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Ideal for courses in Asian/Eastern religions, Religions of Asia Today, Third Edition, covers the same material contained in the authors' longer textbook, World Religions Today, Fifth Edition, while also featuring a unique chapter on Islam in Asia. Revealing the significance of religion in contemporary life, it explores Hinduism, Buddhism, South Asian religions, East Asian religions, indigenous religions, and new religions as dynamic, ongoing forces in the lives of individuals and in the collective experience of modern societies.
This unique volume accomplishes two goals: it connects today's religions to their classical beliefs and practices and focuses on how these religions have both radically changed the modern world and been changed by it. The book is enhanced by numerous pedagogical aids--text boxes, timelines, maps, illustrations, discussion questions, a comprehensive glossary of key terms, and suggestions for further reading--and more than 100 photographs. For a wealth of additional teaching and study resources, visit the book's Companion Website.
Also available to suit your course needs:
World Religions Today, Fifth Edition: 978-0-19-999959-0
Religions of the West Today, Third Edition: 978-0-19-999963-7
John L. Esposito is University Professor, Professor of Religion and International Affairs, Professor of Islamic Studies, and Founding Director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding at Georgetown University.
Darrell J. Fasching is Professor of Religious Studies at the University of South Florida.
Todd Lewis is Professor of World Religions at the College of the Holy Cross.
Table of Contents
Preface CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION Globalization: World Religions in Everyone's Hometown Why Study World Religions? Our Task Understanding Religious Experience and Its Formative Elements The Sacred Myth, Scripture, and Beliefs Ritual Community and Morality Religious Leaders/Experts The Great Religious Stories of the World The Myths of Nature China and the Myths of Harmony India and the Myths of Liberation The Middle East and the Myths of History Religious Diversity and Historical Change: The Structure of this Book Historical Overview: From Premodern to Postmodern The Modern/Postmodern Transition: Colonialism, the Socialist Challenge, and the End of Modernity Postmodern Trends in a Postcolonial World Conclusion: We Are All Heretics in the Postmodern Situation CHAPTER 2. INDIGENOUS RELIGIONS Origins of Homo religiosus: Prehistory Religion's Origins Among Hunter-Gatherers Fertility, Childbirth, and Survival Religion in Prehistory: The Secret of Early Cave Rituals Indigenous Religious Traditions: Soul Belief and Afterlife Totemism: Australian Aboriginal Religion Shamans: "Technicians of the Sacred" Bear Sacrifice: A Widespread Arctic and Pacific Rim Tradition Shamans Who "Repair the World" Indigenous Religions Today The Cataclysms of Colonialism Shamanism in Modern Asia: Division of Labor Within the World Religions Global Neo-Shamanism: Expropriation by "White Shamans" CHAPTER 3. HINDUISM, JAINISM, AND SIKHISM: SOUTH ASIAN RELIGIONS Defining Hinduism: Unity, Diversity, Localities Encounter with Modernity: Hindu Challenges to India as a Secular State Premodern Hinduism: The Formative Era The Aryans and Religion in the Vedic Era Vedic Religion Karma, Yoga, and the Quest for Liberation Yoga Premodern Hinduism: The Classical Era (180 BCE-900 CE) "Early Heterodox" Indic Religions: Jainism and Buddhism Jainism: The Tradition of Spiritual Conquerors The Reality of Karma and Caste The Four Stages of Life The Four Aims of Life Epics and the Development of Classical Hinduism Mainstream Hinduism and the Rise of Devotion to the Great Deities Premodern Hinduism: The Postclassical Era (900 CE-1500 CE) The Formation of Major Hindu Schools of Thought The Early Islamic Era: Delhi Sultanate (1192-1525) Religion in the Mughal Era (1526-1707) Hinduism and Modernity Hinduism Under British Colonialism Challenges and Responses to Colonialism The Work of Gandhi: Hindu Elements in Indian Nationalism Hinduism and Postmodern Trends in a Postcolonial World The Persistence of Traditional Religious Understandings Contemporary Hindu Practices Hindu and Sikh Festival Practice Pilgrimage Festivals Sikh Festivals The Religious Institutions of Contemporary Hinduism Changes and Continuities: Examples of Postcolonial Hinduism The Connection of Religion with Philanthropy and Social Reform Religious Nationalism: Secular India and its Discontents A Growing Global Tradition CHAPTER 4. BUDDHISM: PATHS TOWARD NIRVANA Encounter with Modernity: Socially "Engaged Buddhism" Premodern Buddhism: The Formative Era (600 BCE-100 CE) The Buddha: Context and Biography Buddhism as the Path to Nirvana The First Community and Its Development How Buddhism Became a World Religion Sangha and Monastery: The Institutional Vehicles of Buddhism's Expansion Premodern Buddhism: The Classical Era (100-800 CE) The Pan-Asian Expansion of Buddhism The Core Doctrines The Classical Ideal: Buddhist Civilization The Mahayana: Philosophies and East Asian Monastic Schools Premodern Buddhism: Buddhist Expansion (400-1500 CE) South Asia China Southeast Asia Japan The Himalayan Region Buddhism and Modernity Early Modern Buddhist Polities: Monastics, Householders, Kings Buddhist Monasticism Buddhism Under Colonialism (1500-1960) Challenges from Colonialism, Communism, and Modern Critics (1800-Present) The Buddhist Twentieth-Century Revival Gains Strength Buddhism for Western Consumption: Meditation and Atheism Effects of Japanese Imperialism on Buddhism and on Asia Buddhism and Postmodern Trends in a Postcolonial World South Asia Theravada Buddhism Today in Southeast Asia Tooth Relics and Anti-Muslim Riots in Myanmar Three Contemporary Faces of Thai Buddhism East Asia Buddhism Today in Diaspora and in Asia Buddhism's Elective Affinity for Modernization The Sangha: Adaptive Reformism? State Buddhism and the Poison of Ethnic Passion CHAPTER 5. EAST ASIAN RELIGIONS: CONFUCIANISM, DAOISM, SHINTO, BUDDHISM Geographical Orientation Countries: China, Koreas, Japan Connections: Chinese Core and Periphery Encounter with Modernity: The Fall and Return of Confucianism The Postcolonial Challenge of Confucianism East Asian Religions in the Formative Era (1500 BCE-200 CE) Earliest History: Shang (1766-1122 BCE) Development of the Multiple Traditions in Post-Han China, Korea, and Japan Religion Under the Early Japanese Imperial State: Buddhism and Shinto Classical Imperial China (645-1271 CE) The Development of Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism in Korea and Japan East Asian Religions in the Late Classical Era (1400-1800) East Asian Religions in the Early Modern Era Disruptive European Intrusions Traumatic Transitions of the Modern Era The Appearance of New Religious Movements and Religions East Asian Religions and Postmodern Trends in a Postcolonial World Continuities and Transformations in the East Asian Religions The Religious Institutions: Monasteries, Temples, Shrines The Return of Religion to China: Case Studies Japan's Creative Diversity: Old Traditions and New Korea's Strong Confucian Tradition Accommodates Diversity CHAPTER 6. ISLAM IN ASIA The Dawn of Islam in Asia What Is Islam, and What Does It Mean to Be a Muslim? The Children of Abraham The Islamic Tradition Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman The Message of the Quran Sunni and Shiah Islam Islamic Law and Mysticism The Five Pillars of Islam Jihad The Quran and Armed Struggle The Interior Path: Islamic Mysticism The Challenge of European Colonialism The Islamic Resurgence The Road to 9/11 Globalization and Hijacking of "Jihad" Contemporary Islam: Issues of Authority and Reform CHAPTER 7. GLOBALIZATION: FROM NEW TO NEW AGE RELIGIONS Encounter with Modernity: The Challenge of Global Diversity to the "Purity" of Tradition New Religions Old Religions and New Religions in the History of Religions The New Age and New Age Religions Postmodernism and the New Age The New Age--Modern or Postmodern? The Age of Apocalypse or the Age of Aquarius? Wicca and the Resurgence of Goddess Worship J. Z. Knight and the Ramtha School of Enlightenment Theosophy, Christian Science, and the Unity School of Christianity Scientology The Baha'i Global Religious Vision East Goes West: Zen in America West Goes East: The Aum Shinrikyo Movement Conclusion: The Postmodern Challenge-Can There Be a Global Ethic in a World of Religious Diversity? Beyond Atheism: The Challenge of Postmodern Secular Relativism "Passing Over": A Postmodern Spiritual Adventure That Responds to the Challenge of Globalization Tolstoy, Jesus, and "Saint Buddha": An Ancient Tale with a Thousand Faces The Children of Gandhi: An Experiment in Postmodern Global Ethics The Future of Religion in an Age of Globalization Glossary Art Credits Index