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Religions of the World with Sacred World CD-ROM,9780132240451
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Religions of the World with Sacred World CD-ROM

by ;
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780132240451

ISBN10:
0132240459
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2007
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $86.40

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Summary

"Hopfe did an incredible job of making the material readable and flow in a logical fashionhellip;Even with a recent flood of introductory-level texts dealing with the subject, it remains the best introductory text dealing with religions of the world." Michael Krogman, Chattanooga State Technical College How does religion affect you? Religion plays a large role in the world events that affect us all; it has an impact on almost everything, from politics to pop culture. The study of religions is essential and Religions of the World provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction. Using a style that is friendly and readable, Religions of the World explains complex themes within the context of real people in real life. This text acquaints you with the teachings, ethics, worship-style, and celebrations of a broad range of religions, from their inception to today. Each chapter features primary source material that gives you first-hand experience with writings that help define each religion. For the tenth edition of Religions of the World, Mark R. Woodward has drawn on his relationships in the Arizona Native American community, his experience living and working in Buddhist and Muslim cultures for extended periods, and his experience teaching thousands of undergraduates an introduction to religions of the world.

Table of Contents

Preface xviii
Introduction Overview 1(4)
A Definition of Religion
5(1)
The Universality of Religion
6(1)
Theories of the Origin of Religions
7(4)
Animistic Theories
7(1)
The Nature-Worship Theory
8(1)
The Theory of Original Monotheism
9(1)
The Magic Theory
9(1)
Theories of Religion as Projections of Human Needs
9(2)
Types of Religions
11(2)
Basic Religions
11(1)
Religions Originating in India
11(1)
Religions Originating in China and Japan
11(1)
Religions Originating in the Middle East
12(1)
Study Questions
12(1)
Basic Religions
13(56)
Characteristics of Basic Religions
14(15)
Sources of Information Concerning Basic Religions
15(1)
Prehistoric Beginnings of Basic Religions
16(2)
Neanderthal Religion
16(1)
Cro-Magnon Religion
16(1)
Neolithic Religion
17(1)
Common Features of Basic Religions
18(9)
Animism
19(1)
Magic
20(2)
Divination
22(1)
Taboo
22(1)
Totems
23(1)
Sacrifice
24(1)
Myth
24(1)
Rituals
25(1)
Rites of Passage
26(1)
Ancestor Veneration
27(1)
Study Questions
27(1)
Suggested Reading
27(2)
Native American Religions
29(21)
The Spirit World
30(1)
Animism
31(2)
Contacts with the Spirit World
33(8)
Sacrifice
34(1)
Taboos
34(1)
Ceremonies and Rituals
35(2)
The Vision Quest
37(1)
Religious Leadership
38(1)
Other Means of Contact with the Spirit World
39(2)
Death and Life After Death
41(1)
Native American Religions Today
42(2)
Study Questions
44(1)
Suggested Reading
45(1)
Source Material
45(5)
Native American Myths
45(1)
Sioux Legend of the Buffalo Maiden
45(2)
Wooing Wohpe
47(3)
African Religions
50(19)
Native Religions
51(12)
The High God
51(2)
The Lesser Spirits
53(2)
Ancestors
55(1)
Sacrifice
56(1)
Rites of Passage
57(4)
Religious Leaders
61(2)
Non-native African Religions
63(1)
African Religions Today
63(1)
Study Questions
64(1)
Suggested Reading
65(1)
Source Material
65(4)
An African Divine King
65(2)
An African Creation Story
67(2)
Religions Originating In India
69(94)
Hinduism
70(42)
The Origins of Hinduism
71(5)
Pre-Aryan India
71(2)
The Coming of the Aryans
73(2)
Aryan Religion
75(1)
The Vedic Era
76(12)
The Vedas
76(3)
The Upanishads
79(3)
The Law of Manu
82(3)
Jainism and Buddhism
85(1)
Bhagavad Gita
86(2)
Postclassical Hinduism
88(8)
Devotion to Three Major Gods
89(4)
Devotion to Knowledge
93(3)
Muslim Influences in India
96(2)
Modern Hinduism
98(3)
Hindu Holy Days
101(1)
Holi
101(1)
Divali
101(1)
Dasehra
102(1)
Hinduism Today
102(1)
Study Questions
103(1)
Suggested Reading
103(1)
Source Material
104(8)
Selections from the Rig-Veda
104(1)
Varunda and Indra
104(1)
``What God Shall We Adore with Our Oblation?''
104(1)
Selections from Upanishads
105(1)
Selections from the Law of Manu
106(1)
Selections from the Bhagavad Gita
107(1)
Shankara on the Nature of the Brahman
108(4)
Jainism
112(11)
The Life of Mahavira
112(1)
The Teachings of Jainism
113(4)
Jain Sects
117(1)
Jain Festivals
117(1)
Paijusana
117(1)
Divali
118(1)
Jainism Today
118(1)
Study Questions
119(1)
Suggested Reading
119(1)
Source Material
119(4)
A lain Parable: The Man in the Well
119(2)
Jain Respect for Life
121(2)
Buddhism
123(28)
The Life of Gautama
123(4)
The Teachings of the Buddha
127(2)
The Development of Buddhism
129(1)
Theravada Buddhism
130(2)
Mahayana Buddhism
132(9)
The Principles of Mahayana
132(1)
The Spread of Mahayana Buddhism
133(1)
Mahayanist Sects
134(4)
Tibetan Buddhism
138(3)
Buddhist Festivals and Holy Days
141(1)
New Year
142(1)
Buddha's Birthday
142(1)
The Festival of Souls (Ullambana)
142(1)
The Robe Offering
142(1)
Buddhism Today
142(2)
Study Questions
144(1)
Suggested Reading
144(1)
Source Material
144(7)
Gautama Speaks of His Ascetic Practices
144(3)
The Buddha Explains the Eightfold Path
147(1)
The Infinite Compassion of the Bodhisattva
148(1)
The Importance of Sitting
149(2)
Sikhism
151(12)
The Life of Nanak
151(2)
The Teachings of Nanak
153(1)
The Historical Development of Sikhism
154(1)
Divisions within Sikhism
155(1)
Sikh Religious Life
156(1)
Sikh Holy Days
157(1)
Sikhism Today
157(1)
Study Questions
157(1)
Suggested Rending
158(1)
Source Material
158(5)
The Japji
158(5)
Religions Originating In China And Japan
163(51)
Chinese Religions
164(33)
Basic Chinese Religious Concepts
165(4)
Recognition of Multiple Gods and Spirits
165(2)
Yin and Yang
167(1)
Filial Piety and Ancestor Worship
167(1)
Divination
167(1)
Development of Belief in the Shang Ti
168(1)
Decline of the Feudal System
169(1)
Laoism
169(9)
The Life of Lao-tzu
170(1)
The Tao Te Ching
170(1)
Teachings of the Early Taoist Philosophers
171(3)
Schools that Rivaled the Early Taoists
174(1)
Later Development of Taoism
175(3)
Confucianism
178(7)
The Life of Confucius
178(1)
The Teachings of Confucius
179(3)
The Development of Confucianism
182(3)
Iraditional Chinese Holidays
185(1)
Chinese New Year
185(1)
Pure and Bright Festival
185(1)
The Dragon Boat Festival
185(1)
All Soul's Day
186(1)
Autumn Harvest Festival
186(1)
Winter Holidays
186(1)
Iaoism and Confucianism Today
186(2)
Study Questions
188(1)
Suggested Reading
188(1)
Source Material
188(9)
Selections from Sacred Chinese Literature
188(1)
Tao Te Ching
188(3)
The Analects of Confucius
191(3)
The Meaning and Value of Rituals
194(3)
Shinto
197(17)
Japanese Mythology
198(1)
The History of Shinto
199(5)
Shinto Prior to 300 C.E.
199(1)
Chinese Influence on Shinto
199(2)
The Revival of Shinto
201(3)
The Modern Era
204(1)
Three Forms of Shinto
204(4)
State Shinto
204(1)
Sectarian Shinto
205(1)
Domestic Shinto
206(2)
Japanese Festivals
208(1)
New Year (Shogatsu)
208(1)
Buddha's Birthday
208(1)
Ml Soul's Day (Ullambana)
208(1)
Autumn Festival (Niiname-sai)
209(1)
shinto Today
209(1)
Study Questions
209(1)
Suggested Reading
209(1)
Source Material
210(4)
Shinto Myths
210(1)
Myths Regarding the Plain of High Heaven
210(4)
Religions Originating In II II: Middle East
214(155)
Zoroastrianism
215(18)
Pre-Zoroastrian Persian Religion
215(1)
The Life of Zoroaster
216(2)
The Teachings of Zoroaster
218(7)
The Nature of God
218(1)
The God of Evil
219(1)
The Nature of Humankind
220(1)
The Destiny of Humankind
221(2)
Zoroastrian Ethics
223(1)
Zoroastrian Worship
224(1)
Historical Development of Zoroastrianism
225(3)
Zoroastrian Holy Days
228(1)
The Jasans
228(1)
New Year's Day (No Ruz)
228(1)
Seasonal Feasts (Cahambars)
228(1)
All Souls' Day (Muktad)
228(1)
Zoroastrianism Today
228(1)
Study Questions
229(1)
Suggested Reading
229(1)
Source Material
229(4)
Zoroastrian Eschatology
229(3)
Zoroastrian Dualism
232(1)
Judaism
233(37)
Biblical Patriarchs
233(2)
Exodus
235(2)
Sinai and the Law
237(1)
Post-Sinai Religious Institutions
238(1)
Religion in the Time of the Hebrew Monarchy
238(2)
The Temple
239(1)
The Prophetic Movement
239(1)
Exile and Return
240(2)
Diaspora
242(5)
The Synagogue
242(2)
The Mishnah
244(1)
The Talmud
245(2)
Medieval Judaism
247(3)
Judaism and Islam
247(1)
Judaism in Spain
248(1)
Judaism in Other European Nations
249(1)
The Crusades
249(1)
The Kabbalah
249(1)
Judaism and the Modern World
250(1)
Responses to Modernity
251(8)
Shabbatai Zevi
251(1)
Mendelssohn
252(1)
Baal Shem Tov
252(1)
Reform Judaism
253(1)
Zionism
254(1)
The Holocaust
255(1)
The State of Israel
256(1)
Current Variations in Judaism
257(2)
Jewish Festivals and Holy Days
259(3)
Sabbath (Shabbat)
260(1)
Passover (Pesach)
260(1)
The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot)
260(1)
New Year (Rosh Hashanah)
260(1)
The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
260(1)
The Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)
261(1)
The Feast of Dedication (Chanukah)
261(1)
The Feast of Lots (Purim)
261(1)
The Son of the Commandment (Bar Mitzvah)
261(1)
Judaism Today
262(1)
Study Questions
263(1)
Suggested Reading
263(1)
Source Material
263(7)
Selections from Hebrew Scriptures
263(1)
Deuteronomy
264(2)
The Psalms, Book I
266(1)
Micah
266(1)
The Mishnah: Pesahim (The Feast of Passover)
267(3)
Christianity
270(50)
The World of the First Century C.E.
270(2)
The Life and Teachings of Jesus
272(8)
Early Christianity
280(7)
The Jerusalem Church
280(1)
The Life of Paul
280(1)
The Worship of the Early Church
281(1)
Leadership in the Early Church
282(2)
The Production of the New Testament
284(1)
Early Theological Controversies
285(2)
Growth of the Church of Rome
287(3)
I mergence of Christianity as the Religion of the Roman Empire
287(1)
Augustine
288(1)
The Monastic Movement
289(1)
Medieval Christianity
290(3)
Division Between Eastern and Western Christianity
290(1)
The Medieval Papacy
291(1)
Thomas Aquinas
292(1)
The-Protestant Reformation
293(5)
Larly Reform Movements
293(1)
Martin Luther
294(2)
Ulrich Zwingli
296(1)
John Calvin
296(1)
Other Reformation Leaders and Movements
297(1)
Modern Christianity
298(3)
The Catholic Counter-Reformation
298(3)
Catholic Dogmas Since the Counter Reformation
301(1)
Vatican II
301(1)
Modern Movements
301(3)
Modern Protestant Movements
301(2)
The Missionary Movement
303(1)
The Ecumenical Movement
303(1)
The Christian Calendar and Holy Days
304(2)
Sunday
304(1)
Advent, Christmas, and Epiphany
304(1)
Easter
305(1)
Pentecost
305(1)
Christianity Today
306(2)
Study Questions
308(1)
Suggested Reading
308(1)
Source Material
309(11)
Selections from the New Testament
309(1)
Sermon on the Mount
309(4)
Romans
313(1)
I Corinthians
314(2)
Revelations
316(1)
The Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicitas
317(3)
Islam
320(37)
Pre-Islamic Arab Religion
320(2)
The Life of Muhammad
322(4)
The Qur'an
326(4)
The Nature of God
327(1)
Predestination
328(1)
Eschatology
329(1)
Religious Institutions
330(6)
The Mosque
330(1)
The Five Pillars
330(3)
Islam and Women
333(1)
Islamic Taboos
334(1)
Jihad
334(2)
The Spread of Islam
336(1)
The Caliphate
337(1)
Variations within Islam
338(4)
The Sunnis
338(1)
The Shi'ites
339(1)
The Mystical Element
340(2)
Islam in the Modern World
342(3)
Muslim Calendar and Holy Days
345(1)
Feast of Fast-Breaking (`Id al-Fitr)
345(1)
Feast of Sacrifice (`Id al-Adha)
345(1)
New Year
345(1)
Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad (Mawlid an-Nabi)
345(1)
Islam Today
346(1)
Study Questions
347(1)
Suggested Reading
347(1)
Source Material
348(9)
The Muslim Vision of Allah
348(3)
The Prescriptions of Islam
351(4)
On the Day of Judgment
355(2)
Baha'I
357(12)
Origin and Development of Baha'i
357(1)
The Teachings of Baha'i
358(4)
Baha'i Practices
362(1)
Baha'i Calendar and Holy Days
363(1)
Baha'i Today
364(1)
Study Questions
365(1)
Suggested Reading
365(1)
Source Material
365(4)
Selections from the Writings of Bahaullah
365(4)
Glossary 369(10)
Credits 379(2)
Index 381


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