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Religions in Practice: An Approach to the Anthropology of Religion,9780205200115

Religions in Practice: An Approach to the Anthropology of Religion

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780205200115

ISBN10:
0205200117
Media:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/1/1997
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $42.00
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Table of Contents

Preface xi
1 Elements and Theories of Religion
1(20)
Defining "Religion"
3(3)
Three Approaches to Religion
6(9)
Religion as Intellectual Activity
6(2)
Religion in Society: I. Durkheim
8(3)
Religion in Society: II. Marx and Weber
11(2)
Religion and Emotions
13(2)
Religions in Practice
15(6)
Victor Turner on Symbols and Ritual
16(1)
Claude Levi-Strauss and the Structural Study of Myth
17(1)
Clifford Geertz and the Diversity of Religious Ideas
18(1)
Practices, Contexts, Diversity
18(3)
2 Doctrine and Practice in Tension
21(20)
Changing Western Ideas of Religion
21(6)
Religion as a "Belief System"
22(1)
Other Religions, Other Models
23(2)
Imposed Definitions of "Religion"
25(1)
Wana Practices and Indonesian Definitions
26(1)
Combining Religious Practices in Japan
27(11)
Practice and "Belief"
28(1)
Shinto and Spirits
29(1)
Spirits and Social Change
30(2)
Buddhism and Souls
32(2)
The State and Religion
34(4)
From Practice to Doctrine in Islamic Law
38(3)
3 Transitions in Life and Death
41(26)
Sequence and the Liminal Stage of Rituals
42(2)
Reshaping, Reversing, Communitas
43(1)
The Creation of Life and Fertility
44(6)
Producing Men and Women
44(1)
Regenerating Life from Death
45(1)
Asmat Headhunting and Birth through Death
46(3)
Secondary Burial
49(1)
Grief, Fear, and Ritual
50(6)
Ritual and Emotions
50(1)
Is Grief Universal?
51(1)
Emotions and Their Expressions
52(1)
Initiation, Secrecy, and Fear
53(1)
Hopi Whipping and Disenchantment
54(1)
New Guinea Traumas and Homosexuality
54(2)
Representing and Creating the Social Order
56(4)
Gender Differentiation and Initiation
56(1)
The Bar and Bat Mitzvah
57(1)
Death Ritual and the Social Order
57(1)
From Spirit to Household God in Japan
58(2)
Debates about Death; Debates about Life
60(7)
Teaching the Soul
61(2)
Chanting for the Sake of the Spirit
63(2)
Catholic Masses for the Dead
65(2)
4 Extending Our Powers: "Magic" and Healing
67(15)
Understanding "Magic"
68(3)
Likeness and Contact
68(1)
Magic and Anxiety
69(1)
Crop Magic and Change in the United States
70(1)
Healing and Culture
71(2)
Giving Birth in Panama and Malaysia
71(1)
Faith and Healing in Christian Science
72(1)
Trance, Possession, and Healing
73(3)
Afro-Brazilian Trances
74(1)
Shared Healing in Southern Africa
74(2)
Modern Magic in Japanese New Religions
76(6)
Purification and Apocalypse
76(1)
Amulets and Ancestors
77(2)
Trance Psychology
79(1)
Who Joins the New Religions?
80(1)
Magic and Religion
81(1)
5 Explaining Misfortune: Witchcraft and Sorcery
82(19)
Religion and Explanation
82(3)
Karma in South Asia
83(1)
Suffering as Part of God's Plan
84(1)
Sorcery as a Focus on Practitioners
85(2)
Southeast Asian Neutral Practitioners
85(1)
Sorcery and Leadership in Melanesia
86(1)
Distrust and Navajo Sorcery
87(1)
Witchcraft and Moral Accounts of Misfortune
87(2)
Witchcraft as a Characteristic of the Individual
89(5)
Azande Ideas of Bodily Substance
89(1)
Explaining Misfortune
90(2)
Consulting Oracles
92(1)
African Witchcraft and Social Change
93(1)
Witchcraft as Satan versus God
94(7)
New England Puritans
94(1)
Evil and Accusations
95(1)
The Salem Outbreak of 1692
96(2)
Salem and Disruption of the Moral Community
98(1)
Evidence and Confessions
99(2)
6 Sacrifice Contested
101(24)
The Logic of Sacrifice
102(2)
Nuer Cows and Cucumbers
102(1)
Kwaio Sacrifice to Ancestors
103(1)
Sacrifice and Society
104(8)
Torajan Buffalo Sacrifice and Social Mobility
104(1)
The Islamic Feast of Sacrifice
105(1)
Gayo Observances
106(2)
Objections to Ritual Efficacy
108(2)
Issues of Comparison
110(1)
Moroccan Muslim Sacrifice: Reaffirming Male Dominance
111(1)
Other Moroccan Forms of the Sacrifice Ritual
111(1)
Movements away from Sacrifice
112(13)
Judaic Sacrifice and the Rise of Law
113(2)
Sacrifice and Offerings in Hinduism
115(2)
Sacrifice Contested
117(2)
The Roots of Indian Sacrifice
119(1)
Vegetable Offerings
120(3)
Reform and Devotional Movements
123(2)
7 Prohibitions and Boundaries
125(17)
Taboos, Eating, and Social Inequality
126(4)
Hawaiian Taboo and Captain Cook
127(2)
Purity and Pollution in India
129(1)
Taboos and Community in Judaism
130(10)
The Prohibitions of Leviticus
130(1)
Explanation I: Purity and Danger
131(1)
Explanation II: Ecology and Survival
132(1)
Passover and History
133(1)
Ritual Life Today
134(2)
Movable Boundaries
136(1)
The Lubavitchers of Brooklyn
137(1)
A Fundamentalist Christian Parallel
138(1)
What Is the "Jewish Community"?
139(1)
Muslim Comparisons: Whom Should You Marry?
140(2)
8 Objects, Images, and Worship
142(28)
Conveying Meaning through Symbols
142(2)
Embodying Deities
144(1)
Masks in West Africa
144(4)
Relics and Images in Catholicism
148(5)
The History of Relics and the Host
148(2)
Images versus Relics
150(1)
A More Hierarchical Ritual
151(2)
Christ Incarnate
153(1)
Mary and Marys in European Societies
153(9)
Marian Apparitions and Modern Life
155(2)
Spanish Shrines
157(1)
Many in One
158(1)
A Japanese Comparison
159(1)
Generalized Devotions
160(1)
Jesus, Mary, and the Nation-State
161(1)
Relics and Images in Buddhist Politics
162(1)
Translating Religion across Cultures: Mary in the Americans
162(8)
Two-Brothers Myths
163(1)
The Virgin of Guadalupe
163(1)
Guadalupe and Mexican Resistance to Spain
164(2)
Africa to Brazil: The Role of Images
166(1)
Umbanda in Rio
167(3)
9 Sacred Speech and Divine Power
170(22)
The Qur'an as Recitation of God's Speech
171(3)
The Creative Power of Navajo Speech and Song
174(3)
Speech and Grace in Protestant Churches
177(15)
The Letter and the Spirit of Scripture
177(2)
Quaker Speech and Silence
179(2)
Political Challenge and Religious Change
181(2)
Election and Signs
183(2)
Singing and Certainty among U.S. Primitive Baptists
185(2)
Two Models of Church Authority
187(1)
Charismatic and Pentecostal Churches
188(4)
10 Places and Pilgrims
192(19)
Centers and Directions
192(3)
Chinese Geomancy
194(1)
Japanese Temples and Branches
194(1)
Dimensions of Pilgrimage
195(1)
The Pilgrimage to Mecca
196(8)
Following the Footsteps of Muhammad
197(1)
Rites of Separation
198(1)
Moving in the Liminal State
199(2)
The Central Events
201(1)
Reintegration to Normal Life
201(2)
How Is It Meaningful?
203(1)
Contrasts in Pilgrimage from Japan and India
204(7)
Circling Shikoku
204(3)
Bathing at Benares
207(4)
11 Religious Authority and Religious Movements
211(23)
Saints as Exemplars and as Sources of Assistance
212(4)
Acharn Man, a Buddhist Forest Dweller
213(1)
Sathya Sai Baba, a Jet-Age Holy Man
214(2)
Prophets and Social Change
216(3)
The Problem of the Prophet's Continuity
216(2)
The Birth of Prophecy in the Sudan
218(1)
Revitalization Movements: Messiahs, Millennia, and Revivals
219(6)
Land, Wealth, and Religious Visions
220(1)
Maori Prophecies in New Zealand
221(1)
"Cargo Cults" in Samoa and New Guinea
221(2)
The Ghost Dance in North America
223(1)
Christian Millenarian Movements in the United States
224(1)
Mormon Prophecy and Authority
225(4)
Joseph Smith, Prophet
225(2)
The New Prophet and Conflicts with the United States
227(1)
Authority and History Today
228(1)
Muhammad and His Successors
229(5)
Muhammad as Messenger and Prophet
230(1)
Who Rules after Muhammad?
231(1)
The Development of the Shi'i
231(1)
Masters and Disciples in Sufi Orders
232(2)
12 The Place of Religions in Modern Nation-States
234(23)
Religious Nationalisms
235(5)
Church and Nation in Poland
236(1)
Hindu Nationalism in India
237(3)
Religion and State Law
240(5)
Gender and Marriage in Israel Jewish Law
241(2)
Islamic Courts and Culture in Indonesia
243(2)
Religious Minorities and Public Religions
245(3)
Kwaio Strategies for Recognition
245(2)
Protestants in the Pueblos
247(1)
Catholics in China
248(1)
Minority Religions in Europe: Toleration or Public Recognition?
248(3)
French Secularism versus Headscarves in Schools
248(2)
The National Church in Britain
250(1)
The Crucifix in Bavaria
250(1)
Religion, Nation, and State in the United States
251(6)
Religion in the Early Centuries
252(1)
Balancing Rights and Tradition in a Pluralistic Nation
253(4)
References 257(8)
Index 265


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