9780495094920

Reason and Responsibility Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy

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  • ISBN13:

    9780495094920

  • ISBN10:

    0495094927

  • Edition: 13th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 3/27/2007
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Summary

REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY has a well-earned reputation for excellence, with a proven selection of high-quality readings that cover centuries of thought and wisdom and include all major issues in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and ethics. The book's clear organization structures selections so that readings complement each other guiding you through contrasting positions on key concepts in philosophy. Clear, concise introductions to each Part provide just the right amount of guidance, letting you learn primarily from the readings themselves.

Table of Contents

(1926+2004): In Memoriam Preface
Reason and Religious Belief
The Existence and Nature Of God
Anselm of Canterbury, The Ontological Argument, from Proslogion
Gaunilo of MAarmoutiers, On Behalf of the Fool
The Ontological Argument
The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica
A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument
The Cosmological Argument
The Argument from Design
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion
The Problem of Evil
Evil and Omnipotence
The Problem of Evil and the Problem of Suffering
Why God Allows Evil. B. C. Johnson, God and the Problem of Evil
Reason and Faith. W. K. Clifford, The Ethics of Belief
The Will to Believe
Without Evidence or Argument
The Wager
Miracles and Testimony
Human Knowledge: its Grounds and Limits
Skepticism
A Brain in a Vat
An Argument for Skepticism
The Problem of the Criterion
Our Knowledge of the External World
Appearance and Reality and the Existence of Matter
RenT Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy
The Causal Theory of Perception
Of the Principles of Human Knowledge
Of the Existence of a Material World. G. E. Moore, Proof of an External World
The Methods of Science
An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding
An Encounter with David Hume
Science: Conjectures and Refutations
Believing Where We Cannot Prove
Mind and its Place in Nature
In Defense of Mind+Body Dualism
The Qualia Problem
The Mind Is the Brain
Behaviorism, Materialism and Functionalism
Can Non-Humans Think?
Computing Machinery and Intelligence
Minds, Brains, and Programs
Robots and Minds
Brute Experience
Animal Minds
Personal Identity and the Survival of Death 365 John Locke, The Prince and the Cobbler
Of Mr. Locke+s Account of Our Personal Identity
The Self
Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons
Where Am I? John Perry, A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality
Determinism, Free Will, and Responsibility
Compatibilism: The Case for Determinism and its Compatibility With the Most Important Sense of Free Will
Freedom and Necessity
The Problem of Free Will
My Compatibilism
Libertarianism: The Case For Free Will and Its Incompatibility With Determinism
Roderick M. Chisholm, Human Freedom and the Self
Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes
Hard Determinism: The Case for Determinism and its Incompatibility With any Important Sense of Free Will
The Illusion of Free Will
Why We Have No Free Will and Can Live Without It
Freedom and Moral Responsibility
The Debate over Free Will
Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility
Moral Luck
Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility
Morality and its Critics Challenges to Morality
Joel Feinberg, Psychological Egoism
James Rachels, Ethical Egoism
Plato, The Immoralist+s Challenge
Friedrich Nietzsche, Master and Slave Morality
Proposed Standards of Right Conduct
Ethical Subjectivism
Trying Out One+s New Sword
Aristotle, The Nature of Virtue, from Nicomachean Ethics
Leviathan
Justice as Fairness
God and Morality
The Good Will & The Categorical Imperative
Utilitarianism
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