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Urban areas in the Global South now house most of the world's urban population and are projected to house almost all the increase in the world's population between now and 2030 (and possibly beyond). There is a growing recognition that urban poverty is increasing both in the numbers affected and in the proportion of the world's poor population. This is the first book to review the effectiveness of different approaches to reducing urban poverty in the Global South. It describes and discusses the different ways in which national and local governments, international agencies and civil society organizations are seeking to reduce urban poverty. It explores the different ways in which poverty reduction has been understood for instance market approaches, welfare approaches, rights-based approaches and technical/professional approaches. Case studies are used to illustrate the different approaches and the roles of the different actors in these. It also describes in some detail the urban poverty reduction strategies developed by national federations of slum/shack dwellers. The book also considers the different ways in which citizen-led and community-led poverty reduction can be supported by national and local governments and international agencies, such as funding channelled through national urban poor funds, and the role of Slum/Shack Dwellers International and the Urban Poor Fund International. It also includes the funding and support to community initiatives coming from the Asian Coalition for Community Action. This book ends with discussions of how local governments, national governments and international agencies can become far more effective at addressing urban poverty at scale. This will be an invaluable resource for researchers and postgraduate students in urban development, poverty reduction, urban geography, and practitioners and organisations working in urban development programmes in the Global South.