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With five carefully selected documents per chapter, this two-volume primary source reader presents a wide range of documents representing political, social, and cultural history in a manageable, accessible way. Thirty-two new documents infuse the collection with the voices of an even wider range of historical actors. Expertly edited by Michael P. Johnson, one of the authors of The American Promise, the readings can be used to spark discussion in any classroom and fit into any syllabus. Headnotes and discussion questions help students approach the documents, and comparative questions encourage students to make connections across documents. Reading the American Pastis FREE when packaged with The American Promise, The American Promise: A Compact History, and Understanding the American Promise. For more information on the reader or on package ISBNs, please contact your local sales representative or click here
MICHAEL P. JOHNSON Born and raised in Ponca City, Oklahoma, Michael P. Johnson studied at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, where he received a B.A., and at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, where he earned his Ph.D. He is currently professor of history at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He is the author, co-author, or editor of six books, including Reading the American Past, the documents reader designed to accompany The American Promise. His research has been honored with fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanties, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavoral Sciences, and the Huntington Library, and with prizes from the Organization of American Historians and the Omohundro Insttute of Early American History and Culture. He is also the recipient of university prizes for outstanding undergraduate teaching.
Table of Contents
Preface for Instructors Introduction for Students
16. RECONSTRUCTION, 1863-1877 16-1 Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated South Report on the Condition of the South, 1865 16-2 Black Codes Enacted in the South Mississippi Black Code, November 1865 16-3 Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Families Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865-1870 16-4 Planter Louis Manigault Visits His Plantations and Former Slaves, 1867 Louis Manigault, “A Narrative of a Post-Civil War Visit to Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations,” March 22, 1867 16-5 Klan Violence against Blacks Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
17. THE CONTESTED WEST, 1870-1900 17-1 Pun Chi Appeals to Congress in Behalf of Chinese Immigrants in California A Remonstrance from the Chinese in California, ca. 1870 17-2 Mattie Oblinger Describes Life on a Nebraska Homestead Mattie V. Oblinger to George W. Thomas, Grizzie B. Thomas, and Wheeler Thomas Family, June 16, 1873 17-3 Texas Rangers on the Mexican Border N. A. Jennings, A Texas Ranger, 1875 17-4 In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat Describes White Encroachment Chief Joseph, Speech to a White Audience, 1879 17-5 A Plea to “Citizenize” Indians Richard Pratt, “Kill the Indian ... and save the man,” 1892 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
18. BUSINESS AND POLITICS IN THE GILDED AGE, 1870-1895 18-1 Marshall Kirkman Likens Railroad Corporations to Armies Marshall M. Kirkman, “The Railway Army,” 1894 18-2 William Graham Sumner on Social Obligations What Social Classes Owe to Each Other, 1883 18-3 Henry Demarest Lloyd Attacks Monopolies Wealth against Commonwealth, 1894 18-4 Andrew Carnegie Explains the Gospel of Wealth Wealth, 1889 18-5 Henry George Explains Why Poverty Is a Crime An Analysis of the Crime of Poverty, 1885 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
19. THE CITY AND ITS WORKERS, 1870-1900 19-1 A Textile Worker Explains the Labor Market Thomas O'Donnell, Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885 19-2 Domestic Servants on Household Work Interviews with Journalist Helen Campbell, 1880s 19-3 Jacob Riis Describes Abandoned Babies in New York City's Slums Waifs of New York City's Slums, 1890 19-4 Walter Wyckoff Listens to Revolutionary Workers in Chicago Walter A. Wyckoff, “Among the Revolutionaries,” 1898 19-5 George Washington Plunkitt Explains Politics William L. Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall, 1905 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
20. DISSENT, DEPRESSION, AND WAR, 1890-1900 20-1 Mary Elizabeth Lease Reports on Women in the Farmers' Alliance Mary Elizabeth Lease, “Women in the Farmers' Alliance,” 1891 20-2 White Supremacy in Wilmington, North Carolina Gunner Jesse Blake, Narrative of the Wilmington “Rebellion” of 1898 20-3 Pinkertons Defeated at Homestead Pinkerton Guard Testimony, 1893 20-4 Conflicting Views about Labor Unions N. F. Thompson, Testimony before the Industrial Commission on the Relations and Conditions of Capital and Labor, 1900 Samuel Gompers, Letter to the American Federationist, 1894 20-5 Emilio Aguinaldo Criticizes American Imperialism in the Philippines Case against the United States, 1899 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
21. PROGRESSIVISM FROM THE GRASS ROOTS TO THE WHITE HOUSE, 1890-1916 21-1 Jane Addams on Settlement Houses The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements, 1892 21-2 A Sociologist Studies Working-Class Saloons in Chicago Royal Melendy, Ethical Substitutes for the Saloon, 1900 21-3 Mother Jones on the Futility of Class Harmony Letter to Mrs. Potter Palmer, January 12, 1907 21-4 Marie Jenney Howe Parodies the Opposition to Women's Suffrage Marie Jenney Howe, An Anti-Suffrage Monologue, 1913 21-5 Booker T. Washington on Racial Accommodation The Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895 21-6 W. E. B. Du Bois on Racial Equality Booker T. Washington and Others, 1903 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
22. WORLD WAR I: THE PROGRESSIVE CRUSADE AT HOME AND ABROAD, 1914-1920 22-1 The North American Review Considers War a Blessing, Not a Curse “For Freedom and Democracy,” The North American Review, April 1917 22-2 Eugene V. Debs Attacks Capitalist Warmongers Speech Delivered in Canton, Ohio, June 16, 1918 22-3 A Doughboy's Letter from the Front Anonymous Soldier, Letter to Elmer J. Sutters, 1918 22-4 Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer Defends America from Communists The Case against the “Reds,” 1920 22-5 An African American Responds to the Chicago Race Riot Stanley B. Norvell, Letter to Victor F. Lawson, 1919 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
23. FROM NEW ERA TO GREAT DEPRESSION, 1920-1932 23-1 Edward Earle Purinton Celebrates American Business as the Salvation of the World Edward Earle Purinton, “Big Ideas From Big Business: Try Them Out for Yourself,” The Independent, April 16, 1921 23-2 Reinhold Niebuhr on Christianity in Detroit Diary Entries, 1925-1928 23-3 The Ku Klux Klan Defends Americanism Hiram W. Evans, The Klan's Fight for Americanism, 1926 23-4 Mothers Seek Freedom from Unwanted Pregnancies Margaret Sanger, Motherhood in Bondage, 1928 23-5 Marcus Garvey Explains the Goals of the Universal Negro Improvement Association The Negro's Greatest Enemy, 1923 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
24. THE NEW DEAL EXPERIMENT, 1932-1939 24-1 Martha Gellhorn Reports on Conditions in North Carolina in 1934 Martha Gellhorn to Harry Hopkins, November 11, 1934 24-2 Working People's Letters to New Dealers Letter to Frances Perkins, January 27, 1935 Letter to Frances Perkins, March 29, 1935 Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 23, 1936 Letter to Frances Perkins, July 27, 1937 Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, November 27, 1939 24-3 Huey Long Proposes Redistribution of Wealth Speech to Members of the Share Our Wealth Society, 1935 24-4 A Mexican American Farmworker Describes the Importance of Sticking Together Jose Flores, Interview, Farm Security Administration Migrant Labor Camp, El Rio, California, 1941 24-5 Conservatives Criticize the New Deal Herbert Hoover, Anti - New Deal Campaign Speech, 1936 Minnie Hardin, Letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, December 14, 1937 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
25. THE UNITED STATES AND THE SECOND WORLD WAR, 1939-1945 25-1 President Franklin D. Roosevelt Requests Declaration of War on Japan Speech to Congress, December 8, 1941 25-2 A Japanese American War Hero Recalls Pearl Harbor Grant Hirabayashi, Oral History, 1999 25-3 The Holocaust: A Journalist Reports on Nazi Massacres of Jews Varian Fry, The Massacre of the Jews, December 21, 1942 25-4 Soldiers Send Messages Home Sergeant Irving Strobing, Radio Address from Corregidor, Philippines, May 5 or 6, 1942 John Conroy, Letter, December 24, 1942 Allen Spach, Letter, February 1943 James McMahon, Letter, March 10, 1944 David Mark Olds, Letter, July 12, 1945 25-5 Rosies the Riveters Recall Working in War Industries Rosie the Riveter Memoirs COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
26. COLD WAR POLITICS IN THE TRUMAN YEARS, 1945-1953 26-1 General Marshall Summarizes the Lessons of World War II For the Common Defense, 1945 26-2 George F. Kennan Outlines Containment The Long Telegram, February 22, 1946 26-3 Cold War Blueprint NSC-68: U.S. Objectives and Programs for National Security, 1950 26-4 Senator Joseph McCarthy Hunts Communists Speech Delivered in Wheeling, West Virginia, February 9, 1950 26-5 Donald M. Griffith Recalls Combat in the Korean War Donald M. Griffith Interview, 2003 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
27. THE POLITICS AND CULTURE OF ABUNDANCE, 1952-1960 27-1 Edith M. Stern Attacks the Domestic Bondage of Women Women Are Household Slaves, 1949 27-2 Vance Packard Analyzes the Age of Affluence The Status Seekers, 1959 27-3 George E. McMillan Reports on Racial Conditions in the South in 1960 George E. McMillan, “Sit-Downs: The South's New Time Bomb,” 1960 27-4 Civil Defense in the Nuclear Shadow North Dakota Civil Defense Agency, How You Will Survive, 1960 27-5 President Dwight D. Eisenhower Warns about the Military-Industrial Complex Farewell Address, January 1961 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
28. REFORM, REBELLION, AND REACTION, 1960-1974 28-1 New Left Students Seek Democratic Social Change Students for a Democratic Society, The Port Huron Statement, 1962 28-2 Martin Luther King Jr. Explains Nonviolent Resistance Letter from Birmingham City Jail, 1963 28-3 George C. Wallace Denounces the Civil Rights Movement George C. Wallace, "The Civil Rights Movement: Fraud, Sham, and Hoax," July 4, 1964 28-4 Black Power Chicago Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee Leaflet, 1967 28-5 Equal Rights for Women National Organization for Women, Statement of Purpose, October 29, 1966 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
29. VIETNAM AND THE LIMITS OF POWER, 1961-1975 29-1 President Kennedy Explains Why We Are in Vietnam Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, Letter to President John F. Kennedy, February 18, 1963 President John F. Kennedy, Letter to Bobbie Lou Pendergrass, March 6, 1963 29-2 A Secret Government Assessment of the Vietnam War Robert S. McNamara, Actions Recommended for Vietnam, October 14, 1966
29-3 Military Discipline in an Unpopular War Robert D. Heinl Jr., The Collapse of the Armed Forces, June 7, 1971 29-4 An American Soldier in Vietnam Arthur E. Woodley Jr., Oral History of a Special Forces Ranger 29-5 John Kerry Denounces the Vietnam War John Kerry Testimony before the Senate Committee of Foreign Relations, 1971 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
30. AMERICA MOVES TO THE RIGHT, 1969-1989 30-1 The Watergate Tapes: Nixon, Dean, and Haldeman Discuss the Cancer within the Presidency Transcript from Tape-Recorded Meeting, March 21, 1973 30-2 Roe v. Wade and Abortion Rights Supreme Court Decision, 1973 30-3 Norma McCorvey Explains How She Became “Roe” of Roe v. Wade Norma McCorvey Affidavit, United States District Court, District of New Jersey, 2000 30-4 President Ronald Reagan Defends American Morality Address to the National Association of American Evangelicals, 1983 30-5 A Vietnamese Immigrant on the West Coast Anonymous Man, Oral History, 1983 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS
31. THE END OF THE COLD WAR AND THE CHALLENGES OF GLOBALIZATION, SINCE 1989 31-1 National Security of the United States Requires Preemptive War The National Security Strategy of the United States, September 2002 31-2 A Captured 9/11 Terrorist Confesses Khalid Sheikh Muhammad, Confession, 2007 31-3 A Christian Leader Argues That Evangelical Christianity Has Been Hijacked Tony Campolo, Interview, 2004 31-4 Joseph Stiglitz Describes Capitalist Fools' Responsibility for the Economic Crisis Joseph E. Stiglitz, “Capitalist Fools,” Global Research, December 11, 2008 31-5 President Barack Obama Declares a New Beginning in U. S. Relations with the Muslim World President Barack Obama, “On a New Beginning,” Cairo, Egypt, June 4, 2010 COMPARATIVE QUESTIONS