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Readings About the Ultimate Questions: Thinking About Philosophy (Penguin Academics Series),9780321195494

Readings About the Ultimate Questions: Thinking About Philosophy (Penguin Academics Series)

by ;
ISBN13:

9780321195494

ISBN10:
0321195493
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2005
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $40.00
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Summary

Helps readers understand the issues and problems in philosophy by reading original materials that demonstrate that philosophy is not about remote questions, but rather issues that lie deep within ourselves. With a blend of classic and contemporary readings, this anthology covers the major topics in philosophy, includes readings by outstanding contemporary philosophers that are enjoyable to read, encourage philosophical thought, and show readers how contemporary philosophers approach philosophical problems, and presents historical readings that show the work of figures in the history of philosophy. For anyone interested in understanding philosophical issues and how they relate to our lives.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
PART 1 What Is Philosophy? 1(52)
What Is Enlightenment?
IMMANUEL KANT
3(7)
Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect
BARUCH SPINOZA
10(3)
Philosophy, a Bus Ride, and Dumb Luck
ALFRED MELE
13(3)
Apology
PLATO
16(21)
The Value of Philosophy
BERTRAND RUSSELL
37(5)
Classical Conceptual Analysis
DENNIS EARL
42(11)
PART 2 What Is Knowledge? 53(80)
Meditations 1 and 2
RENÉ DESCARTES
57(11)
Brain in a Vat Skepticism
CHRISTOPHER GRAU
68(12)
Knowing as Having the Right to Be Sure
A.J. AYER
80(8)
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?
EDMUND L. GETTIER
88(2)
An Alleged Defect in Gettier Counter-examples
RICHARD FELDMAN
90(2)
Science and the Physical World
W.T. STACE
92(6)
Proof of an External World
G.E. MOORE
98(1)
A Pragmatic Solution to the Problem of Induction
JOHN HOSPERS
99(25)
The Problem of Induction-Old and New
HOWARD KAHANE AND PAUL TIDMAN
124(9)
PART 3 Do We Have Free Will? 133(50)
The Mythical Threat of Genetic Determinism
DANIEL C. DENNETT
135(5)
Freedom and Necessity
A.J. AYER
140(8)
The Incompatibility of Free Will and Determinism
PETER VAN INWAGEN
148(14)
Alternative Possibilities and Moral Responsibility
HARRY G. FRANKFURT
162(9)
Human Freedom and the Self
RODERICK CHISHOLM
171(12)
PART 4 Is There an Enduring Self? 183(70)
A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality
JOHN PERRY
185(12)
The Buddhist Theory of 'No-Self'
SERGE-CHRISTOPHE KOLM
197(5)
Where Am I?
DANIEL C. DENNETT
202(13)
The Unimportance of Identity
DEREK PARFIT
215(25)
Feminist Perspectives on the Self
DIANA MEYERS
240(13)
PART 5 What Is the Mind? 253(128)
Dualism
PAUL CHURCHLAND
259(14)
Philosophical Behaviorism
JOHN HEIL
273(14)
The Nature of Mind
DAVID ARMSTRONG
287(13)
Mad Pain and Martian Pain
DAVID LEWIS
300(9)
Functionalism, Qualia, and the Inverted Spectrum
TERRANCE HORGAN
309(7)
Why People Think Computers Can't
MARVIN MINSKY
316(29)
Minds, Brains, and Programs
JOHN R. SEARLE
345(21)
Epiphenomenal Qualia
FRANK JACKSON
366(15)
PART 6 Does God Exist? 381(130)
The Ethics of Belief
WILLIAM CLIFFORD
385(6)
The Will to Believe
WILLIAM JAMES
391(14)
The Cosmological Argument
RICHARD TAYLOR
405(9)
The Ontological Argument
WILLIAM L. ROWE
414(17)
Pascal's Wager
GEORGE SCHLESINGER
431(16)
Molecular Machines: Experimental Support for the Design Inference
MICHAEL J. BEHE
447(15)
Born-Again Creationism
PHILIP KITCHER
462(10)
Evil And Omnipotence
J.L. MACKIE
472(12)
Why God Allows Evil
RICHARD SWINBURNE
484(12)
Male-Chauvinist Religion
DEBORAH MATHIEU
496(15)
PART 7 What Is Moral? 511(132)
The Case for Moral Objectivism
LOUIS P. POJMAN
515(17)
Must God's Commands Conform to Moral Standards?
JAMES RACHELS
532(3)
Utilitarianism
JOHN STUART MILL
535(23)
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals
IMMANUEL KANT
558(11)
Nicomachean Ethics
ARISTOTLE
569(16)
Virtue Ethics in TV's Seinfeld
AEON J. SKOBLE
585(6)
The Practice of Partiality
MARILYN FRIEDMAN
591(22)
The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism
TOM REGAN
613(6)
Do Animals Have Rights?
CARL COHEN
619(13)
The Case for Gay Marriage
MICHAEL NAVA AND ROBERT DAWIDOFF
632(5)
The Case Against Gay Marriage
MANUEL LOPEZ
637(6)
Credits 643


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