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Readings on the Ultimate Questions : An Introduction to Philosophy,9780321413000

Readings on the Ultimate Questions : An Introduction to Philosophy

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780321413000

ISBN10:
0321413008
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2010
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $46.80
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Summary

Engaging and accessible, Readings on the Ultimate Questions provides contemporary and classical readings in the key areas of introductory philosophy. This brief anthology presents a variety of philosophical essays that will engage students, encourage philosophical thought, and promote lively discussion. The collection of readings covers the major topic areas in philosophy-Knowledge, Free Will, Personal Identity, Mind/Body, God, Ethics, and Political Philosophy. Contemporary writings by analytic, continental, and feminist philosophers intermingle with the works of significant figures in the history of philosophy.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
SECTION 1 Why Study Philosophy? 1(38)
What Is Enlightenment?
IMMANUEL KANT
3(6)
Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect
BARUCH SPINOZA
9(4)
Letter to Menoeceus
EPICURUS
13(2)
Philosophy, a Bus Ride, and Dumb Luck
ALFRED MELE
15(3)
Apology
PLATO
18(15)
The Value of Philosophy
BERTRAND RUSSELL
33(6)
SECTION 2 What Do We Know? 39(74)
Meditations 1 and 2
RENÉ DESCARTES
43(12)
Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and The Matrix
CHRISTOPHER GRAU
55(7)
On the Value of Skepticism
BERTRAND RUSSELL
62(9)
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?
EDMUND L. GETTIER
71(2)
An Alleged Defect in Gettier Counter-Examples
RICHARD FELDMAN
73(2)
Proof of an External World
G.E. MOORE
75(17)
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
JOHN LOCKE
92(7)
A Pragmatic Solution to the Problem of Induction
JOHN HOSPERS
99(6)
The Problem of Induction—Old and New
HOWARD KAHANE AND PAUL TIDMAN
105(8)
SECTION 3 Do We Have Free Will? 113(66)
Essay on the Freedom of the Will
ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER
115(4)
Compatibilism
W.T. STACE
119(8)
Beyond Compatibilism: A Buddhist Approach to Freedom and Determinism
MARK SIDERITS
127(18)
The Incompatibility of Free Will and Determinism
PETER VAN INWAGEN
145(14)
Alternative Possibilities and Moral Responsibility
HARRY G. FRANKFURT
159(9)
Human Freedom and the Self
RODERICK CHISHOLM
168(11)
SECTION 4 Is There an Enduring Self? 179(78)
A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality
JOHN PERRY
181(12)
The Buddhist Theory of No-Self
SERGE-CHRISTOPHE KOLM
193(5)
Personal Identity: The Dualist Theory
RICHARD SWINBURNE
198(24)
Brain Transplants and Personal Identity
DEREK PARFIT AND GODFREY VESEY
222(8)
Where Am I?
DANIEL C. DENNETT
230(13)
Feminist Perspectives on the Self
DIANA MEYERS
243(14)
SECTION 5 What Is the Mind? 257(108)
An Argument for Dualism from "Alcibiades I"
PLATO
261(2)
A Critique of Dualism
PAUL CHURCHLAND
263(16)
A Defense of Dualism
JOHN FOSTER
279(5)
Philosophical Behaviorism
JOHN HEIL
284(14)
The Nature of Mind
DAVID ARMSTRONG
298(13)
Mad Pain and Martian Pain
DAVID LEWIS
311(9)
Functionalism, Qualia, and the Inverted Spectrum
TERRANCE HORGAN
320(7)
Minds, Brains, and Programs
JOHN R. SEARLE
327(22)
Epiphenomenal Qualia
FRANK JACKSON
349(16)
SECTION 6 Does God Exist? 365(138)
The Appeal to Religious Experience
C.D. BROAD
369(11)
The Five Ways
ST. THOMAS AQUINAS
380(3)
The Cosmological Argument
RICHARD TAYLOR
383(10)
A Debate on the Cosmological Argument
F.C. COPLESTON AND BERTRAND RUSSELL
393(12)
Molecular Machines: Experimental Support for the Design Inference
MICHAEL J. BEHE
405(14)
Born Again Creationism
PHILIP KITCHER
419(11)
Pascal's Wager
GEORGE SCHLESINGER
430(16)
Evil and Omnipotence
J.L. MACKIE
446(13)
Why God Allows Evil
RICHARD SWINBURNE
459(12)
The Ethics of Belief
WILLIAM CLIFFORD
471(7)
The Will to Believe
WILLIAM JAMES
478(10)
Male-Chauvinist Religion
DEBORAH MATHIEU
488(15)
SECTION 7 What Ought We To Do? 503(120)
The Objective Basis of Morality
THOMAS NAGEL
506(4)
Must God's Commands Conform to Moral Standards?
JAMES RACHELS
510(4)
The Principle of Utility
JEREMY BENTHAM
514(7)
Push-Pin and Poetry
JEREMY BENTHAM
521(1)
Higher and Lower Pleasures
JOHN STUART MILL
522(5)
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals
IMMANUEL KANT
527(12)
Maria von Herbert's Challenge to Kant
RAE LANGTON
539(15)
Nicomachean Ethics
ARISTOTLE
554(16)
The Practice of Partiality
MARILYN FRIEDMAN
570(22)
The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism
TOM REGAN
592(7)
Do Animals Have Rights?
CARL COHEN
599(12)
The Case for Gay Marriage
MICHAEL NAVA AND ROBERT DAWIDOFF
611(6)
The Case Against Gay Marriage
MANUEL A. LOPEZ
617(6)
Credits 623


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