9780764559549

Public Speaking For Dummies

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780764559549

  • ISBN10:

    0764559540

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-05-07
  • Publisher: For Dummies
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any access cards, study guides, lab manuals, CDs, etc.

Summary

Tried-and-true tips for dazzling your audience Conquer your public speaking jitters and deliver a dynamite speech Anxious about public speaking? Have no fear! Use this friendly guide as your personal arsenal of tools to overcome stage fright and build a rapport with your audience. From researching your topic and preparing the room to crafting a riveting address, these savvy tips will help you deliver a masterful presentation. The Dummies Way * Explanations in plain English * "Get in, get out" information * Icons and other navigational aids * Tear-out cheat sheet * Top ten lists * A dash of humor and fun Discover how to: * Speak with confidence * Create spectacular visual aids * Add power with body language * Address international and virtual audiences * Answer questions the right way

Author Biography

Malcolm Kushner is an internationally acclaimed expert on humor and communication who has been profiled in a number of publications and appeared on CNN, NPR, and The Larry King Show.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1(6)
Why You Need This Book
1(2)
About This Book
3(1)
Conventions Used in This Book
3(1)
Foolish Assumptions
3(1)
How This Book Is Organized
4(2)
Part I: Getting Started
4(1)
Part II: Preparing Your Speech
4(1)
Part III: Making Your Speech Sparkle
5(1)
Part IV: Delivering Your Speech
5(1)
Part V: Common Speaking Situations
5(1)
Part VI: The Part of Tens
6(1)
Icons Used in This Book
6(1)
Where Do I Go from Here?
6(1)
Part I: Getting Started 7(42)
Chapter 1: Giving a Speech
9(6)
Finding Out What You Need to Know
9(1)
Getting down the preliminaries
9(1)
Doing research
10(1)
Organizing your speech
10(1)
Developing Your Speech
10(1)
Selecting the right material
10(1)
Starting and ending your speech
10(1)
Polishing It Off
11(1)
Making sure your speech makes sense
11(1)
Adding some style
11(1)
Using visual aids
11(1)
Delivering a Speech
11(1)
Overcoming stage fright
12(1)
Talking with your body
12(1)
Taking questions
12(1)
Handling the audience
12(1)
Preparing for Special Speaking Situations
12(2)
Talking to public bodies
13(1)
Speaking on the fly
13(1)
Introducing other speakers
13(1)
Speaking on panels or roundtables
13(1)
Debating
14(1)
Speaking at international meetings
14(1)
Participating in virtual meetings
14(1)
The Parts of Ten
14(1)
Chapter 2: Getting Ready to Speak
15(12)
Making Important Preparations
15(5)
Deciding whether you should speak
15(1)
Figuring out why you're speaking
16(1)
Setting specific goals
17(1)
Getting the essential information
17(2)
Agreeing on a topic
19(1)
Analyzing Your Audience
20(3)
Discovering demographics
20(1)
Discovering what the audience is thinking
21(1)
Finding out what the audience knows
22(1)
Relating to Your Audience
23(4)
Putting your audience in the picture
23(3)
Highlighting the benefits
26(1)
Chapter 3: Making the Most of Research
27(12)
Gathering Sources
27(6)
Mining yourself for material
28(1)
Interviewing people
29(1)
Utilizing the library
30(1)
Reading The Wall Street Journal
30(2)
Pulling info from the Day and Date Book
32(1)
Perusing Chase's Calendar of Events
32(1)
Dialing up databases
32(1)
Getting Someone Else to Do Your Research - For Free
33(1)
Checking out reference librarians
33(1)
Talking to museum research staff
34(1)
Using government public information officers
34(1)
Researching on the Web
34(5)
Rustling up the three best Web sites
35(1)
Getting the most out of Web researching
36(1)
Finding visual aids
37(1)
Picking up performing tips
38(1)
Chapter 4: Organizing Your Speech
39(10)
Selecting Material to Include
39(1)
Following Patterns of Organization
40(3)
Following two key rules
40(1)
Checking out commonly used patterns
41(2)
Packaging and bundling
43(1)
Creating Your Outline
43(2)
Figuring out when to start your outline
44(1)
Deciding the number of points to include
44(1)
Timing
45(2)
Setting the length of your speech
45(1)
Polishing your timing
46(1)
Organizing Your Speech Effectively
47(2)
Part II: Preparing Your Speech 49(34)
Chapter 5: Body Building: Strengthening the Content of Your Speech
51(12)
Making Appeals to Your Audience
51(1)
Using logical appeals
51(1)
Making emotional appeals
52(1)
Finding Solid Forms of Support
52(11)
Mastering the art of storytelling
53(2)
Making an impact with quotations
55(1)
Doing it by the numbers
56(2)
Clearing the air with definitions
58(2)
Unlocking concepts with analogies
60(1)
Getting heard with examples
60(3)
Chapter 6: Getting Off on the Right Foot: Introductions
63(12)
Discovering What the Introduction Must Do
63(1)
Creating the Perfect Introduction
64(4)
Answering audience questions
64(1)
Including necessary background
64(1)
Using greetings and acknowledgments
65(1)
Making your introduction the right length
65(1)
Writing out your introduction
65(1)
Using the show biz formula
66(1)
Avoiding common mistakes
66(2)
Getting Started in Fifteen Fabulous Ways
68(7)
Using a Quotation
68(1)
Using rhetorical questions
68(1)
Using a story or anecdote
69(1)
Using a startling statistic
69(1)
Using a startling fact
70(1)
Using a historic event
70(1)
Using something that happened today
71(1)
Using the title of your speech
72(1)
Provoking your audience
72(1)
Showing your knowledge of your audience
72(1)
Developing a common bond
73(1)
Emphasizing the subject's importance
73(1)
Referring to the occasion
74(1)
Relating your talk to previous talks
74(1)
Chapter 7: All's Well That Ends Well: Conclusions
75(8)
Making Your Conclusion Work
76(1)
Creating the Perfect Conclusion
76(3)
Cueing the audience in advance
76(1)
Making it sound like a conclusion
77(1)
Finding the right length
77(1)
Writing it out
77(1)
Making the last words memorable
77(1)
Announcing your availability
78(1)
Avoiding common mistakes
78(1)
Wrapping It Up in Style
79(6)
Referring back to the opening
79(1)
Using a quotation
79(1)
Asking a question
79(1)
Telling a story
80(1)
Reciting a poem
80(1)
Telling the audience what to do
81(1)
Asking for help
81(2)
Part III: Making Your Speech Sparkle 83(34)
Chapter 8: Making Sense of Your Speech
85(8)
Editing Your Speech - Pain-free
85(3)
Using conversational language
85(1)
Reading your speech out loud
86(1)
Keeping the language simple
86(1)
Avoiding long sentences
87(1)
Using the active voice
87(1)
Being specific
87(1)
Using exciting verbs
87(1)
Getting rid of clichés and buzzwords
88(1)
Perfecting the pace
88(1)
Avoiding foreign words and phrases
88(1)
Making Transitions
88(5)
Figuring out how to use transitions
89(1)
Managing the transition mission
89(2)
Avoiding common transition mistakes
91(2)
Chapter 9: Getting the Words Right
93(8)
Honing Your Tone and Style
93(3)
Polishing your word choice
94(1)
Using power words
94(1)
Figuring out how to use jargon
95(1)
Creating Catch Phrases
96(1)
Spicing Up Your Speech with Classic Rhetorical Devices
96(5)
Hyperbole
97(1)
Allusion
97(1)
Alliteration
97(1)
Metaphor
98(1)
Simile
98(1)
Rhetorical question
98(1)
The rule of three
99(1)
Repetition
100(1)
Chapter 10: Making Eye Contact Count: Visual Aids
101(16)
Using Charts and Graphs
101(2)
Choosing a type of chart or graph
102(1)
Making effective charts and graphs
102(1)
Making Use of Slides, Overheads, and PowerPoint
103(4)
Using slides
103(1)
Using overheads
104(1)
Using PowerPoint
104(1)
Discovering simple design rules
105(2)
Flipping for Flipcharts
107(2)
Avoiding common flipchart mistakes
107(1)
Using flipcharts effectively
108(1)
Creating Great Video (And Audio)
109(3)
Using video
109(2)
Utilizing audio in your speeches
111(1)
Making an Impact with Multimedia
112(3)
Multimedia equipment you need
112(1)
Software for multimedia presentations
113(1)
Getting permission to use content
114(1)
Wowing Your Audience with Simple Multimedia Techniques
115(1)
Hitting a Home Run with Handouts
115(4)
Making handouts that get a hand
115(1)
Including the right information
116(1)
Knowing when to give them out
116(1)
Part IV: Delivering Your Speech 117(62)
Chapter 11: Overcoming Stage Fright
119(10)
Changing Your Perceptions
120(3)
Realizing how your audience really feels
120(1)
Visualizing success like a pro
121(1)
Talking yourself into a great speech
121(2)
Transforming Terror to Terrific
123(2)
Discovering stress-busting exercises
123(1)
Discovering the real secret: Don't look nervous
124(1)
Preventing and Handling Stage Fright
125(4)
Writing out your intro and conclusion
125(1)
Anticipating problems and preparing solutions
126(1)
Arriving early
126(1)
Divide and conquer
126(1)
Don't apologize for nervousness
127(1)
Using your nervousness
127(1)
Practicing makes perfect - and confident
127(2)
Chapter 12: Body Language: What's Out, What's In, and What's International
129(18)
Understanding Body Language
129(7)
Sending a message with facial expressions
130(1)
Punctuating your speech with posture
131(1)
Giving the right message with gestures
132(2)
Going international
134(2)
Making Eye Contact Count
136(1)
Dressing to Impress
137(2)
Getting the right image across
138(1)
Dressing for informal meetings
138(1)
Mastering Physical Positioning and Movement
139(5)
Managing entrances and exits
139(2)
Moving around
141(1)
Getting into the power position
142(1)
Working from a podium
142(1)
Using the podium effectively
143(1)
Paralanguage: What Your Voice Says about You
144(3)
Chapter 13: Handling Questions
147(18)
Discovering the Basics
148(3)
Anticipating questions
148(1)
Answering questions at the end
148(1)
Avoiding letting a few people dominate
148(1)
Letting the questioner ask a question, not give a speech
149(1)
Listening to the question
149(1)
Repeating the question
150(1)
Guessing isn't the answer
150(1)
Ending the Q&A strongly
151(1)
Coming Up with a Perfect Answer
151(4)
Treating the questioner properly
152(1)
Designing your answer
153(2)
Delivering your answer
155(1)
Using Question-Handling Techniques
155(3)
Reversing the question
156(1)
Redirecting the question
156(1)
Rephrasing the question
156(1)
Exposing a hidden agenda
157(1)
Putting the question in context
157(1)
Building a bridge
157(1)
Dealing with Common Types of Questions
158(1)
Responding to Special Situations
159(2)
Handling Hostile Questions
161(4)
Identifying hostile questions
161(1)
Heading them off at the pass
162(1)
Dealing with hostile questions
162(3)
Chapter 14: Handling the Audience
165(14)
Reading an Audience's Reaction
165(2)
Checking the energy level
165(1)
Noticing body language
166(1)
Asking questions to gauge the audience
166(1)
Making the Audience Comfortable
167(1)
Handling a Tough Audience
168(7)
Examining types of tough audiences
168(4)
Haggling with hecklers
172(2)
Dealing with other distractions
174(1)
Handling a Nonresponsive Audience
175(6)
Stocking your first-aid kit
176(2)
Getting a volunteer from the audience
178(1)
Part V: Common Speaking Situations 179(58)
Chapter 15: Speaking to the City Council and School Board
181(8)
Remembering Some Rules
181(2)
Getting to speak
181(1)
Beating the clock
182(1)
Using visual aids
182(1)
Maximizing Your Effectiveness
183(3)
Getting prepared
183(1)
Making your point
184(2)
Avoiding the Five Biggest Turnoffs for Public Officials
186(3)
Don't repeat yourself
186(1)
Don't come unprepared
187(1)
Don't get emotional
187(1)
Don't be rude
187(1)
Don't be a professional complainer
187(2)
Chapter 16: Small Talk: Impromptu Speaking and Introducing Other Speakers
189(8)
Say a Few Words: Giving Impromptu Speeches
189(4)
Being prepared
190(1)
Buying time
190(1)
Organizing your thoughts
191(2)
Introducing Other Presenters
193(4)
Finding information about the speaker
193(1)
Making a speaker (and yourself) look good
194(1)
Avoiding introduction errors
195(2)
Chapter 17: Panels and Roundtables
197(8)
Being on a Panel
197(5)
Winning the inevitable comparison
197(2)
Maintaining control of your message
199(3)
Participating in a Roundtable
202(3)
Figuring out the roundtable format
202(1)
Starring in a roundtable discussion
203(2)
Chapter 18: Debates
205(12)
Checking Out the Basics
205(2)
Discovering types of debates
205(1)
Recognizing key debate terms
206(1)
Supporting an argument with evidence
206(1)
Arguing in the Affirmative
207(1)
Proving stock issues
207(1)
Using additional tactics
208(1)
Arguing Against the Affirmative
208(3)
Creating a disadvantage
208(1)
Launching a counterplan
209(1)
Attacking a stock issue
209(1)
Examining other lines of attack
210(1)
Kiss My Rebuttal
211(2)
Providing an overview
211(1)
Giving a roadmap
211(1)
Going line by line
212(1)
Pre-empting opposing arguments
212(1)
Avoiding repeating evidence
212(1)
Attacking counterplans
212(1)
Beating Your Opponent, in Six Different Ways
213(4)
Paying attention to structure and organization
213(1)
Managing your time (and your opponent's)
213(1)
Practicing
214(1)
Establishing your arguments early
215(1)
Avoiding repeating arguments
216(1)
Losing battles to win the war
216(1)
Chapter 19: International Speaking
217(10)
Discovering the Culture of Your Audience
217(1)
Crafting Your Message
218(5)
Keeping it as simple as possible
218(1)
Quoting someone from the audience's country or culture
219(1)
Adapting substance and style to cultural needs
219(1)
Keeping it as short as possible
219(1)
Using worldwide examples
220(1)
Remembering there's more than one America
220(1)
Avoiding humor
220(1)
Getting rid of idioms
220(1)
Losing the jargon and acronyms
221(1)
Using appropriate sports metaphors
221(1)
Getting the numbers right
221(1)
Being cautious about holiday references
222(1)
Getting graphic
222(1)
Coloring with caution
222(1)
Making magnificent handouts
222(1)
Adapting Your Delivery
223(4)
Getting there ahead of time
223(1)
Projecting humility
223(1)
Talking the talk
223(1)
Eating their food
224(1)
Speaking slowly
224(1)
Interpreting reactions
224(1)
Following protocol
225(1)
Working with foreign voltage
225(2)
Chapter 20: Virtual Meetings: Phone, Video, and Web
227(10)
Choosing a Type of Virtual Meeting to Hold
227(4)
Avoiding technical difficulties
229(1)
Fitting the meeting into your budget
230(1)
Factoring in your meeting goals
230(1)
Preparing for a Virtual Meeting
231(2)
Applying non-virtual rules
231(1)
Considering virtual-specific factors
232(1)
Participating in a Virtual Meeting
233(1)
Taking in Tips for Teleconferences
234(3)
Part VI: The Part of Tens 237(16)
Chapter 21: Ten Types of Humor That Anyone Can Use
239(8)
Using Personal Anecdotes
239(2)
Analogies
241(1)
Quotes
241(1)
Cartoons
242(1)
Definitions
243(1)
Abbreviations and acronyms
243(1)
Signs
244(1)
Laws
245(1)
Greeting cards
245(1)
Bumper stickers
246(1)
Chapter 22: Ten Things to Check Before You Speak
247(6)
Sound System
247(1)
Podium
248(1)
Audiovisual Equipment
248(1)
Lighting
249(1)
Human Equipment
249(1)
Electricity
249(1)
Restrooms
249(1)
Seating Arrangements
250(1)
Potential Distractions
250(1)
How to Get There
251(2)
Index 253

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