First published in 1984, Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal's best-selling book has become a classic in the field. Its four-frame model examines organizations as factories, families, jungles, and theaters or temples:The Structural Frame: how to organize and structure groups and teams to get resultsThe Human Resource Frame: how to tailor organizations to satisfy human needs, improve human resource management, and build positive interpersonal and group dynamicsThe Political Frame: how to cope with power and conflict, build coalitions, hone political skills, and deal with internal and external politicsThe Symbolic Frame: how to shape a culture that gives purpose and meaning to work, stage organizational drama for internal and external audiences, and build team spirit through ritual, ceremony, and story
Lee G. Bolman holds the Marion Bloch Missouri Chair in Leadership at the Bloch School of Business and Public Administration at the University of MissouriKansas City. He consults worldwide to corporations, public agencies, universities, and schools. He lives in Kansas City, Missouri.
Terrence E. Deal is the retired Irving R. Melbo Clinical Professor at the University of Southern California's Rossier School of Education. He now writes and makes wine in San Luis Obispo, California. He is the coauthor of sixteen books, including the best-selling Corporate Cultures (with A. A. Kennedy, 1982) and Managing the Hidden Organization (with W. A. Jenkins, 1994). He lives in San Luis Obispo, California.