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Throughout, the text demonstrates that academic processes are recursive—for example, drafting is not a phase or stage a writer finishes or completes; drafting continues as the writer revises, based on reading and reflection. The structure of the text reflects this recursivity: as students move from the early chapters to later chapters, they reinforce and expand upon earlier learning, digging deeper into the material and their own ideas and building confidence along the way.
Chapter 1: Reading and Responding to College TextsHow to Approach a Text: Pre-Reading Strategies in Brief Take Stock of What You Know about a Topic Preview the TextAnnotating While You Read Active Readers Annotate Record Your Thoughts about the Text Ask Questions about the Text Identify New WordsFinding Main Ideas and Supporting Evidence What is the Main Idea? What is Support? How Do You Find the Main Idea and Support in an Essay or Article?Writing A SummaryReading Textbooks EffectivelyChapter ReviewPart Two: From Pre-Reading to Proofreading: The Reading and Writing ProcessesChapter 2: Active and Critical ReadingReading Critically Reading with and against the Grain Read with the Grain Read against the Grain Compare Your Notes Reading Sherie Holder and Kenneth Meeks, "Teach Your Children the Building Blocks of Finance" with and against the GrainReadings on Money, Wealth, and Financial Literacy Sherie Holder and Kenneth Meeks, "Teach Your Children the Building Blocks of Finance" Olivia Mellan, "Men, Women, and Money" Bureau of Labor Statistics, "Education Pays" (Chart) Mark Schug and Eric Hagedorn, "Milwaukee’s Youth Enterprise Academy" Paul Taylor, Richard Fry, and Rakesh Kochhar, "Wealth Gaps Rise to Record Highs Between Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics" (Pew Research Report Executive Summary) Pam Fessler, "Making It in the U.S.: More Than Just Hard Work" Working with Multiple SourcesAdditional Online and Media SourcesChapter ReviewChapter 3: Putting Ideas into WritingWhat Is An Essay and How Do You Write One? The Essay The Writing ProcessHow to Read an Essay PromptEssay Writing Time Management PreWriting for Your Essay Freewriting ListingThesis StatementsOutlining Your IdeasGenerating Evidence to Support Your IdeasTopic SentencesPutting It All Together: Drafting a Rough EssayIntroductions and ConclusionsFinishing the Rough DraftEssay PromptsChapter ReviewChapter 4: Revising, Editing and ProofreadingRevising as Re-Seeing Your WorkPracticing Peer ReviewRevision Strategies Revising to Make Your Audience and Purpose Clear Revising to Focus Your Topic or Strengthen Your Thesis Revising to Improve Your Organization Organizing the Entire Essay Organizing a Paragraph Revising to Develop Your Paragraphs Revising to Integrate Sources Introduce a Quotation Explain What the Quotation Means Explain How the Quotation Supports Your PointEditing Strategies Reading Your Essay Out Loud Reading BackwardsProofreading StrategiesChapter Review Part Three: Reading and Writing WorkshopsChapter 5: Additional Reading Comprehension StrategiesReading Comprehension Strategies SQ3R KWL+ MappingReading Textbooks SQ3R Annotating Outlining or Mapping Muscle ReadingReading Fiction Elements of Fiction Annotating Note Taking Story MapsChapter ReviewChapter 6: Workshop on Topic, Audience, and PurposeAudience and Purpose Determining the Audience and Purpose in a Reading Reading for Audience and PurposeTopics Finding Something to Say and Caring About It Making a Broad Topic More Specific Peer Review QuestionsCrafting Your Paper’s Audience, Purpose, and Tone Writing for a Particular Audience Writing with a Purpose Writing in a Particular Tone Sharpening Your Topic with a Title Titles of Academic ArticlesChapter ReviewChapter 7: Workshop on Rhetorical Modes in Reading and WritingWhat is a Rhetorical Pattern?A Detailed Look at the Patterns Example or Illustration Definition Classification Narration Description Process Comparison and Contrast Cause and EffectUsing Rhetorical PatternsChapter ReviewChapter 8: Workshop on Vocabulary BuildingStrategies for Discovering the Meaning of Words Using Context Clues Using a DictionaryUnderstanding Word Parts Prefixes Roots SuffixesCommitting New Words to MemoryUsing a ThesaurusUsing New VocabularyChapter 9: Workshop on Pre-WritingFreewritingClusteringListingQuestioningChapter ReviewChapter 10: Workshop on Thesis and Main IdeaThe Purpose of a ThesisThe Explicit Thesis or Main IdeaThe Implied Thesis or Main IdeaFinding the Main Point in a ReadingShaping Your Thesis How DoYou Know what Claim You Want to Make?Drafting Your Thesis, Step by Step Sharpening Your Thesis Improving Weak Thesis StatementsChapter ReviewChapter 11: Workshop on Taking a StanceWhat Is an ArgumentTaking A PositionEvidence Evidence Versus Opinion Kinds of EvidenceCounter Arguments and Rebuttals Concession WordsMaking InferencesChapter Review Chapter 12: Workshop on Topic Sentences and ParagraphsTopic Sentences Identifying Topic Sentences The Topic Sentence and The Thesis Writing Topic SentencesParagraphs Understand Paragraph Structure Strengthen Your Paragraphs Developing Paragraph Support Ask Questions to Develop Support Using a Variety of Types of SupportChapter ReviewChapter 13: Workshop on Essay Organization and OutliningOutlining as a Reader Outlining Another Writer’s Work Outlining Your Own Rough Draft Outlining as a Writer Formal Outlines Informal OutlinesFrom Informal Outline to Topic Sentence OutlineTwo Commonly Assigned Essay Structures From Outline to DraftTransitions Transitional Words and Expressions Transitions from Paragraph to Paragraph Sequencing TransitionsChapter ReviewChapter 14: Workshop on DraftingWriting the Very Rough Draft Exploratory Drafts Evidence Drafts Conversation DraftsWriting the Public First DraftChapter ReviewChapter 15: Workshop on Introductions and Conclusions Introductions Hook Topic Background Information ThesisConclusions Summing Up Your Essay Providing Context Strategies for Writing Strong ConclusionsChapter ReviewChapter 16: Workshop on Quotation and ParaphraseWhen to Use a Quotation in WritingWhen to Use Paraphrase in WritingIntroducing a Quotation or ParaphraseConnecting Your Evidence to Your ClaimChapter ReviewChapter 17: Workshop on Giving and Receiving Feedback from Instructors and PeersAll Writers Seek Input: Why Feedback is EssentialGuidelines for Peer ReviewHow to Use a RubricInterpreting and Applying Instructors’ Comments on Your WritingWhen You Need to Meet with an Instructor or TutorChapter ReviewChapter 18: Workshop on Note TakingCornell Notes Simplified Note-Taking in Different Situations: Lecture Classes, Discussions, Films, and InterviewsBeing Organized in Note-Taking to Prevent Plagiarism Chapter ReviewChapter 19: Workshop on ResearchDifferent Types of SourcesUsing an Academic LibraryThe Role of the Internet in Academic ResearchKeeping Track of Source Material in an Organized WayChapter ReviewChapter 20: Workshop on MLA DocumentationWhy Citing Sources Well Increases Your CredibilityThe Three Parts of MLA Format: Document Format, the Works Cited page, and Parenthetical Citation (with Sample Student Paper on Facing Pages as Illustration)Creating a Template for Correct Document FormatDoing your Works Cited PageWhen to Use Parentheses and What to Put in ThemChapter Review Part Four: Thematic Readings and SourcesChapter 21: SiblingsTheme OverviewPre-Reading Questions and ActivitiesReading Selection (with Comprehension Questions, Discussion Questions, and Vocabulary Building Activities)