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Adapting the immensely successful approach ofThe St. Martin's Guide to Writing, Axelrod and Cooper have bridged the gap between reader and rhetoric to create a book that provides both structure for students and flexibility for instructors. By learning and consistently practicing the strategies of Reading for Meaning and Reading Like a Writer, students realize the importance of critical thinking and reading in becoming a good writer in college and beyond. Eight chapters, each with four professional and two student essays, provide step-by-step guides to applying this knowledge in reading and writing specific genres ranging from autobiography to argument.
RISE B. AXELROD is McSweeney Professor of Rhetoric and Teaching Excellence and director of composition at the University of California, Riverside. She has previously been professor of English at California State University, San Bernardino; director of the College Expository Program at the University of Colorado, Boulder; and assistant director of the Third College Composition Program at the University of California, San Diego.
CHARLES R. COOPER is an emeritus professor in the department of literature at the University of California, San Diego, where he served as coordinator of the Third College Composition Program, Dimensions of Culture Program, and Campus Writing Programs. He has also been codirector of the San Diego Writing Project, one of the National Writing Project Centers. He is coeditor, with Lee Odell, of Evaluating Writing and coauthor, with Susan Peck MacDonald, of Writing the World (Bedford/St. Martin's, 2000).
Together, Axelrod and Cooper have coauthored for Bedford/St. Martin's The St. Martin's Guide to Writing, Eighth Edition (2008) and Axelrod & Cooper's Concise Guide to Writing, Fourth Edition (2005).
ALISON M. WARRINER is an emerita professor of English at California State University, East Bay, where she served as Coordinator of Composition, Director of Writing Across the Curriculum, and Director of the Collaborative Academic Preparation Initiative and the Summer Writing Institutes. Previously she was Director of Communications at Sacred Heart University. She is a coauthor of Academic Literacy: A Statement of Competencies Expected of Students Entering California's Public Colleges and Universities (2002) and of the Expository Reading and Writing Course (ERWC) that is used as the senior-year English course in California public high schools.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Academic Habits of Mind: Thinking, Reading, and Writing in College Thinking Critically
Understanding Academic Discourse
Chapter 2 Autobiography The Writing Assignment Writing Situations for Autobiography Thinking about your Experience with Autobiography A Guide to Reading Autobiography Annie Dillard, An American Childhood Reading for Meaning Reading like a Writer A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings Readings Saira Shah, Longing to Belong Luis J. Rodriguez, Always Running A Special Reading Strategy: Contextualizing *Alexsandra Crapanzano, Lobster Lessons Analyzing Visuals Brad Benioff, Rick (Student Essay) Jean Brandt, Calling Home (Student Essay) Reviewing What Makes Autobiography Effective A Guide to Writing Autobiography Invention and Research Drafting Working with Sources Reading a Draft Critically Revising Editing and Proofreading Reflecting on What You Have Learned
Chapter 3 Observation Readings The New Yorker, Soup *Susan Orlean, Show Dog John T. Edge, I'm Not Leaving Until I Eat This Thing Analyzing Visuals A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings Peggy Orenstein, The Daily Grind: Lessons in the Hidden Curriculum A Special Reading Strategy: Looking for Patterns of Opposition Brian Cable, The Last Stop (Student Essay) *Juan Diego Arellano, A Trip to the Dentist (Student Essay)
Chapter 4 Reflection Readings Brent Staples, Black Men and Public Space *Dana Jennings, Our Scars Tell the Stories of Our Lives A Special Reading Strategy: Exploring the Significance of Figurative Language Analyzing Visuals Steven Doloff, A Universe Lies on the Sidewalks of New York *Firoozeh Dumas, The “F” Word Wendy Lee, Peeling Bananas (Student Essay) A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings Katherine Haines, Whose Body Is This? (Student Essay)
Chapter 5 Explaining Concepts Readings *Chris Anderson, The Long Tail Analyzing Visuals Deborah Tannen, Marked Women Beth L. Bailey, Dating *Kathleen A. Bogle, “Hooking Up”: What Educators Need to Know A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings Linh Kieu Ngo, Cannibalism: It Still Exists (Student Essay) A Special Reading Strategy: Summarizing *Justin Ton, Hip-Hop You Don't Stop (Student Essay)
Chapter 6 Position Paper Readings *Brian Greene, Put a Little Science in Your Life Karen Stabiner, Boys Here, Girls There: Sure, If Equality's the Goal A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings *Christina Page, A Mom before the Prom Analyzing Visuals A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings *David L. Kirp, Diversity Hypocrisy: The Myriad, and Often Perverse, Implications of Admissions Policies A Special Reading Strategy: Evaluating the Logic of an Argument *Tan-Li Hsu, High on Caffeine: Regulating Energy Drinks (Student Essay) A Special Reading Strategy: Using a Toulmin Analysis Jessica Statsky, Children Need to Play, Not Compete (Student Essay)
Chapter 7 Evaluation Readings Amitai Etzioni, Working at McDonald's *James Berardinelli, Avatar Analyzing Visuals *Tom Maurstad, Avatar A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings *Christine Rosen, The Myth of Multitasking Christine Romano, Jessica Statsky's “Children Need to Play, Not Compete”: An Evaluation (Student Essay)
A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings *Larry Ballestros, A Winning Formula? A Review of Slumdog Millionaire (Student Essay)
Chapter 8 Speculating about Causes or Effects Readings Stephen King, Why We Crave Horror Movies *Claudia Wallis, The Multitasking Generation A Special Reading Strategy: Evaluating the Logic of an Argument *Cass Sunstein, To Become an Extremist, Hang Around with People You Agree With A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings *Nicholas Carr, Is Google Making Us Stupid? Analyzing Visuals *Jeremy Khella, The Route to American Obesity (Student Essay) Joshua Slick, Not Just for Nerds Anymore (Student Essay)
Chapter 9 Proposal to Solve a Problem Readings *Steven Hill, Instant Runoff Voting Analyzing Visuals William F. Shughart II, Why Not a Football Degree? Gary Beck, Not Your Everyday Homeless Proposal Karen Kornbluh, Win-Win Flexibility A Special Reading Strategy: Recognizing Emotional Manipulation Patrick O'Malley, More Testing, More Learning (Student Essay) A Special Reading Strategy: Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings Jeff Varley, High-School Starting Time (Student Essay)
Appendix 1 A Catalog of Critical Reading Strategies Annotating Martin Luther King Jr., An Annotated Sample from “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Previewing Outlining Summarizing Paraphrasing Synthesizing Questioning to Understand and Remember Contextualizing Reflecting on Challenges to Your Beliefs and Values Exploring the Significance of Figurative Language Looking for Patterns of Opposition Evaluating the Logic of an Argument Using a Toulmin Analysis Recognizing Logical Fallacies Recognizing Emotional Manipulation Judging the Writer's Credibility Comparing and Contrasting Related Readings Public Statement by Eight Alabama Clergymen Lewis H. Van Dusen Jr., Legitimate Pressures and Illegitimate Results
Appendix 2 Strategies for Research and Documentation Conducting Research Evaluating Sources Critically Integrating Sources with Your Own Writing Acknowledging Sources
*Appendix 3 Strategies for Analyzing Visuals
Criteria for Analyzing Visuals
A Sample Analysis Paul Taylor's Analysis of Emerging Man Paul Taylor, The Rising (Student Essay) Exercises
Acknowledgments Index to Methods of Development Index of Authors, Titles, and Terms