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Radcliff & Ogden's Calculation of Drug Dosages: An Interactive Workbook

by ;
ISBN13:

9780323006989

ISBN10:
0323006981
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/1/1999
Publisher(s):
Elsevier Science Health Science div

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Summary

This popular dosage calculation book helps the student master the critical skills necessary to competently and confidently calculate drug dosages. The text features an extensive review of mathematics and employs the three most common methods of calculation: ratio and proportion, formula, and dimensional analysis. A full-color design throughout highlights more than 180 drug labels. The new edition includes a FREE CD-ROM with drug calculation problems as well as new chapters on automated medication dispension systems and dimensional analysis. * Utilizes a full-color design and interesting design elements throughout to provide an attractive, visually stimulating presentation. * Features numerous labels, syringes, and equipment illustrations to simulate the clinical setting. * Employs a large, workbook trim size to enable students to work out solutions right in the book. * Features actual examples of Medication Administration Records in Chapter 9 to increase the clinical reality of the material. * Includes clinical descriptions with each practice problem to reflect realistic health care situations. * Introduces and consistently uses SI Units to reinforce the understanding and use of this international standard of measurement. * Presents a chapter on "How to Read Drug Labels" to help students read and understand all information on the label. * Concludes with an updated comprehensive posttest featuring clinical scenarios and medication labels to allow students to evaluate their progress. (Includes a FREE CD-ROM)

Table of Contents

PART I REVIEW OF MATHEMATICS
Mathematics Pretest
3(6)
Fractions
9(32)
Pretest
9(6)
Learning objectives
13(1)
Changing an improper fraction to a mixed number
14(1)
Changing a mixed number to an improper fraction
14(1)
Lowest common denominator
15(2)
Changing a fraction to an equivalent fraction with the lowest common denominator
15(1)
Changing a mixed number to an equivalent fraction with the lowest common denominator
15(2)
Addition of fractions
17(2)
Addition of fractions having the same denominator
17(1)
Addition of fractions with unlike denominators
17(1)
Addition of fractions involving whole numbers and unlike denominators
18(1)
Subtraction of fractions
19(2)
Subtraction of fractions having the same denominators
19(1)
Subtraction of fractions with unlike denominators
19(1)
Subtraction of fractions involving whole numbers and unlike denominators
20(1)
Multiplication of fractions
21(1)
Multiplication of mixed numbers
22(1)
Division of fractions
22(1)
Division of mixed numbers
23(1)
Reduction of a complex fraction
23(2)
Reduction of a complex fraction with mixed numbers
23(2)
Work Sheet
25(8)
Posttest 1
33(4)
Posstest 2
37(4)
Decimals
41(28)
Pretest
41(6)
Learning objectives
45(1)
Reading decimal numbers
46(1)
Determining the values of decimal fractions
46(1)
Addition and subtraction of decimals
47(1)
Multiplication of decimals
47(1)
Multiplying a decimal by 10 or a power of 10 (100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000)
48(1)
Multiplying a whole number or decimal by 0.1 or a multiple of 0.1 (0.01, 0.001, 0.0001, or 0.00001)
48(1)
Rounding a decimal fraction
48(1)
Division of decimals
49(1)
Dividing a decimal by 10 or a multiple of 10 (100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000)
49(1)
Dividing a whole number or a decimal fraction by 0.1 or a multiple of 0.1 (0.01, 0.001, 0.0001, or 0.00001)
50(1)
Conversion
50(1)
Converting a decimal fraction to a proper fraction
50(1)
Converting a proper fraction to a decimal fraction
50(1)
Work Sheet
51(10)
Posttest 1
61(4)
Posttest 2
65(4)
Percent
69(24)
Pretest
69(8)
Learning objectives
73(1)
Changing a fraction to a percent
73(1)
Changing a decimal to a percent
74(1)
Changing a percent to a fraction
74(1)
Changing a percent to a decimal
74(1)
Changing a percent containing a fraction to a decimal
75(1)
Finding what percent one number is of another
75(1)
Finding the given percent of a number
76(1)
Work Sheet
77(8)
Posttest 1
85(4)
Posttest 2
89(4)
Ratios
93(20)
Pretest
93(6)
Learning objectives
95(1)
Changing a proper fraction to a ratio reduced to lowest terms
95(1)
Changing a decimal fraction to a ratio reduced to lowest terms
96(1)
Changing a percent to a ratio reduced to lowest terms
96(1)
Changing a ratio to a proper fraction reduced to lowest terms
97(1)
Changing a ratio to a decimal fraction
97(1)
Changing a ratio to a percent
98(1)
Work Sheet
99(10)
Posttest 1
109(2)
Posttest 2
111(2)
Proportions
113(24)
Pretest
113(2)
Learning objectives
115(1)
Solving a simple proportion problems
115(4)
Proportion problem involving whole numbers
116(1)
Proportion problem involving fractions
116(1)
Proportion problem involving decimals
116(1)
Proportion problem involving fractions and percents
117(1)
Proportion problem involving decimals and percents
117(1)
Proportion problem involving numerous zeros
118(1)
Work Sheet
119(6)
Posttest 1
125(2)
Posttest 2
127(2)
Mathematics Posttest
129(8)
PART II UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS FOR THE CALCULATION OF DRUG DOSAGES
Metric and Household Measurements
137(16)
Pretest
137(4)
Learning objectives
141(1)
Metric measurements
141(2)
Household measurements
143(2)
Work Sheet
145(4)
Posttest 1
149(2)
Posttest 2
151(2)
Apothecaries' and Household Measurements
153(14)
Pretest
153(8)
Learning objectives
155(1)
Addition of Roman numercals
156(1)
Subtraction of Roman numerals
156(1)
Apothecaries' measurements
156(2)
Household measurements
158(3)
Work Sheet
161(2)
Posttest 1
163(2)
Posttest 2
165(2)
Equivalents Between Apothecaries' and Metric Measurements
167(18)
Pretest
167(8)
Learning objectives
169(1)
Approximate equivalents between apothecaries' and metric measurements
169(3)
Approximate equivalents between Celsius and Fahrenheit measurements
172(3)
Work Sheet
175(4)
Posttest 1
179(2)
Posttest 2
181(4)
PART III CALCULATION OF DRUG DOSAGES
Interpretation of the Physician's Orders
185(8)
Learning objectives
185(1)
Written orders
185(1)
Verbal orders
185(1)
Scheduling the administration of medications
186(1)
Introduction to drug dosages
187(1)
The five rights of medication administration
188(3)
Posttest
191(2)
How to Read Drug Labels
193(8)
Learning objectives
193(1)
Parts of a drug label
193(1)
Examples of reading drug labels
194(3)
Posttest 1
197(2)
Posttest 2
199(2)
Oral Dosages
201(52)
Learning objectives
201(3)
Oral dosages involving capsules and tablets
204(2)
Oral dosages involving liquids
206(2)
Oral dosages involving milliequivalents
208(1)
Alternative formula method of oral drug dosage calculation
208(2)
Formula involving liquids
210(3)
Work Sheet
213(28)
Posttest 1
241(6)
Posttest 2
247(6)
Parenteral Dosages
253(52)
Learning objectives
253(6)
Syringes
259(2)
Calculation of parenteral drug dosages
261(2)
Alternative formula method of parenteral drug dosage calculation
263(4)
Work Sheet
267(26)
Posttest 1
293(6)
Posttest 2
299(6)
Dosages Measured in Units
305(22)
Learning objectives
305(1)
Powder reconstitution
306(1)
Dosages measured in units involving oral and parenteral medications
307(1)
Dosages measured in units involving parenteral medications
308(1)
Insulin given with a Lo-Dose insulin syringe
308(1)
Mixed insulin administration
308(1)
Regular insulin given with another type of insulin in the same U-100 syringe
309(2)
Work Sheet
311(6)
Posttest 1
317(4)
Posttest 2
321(6)
Intravenous Flow Rates
327(30)
Learning objectives
327(7)
Critical care I.V. medications and flow rates
334(1)
I.V. administration of regular insulin and heparin
335(2)
I.V. administration of medication per kilogram per minute
337(1)
I.V. piggybacks
338(1)
Heparin locks
338(1)
Central venous catheter
339(1)
Patient-controlled analgesia
340(3)
Work Sheet
343(6)
Posttest 1
349(4)
Posttest 2
353(4)
Dimensional Analysis and the Calculation of Drug Dosages
357(6)
Learning objectives
357(4)
Work Sheet
361(2)
Automated Medication Dispensing Systems
363(4)
Learning objectives
363(4)
Pediatric Dosages
367(14)
Learning objectives
367(1)
Pediatric dosages calculated by mg/kg/h.
367(2)
Body surface area calculations
369(1)
Calculation of dosage based on body surface area
370(3)
Work Sheet
373(4)
Posttest 1
377(2)
Posttest 2
379(2)
Special Considerations for the Elderly
381(6)
Learning objectives
381(1)
Changes experienced by the elderly
381(1)
Problems of the elderly
382(1)
Medical alert system
383(1)
Medications for the elderly in the home
383(1)
The visiting nurse
384(1)
Medication errors with the elderly
384(1)
Medication for the elderly in the hospital
385(2)
Home Care Considerations
387(6)
Learning objectives
387(1)
Home health nursing
387(2)
I.V. therapy in the home
389(4)
Central venous catheter
389(1)
Peripherally inserted central catheter
390(1)
Implantable venous access devices, or ports
390(1)
Landmark midline venous access device
391(1)
Implications for home care nursing
391(2)
Comprehensive Posttest 393(16)
Glossary 409(2)
Answer Key 411


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