PART I REVIEW OF MATHEMATICS 



3  (6) 


9  (32) 


9  (6) 


13  (1) 

Changing an improper fraction to a mixed number 


14  (1) 

Changing a mixed number to an improper fraction 


14  (1) 

Lowest common denominator 


15  (2) 

Changing a fraction to an equivalent fraction with the lowest common denominator 


15  (1) 

Changing a mixed number to an equivalent fraction with the lowest common denominator 


15  (2) 


17  (2) 

Addition of fractions having the same denominator 


17  (1) 

Addition of fractions with unlike denominators 


17  (1) 

Addition of fractions involving whole numbers and unlike denominators 


18  (1) 


19  (2) 

Subtraction of fractions having the same denominators 


19  (1) 

Subtraction of fractions with unlike denominators 


19  (1) 

Subtraction of fractions involving whole numbers and unlike denominators 


20  (1) 

Multiplication of fractions 


21  (1) 

Multiplication of mixed numbers 


22  (1) 


22  (1) 

Division of mixed numbers 


23  (1) 

Reduction of a complex fraction 


23  (2) 

Reduction of a complex fraction with mixed numbers 


23  (2) 


25  (8) 


33  (4) 


37  (4) 


41  (28) 


41  (6) 


45  (1) 


46  (1) 

Determining the values of decimal fractions 


46  (1) 

Addition and subtraction of decimals 


47  (1) 

Multiplication of decimals 


47  (1) 

Multiplying a decimal by 10 or a power of 10 (100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000) 


48  (1) 

Multiplying a whole number or decimal by 0.1 or a multiple of 0.1 (0.01, 0.001, 0.0001, or 0.00001) 


48  (1) 

Rounding a decimal fraction 


48  (1) 


49  (1) 

Dividing a decimal by 10 or a multiple of 10 (100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000) 


49  (1) 

Dividing a whole number or a decimal fraction by 0.1 or a multiple of 0.1 (0.01, 0.001, 0.0001, or 0.00001) 


50  (1) 


50  (1) 

Converting a decimal fraction to a proper fraction 


50  (1) 

Converting a proper fraction to a decimal fraction 


50  (1) 


51  (10) 


61  (4) 


65  (4) 


69  (24) 


69  (8) 


73  (1) 

Changing a fraction to a percent 


73  (1) 

Changing a decimal to a percent 


74  (1) 

Changing a percent to a fraction 


74  (1) 

Changing a percent to a decimal 


74  (1) 

Changing a percent containing a fraction to a decimal 


75  (1) 

Finding what percent one number is of another 


75  (1) 

Finding the given percent of a number 


76  (1) 


77  (8) 


85  (4) 


89  (4) 


93  (20) 


93  (6) 


95  (1) 

Changing a proper fraction to a ratio reduced to lowest terms 


95  (1) 

Changing a decimal fraction to a ratio reduced to lowest terms 


96  (1) 

Changing a percent to a ratio reduced to lowest terms 


96  (1) 

Changing a ratio to a proper fraction reduced to lowest terms 


97  (1) 

Changing a ratio to a decimal fraction 


97  (1) 

Changing a ratio to a percent 


98  (1) 


99  (10) 


109  (2) 


111  (2) 


113  (24) 


113  (2) 


115  (1) 

Solving a simple proportion problems 


115  (4) 

Proportion problem involving whole numbers 


116  (1) 

Proportion problem involving fractions 


116  (1) 

Proportion problem involving decimals 


116  (1) 

Proportion problem involving fractions and percents 


117  (1) 

Proportion problem involving decimals and percents 


117  (1) 

Proportion problem involving numerous zeros 


118  (1) 


119  (6) 


125  (2) 


127  (2) 


129  (8) 
PART II UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS FOR THE CALCULATION OF DRUG DOSAGES 


Metric and Household Measurements 


137  (16) 


137  (4) 


141  (1) 


141  (2) 


143  (2) 


145  (4) 


149  (2) 


151  (2) 

Apothecaries' and Household Measurements 


153  (14) 


153  (8) 


155  (1) 

Addition of Roman numercals 


156  (1) 

Subtraction of Roman numerals 


156  (1) 

Apothecaries' measurements 


156  (2) 


158  (3) 


161  (2) 


163  (2) 


165  (2) 

Equivalents Between Apothecaries' and Metric Measurements 


167  (18) 


167  (8) 


169  (1) 

Approximate equivalents between apothecaries' and metric measurements 


169  (3) 

Approximate equivalents between Celsius and Fahrenheit measurements 


172  (3) 


175  (4) 


179  (2) 


181  (4) 
PART III CALCULATION OF DRUG DOSAGES 


Interpretation of the Physician's Orders 


185  (8) 


185  (1) 


185  (1) 


185  (1) 

Scheduling the administration of medications 


186  (1) 

Introduction to drug dosages 


187  (1) 

The five rights of medication administration 


188  (3) 


191  (2) 


193  (8) 


193  (1) 


193  (1) 

Examples of reading drug labels 


194  (3) 


197  (2) 


199  (2) 


201  (52) 


201  (3) 

Oral dosages involving capsules and tablets 


204  (2) 

Oral dosages involving liquids 


206  (2) 

Oral dosages involving milliequivalents 


208  (1) 

Alternative formula method of oral drug dosage calculation 


208  (2) 

Formula involving liquids 


210  (3) 


213  (28) 


241  (6) 


247  (6) 


253  (52) 


253  (6) 


259  (2) 

Calculation of parenteral drug dosages 


261  (2) 

Alternative formula method of parenteral drug dosage calculation 


263  (4) 


267  (26) 


293  (6) 


299  (6) 

Dosages Measured in Units 


305  (22) 


305  (1) 


306  (1) 

Dosages measured in units involving oral and parenteral medications 


307  (1) 

Dosages measured in units involving parenteral medications 


308  (1) 

Insulin given with a LoDose insulin syringe 


308  (1) 

Mixed insulin administration 


308  (1) 

Regular insulin given with another type of insulin in the same U100 syringe 


309  (2) 


311  (6) 


317  (4) 


321  (6) 


327  (30) 


327  (7) 

Critical care I.V. medications and flow rates 


334  (1) 

I.V. administration of regular insulin and heparin 


335  (2) 

I.V. administration of medication per kilogram per minute 


337  (1) 


338  (1) 


338  (1) 


339  (1) 

Patientcontrolled analgesia 


340  (3) 


343  (6) 


349  (4) 


353  (4) 

Dimensional Analysis and the Calculation of Drug Dosages 


357  (6) 


357  (4) 


361  (2) 

Automated Medication Dispensing Systems 


363  (4) 


363  (4) 


367  (14) 


367  (1) 

Pediatric dosages calculated by mg/kg/h. 


367  (2) 

Body surface area calculations 


369  (1) 

Calculation of dosage based on body surface area 


370  (3) 


373  (4) 


377  (2) 


379  (2) 

Special Considerations for the Elderly 


381  (6) 


381  (1) 

Changes experienced by the elderly 


381  (1) 


382  (1) 


383  (1) 

Medications for the elderly in the home 


383  (1) 


384  (1) 

Medication errors with the elderly 


384  (1) 

Medication for the elderly in the hospital 


385  (2) 


387  (6) 


387  (1) 


387  (2) 


389  (4) 


389  (1) 

Peripherally inserted central catheter 


390  (1) 

Implantable venous access devices, or ports 


390  (1) 

Landmark midline venous access device 


391  (1) 

Implications for home care nursing 


391  (2) 
Comprehensive Posttest 

393  (16) 
Glossary 

409  (2) 
Answer Key 

411  