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Reporting for the Media,9780195169997
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Reporting for the Media

by ; ; ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780195169997

ISBN10:
0195169999
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/5/2004
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press

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Summary

Now in its eighth edition, Reporting for the Media continues its outstanding tradition in journalism education. Providing both students and instructors with a firm foundation on which to build journalistic success, it emphasizes the most important skills and characteristics of effectivereporters--how to be engaged in and curious about the world and how to articulate a good story. Reporting for the Media, 8/e, introduces students to news writing and reporting by focusing on such basics as grammar and mechanics, traditional story structures and styles, interviewing techniques, reporting on speeches and meetings, and common ethical dilemmas. Taking into consideration theincreasingly multimedia nature of journalism, this new edition includes material on broadcast writing and convergence. It also covers prewriting, using the Internet, and computer-assisted reporting. The eighth edition features new exercises in nearly every chapter, expanded coverage ofgrammar--including parts of speech--and thoroughly updated real-life examples and illustrations, many covering issues that have arisen since 9/11. As in previous editions, this book features reading lists, discussion questions, suggested projects, five useful appendices, and end-of-chapterchecklists. Reporting for the Media, 8/e, is an ideal text for introductory news writing and reporting courses.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
The Basics: Format, Copy Editing and AP Style
1(28)
Producing Copy
2(1)
News Story Format
2(2)
Copy-editing Symbols
4(4)
The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law
8(1)
Accuracy of Names and Facts
9(1)
The Writing Coach---The Lucky 13 Ways to Become a Good Writer
10(1)
Checklist for Copy Preparation
11(1)
Suggested Readings
11(1)
Useful Web Sites
11(1)
Exercises
12(17)
Grammer and Spelling
29(30)
The Parts of Speech
29(7)
Basic Sentence Structure
36(2)
Active and Passive Voice
38(1)
Agreement
38(2)
Ambiguous Pronouns
40(1)
Plurals and Possessives
40(1)
``That'' and ``Which''
41(1)
``Who'' and ``Whom''
42(1)
Misplaced Modifiers
42(1)
Dangling Modifiers
43(1)
Personification
43(1)
Parallel Form
44(1)
``Because'' and ``Due To''
44(1)
Spelling
44(1)
Grammar Checklist
45(2)
The Writing Coach---Acronyms Lift Your Writing
Suggested Readings
47(1)
Useful Web Sites
48(1)
Exercises
49(10)
Newswriting Style
59(31)
Prewriting
59(3)
Simplify Words, Sentences and Paragraphs
62(4)
Remain Objective
66(5)
Checklist for Newswriting Style
71(1)
The Writing Coach--Find the Clear Path to Writing Glory
72(2)
Suggested Readings
74(2)
Exercises
76(14)
The Language of News
90(32)
The Effectiveness of Words
90(1)
Be Precise
91(2)
Use Strong Verbs
93(1)
Avoiding Problems in Your Writing
94(1)
Words to Avoid
94(5)
Other Problems to Avoid
99(4)
Checklist for the Language of News
103(1)
The Writing Coach---Become a Power Lifter When Picking Verbs
103(1)
Suggested Readings
104(1)
Exercises
105(17)
Selecting and Reporting the News
122(24)
The Characteristics of News
123(3)
Two Views of 9/11
126(5)
Types of News
131(2)
Public/Civic Journalism
133(2)
Applying the Principles of News Selection
135(1)
The Concept of Objectivity
135(1)
Details Newspapers Are Reluctant to Publish
136(2)
The Importance of Accuracy
138(3)
Suggested Readings
141(2)
Exercises
143(3)
Basic News Leads
146(35)
The Summary News Lead
146(2)
Sentence Structure in Leads
148(1)
Guidelines for Writing Effective Leads
149(5)
Avoiding Some Common Errors
154(3)
Apply the Guidelines to Other Kinds of Leads
157(1)
Checklist for Writing Leads
158(1)
The Writing Coach---Oh Where, Oh Where Does the Time Element Go?
159(1)
Suggested Readings
160(1)
Exercises
161(20)
Alternative Leads
181(19)
Criticisms
182(1)
``Buried'' or ``Delayed'' Leads
183(1)
Multiparagraph Leads
184(1)
Using Quotations
184(1)
Using Questions
185(1)
Suspenseful Leads
186(1)
Descriptive Leads
186(1)
Shockers---Leads With a Twist
187(1)
Ironic Leads
187(1)
Direct-Address Leads
187(1)
Words Used in Unusual Ways
188(1)
Other Unusual Leads
188(1)
The Writing Coach---Too Many Words Can Muddle Writing
189(3)
Exercises
192(8)
The Body of a News Story
200(39)
The Inverted-Pyramid Style
200(6)
The Hourglass Style
206(2)
The Focus Style
208(3)
The Narrative Style
211(4)
Using Transitions
215(2)
Explain the Unfamiliar
217(2)
The Importance of Examples
219(1)
The Use of Description
219(2)
The Use of Humor
221(1)
The Need to Be Fair
221(1)
The Final Step: Edit Your Story
222(1)
Checklist for Writing News Stories
222(1)
The Writing Coach---How to Find the Endings to Stories
223(1)
Suggested Readings
223(1)
Exercises
224(15)
Quotations and Attribution
239(30)
Quotations
239(4)
Blending Quotations and Narrative
243(3)
Attribution
246(7)
Guidelines for Capitalizing and Punctuating Quotations
253(2)
Checklists for Quotations and Attribution
255(1)
A Memo From the Editor---Descriptive Writing: Turning a Good Story Into a Great Story
256(2)
Suggested Readings
258(1)
Useful Web Sites
259(1)
Exercises
260(9)
Interviews
269(23)
Why Am I Interviewing?
269(1)
Whom Should I Interview?
270(2)
When Should I Conduct My Interviews?
272(1)
Where Should I Conduct the Interview?
273(1)
What Questions Should I Ask?
274(1)
How Should I Conduct Interviews?
275(2)
Writing the Interview Story
277(1)
The Writing Coach---Figure It: Poetry Can Be in Newspaper Stories
278(1)
Suggested Readings
279(1)
Useful Web Sites
279(1)
Exercises
280(12)
Writing Obituaries
292(20)
Types of Death Reports
293(4)
Jim Nicholson: No. 1 in Obituaries
297(4)
Obituary Writing Considerations
301(1)
Checklists for Reporting and Writing Obituaries
302(1)
Suggested Readings
302(1)
Useful Web Sites
302(1)
Exercises
303(9)
Speeches and Meetings
312(31)
Advance Stories
312(1)
Covering the Speech or Meeting
313(1)
Follow Stories
314(3)
Internet Brings Pornography to Children, Researcher Says
317(3)
Remember Your Readers
320(1)
Adding Color
321(1)
Checklists for Reporting Speeches and Meetings
322(1)
The Writing Coach---Go Beyond the Stick
323(1)
Suggested Readings
323(1)
Useful Web Sites
323(1)
Exercises
324(19)
Specialized Types of Stories
343(25)
Brights
343(2)
Follow-ups
345(2)
Roundups
347(1)
Sidebars
347(1)
Checklists for Writing Specialized Stories
348(1)
A Memo From the Editor---History, Traditions and Culture: Old Glory and Noodle
349(2)
Suggested Readings
351(1)
Useful Web Sites
351(1)
Exercises
352(16)
Feature Stories
368(25)
Selecting a Topic and Gathering Information
368(2)
Types of Feature Stories
370(10)
Types of Feature Leads
380(1)
The Body of a Feature Story
381(1)
The Ending of a Feature Story
382(1)
What does It Take to Be a Top-Notch Writer?
383(1)
Suggested Readings
384(1)
Useful Web Sites
384(1)
Exercises
385(8)
Public Affairs Reporting
393(53)
Crime and Accidents
394(1)
Covering the Search for a Serial Killer
395(8)
Local Government
403(7)
Courts
410(6)
Checklists for Public Affairs Reporting
416(1)
A Note About This Chapter's Exercises
417(1)
The Writing Coach---The ``Knows'' Have It for Police and Court Reporters
417(1)
Suggested Readings
418(1)
Useful Web Sites
418(1)
Exercises
419(27)
Understanding and Using the Internet
446(21)
A Brief History
446(1)
Journalists and the Internet
447(1)
E-Mail
447(1)
Internet Addresses, Web Sites or URLs (Universal Resource Locators)
448(3)
Search Engines and Subject Directories
451(2)
Mailing Lists and Newsgroups
453(3)
Ethical Considerations
456(1)
Suggested Readings
457(1)
Useful Web Sites
457(1)
Exercises
458(9)
Advanced Reporting
467(31)
Using Statistics
468(1)
Conducting Informal Polls
469(2)
Using Computers to Get Answers
471(1)
Converging Media
472(1)
Checklist for Using Statistics
473(1)
Checklist for Conducting Informal Polls
473(1)
A Memo From the Editor---Good Writing's Great, but It's Not Enough
473(2)
Suggested Readings
475(1)
Exercises
476(22)
Writing for Broadcast
498(26)
Writing for Your Listener
498(3)
Writing for Your Announcer
501(1)
Leads for Broadcast Stories
502(2)
The Body of a Broadcast News Story
504(1)
Updating Broadcast News Stories
505(1)
Guidelines for Copy Preparation
505(2)
Editing Copy
507(1)
Putting Together a Newscast
508(1)
Sources for Broadcast News
509(1)
The Newsroom Environment
510(1)
Checklists for Broadcast News Writing
511(1)
Suggested Readings
511(1)
Useful Web Sites
511(1)
Exercises
512(12)
The News Media and PR Practitioners
524(37)
What Is Public Relations?
524(2)
Becoming a Public Relations Practitioner
526(1)
Working with News Media
526(1)
Elements of a News Release
527(3)
Types of News Releases
530(3)
The Journalist's Perspective: Working with Press Releases
533(1)
The No. 1 Problem: Lack of Newsworthiness
534(2)
The No. 2 Problem: Lack of Objectivity
536(2)
Other Problems with News Releases
538(2)
Some Final Guidelines
540(1)
Checklist for PR Practitioners
540(1)
Checklist for Handling News Releases
541(1)
Guest Column---Transparency Is Paramount
541(2)
Suggested Readings
543(1)
Exercises
544(17)
Communications Law
561(32)
Libel
561(11)
12 Steps for Avoiding Libel Suits
572(1)
Privacy
572(6)
Newsgathering
578(5)
Bar-Press Guidelines
583(1)
Checklists
584(2)
Suggested Readings
586(1)
Useful Web Sites
586(1)
Exercises
587(6)
Ethics
593(29)
Media Credibility
594(1)
Ethical Decision-Making
594(2)
Ethics Issues
596(14)
Codes of Ethics
610(1)
Checklist for Improving Media Credibility
610(1)
A Memo From the Editor---Some Thoughts on Plagiarism
611(2)
Suggested Readings
613(1)
Useful Web Sites
614(1)
Exercises
615(7)
Careers
622(9)
A Journalist's Attributes
623(1)
Be the Applicant Who Gets Hired
624(4)
The Industry Needs More Women and Minorities
628(1)
Freelance Writing
629(1)
Checklist for Finding the Right Journalism Job
629(1)
Suggested Readings
630(1)
Useful Web Sites
630(1)
Appendix A City Directory 631(15)
Appendix B The Associated Press Stylebook 646(9)
Appendix C Rules for Forming Possessives 655(2)
Appendix D Answer Keys 657(8)
Appendix E Common Writing Errors 665(4)
Credit Lines 669(2)
Index 671


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