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Religions in Practice : An Approach to the Anthropology of Religion,9780205336326

Religions in Practice : An Approach to the Anthropology of Religion

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780205336326

ISBN10:
0205336329
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Allyn & Bacon
List Price: $59.80
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Summary

This book takes a unique perspective as it looks at how people engage in everyday religious practices , such as prayer, sacrifice, pilgrimage, and dress, as well as investigates major issues of gender, nation-states, and laws with respect to religion. No other text examines the full spectrum of religions from small-scale societies to full-blown world religious movements. The in-depth treatment of Islam and Christianity is of particular interest to students, and is easily expanded to include field projects directly related to material covered in the text. The revised edition includes up-to-the-minute examples and high-interest news stories from today's headlines.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Studying Religion through Practice
1(9)
Defining Religion
3(7)
An Anthropological Approach to Studying Religion
6(1)
Practices, Contexts, Diversity
7(3)
Ideas and Practices of ``Religion'' in Europe and Elsewhere
10(18)
Western Ideas of Religion
10(2)
Religion as a Belief System
11(1)
Other Religions, Other Models
12(4)
Imposed Definitions of Religion
14(1)
Wana Practices and Indonesian Definitions
15(1)
Combining Religious Practices in Japan
16(12)
Practice and Belief
17(1)
Shinto and Spirits
18(1)
Spirits and Social Change
19(2)
Buddhism and Souls
21(2)
The State and Religion
23(5)
Ritual and Emotions
28(13)
Sequence and the Liminal Stage of Rituals
29(2)
Reshaping, Reversing, Communitas
30(1)
Grief and Ritual
31(3)
Is Grief Universal?
32(1)
Emotions and Their Expressions
33(1)
Initiation, Secrecy, and Fear
34(2)
Hopi Whipping and Disenchantment
34(1)
New Guinea Traumas and Homosexuality
35(1)
Theory in Anthropology: Emotion as Religion's Source
36(5)
The Complexity of Grief in Sri Lanka
38(3)
Jonathan Spencer
Death, Life, and Debates
41(19)
Death Ritual and the Social Order
41(7)
From Spirit to Household God in Japan
41(2)
Regenerating Life from Death
43(1)
Asmat Headhunting and Birth through Death
44(2)
Secondary Burial
46(2)
Debates about Death; Debates about Life
48(7)
Teaching the Soul
50(1)
Chanting for the Sake of the Spirit
51(3)
Catholic Masses for the Dead
54(1)
Theory in Anthropology: Emile Durkheim and Society as Religion's Source
55(5)
Studying Culture through Internal Debates
58(2)
John Bowen
Gender, Religion, and Ethnography
60(23)
Creating Gender through Ritual
61(4)
Producing Men and Women
61(1)
Ritual, Fertility, and Culture
62(2)
Gender Differentiation and Initiation
64(1)
Reanalyses through the Lens of Gender
65(1)
Rituals of Reversal, Reversed
65(1)
Articulating Women's Perspectives through Spirits
66(4)
Zar Possession
66(2)
Wicca
68(2)
Religious Patriarchy and Its Challenges
70(3)
Abraham and Sacrifice
71(1)
Fundamentalism and Gender Roles
71(2)
Women and Islamic Dress
73(6)
Dress and Feminism in Cairo
75(3)
Comparisons
78(1)
Theory in Anthropology: Pierre Bourdieu, from Norms to Practices
79(4)
Studying Fundamentalism
81(2)
Susan Friend Harding
Extending Our Powers: ``Magic'' and Healing
83(18)
Understanding ``Magic''
84(3)
Likeness and Contact
84(1)
Magic and Anxiety
85(1)
Crop Magic and Change in the United States
86(1)
Healing and Culture
87(3)
Giving Birth in Panama and Malaysia
87(1)
Faith and Healing in Christian Science
88(2)
Trance, Possession, and Healing
90(2)
Afro-Brazilian Trances
90(1)
Shared Healing in Southern Africa
91(1)
Modern Magic in Japanese New Religions
92(9)
Purification and Apocalypse
93(1)
Amulets and Ancestors
94(1)
Trance Psychology
95(1)
Who Joints the New Religions?
96(1)
Magic and Religion
97(1)
Studying New Age Religions in the United States
98(3)
Michael Brown
Explaining Misfortune: Witchcraft and Sorcery
101(19)
Religion and Explanation
101(3)
Karma in South Asia
102(1)
Suffering as Part of God's Plan
103(1)
Sorcery as a Focus on Practitioners
104(1)
Sorcery and Leadership in Melanesia
104(1)
Distrust and Navajo Sorcery
105(1)
Witchcraft and Moral Accounts of Misfortune
105(2)
Witchcraft as a Characteristic of the Individual
107(5)
Azande Ideas of Bodily Substance
107(1)
Explaining Misfortune
108(2)
Consulting Oracles
110(1)
African Witchcraft and Social Change
111(1)
Witchcraft as Satan versus God
112(8)
New England Puritans
112(1)
Evil and Accusations
113(1)
The Salem Outbreak of 1692
114(2)
Salem and Disruption of the Moral Community
116(2)
Evidence and Confessions
118(2)
Prohibitions and Boundaries
120(16)
Taboos, Eating, and Social Inequality
121(4)
Hawaiian Taboo and Captain Cook
122(1)
Purity and Pollution in India
123(2)
Taboos and Community in Judaism
125(1)
The Prohibitions of Leviticus
125(11)
Passover and History
128(1)
Ritual Life Today
129(2)
Movable Boundaries
131(1)
The Lubavitchers of Brooklyn
131(2)
What Is the ``Jewish Community''?
133(3)
Objects, Images, and Worship
136(28)
Conveying Meaning through Symbols
136(2)
Embodying Deities
138(1)
Masks in West Africa
138(4)
Images and Offerings in Hinduism
142(5)
Gods: Few and Many
142(2)
Offerings to Deities
144(3)
Relics and Images in Catholicism
147(7)
The History of Relics and the Host
148(1)
Images versus Relics
149(2)
A More Hierarchical Ritual
151(2)
Christ Incarnate
153(1)
Mary and Marys in European Societies
154(10)
Marian Apparitions and Modern Life
154(3)
Spanish Shrines
157(2)
Many in One
159(1)
A Japanese Comparison
159(2)
Generalized Devotions
161(1)
Jesus, Mary, and the Nation--State
161(1)
Relics and Images in Buddhist Politics
162(2)
Crossing Cultural Boundaries
164(21)
Converting
165(5)
Adult Baptism among the Amish
165(1)
Conversion as Total Social Change
166(1)
External and Internal Conversion
167(1)
Missions and Civilization in South Africa
168(2)
Translating: Mary in The Americas
170(6)
The Virgin of Guadalupe
170(1)
Guadalupe and Mexican Resistance to Spain
171(2)
Africa to Brazil: The Role of Images
173(1)
Umbanda in Rio
174(2)
Adapting: Islamic Sacrifice in New Cultures
176(9)
Gayo Observances
177(2)
Objections to Ritual Efficacy
179(2)
Moroccan Muslim Sacrifice: Reaffirming Male Dominance
181(1)
Other Moroccan Forms of the Sacrifice Ritual
182(1)
Fieldwork under Apartheid
183(2)
Jean Comaroff
Sacred Speech and Divine Power
185(21)
The Qur'an as Recitation of God's Speech
186(3)
The Creative Power of Navajo Speech and Song
189(3)
Speech and Grace in Protestant Churches
192(14)
The Letter and the Spirit of Scripture
192(2)
Election and Signs
194(2)
Singing and Certainty among U.S. Primitive Baptists
196(2)
Two Models of Church Authority
198(1)
Charismatic and Pentecostal Churches
199(4)
Urban Fieldwork in Egypt
203(3)
Gregory Starrett
Transmitting Religion
206(17)
Improvisation and Variation
207(1)
New Age ``Channeling''
208(2)
Transmission and Religious Universals
210(3)
Mimesis and Performance
213(4)
The Qur'an, Again
215(1)
On to Audio
216(1)
Replication/Performance
217(1)
Religion on the Web
217(6)
Creole Spaces
219(2)
Supernatural Concepts and Experimental Methods
221(2)
Pascal Boyer
Places and Pilgrims
223(22)
Centers and Directions
223(3)
Chinese Geomancy
225(1)
Japanese Temples and Branches
225(1)
Dimensions of Pilgrimage
226(2)
The Pilgrimage to Mecca
228(8)
Following the Footsteps of Muhammad
228(1)
Rites of Separation
229(1)
Moving in the Liminal State
230(2)
The Hajj Proper
232(1)
Reintegration to Normal Life
233(1)
How Is It Meaningful?
233(3)
Contrasts in Pilgrimage from Japan and India
236(9)
Circling Shikoku
236(3)
Bathing at Benares
239(4)
From ``Sorrows of Simplicity'' to ``Shared Blessings'' in Ghatiyali
243(2)
Ann Grodzins Gold
Saints, Visions, and Prophets
245(25)
Saints as Exemplars and as Sources of Assistance
246(4)
Acharn Man, a Buddhist Forest Dweller
248(1)
Sathya Sai Baba, a Jet-Age Holy Man
248(2)
Prophets and Social Change
250(4)
The Problem of the Prophet's Continuity
251(1)
The Birth of Prophecy in the Sudan
252(2)
Revitalization Movements: Messiahs, Millennia, and Revivals
254(6)
Land, Wealth, and Religious Visions
255(1)
Maori Prophecies in New Zealand
255(1)
Cargo Cults in Samoa and New Guinea
256(1)
The Ghost Dance in North America
257(2)
Christian Millenarian Movements in the United States
259(1)
Mormon Prophecy and Authority
260(4)
Joseph Smith, Prophet
260(2)
The New Prophet and Conflicts with the United States
262(1)
Authority and History Today
263(1)
Muhammad and His Successors
264(6)
Muhammad as Messenger and Prophet
265(1)
Who Rules after Muhammad?
266(1)
The Development of the Shi'i
266(1)
Masters and Disciples in Sufi Orders
267(3)
The Place of Religions in Modern Nations and States
270(23)
Religious Nationalisms
271(5)
Church and Nation in Poland
272(1)
Hindu Nationalism in India
273(3)
Religion and State Law
276(3)
Gender and Marriage in Israeli Jewish Law
277(2)
Religious Minorities and Public Religions
279(3)
Kwaio Strategies for Recognition
280(2)
Protestants in the Pueblos
282(1)
Catholics in China
282(1)
Minority Religions in Europe: Toleration or Public Recognition?
282(4)
French Secularism versus Headscarves in Schools
283(1)
The National Church in Britain
284(1)
The Crucifix in Bavaria
285(1)
Religion, Nation, and State in the United States
286(7)
Religion in the Early Centuries
287(1)
Balancing Rights and Tradition in a Pluralistic Nation
288(5)
References 293(10)
Index 303


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