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With five carefully selected documents per chapter, this two-volume primary source reader presents a wide range of documents representing political, social, and cultural history in a manageable, accessible way. Thirty-two new documents infuse the collection with the voices of an even wider range of historical actors. Expertly edited by Michael P. Johnson, one of the authors of The American Promise, the readings can be used to spark discussion in any classroom and fit into any syllabus. Headnotes and discussion questions help students approach the documents, and comparative questions encourage students to make connections across documents. Reading the American Pastis FREE when packaged with The American Promise, The American Promise: A Compact History, and Understanding the American Promise. For more information on the reader or on package ISBNs, please contact your local sales representative or click here
MICHAEL P. JOHNSON Born and raised in Ponca City, Oklahoma, Michael P. Johnson studied at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, where he received a B.A., and at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, where he earned his Ph.D. He is currently professor of history at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He is the author, co-author, or editor of six books, including Reading the American Past, the documents reader designed to accompany The American Promise. His research has been honored with fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanties, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavoral Sciences, and the Huntington Library, and with prizes from the Organization of American Historians and the Omohundro Insttute of Early American History and Culture. He is also the recipient of university prizes for outstanding undergraduate teaching.
Table of Contents
Preface for Instructors Introduction for Students
1. ANCIENT AMERICA: BEFORE 1492 1-1 A Taino Origin Story Ramón Pané, On Taino Religious Practices 1-2 A Penobscot Origin Narrative Joseph Nicolar, The Life and Traditions of the Red Men, 1893 1-3 Genesis: The Christian Origin Narrative “In the Beginning” 1-4 Aristotle on Masters and Slaves The Politics, ca. 300 B.C. COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
2. EUROPEANS ENCOUNTER THE NEW WORLD, 1492-1600 2-1 The King of the Congo Writes to the King of Portugal King Afonso and King João III, Correspondence, 1526 2-2 Columbus Describes His First Encounter with “Indians” The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493 2-3 A Conquistador Arrives in Mexico, 1519-1520 Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The Conquest of New Spain, 1632 2-4 A Mexican Description of the Conquest of Mexico Mexican Accounts of Conquest from the Florentine Codex 2-5 Cabeza de Vaca Describes His Captivity Among Native Americans in Texas and the Southwest, 1528-1536
Narrative, 1542 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
3. THE SOUTHERN COLONIES IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, 1601-1700 3-1 Richard Frethorne Describes Indentured Servitude in Virginia Letter to Father and Mother, March 20, April 2, 3, 1623 3-2 Opechancanough's 1622 Uprising in Virginia Edward Waterhouse, Declaration, 1622 3-3 Sex and Race Relations Testimony from Virginia Court Records, 1681 3-4 Bacon's Rebellion Nathaniel Bacon, Declaration, 1676 3-5 Pedro Naranjo Describes Pueblo Revolt Declaration of Pedro Naranjo of the Queres Nation, December 19, 1681 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
4. THE NORTHERN COLONIES IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, 1601-1700 4-1 The Arbella Sermon John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity, 1630 4-2 Observations of New England Indians Roger Williams, A Key into the Language of America, 1643 4-3 Wampanoag Grievances at the Outset of King Philip's War John Easton, A Relation of the Indian War, 1675 4-4 A Provincial Government Enacts Legislation The Laws of Pennsylvania, 1682 4-5 Words of the Bewitched Testimony against Accused Witch Bridget Bishop, 1692 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
5. COLONIAL AMERICA IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY, 1701-1770 5-1 Elizabeth Ashbridge Becomes an Indentured Servant in New York Elizabeth Ashbridge, Some Account of the Early Part of the Life of Elizabeth Ashbridge, Who Died in…1755 (1807) 5-2 Poor Richard's Advice Benjamin Franklin, Father Abraham's Speech from Poor Richard's Almanac, 1757 5-3 An Anglican Criticizes New Light Baptists and Presbyterians in the South Carolina Backcountry Charles Woodmason, Sermon on the Baptists and the Presbyterians, ca. 1768 5-4 Advertisements for Runaway Slaves South Carolina Gazette and Virginia Gazette, 1737-1745 5-5 A Moravian Missionary Interviews Slaves in the West Indies, 1767-1768 Christian George Andreas Oldendorp, History of the Evangelical Brethren's Mission on the Caribbean Islands, 1777 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
6. THE BRITISH EMPIRE AND THE COLONIAL CRISIS, 1754-1775 6-1 Mary Jemison Is Captured by Seneca Indians during the Seven Years' War James E. Seaver, A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison, 1824 6-2 An Oration on the Second Anniversary of the Boston Massacre Joseph Warren, Boston Massacre Oration, March 5, 1772 6-3 A Boston Shoemaker Recalls British Arrogance and the Boston Tea Party George R. T. Hewes, Memoir, 1834 6-4 Daniel Leonard Argues for Loyalty to the British Empire To the Inhabitants of the Province of Massachusetts- Bay, 1774-1775 6-5 Edmund Burke Urges Reconciliation with the Colonies Speech to Parliament, March 22, 1775 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
7. THE WAR FOR AMERICA, 1775- 1783 7-1 Thomas Paine Makes the Case for Independence Common Sense, January 1776 7-2 Letters of John and Abigail Adams Correspondence, 1776 7-3 J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur Describes the Distresses of a Frontier Farmer during the Revolution J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur, “Distresses of a Frontier Man,” 1782 7-4 Boston King Seeks Freedom by Running Away to the British Army Memoir, 1798 7-5 Joseph Brant Appeals to British Allies to Keep Promises Address to British Secretary of State Lord Germain, 1776 Message to Governor of Quebec, Frederick Haldimand, 1783 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
8. BUILDING A REPUBLIC, 1775-1789 8-1 Richard Allen Founds the First African Methodist Church Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours, 1833 8-2 Thomas Jefferson on Slavery and Race Notes on the State of Virginia, 1782 8-3 Benjamin Rush Proposes a Proper Education for a Republic Benjamin Rush, “Of the Mode of Education Proper in a Republic,” 1786 8-4 Making the Case for the Constitution James Madison, Federalist Number 10, 1787 8-5 Mercy Otis Warren Opposes the Constitution Observations on the New Constitution, 1788 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
9. THE NEW NATION TAKES FORM, 1789-1800 9-1 Alexander Hamilton on the Economy Report on the Subject of Manufactures, 1791 9-2 Mary Dewees Moves West to Kentucky Journal, 1788-1789 9-3 Judith Sargent Murray Insists on the Equality of the Sexes Judith Sargent Murray, “On the Equality of the Sexes,” 1790 9-4 A French Sugar Planter Describes the French and Saint Domingue Revolutions A Sugar Planter of Saint Domingue Experiences Revolution in France and Saint Domingue, 1791 9-5 President George Washington's Parting Advice to the Nation Farewell Address to the People of the United States, 1796 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
10. REPUBLICANS IN POWER, 1800-1824 10-1 President Thomas Jefferson's Private and Public Indian Policy Letter to Governor William H. Harrison, February 27, 1803 Address to the Wolf and People of the Mandan Nation, December 30, 1806 10-2 Meriwether Lewis Describes the Shoshone The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1805 10-3 A Slave Demands That Thomas Jefferson Abolish Slavery A Slave to Thomas Jefferson, November 30, 1808 10-4 James Forten Protests Pennsylvania Law Threatening Enslavement of Free African Americans Letters from a Man of Colour, on a Late Bill before the Senate of Pennsylvania, 1813 10-5 James Hamilton's Path to Enlistment during the War of 1812 Confession, 1818 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
11. THE EXPANDING REPUBLIC, 1815-1840 11-1 President Andrew Jackson's Parting Words to the Nation Farewell Address, March 4, 1837 11-2 Cherokees Debate Removal John Ross, Answer to Inquiries from a Friend, 1836 Elias Boudinot, A Reply to John Ross, 1837
11-3 Alexis de Toqueville Describes the Three Races in the United States Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1835 11-4 David Walker Demands Emancipation Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829 11-5 Sarah Grimké on the Status of Women Letters on the Equality of the Sexes, 1838 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
12. THE NEW WEST AND FREE NORTH, 1840-1860 12-1 Abraham Lincoln Explains the Free Labor System Abraham Lincoln, “Address before the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society,” Milwaukee, Wisconsin , September 30, 1859 12-2 The Anxiety of Gain: Henry W. Bellows on Commerce and Morality The Influence of the Trading Spirit upon the Social and Moral Life of America, 1845 12-3 Gold Fever Walter Colton, California Gold Rush Diary, 1849-1850 12-4 That Woman Is Man's Equal: The Seneca Falls Declaration Declaration of Sentiments, 1848 12-5 A Farmer's View of His Wife Eliza Farnham, Conversation with a Newly Wed Westerner, 1846 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
13. THE SLAVE SOUTH, 1820-1860 13-1 Madison Hemings Recalls Life as Thomas Jefferson's Enslaved Son Interview, 1873 13-2 Plantation Rules Bennet Barrow, Highland Plantation Journal, May 1, 1838 13-3 Fanny Kemble Learns about Abuses of Slave Women Frances Anne Kemble, Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839 13-4 Nat Turner Explains Why He Became an Insurrectionist The Confessions of Nat Turner, 1831 13-5 The Proslavery Argument James Henry Hammond, Letter to an English Abolitionist, 1845 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
14. THE HOUSE DIVIDED, 1846-1861 14-1 The Kansas- Nebraska Act Abraham Lincoln, Speech in Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854 14-2 The Antislavery Constitution Frederick Douglass, The Constitution of the United States: Is It Proslavery or Antislavery? 1860 14-3 The Proslavery Constitution Jefferson Davis, Speech before the U.S. Senate, May 1860 14-4 Levi Coffin Describes Margaret Garner's Attempt to Escape Slavery Levi Coffin, Reminiscences, 1880 14-5 Abolitionist Lydia Maria Child Defends John Brown and Attacks the Slave Power Correspondence between Lydia Maria Child and Virginia Governor Henry A. Wise, 1859 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
15. THE CRUCIBLE OF WAR, 1861-1865 15-1 President Lincoln's War Aims Letter to Horace Greeley, August 22, 1862 The Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863 The Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863 15-2 A Former Slave's War Aims Statement from an Anonymous Former Slave, New Orleans, 1863 15-3 The New York Draft Riots Report of the Committee of Merchants for the Relief of Colored People Suffering from the Late Riots in the City of New York, 1863 15-4 Susie King Taylor Describes Her Wartime Experiences Susie King Taylor, Reminiscences of My Life in Camp, 1902 15-5 General William T. Sherman Explains the Hard Hand of War Correspondence, 1864 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
16. RECONSTRUCTION, 1863-1877 16-1 Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated South Report on the Condition of the South, 1865 16-2 Black Codes Enacted in the South Mississippi Black Code, November 1865 16-3 Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Families Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865- 1870 16-4 Planter Louis Manigault Visits His Plantations and Former Slaves, 1867 Louis Manigault, “A Narrative of a Post-Civil War Visit to Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations,” March 22, 1867 16-5 Klan Violence against Blacks Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS