9780567045614

Reconstructing the First-Century Synagogue A Critical Analysis of Current Research

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780567045614

  • ISBN10:

    0567045617

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-01-15
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury T & T Clark
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Summary

The form and function of the 'synagogue' in the first century CE has been the focus of a great deal of recent scholarly discussion. A previous generation of scholars would have perceived a reference to a synagogue in a New Testament text as a monolithic

Author Biography

Stephen K. Catto is Lecturer in Biblical Studies and Theological Studies, Moorlands College, Dorset, UK.

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. xiii
List of Tablesp. xv
Acknowledgementsp. xvi
Abbreviationsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Themep. 1
Methodologyp. 5
Terminologyp. 5
Sourcesp. 7
Overview of Researchp. 10
Literary Evidence for the 'Synagogue'p. 14
Introductionp. 14
Vocabulary Potentially Associated with 'Synagogues'p. 15
Philop. 17
Introductionp. 17
Diasporap. 18
Egyptp. 18
Alexandriap. 18
Elsewhere in Egyptp. 21
Conclusion on Egyptp. 22
Asia Minorp. 22
Romep. 23
Palestinep. 23
References with no Geographical Connectionp. 24
Conclusionp. 25
Josephusp. 27
Introductionp. 27
Diasporap. 28
Asia Minorp. 28
Halicarnassusp. 30
Sardisp. 30
Syriap. 31
Dorap. 31
Antiochp. 33
Palestinep. 34
Caesareap. 34
Tiberiasp. 35
Conclusionp. 36
Other Literary Sourcesp. 38
Non-Jewish Authorsp. 38
Septuagintp. 39
Rabbinic Authorsp. 42
New Testamentp. 44
Conclusionp. 46
Conclusionp. 47
Archaeological Evidence for the 'Synagogue'p. 49
Introductionp. 49
Diasporap. 49
Italyp. 49
Romep. 49
Ostiap. 52
The Mindius Faustus Inscriptionp. 59
Conclusionp. 60
Greecep. 61
Delosp. 61
Bosphorusp. 67
Asiap. 68
Acmoniap. 68
Egyptp. 70
Introductionp. 70
Alexandriap. 71
The Nile Delta Areap. 72
Schediap. 72
Athribisp. 72
Xenephyrisp. 74
The Fayump. 75
Arsinoe-Crocodilopolisp. 75
Alexandrou-Nesosp. 78
No Geographical Locationp. 79
Conclusion on Egyptp. 79
Cyrenaicap. 80
Berenicep. 80
Summary of Diaspora Buildingsp. 82
Palestinep. 82
Judeap. 82
Jerusalemp. 82
Jerichop. 85
Qumranp. 88
Masadap. 89
Herodiump. 92
Beyond Judeap. 93
Gamlap. 93
Qiryat Seferp. 96
Modi'inp. 98
Capernaump. 99
Khirbet Qanap. 102
Summary of Palestinian Synagoguesp. 103
Conclusionp. 104
Worship Practicesp. 106
Introductionp. 106
Sanctityp. 108
Introductionp. 108
The Sanctity of the Buildingp. 108
Philo and Josephusp. 108
Inscriptions and Papyrip. 109
The Sanctity of the Personp. 110
Palestinep. 111
Diasporap. 113
Philop. 113
Conclusionp. 115
Scripture Reading and Teachingp. 116
Introductionp. 116
Qumranp. 117
Josephus and Philop. 118
Archaeological Evidencep. 120
Targumimp. 121
Conclusion on Readingp. 123
Prayerp. 125
Introductionp. 125
Josephusp. 126
Asia Minorp. 126
Sardisp. 126
Halicarnassusp. 127
Palestinep. 128
Tiberiasp. 128
Jerusalemp. 129
Philop. 129
Alexandriap. 129
Egypt outside Alexandriap. 132
New Testamentp. 132
The Dead Sea Scrollsp. 133
Conclusion on Qumranp. 136
The Shemap. 136
The Ma'amadp. 139
Other Sourcesp. 140
Conclusion on Prayerp. 141
Sacred Mealsp. 143
Introductionp. 143
Diasporap. 145
Case study of Ostiap. 145
Elsewhere in the Diasporap. 147
Palestinep. 147
Jerichop. 147
Elsewhere in Palestinep. 148
Conclusionp. 149
Overall Conclusionp. 149
The 'Synagogue' in Luke-Actsp. 152
Introductionp. 152
Terminologyp. 154
Is Luke Anachronistic?p. 154
The Minimalists' Perspectivep. 154
The Debatep. 156
Conclusionp. 161
Geographical Locationsp. 164
Introductionp. 164
Palestinep. 165
Jerusalemp. 165
Acts 6.9p. 165
Acts 24.12 and 26.9-11p. 168
Conclusionp. 170
Galileep. 171
Introductionp. 171
Capernaump. 172
Palestinian Worship Practicesp. 178
Introductionp. 178
Luke-Actsp. 178
Luke 4.16-30p. 179
Diasporap. 186
Philippip. 186
[characters not reproducible] as a place of prayerp. 186
[characters not reproducible] as a buildingp. 187
Conclusionp. 189
Pisidian Antiochp. 190
Diaspora Worship Practicesp. 193
Conclusionp. 194
Conclusionp. 199
Bibliographyp. 202
Indexp. 223
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