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Martin T. Donohoe, MD, FACP is adjunct associate professor in Community Health at Portland State University, practices internal medicine, and is on the Social Justice Committee of Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) and the Board of Advisors for Oregon PSR.
Table of Contents
The Editor xxii
The Contributors xxv
PART I Human Rights, Social Justice, Economics, Poverty, and Health Care
1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights 5
2. Public Health as Social Justice 11
Dan E. Beauchamp
3. What We Mean by Social Determinants of Health 21
4. The Magic Mountain: Trickle-Down Economics in a Philippine Garbage Dump 39
5. Family Medicine Should Encourage the Development of Luxury Practices: Negative Position 55
PART TWO Special Populations
6. Homelessness in the United States: History, Epidemiology, Health Issues, Women, and Public Policy 77
7. Historical and Contemporary Factors Contributing to the Plight of Migrant Farmworkers in the United States 85
Safina Koreishi, Martin Donohoe
8. The Persistence of American Indian Health Disparities 99
David S. Jones
9. Prejudice and the Medical Profession: A Five-Year Update 123
Peter A. Clark
10. Sexual and Gender Minority Health: What We Know and What Needs to Be Done 153
Kenneth H. Mayer, Judith B. Bradford, Harvey J. Makadon, Ron Stall, Hilary Goldhammer, Stewart Landers
11. Mental Disorders, Health Inequalities, and Ethics: A Global Perspective 171
Emmanuel M. Ngui, Lincoln Khasakhala, David Nndetei, Laura Weiss Roberts
12. Incarceration Nation: Health and Welfare in the Prison System in the United States 193
PART THREE Women’s Health
13. Individual and Societal Forms of Violence Against Women in the United States and the Developing World: An Overview 217
14. Obstacles to Abortion in the United States 233
15. The Way It Was 249
PART FOUR Obesity, Tobacco, and Suicide by Firearms: The Modern Epidemics
16. Weighty Matters: Public Health Aspects of the Obesity Epidemic 265
17. Cigarettes: The Other Weapons of Mass Destruction 287
18. Guns and Suicide in the United States 295
Matthew Miller, David Hemenway
PART FIVE Food: Safety, Security, and Disease
19. Factory Farms as Primary Polluter 303
20. Genetically Modified Foods: Health and Environmental Risks and the Corporate Agribusiness Agenda 307
21. Opposition to the Use of Hormone Growth Promoters in Beef and Dairy Cattle Production (American Public Health Association Policy Statement, Adopted 2009) 319
Elanor Starmer, David Wallinga, Rick North, Martin Donohoe
PART SIX Environmental Health
22. Roles and Responsibilities of Health Care Professionals in Combating Environmental Degradation and Social Injustice: Education and Activism 333
23. Global Warming: A Public Health Crisis Demanding Immediate Action 355
24. Flowers, Diamonds, and Gold: The Destructive Public Health, Human Rights, and Environmental Consequences of Symbols of Love 365
25. Is a Modest Health Care System Possible? 385
PART SEVEN War and Violence
26. The Health Consequences of the Diversion of Resources to War and Preparation for War 399
Victor W. Sidel, Barry S. Levy
27. A Brief Summary of the Medical Impacts of Hiroshima 405
Robert Vergun, Martin Donohoe, Catherine Thomasson, Pamela Vergun
28. Medical Science Under Dictatorship 409
29. War, Rape, and Genocide: Never Again? 427
PART EIGHT Corporations and Public Health 30. Combating Corporate Control: Protecting Education, Media, Legislation, and Health Care 439
31. The Pharmaceutical Industry: Friend or Foe? 451
Jennifer R. Niebyl
32. Unnecessary Testing in Obstetrics, Gynecology, and General Medicine: Causes and Consequences of the Unwarranted Use of Costly and Unscientific (yet Profitable) Screening Modalities 463
33. Urine Trouble: Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians 473
PART NINE Achieving Social Justice in Health Care Through Education and Activism
34. Promoting Public Understanding of Population Health 493
35. Some Ideas for a Common Agenda 509
Peter Montague, Carolyn Raffensperger
36. Taking On Corporate Power—and Winning 521
37. US Health Care: Single-Payer or Market Reform 551
David U. Himmelstein, Steffie Woolhandler
38. US Health Professionals Oppose War 563
Walter J. Lear
39. The Residency Program in Social Medicine of Montefiore Medical Center: 37 Years of Mission-Driven, Interdisciplinary Training in Primary Care, Population Health, and Social Medicine 571
A. H. Strelnick, Debbie Swiderski, Alice Fornari, Victoria Gorski, Eliana Korin, Philip Ozuah, Janet M. Townsend, Peter A. Selwyn
40. Stories and Society: Using Literature to Teach Medical Students About Public Health and Social Justice 597