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Qualitative Research Methods In Human Geography,9780195550795

Qualitative Research Methods In Human Geography

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780195550795

ISBN10:
019555079X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/14/2005
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $58.67
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  • Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography
    Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography




Summary

This book offers a comprehensive, accessible, and practical guide on how to conduct qualitative research in human geography. Enhanced and greatly expanded by nine new chapters, the latest edition shows students how to plan, conduct, interpret, and communi

Table of Contents

List of Boxes xiii
List of Figures xv
Notes on Contributors xvi
Preface xxiii
PART 1 'Introducing' Qualitative Research in Human Geography 1(76)
1 Qualitative Research and its Place in Human Geography
3(16)
Hilary P.M. Winchester
Chapter overview
3(1)
Introduction
3(1)
What is qualitative research?
4(6)
What questions does qualitative research answer?
4(3)
Types of qualitative research
7(2)
The contribution of qualitative techniques to explanation in geography
9(1)
The relationship between qualitative and quantitative geography
10(2)
The history of qualitative research in geography
12(3)
Contemporary qualitative geography-theory/method links
15(1)
Summary
16(1)
Key terms
17(1)
Review questions
17(1)
Suggested reading
17(2)
2 Power, Subjectivity, and Ethics in Qualitative Research
19(11)
Robyn Dowling
Chapter overview
19(1)
Introduction: on the social relations of research
19(1)
University ethical guidelines
20(2)
Privacy and confidentiality
20(1)
Informed consent
21(1)
Harm
21(1)
Moving beyond ethical guidelines: critical reflexivity
22(1)
Power relations and qualitative research
23(2)
Objectivity, subjectivity, and intersubjectivity in qualitative data collection
25(2)
Summary and prompts for critical reflexivity
27(1)
Key terms
28(1)
Review questions
28(1)
Suggested reading
28(1)
Note
29(1)
3 Cross-Cultural Research: Ethics, Methods, and Relationships
30(21)
Richie Howitt and Stan Stevens
Chapter overview: an explanation of our writing method
30(1)
Modes of cross-cultural engagement: colonial, postcolonial, decolonising, and inclusionary research
30(8)
Getting started: research legitimacy and local authorisation
38(1)
Doing the work
39(7)
The scale politics of cross-cultural research projects
39(2)
Social/cultural transmission and creation of knowledge
41(1)
Collaborative and participatory research
42(3)
Constructing legitimacy
45(1)
Making sense, reaching conclusions
46(2)
Key terms
48(1)
Review questions
48(1)
Suggested reading
48(1)
Notes
49(2)
4 Writing a Compelling Research Proposal
51(16)
Janice Monk and Richard Bedford
Chapter overview
51(1)
The research challenge
51(1)
Where do research ideas come from?
52(2)
Getting started
54(2)
Specifying your research question
56(2)
Framing your research
58(1)
Developing your methodology
59(3)
Writing the proposal
62(2)
Seeking funding for research
64(1)
A concluding comment
65(1)
Key terms
65(1)
Review questions
65(1)
Suggested reading
66(1)
Notes
66(1)
5 Qualitative Research Design and Rigour
67(10)
Matt Bradshaw and Elaine Stratford
Chapter overview
67(1)
Introduction
67(1)
Asking research questions
68(1)
From asking research questions to conducting research
68(1)
Selecting cases and participants
69(4)
Selecting cases
70(1)
Selecting participants
70(2)
How to select participants
72(1)
How many participants to select
72(1)
Ensuring rigour
73(2)
Final comments
75(1)
Key terms
76(1)
Review questions
76(1)
Suggested reading
76(1)
PART 2 'Doing' Qualitative Research in Human Geography 77(144)
6 Interviewing
19(87)
Kevin Dunn
Chapter overview
79(1)
Interviewing in geography
79(2)
Types of interviewing
80(1)
Strengths of interviewing
80(1)
Interview design
81(2)
The interview schedule or guide
82(1)
Types of questions
83(4)
Ordering questions and topics
83(4)
Structured interviewing
87(1)
Semi-structured interviewing
88(1)
Unstructured interviewing
88(1)
Interviewing practice
89(6)
Contact
90(1)
The interview relation
91(3)
Closing the interview
94(1)
Recording and transcribing interviews
95(5)
Recording
95(1)
Transcribing the data
96(3)
Assembling fieldnote files
99(1)
Analysing interview data
100(1)
Presenting interview data
101(2)
Conclusion
103(1)
Key terms
104(1)
Review questions
104(1)
Suggested reading
105(1)
7 Oral History and Human Geography
106(10)
Karen George and Elaine Stratford
Chapter overview
106(1)
Introduction
106(1)
What is oral history and why use it in geographical research?
107(2)
How is oral history different from interviewing?
109(4)
Starting ethically
109(1)
Getting to know your informant-the preliminary meeting
109(1)
Sensitive issues
110(1)
Multiple interviews
110(1)
The question of questions
111(1)
Interview structure
111(1)
Questioning the source
111(1)
Sound quality, interview sites, and other technical issues
112(1)
Why and how to make oral history accessible?
113(1)
Uses of oral history-spreading the word
114(1)
Last words
114(1)
Key terms
114(1)
Review questions
115(1)
Suggested reading
115(1)
8 Focusing on the Focus Group
116(17)
Jenny Cameron
Chapter overview
116(1)
What are focus groups?
116(3)
Using focus groups in geography
119(1)
Planning and conducting focus groups
120(8)
Selecting participants
121(1)
Composition of focus groups
121(1)
Size and number of groups
122(1)
Recruiting participants
122(1)
Questions and topics
123(1)
Conducting focus groups
124(4)
Analysing and presenting results
128(3)
Conclusion
131(1)
Key terms
131(1)
Review questions
131(1)
Suggested reading
132(1)
9 Historical Research and Archival Sources
133(14)
Michael Roche
Chapter overview
133(1)
Introduction
133(1)
What is archival research?
134(1)
Advice on conducting good historical and archival research
135(6)
Challenges of archival research
141(2)
Ethics and archives
143(1)
Presenting the results of archival research
144(1)
Conclusion
144(1)
Key terms
145(1)
Review questions
145(1)
Suggested reading
145(1)
Notes
146(1)
10 Using Questionnaires in Qualitative Human Geography
147(1)
Pauline M. MCGuirk and Phillip O'Neill
Chapter overview
147(1)
Introduction
147(1)
Questionnaire design and format
148(5)
Sampling
153(2)
Pre-testing
155(1)
Modes of questionnaire distribution
156(2)
Maximising questionnaire response rates
158(1)
Analysing questionnaire data
159(2)
Conclusion
161(1)
Key terms
161(1)
Review questions
162(1)
Suggested reading
162(1)
11 Doing Discourse Analysis
163(1)
Gordon Waitt
Chapter overview
163(1)
Introduction: geographical knowledge as an expression of human ideas
163(2)
Foucauldian discourse analysis as a break with previous textual analysis
165(4)
Introducing discourse
169(6)
Discursive structures/formations
171(1)
Genealogy
172(1)
Power
173(1)
Regime of truth
174(1)
Doing Foucauldian discourse analysis and writing geography
175(13)
What sources are required for discourse analysis?
176(3)
What strategies arc helpful to scrutinise the structure of discourse?
179(6)
What strategies are helpful for investigating the social circumstances in which discourse is produced?
185(1)
Reflecting on the method
186(2)
Key terms
188(1)
Review questions
188(3)
Suggested reading
191(1)
12 Knowing Seeing? Undertaking Observational Research
192(1)
Robin A. Kearns
Chapter overview
192(1)
Purposes of observation
193(1)
Types of observation
194(1)
Participant observation
195(2)
Power, knowledge, and observation
197(1)
Stages of participant observation
198(7)
Choice of setting
199(1)
Access
200(1)
Field relations
200(2)
Talking and listening
202(1)
Recording data
203(1)
Analysis and presentation
203(1)
Ethical obligations
204(1)
Reflecting on the method
205(1)
Key terms
206(1)
Review questions
206(1)
Suggested reading
206(1)
13 Participatory Action Research
207(1)
Sara Kindon
Chapter overview
207(1)
What is participatory action research?
207(1)
Conducting 'good' participatory action research
208(6)
The value and rewards of participatory action research
214(2)
Challenges and strategies
216(1)
Presenting results
217(2)
Reflecting on participatory action research
219(1)
Key terms
219(1)
Review questions
219(1)
Suggested reading
220(1)
Notes
220(1)
PART 3 'Interpreting and Communicating' the Results of Qualitative Research 221(1)
14 Coding Qualitative Data
223(52)
Meghan Cope
Chapter overview
223(1)
Introduction
223(1)
Types of codes and coding
224(1)
The purposes of coding
225(1)
How to get started with coding
226(5)
Developing the coding structure
231(1)
Coding with others
231(1)
Being in the world, coding the world
232(1)
Key terms
232(1)
Review questions
233(1)
Suggested reading
233(1)
Notes
233(1)
15 Computers, Qualitative Data, and Geographic Research
234(1)
Robin Peace and Bettina van Hoven
Chapter overview
234(1)
Introduction
234(1)
FAQs-frequently asked questions
234(1)
Who else is using CAQDAS?
235(1)
Tool kit technology
235(1)
What is CAQDAS?
236(4)
Different types of software
237(3)
Considerations for choosing CAQDAS: advantages and concerns
240(3)
More than 'cut and paste'
241(1)
The vocational argument,
241(1)
Some concerns
241(2)
Conclusion-future directions
243(1)
Key terms
243(1)
Review questions
243(1)
Suggested reading
244(1)
Key internet resources
244(4)
Finding out more about CAQDA
245(1)
Finding out more about qualitative research
245(1)
Finding out more about computers
245(1)
Product pages for specific software packages
245(1)
Electronic journals
246(1)
Email discussion lists
246(1)
Internet sites for geographers
246(1)
Note
247(1)
16 Writing Qualitative Geographies, Constructing Geographical Knowledges
248(1)
Juliana MansveLt and Lawrence D. Berg
Chapter overview
248(1)
Styles of presentation
248(6)
Positivist and neo-positivist approaches: universal objectivity
249(3)
Post-positivist approaches: situated knowledges
252(2)
Balancing description and interpretation-observation and theory
254(9)
The role of 'theory' and the constitution of 'truth'
254(1)
Writing and researching as mutually constitutive practices
255(4)
Issues of validity and authenticity
259(4)
Conclusion
263(1)
Key terms
264(1)
Review questions
264(1)
Suggested reading
264(1)
Notes
265(1)
17 From Personal to Public: Communicating Qualitative Research for Public Consumption
266(1)
Dydia DeLyser and Eric Pawson
Chapter overview
266(1)
Introduction
266(1)
Why communicate?
267(2)
Communicating with a general audience
269(2)
Structure and creativity
271(1)
Convincing the audience
272(1)
Conclusion
273(1)
Key terms
274(1)
Review questions
274(1)
Suggested reading
274(1)
Glossary 275(23)
References 298(34)
Index 332


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