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Refining Composition Skills : Rhetoric and Grammar,9780838402238

Refining Composition Skills : Rhetoric and Grammar

by ; ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780838402238

ISBN10:
0838402232
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/15/2000
Publisher(s):
Heinle ELT
List Price: $54.33

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Summary

This Best-Selling writing book integrates instruction in rhetorical devices with practice in acquiring relevant grammatical structures.

Table of Contents

Unit One The Paragraph 1(102)
The Writing Process
1(10)
Getting Started
2(1)
Journal Writing
2(1)
CNN® Video Activity: ``The 37,000-Page Diary''
3(1)
In this clip, CNN interviews a man who has kept a diary for over 30 years. He talks about why he keeps the diary and reads a few segments from important moments in his life
Video Follow-up: Discussion Questions
3(1)
The Process of Writing
3(1)
Prewriting
3(5)
Generating Ideas
4(1)
Invention Techniques
4(1)
Brainstorming
4(1)
Freewriting
5(1)
WH-Questions
6(1)
Clustering
6(2)
Composition Skills and the Internet
8(1)
Planning
8(1)
Drafting
8(1)
Revising
8(3)
Editing
9(2)
Introduction to the Paragraph
11(25)
Getting Started
12(1)
CNN® Video Activity: ``Learning to Read and Write''
12(1)
This video shows children learning by the whole language method, explains how this method works, and describes what parents, teachers, and children think of it
Video Follow-up: Discussion Questions
12(1)
What Is a Paragraph?
13(1)
The Topic of a Paragraph
13(4)
Prewriting: Planning
14(3)
The Topic Sentence
17(8)
Improving the Topic Sentence
19(2)
Recognizing the Topic Sentence
21(3)
Formulating the Topic Sentence
24(1)
Prewriting: Generating Ideas
24(1)
Support
25(3)
Prewriting: Planning
25(3)
Unity
28(2)
Coherence
30(5)
Composition Skills and the Internet
34(1)
Composition Skills
35(1)
Revision
35(1)
Peer Review
35(1)
Revision Checklist for the Paragraph
35(1)
The Narrative Paragraph
36(18)
Getting Started
37(1)
CNN® Video Activity: ``Messages for Princess Diana of England''
37(1)
When Princess Diana died, many people wrote poems, notes, and letters to leave at her memorial sites. In this clip, people reflect on why they were moved to write these messages
Video Follow-up: Discussion Questions
37(1)
Readings: Personal Reflections
37(7)
From ``My American Journey''
38(1)
In this excerpt, General Colin Powell, whose parents were born in Jamaica, tells the story of his visit to the village where his father was born and his first feelings upon meeting his extended family
``The Best Part''
39(2)
In this paragraph, Mary Kay Mackin reflects on Christmas holidays she has spent with her family and comes to a conclusion about the part she likes best
``The Struggle to Be an All-American Girl''
41(3)
In this essay, which first appeared in the Los Angeles Times, Elizabeth Wong tells of her painful experiences growing up in the bicultural atmosphere of Los Angeles' Chinatown. She describes the difficulty of being Chinese on the outside but American on the inside.
Writing
44(4)
Present Narration
44(2)
Composition Skills and the Internet
46(2)
Composition Skills
48(1)
Coherence
48(1)
Adverbials of Time and Sequence
48(1)
Grammar Review
48(1)
Past Narration
49(2)
Composition Skills
51(1)
Coherence
51(1)
Adverbial Clauses of Time
51(1)
Composition Skills and the Internet
51(1)
Grammar Review
51(1)
Composition Skills
52(2)
Revision
52(1)
Peer Review
52(1)
Revision Checklist for the Narrative Paragraph
53(1)
The Descriptive Paragraph
54(21)
Getting Started
55(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``Yosemite National Park''
55(1)
This clip describes some of the beautiful natural views that can be seen at Yosemite but also shows how a visit to Yosemite can be affected by the thousands of other people who are visiting the park
Video Follow-up: Freewriting
55(1)
Readings: Important People, Important Places
55(6)
``Uncle Kwok''
56(3)
In this selection from Fifth Chinese Daughter, Jade Snow Wong presents a memorable portrait of her Uncle Kwok. She describes his physical appearance and his actions from the time he entered the Wong factory until he gets settled at his job
From ``Beyond the Sun''
59(2)
In this excerpt from an article which appeared in Traveler magazine, David Butler describes Finnish Lapland as he saw it on a cross-country skiing trip one winter
Writing
61(4)
Description of a Place
62(3)
Composition Skills and the Internet
65(1)
Activities
65(1)
Composition Skills
65(2)
Coherence
65(1)
Adverbs of Place
65(1)
Modification: Specific Details
66(1)
Grammar Review
67(4)
Description of a Person
68(3)
Composition Skills
71(2)
Coherence
71(1)
Adjective Clauses
71(2)
Grammar Review
73(1)
Composition Skills
74(1)
Revision
74(1)
Peer Review
74(1)
Revision Checklist for the Descriptive Paragraph
74(1)
The Expository Paragraph
75(28)
Getting Started
76(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``The Artwork of Petroglyphs''
76(1)
This report shows rock art made by Native Americans between 500 and 2,000 years ago. An archeologist explains what some of the rock art means
Video Follow-up: Creating Pictographs
76(1)
Composition Skills and the Internet
76(1)
Readings: Arts and Entertainment
76(6)
From ``Survival''
77(3)
Margaret Atwood, born in 1939, is a well-known Canadian novelist and poet. In the following reading, taken from the introduction to her 1972 book Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature, Atwood describes her reading experiences as a youth. She explains that even though she was almost unaware of Canadian authors, she found delight in the few she did read.
``Jackie Chan''
80(2)
In this reading, students learn a little bit about the Hong Kong actor Jackie Chan. The author explains what has made Chan such a popular and well-liked film star
Writing
82(11)
Support of the Generalization
84(1)
Specific Details
84(4)
Examples
88(4)
Illustrations and Anecdotes
92(1)
Composition Skills
93(7)
Coherence
93(1)
Organization of Details and Examples
93(3)
Transitional Words and Phrases
96(4)
Composition Skills and the Internet
100(1)
Grammar Review
100(3)
Revision
101(1)
Peer Review
101(1)
Revision Checklist for the Expository Paragraph
101(2)
Unit Two The Essay 103(196)
Introduction to the Essay
103(24)
Getting Started
104(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``A Case of Plagiarism of Romance Novels''
104(1)
This clip examines the writing of two writers of romance novels. One writer has admitted to plagiarizing the work of the other
Video Follow-up: Gathering Information about the Consequences of Plagiarism
104(1)
Composition Skills and the Internet
105(1)
Introduction to the Essay
105(1)
The Thesis Statement
105(3)
The Introduction
108(4)
Prewriting: Planning
109(3)
The Developmental Paragraphs
112(9)
Prewriting: Planning
113(8)
The Conclusion
121(3)
The Outline
124(2)
Prewriting: Planning
124(2)
Composition Skills
126(1)
Revision
126(1)
Peer Review
126(1)
Revision Checklist for the Essay
126(1)
The Example Essay
127(26)
Getting Started
128(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``The Lost Language of the Wanino Tribe''
128(1)
This documentary shows how men and women from the Wanino tribe are learning to speak the language of their ancestors using recently discovered tape recordings of a woman who spoke the language. The people who are studying this lost language comment on the connection between language and culture.
Video Follow-up: Sharing Your own Experiences
128(1)
Readings: The Power of Culture and Language
128(9)
``How Unwritten Rules Circumscribe Our Lives''
129(3)
In this article, Bob Greene writes about the unwritten cultural rules in our lives. Greene gives multiple examples of the rules we follow without even thinking about them.
Composition Skills and the Internet
132(1)
``Americanization Is Tough on Macho''
133(4)
In this essay, which first appeared in Rose Del Castillo Guilbault's column for This World, she gives an example of the power of language. She shows how a particular Spanish word has come to have different meanings in different cultures.
Writing
137(6)
Number of Examples
137(3)
Choice of Examples
140(3)
Composition Skills
143(7)
Coherence
143(1)
Organization of Examples
143(1)
Transitions Between Paragraphs
143(1)
Transitions to Introduce Examples
144(3)
Repetition of Key Words and Phrases
147(3)
Grammar Review
150(3)
Revision
152(1)
Peer Review
152(1)
Revision Checklist for the Example Essay
152(1)
The Comparison and Contrast Essay
153(30)
Getting Started
154(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``Workplace Communication: Gender Differences''
154(1)
This report examines the growth of the communication training industry and notes that women are often the target market for communication training seminars, tapes, and books. The clip includes a short interview with Deborah Tannen and other communication experts.
Video Follow-up: Brainstorming
154(1)
Composition Skills and the Internet
155(1)
Readings: Styles of Communication
155(8)
``Conversational Ballgames''
155(4)
In this excerpt from her textbook Polite Fictions, Nancy Masterson Sakamoto explains the difference between Japanese and American conversation styles. She uses an analogy that compares each conversation style to a particular sport.
``Intimacy and Independence''
159(4)
This excerpt from Deborah Tannen's book You Just Don't Understand examines the different ways that American men and women view decision making. She notes that the different notions of communication that women and men have can lead to conflict between couples.
Writing
163(10)
Points of Comparison
164(1)
Emphasis on Comparison or Contrast
165(1)
Patterns of Organization
165(8)
Composition Skills
173(7)
Coherence
173(1)
Transitions for Comparison and Contrast
173(7)
Grammar Review
180(3)
Revision
181(1)
Peer Review
181(1)
Revision Checklist for the Comparison and Contrast Essay
182(1)
The Classification Essay
183(29)
Getting Started
184(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``Museum of Product Failures''
184(1)
This report shows people visiting a very special museum which houses a collection of new products that were unsuccessful. People in marketing often visit this museum to help them understand why products succeed and fail.
Video Follow-up: Finding Out More about Products
185(1)
Readings: Advertising and Consumers
185(12)
``Weasel Words''
186(8)
In this excerpt from his popular book Doublespeak, William Lutz examines the words that many advertisers choose to make misleading but legal claims for products they wish to sell.
Composition Skills and the Internet
194(1)
``Motivation''
194(3)
In this excerpt from a college textbook, the authors explain Maslow's hierarchy of needs and show how advertisers can appeal to each type of need to influence consumers' buying behavior.
Writing
197(8)
The Principle of Classification
198(2)
Making the Classification Complete
200(1)
Composition Skills and the Internet
201(1)
Organizing the Classification Essay
201(1)
Introducing the Categories
202(3)
Composition Skills
205(4)
Introductory Paragraphs
205(1)
The Turnabout
205(2)
Coherence
207(1)
Transitions for Classification
207(2)
Grammar Review
209(3)
Revision
210(1)
Peer Review
210(1)
Revision Checklist for the Classification Essay
210(2)
The Process Analysis Essay
212(26)
Getting Started
213(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``Profile of a Communications Software Company''
213(1)
This clip features Hilgraeve, a small software company which has found its niche in communications software. The founders of the company talk about how their company got started and what they believe they must do to continue to be successful.
Video Follow-up: Using the Internet
213(1)
Readings: The World of the Internet
213(11)
``The Life of e-mail''
213(3)
This magazine article traces the path an e-mail message follows as it travels from the sender's computer to the receiver.
``A Brief History of the Internet and the World Wide Web''
216(8)
This textbook reading follows the development of the Internet from the first connection between two computers in the 1960s to today's worldwide networking capabilities
Writing
224(9)
Planning the Process Analysis Essay
224(2)
Composition Skills and the Internet
226(1)
Organizing the Process Analysis Essay
227(6)
Composition Skills
233(3)
Introductory Paragraphs
233(1)
The Dramatic Entrance
233(2)
Coherence
235(1)
Participial Phrases
235(1)
Grammar Review
236(2)
Revision
237(1)
Peer Review
237(1)
Revision Checklist for the Process Analysis Essay
237(1)
The Cause-and-Effect Analysis Essay
238(37)
Getting Started
239(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``The Success of Xavier College Pre-Med Students''
239(1)
This video clip profiles Xavier College, which successfully prepares more African-American students for medical school than any other college in the United States.
Video Follow-up: Using Campus Resources
239(1)
Composition Skills and the Internet
239(1)
Readings: Academic Achievement
240(10)
``Surfing's Up and Grades Are Down''
240(3)
This report from the Washington Post National Weekly Edition examines the effects that computers have on college students' education and lives. In general, Sanchez reports positive effects, but she finds growing concern about Internet addiction, which can cause students to get low grades and even drop out of college.
Composition Skills and the Internet
243(3)
``Why They Excel''
246(4)
In this excerpt from an article written for Parade magazine, Fox Butterfield investigates the causes for the achievement of young Asians in the United States. She finds the causes rooted in the traditional values of their culture.
Writing
250(17)
Multiple Causes→Effect
251(3)
Organizing the Causal Analysis Essay
254(1)
The Thesis Statement for the Causal Analysis Essay
255(3)
A Problem in Reasoning
258(1)
Cause→Multiple Effects
259(1)
Organizing the Effect Analysis Essay
260(2)
The Thesis Statement for the Effect Analysis Essay
262(2)
The Causal Chain
264(3)
Composition Skills
267(6)
Introductory Paragraphs
267(1)
The Dramatic Entrance
267(3)
The Relevant Quotation
270(2)
Coherence
272(1)
Transitions and Expressions for Cause and Effect
272(1)
Grammar Review
273(2)
Revision
274(1)
Peer Review
274(1)
Revision Checklist for the Cause-and-Effect Analysis Essay
274(1)
The Argumentative Essay
275(24)
Getting Started
276(1)
CNNreg; Video Activity: ``Campus Activism''
276(1)
This video examines activism on U.S. college campuses and gives reasons why student activism today may look very different from the activism that attracted so much media attention in the 1960s.
Video Follow-up: Investigating Your Campus
276(1)
Readings: Issues on Campus
277(4)
``College Lectures: Is Anybody Listening?''
277(2)
In this magazine article, David Daniels questions a traditional teaching method: the lecture class. He explains problems he sees with the lecture class and suggests an alternative which he believes would improve education at American colleges and universities.
``Let's Put the Excellence Back in the A''
279(2)
Elliott Miles, a retired educator and university president, discusses a disturbing trend on college campuses: grade inflation.
Writing
281(8)
The Argumentative Thesis: Taking a Stand
282(1)
The Opposition: Knowing What You Are Up Against
283(1)
Supporting and Explaining Reasons
284(4)
Composition Skills and the Internet
288(1)
Refuting and Conceding the Opposition
289(5)
Organizing the Argumentative Essay
290(4)
Composition Skills
294(5)
Coherence Review
294(4)
Revision
298(1)
Peer Review
298(1)
Revision Checklist for the Argumentative Essay
298(1)
Unit Three Grammar Review 299(82)
Adjectives (Ch. 4)
300(5)
Participles as Adjectives
301(2)
Adjective Clauses Reduced to Participial Phrases
303(2)
Adverbials (Chs. 3, 4, 10)
305(8)
Adverbs of Place
305(1)
Adverbials of Time and Sequence
306(1)
Prepositions in Time Expressions
307(3)
Adverbial Clauses Reduced to Participial Phrases
310(1)
The present participle (Verb + ing)
311(1)
The perfect participle (Having Verb + ed)
311(1)
The passive perfect participle (Having Been Verb + ed)
311(2)
Articles (Chs. 5, 9, 11)
313(9)
Definite and Indefinite Articles
313(1)
The Indefinite Article
313(1)
The Definite Article
314(3)
Articles with Quantifiers
317(4)
Articles with Count and Non-count Nouns
321(1)
Clauses (Chs. 3, 4)
322(22)
Adjective Clauses (Ch. 4)
322(1)
Adjective Clauses Subordinators
323(3)
Punctuation of Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Adjective
326(1)
Adverbial Clauses of Time (Ch. 3)
327(4)
Adverbial Clauses of Comparison, Contrast, Concession (Ch. 8)
331(4)
Adverbial Clauses of Purpose (Ch. 10)
335(1)
Adverbial Clauses of Cause and Result (Ch. 11)
336(1)
Adverbial Clauses of Cause
336(1)
Adverbial Clauses of Result
337(2)
Noun Clauses (Ch. 7)
339(1)
As Direct Objects
339(1)
Noun Clauses Derived from Questions as Direct Objects
340(2)
Subjunctive Noun Clauses
342(2)
Comparisons (Ch. 8)
344(5)
Indicators of Equality or Similarity
344(2)
Indicators of Inequality
346(3)
Correlative Conjunctions (Ch. 9)
349(3)
Gerunds and Infinitives (Ch. 7)
352(6)
Gerunds and Infinitives as Subjects
352(1)
Gerunds and Infinitives as Objects
353(3)
Gerunds as Objects of Prepositions
356(2)
Verb/Tense System
358(23)
The Simple Present vs. the Present Progressive (Ch. 3)
358(1)
The Simple Present Tense
359(1)
The Present Progressive Tense
360(2)
The Simple Past vs. the Past Progressive and Past Perfect (Ch. 3)
362(1)
The Simple Past Tense
363(1)
The Past Progressive Tense
363(1)
The Past Perfect Tense
363(4)
Verb Tense Review: The Present Perfect vs. the Simple Past (Ch. 5)
367(1)
The Present Perfect Tense
367(2)
Adverbials Used with the Present Perfect and Simple Past Tenses
369(3)
The Passive Voice vs. the Active Voice (Ch. 4)
372(1)
The Passive Voice: Five Points to Review
373(3)
Conditionals
376(1)
Real Conditions (Ch. 10)
376(1)
Unreal Conditions (Ch. 11)
377(4)
Appendices 381(44)
Appendix I
382(3)
Peer Review Checklist for Paragraphs
382(1)
Peer Review Checklist for Essays
383(2)
Appendix II
385(3)
Using Others' Ideas
385(3)
Appendix III
388(2)
The Definite Article with Place Names
388(1)
The Definite Article with Other Proper Nouns
389(1)
Appendix IV
390(10)
Punctuation Problems
390(1)
Rules for Punctuation
391(9)
Appendix V
400(2)
Rules for Capitalization
400(2)
Appendix VI
402(3)
Noun Plurals
402(3)
Appendix VII
405(4)
Subject-Verb Agreement
405(4)
Appendix VIII
409(6)
Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs
409(6)
Appendix IX
415(5)
Verbs and Their Complements
415(5)
Appendix X
420(5)
Sample Business Letters
420(5)
Index 425


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