology's Roots
1(8)
Prescientific Psychology
2(2)
Psychological Science Is Born
4(2)
Psychological Science Develops
6(3)
Contemporary Psychology
9(9)
Psychology's Big Issues
9(2)
Psychology's Perspectives
11(1)
Psychology's Subfields
12(3)
Close-Up: Your Study of Psychology
15(3)
Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
18(38)
The Need for Psychological Science
19(7)
The Limits of Intuition and Common Sense
19(3)
The Scientific Attitude
22(2)
The Scientific Method
24(2)
Description
26(4)
The Case Study
26(1)
The Survey
27(2)
Naturalistic Observation
29(1)
Correlation
30(7)
Correlation and Causation
32(1)
Illusory Correlations
33(1)
Perceiving Order in Random Events
34(2)
Thinking Critically About: Hot and Cold Streaks in Basketball and the Stock Market
36(1)
Experimentation
37(5)
Evaluating Therapies
38(2)
Can Subliminal Tapes Improve Your Life?
40(2)
Statistical Reasoning
42(4)
Describing Data
42(1)
Measures of Central Tendency
43(1)
Measures of Variation
43(1)
Making Inferences
44(2)
Frequently Asked Questions About Psychology
46(10)
Thinking Critically About: The Death Penalty--When Beliefs Collide with Psychological Science
52(4)
Neuroscience and Behavior
56(42)
Neural Communication
58(7)
Neurons
58(2)
How Neurons Communicate
60(1)
How Transmitters Influence Us
61(4)
The Nervous System
65(4)
The Peripheral Nervous System
66(1)
The Central Nervous System
67(2)
The Brain
69(25)
The Tools of Discovery
70(2)
Lower-Level Brain Structures
72(4)
The Cerebral Cortex
76(9)
Our Divided Brains
85(7)
Thinking Critically About: Left Brain/Right Brain
92(2)
The Endocrine System
94(4)
The Nature and Nurture of Behavior
98(36)
Genes: Our Biological Blueprint
100(1)
Evolutionary Psychology: Maximizing Fitness
101(7)
Natural Selection
102(1)
Sexuality
103(5)
Behavior Genetics: Predicting Individual Differences
108(8)
Twin Studies
108(3)
Adoption Studies
111(1)
Temperament Studies
112(1)
Heritability
112(2)
Gene-Environment Interaction
114(1)
The New Frontier: Molecular Genetics
115(1)
Environmental Influence
116(10)
How Much Credit (or Blame) Do Parents Deserve?
117(1)
Prenatal Environment
118(1)
Experience and Brain Development
118(2)
Peer Influence
120(1)
Culture
121(5)
The Nature and Nurture of Gender
126(5)
The Nature of Gender
126(1)
The Nurture of Gender
127(4)
Postscript: Reflections on Nature and Nurture
131(3)
The Developing Person
134(58)
Prenatal Development and the Newborn
136(4)
Conception
136(1)
Prenatal Development
136(2)
The Competent Newborn
138(1)
Close-Up: Research Strategies for Understanding Infants' Thinking
139(1)
Infancy and Childhood
140(19)
Physical Development
140(3)
Cognitive Development
143(7)
Social Development
150(9)
Adolescence
159(13)
Physical Development
161(2)
Cognitive Development
163(3)
Social Development
166(6)
Adulthood
172(17)
Physical Development
172(6)
Cognitive Development
178(4)
Social Development
182(7)
Reflections on Two Major Developmental Issues
189(3)
Continuity and Stages
189(1)
Stability and Change
189(3)
Sensation
192(38)
Sensing the World: Some Basic Principles
194(5)
Thresholds
194(4)
Sensory Adaptation
198(1)
Vision
199(13)
The Stimulus Input: Light Energy
200(1)
The Eye
201(2)
Visual Information Processing
203(5)
Color Vision
208(4)
Hearing
212(7)
The Stimulus Input: Sound Waves
212(1)
The Ear
213(1)
Close-Up: A Noisy Noise Annoys
214(2)
Hearing Loss and Deaf Culture
216(2)
Close-Up: Living in a Silent World
218(1)
The Other Senses
219(11)
Touch
219(4)
Thinking Critically About: Mind Over Matter: Firewalking
223(1)
Taste
224(1)
Smell
225(2)
Body Position and Movement
227(3)
Perception
230(34)
Selective Attention
231(2)
Perceptual Illusions
233(3)
Perceptual Organization
236(12)
Form Perception
237(1)
Depth Perception
238(5)
Motion Perception
243(1)
Perceptual Constancy
243(5)
Perceptual Interpretation
248(9)
Sensory Deprivation and Restored Vision
248(1)
Perceptual Adaptation
249(1)
Perceptual Set
250(4)
Perception and the Human Factor
254(3)
Is There Extrasensory Perception?
257(7)
Claims of ESP
258(1)
Premonitions or Pretensions?
258(1)
Putting ESP to Experimental Test
259(5)
States of Consciousness
264(44)
Waking Consciousness
265(4)
Levels of Information Processing
266(1)
Daydreams and Fantasies
267(2)
Sleep and Dreams
269(16)
Biological Rhythms
269(1)
The Rhythm of Sleep
269(1)
Thinking Critically About: PMS
270(5)
Why Do We Sleep?
275(4)
Sleep Disorders
279(2)
Dreams
281(4)
Hypnosis
285(9)
Facts and Falsehoods
286(3)
Thinking Critically About: Hypnotic Age Regression: A True Story
289(2)
Is Hypnosis an Altered State of Consciousness?
291(3)
Drugs and Consciousness
294(11)
Dependence and Addiction
294(1)
Psychoactive Drugs
295(6)
Influences on Drug Use
301(4)
Near-Death Experiences
305(3)
Learning
308(34)
Classical Conditioning
312(10)
Pavlov's Experiments
312(5)
Updating Pavlov's Understanding
317(2)
Pavlov's Legacy
319(2)
Close-Up: Rape as Classical Conditioning
321(1)
Operant Conditioning
322(14)
Skinner's Experiments
323(1)
Shaping Behavior
324(4)
Punishment
328(1)
Updating Skinner's Understanding
329(3)
Skinner's Legacy
332(4)
Learning by Observation
336(6)
Bandura's Experiments
336(1)
Applications of Observational Learning
337(5)
Memory
342(42)
The Phenomenon of Memory
344(3)
Memory Loss and Memory Feats
344(1)
Information Processing
345(2)
Encoding: Getting Information In
347(7)
How We Encode
347(2)
What We Encode
349(5)
Storage: Retaining Information
354(7)
Sensory Memory
354(1)
Short-Term Memory
355(1)
Long-Term Memory
355(1)
Storing Memories in the Brain
356(5)
Retrieval: Getting Information Out
361(4)
Retrieval Cues
362(3)
Forgetting
365(7)
Encoding Failure
366(1)
Storage Decay
367(1)
Retrieval Failure
368(4)
Memory Construction
372(9)
Misinformation and Imagination Effects
372(2)
Source Amnesia
374(1)
Discerning True and False Memories
375(1)
Children's Eyewitness Recall
376(1)
Repressed or Constructed Memories of Abuse?
377(4)
Improving Memory
381(3)
Thinking and Language
384(34)
Thinking
385(16)
Concepts
386(1)
Solving Problems
387(2)
Making Decisions and Forming Judgments
389(3)
Thinking Critically About: Risks---Do We Fear the Right Things?
392(3)
Belief Bias
395(2)
Simulating Thinking with Artificial Intelligence
397(4)
Language
401(8)
Language Structure
401(1)
Language Development
402(7)
Thinking and Language
409(4)
Language Influences Thinking
409(2)
Thinking Without Language
411(2)
Animal Thinking and Language
413(5)
Do Animals Think?
413(1)
Do Animals Exhibit Language?
414(4)
Intelligence
418(36)
The Origins of Intelligence Testing
419(3)
Alfred Binet: Predicting School Achievement
420(1)
Lewis Terman: The Innate IQ
420(2)
What Is Intelligence?
422(10)
Is Intelligence One General Ability or Several Specific Abilities?
423(4)
Intelligence and Creativity
427(2)
Is Intelligence Neurologically Measurable?
429(3)
Assessing Intelligence
432(5)
Modern Tests of Mental Abilities
432(2)
Principles of Test Construction
434(3)
The Dynamics of Intelligence
437(4)
Stability or Change?
437(1)
Extremes of Intelligence
438(3)
Genetic and Environmental Influences on Intelligence
441(13)
Genetic Influences
442(2)
Environmental Influences
444(2)
Group Differences in Intelligence Test Scores
446(4)
The Question of Bias
450(4)
Motivation and Work
454(44)
Motivational Concepts
456(3)
Instincts and Evolutionary Psychology
456(1)
Drives and Incentives
457(1)
Optimum Arousal
457(1)
A Hierarchy of Motives
458(1)
Hunger
459(8)
The Physiology of Hunger
460(3)
The Psychology of Hunger
463(4)
Sexual Motivation
467(16)
Describing Sexual Behavior
468(1)
The Physiology of Sex
468(3)
The Psychology of Sex
471(1)
Adolescent Sexuality
472(3)
Sexual Orientation
475(6)
Sex and Human Values
481(2)
The Need to Belong
483(2)
Aiding Survival
483(1)
Wanting to Belong
483(1)
Acting to Increase Social Acceptance
483(1)
Maintaining Relationships
484(1)
Fortifying Health
485(1)
Motivation at Work
485(13)
Close-Up: I/O Psychology at Work
487(1)
Personnel Psychology
487(1)
Close-Up: Discovering Your Strengths
488(3)
Organizational Psychology: Motivating Achievement
491(7)
Emotion
498(32)
Theories of Emotion
500(5)
The James-Lange and Cannon-Bard Theories
500(1)
Cognition and Emotion
501(3)
Two Dimensions of Emotion
504(1)
Embodied Emotion
505(5)
Emotion and Physiology
505(2)
The Physiology of Specific Emotions
507(1)
Thinking Critically About: Lie Detection
508(2)
Expressed Emotion
510(8)
Nonverbal Communication
510(4)
Culture and Emotional Expression
514(2)
The Effects of Facial Expressions
516(2)
Experienced Emotion
518(12)
Fear
518(2)
Anger
520(2)
Happiness
522(6)
Close-Up: How to Be Happier
528(2)
Stress and Health
530(44)
Stress and Illness
532(14)
Stress and Stressors
532(7)
Stress and the Heart
539(2)
Stress and Susceptibility to Disease
541(5)
Promoting Health
546(28)
Coping with Stress
546(9)
Modifying Illness-Related Behaviors
555(1)
Thinking Critically About: Alternative Medicine: New Ways to Health, or Old Snake Oil?
556(5)
Close-Up: For Those Who Want to Stop Smoking
561(9)
Close-Up: Helpful Hints for Losing Weight
570(4)
Personality
574(44)
Historic Perspectives on Personality
575(15)
The Psychoanalytic Perspective
576(11)
The Humanistic Perspective
587(3)
Contemporary Research on Personality
590(28)
The Trait Perspective
591(5)
Thinking Critically About: How to Be a ``Successful'' Astrologer or Palm Reader
596(4)
The Social-Cognitive Perspective
600(4)
Close-Up: Toward a More Positive Psychology
604(3)
Exploring the Self
607(7)
The Modern Unconscious Mind
614(4)
Psychological Disorders
618(40)
Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
620(7)
Defining Psychological Disorders
620(1)
Understanding Psychological Disorders
621(1)
Classifying Psychological Disorders
622(1)
Labeling Psychological Disorders
623(1)
Close-Up: The ``Un-DSM'': A Diagnostic Manual of Human Strengths
624(2)
Thinking Critically About: Insanity and Responsibility
626(1)
Anxiety Disorders
627(6)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder
627(1)
Phobias
628(1)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
628(1)
Explaining Anxiety Disorders
629(1)
Close-Up: The Wounds of War: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
630(3)
Mood Disorders
633(13)
Major Depressive Disorder
633(1)
Bipolar Disorder
634(1)
Explaining Mood Disorders
635(3)
Close-Up: Suicide
638(5)
Close-Up: Loneliness
643(1)
Thinking Critically About: Dissociation and Multiple Personalities
644(2)
Schizophrenia
646(7)
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
646(2)
Subtypes of Schizophrenia
648(1)
Understanding Schizophrenia
649(4)
Personality Disorders
653(3)
Rates of Psychological Disorder
656(2)
Therapy
658(36)
The Psychological Therapies
660(14)
Psychoanalysis
660(3)
Humanistic Therapies
663(1)
Behavior Therapies
664(5)
Cognitive Therapies
669(3)
Group and Family Therapies
672(2)
Evaluating Psychotherapies
674(11)
Is Psychotherapy Effective?
674(2)
Thinking Critically About: ``Regressing'' from Unusual to Usual
676(2)
The Relative Effectiveness of Different Therapies
678(1)
Evaluating Alternative Therapies
679(3)
Commonalities Among Psychotherapies
682(1)
Culture and Values in Psychotherapy
683(1)
Close-Up: A Consumer's Guide to Psychotherapists
684(1)
The Biomedical Therapies
685(7)
Drug Therapies
685(4)
Electroconvulsive Therapy
689(1)
Psychosurgery
690(2)
Preventing Psychological Disorders
692(2)
Social Psychology
694(1)
Social Thinking
695(7)
Attributing Behavior to Persons or to Situations
696(2)
Attitudes and Actions
698(4)
Social Influence
702(12)
Conformity and Obedience
703(6)
Group Influence
709(5)
Social Relations
714(1)
Prejudice
714(5)
Aggression
719(7)
Close-Up: Parallels Between Smoking and Media Violence Effects
726(1)
Conflict
726(3)
Attraction
729(5)
Altruism
734(3)
Peacemaking
737
Appendix A Answers to Review Questions 1(1)
Glossary 1(1)
References 1(1)
Name Index 1(1)
Subject Index 1


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