9780231120999

Religion and the Politics of Identity in Kosovo

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780231120999

  • ISBN10:

    0231120990

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-09-01
  • Publisher: Columbia Univ Pr

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Summary

Observers have traditionally viewed Kosovo as a frontier society where two Balkan nations, Albanian and Serb, as well as two religions, Islam and Christianity, clash over conflicts of national and religious identity. While this rift is usually perceived as hard and fast, Duijzings shows that the area also has a history of coexistence through cultural contact, religious exchange, and conversion. His new perspective challenges the notion that Balkan conflicts have evolved around clear-cut and fixed ethno-religious groups, and instead discusses evidence that Balkan identities are full of ambiguities caused by processes that are important survival strategies in conditions of violence and insecurity. This tension between conflict and symbiosis is at the core of his perspective, which contains compelling case studies of various ethnic groups and examines how religion shapes their efforts to construct or reconstruct their identities. Though focusing on Kosovo, the scope of these chapters is much wider, covering developments in Croatia, Bosnia, Albania, Macedonia, and Serbia. Religion and the Politics of Identity in Kosovo is a fascinating and timely study of the interaction of religious identity with the politics of nationalism.

Author Biography

Ger Duijzings, a cultural anthopologist who obtained his Ph.D. at the University of Amsterdam, is lecturer in Serbian and Croatian studies at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements ix
Introduction
1(36)
Kosovo as an ethnic shatter zone
5(13)
The concept of identity
18(4)
States and the politics of identity
22(5)
Religion and religious regimes
27(5)
Violence, identity and the nation-state
32(5)
The Exodus of Kosovo Croats: A Chronicle of Ethnic Unmixing
37(28)
An ethnographic sketch of Letnica
38(7)
Letnica 1992
45(2)
The exodus
47(5)
Resettlement in Western Slavonia
52(13)
Christian Shrines and Muslim Pilgrims: Joint Pilgrimages and Ambiguous Sanctuaries
65(21)
The Muslim Gypsy pilgrimage to Gracanica
66(5)
Zociste: the end of a `mixed' pilgrimage
71(5)
Unrest in the Ostrog monastery
76(3)
Ambiguous sanctuaries and dervish orders
79(1)
The Bektashi order and Sari Saltuk
80(6)
The Martyrs of Stublla: Albanian Crypto-Catholics and the Franciscan Mission
86(20)
A historical survey of the parish of Letnica
87(2)
The Martyrs of Stublla, 1846-48
89(6)
The Tanzimat reforms and the Franciscan offensive
95(11)
Albanian Dervishes versus Bosnian Ulema: The Revival of Popular Sufism in Kosovo
106(26)
Dervishes under attack from Serbian nationalists
108(3)
Dervish orders in Kosovo: a survey
111(7)
Polemics between Kosovar sheikhs and the Islamic Community
118(2)
Sh'ite tendencies
120(4)
The revival and its background
124(8)
The Making of Egyptians in Kosovo and Macedonia
132(25)
The ethnonym `Egyptian'
134(5)
The Egyptians in Yugoslavia
139(3)
Serbian and Macedonian support
142(2)
Former Albanianization of the Egyptians
144(3)
Ethnic mimicry among Gypsies
147(3)
Censuses and ethnic strife: large groups swallow small ones
150(7)
Naim Frasheri's Qerbelaja: Religion and Nationalism among the Albanians
157(19)
Albanian nationalism and overcoming religious divisions
158(7)
Frasheri's blend of Albanian nationalism and Bektashi doctrine
165(4)
The Bektashis' response
169(5)
Frasheri's failure to promote Bektashism as the national creed
174(2)
The Kosovo Epic: Religion and Nationalism among the Serbs
176(27)
The theme of suffering
178(4)
The Kosovo myth
182(5)
Kosovo in the Active Mood
187(5)
Folk poetics and populist politics
192(4)
The recent political use of the myth
196(5)
Republika Srpska as the realm of the Kosovo spirit
201(2)
Conclusion
203(8)
References 211(17)
Index 228

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