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This single-volume guide equips students of sociolinguistics with a full set of methodological tools including data collection and analysis techniques, explained in clear and accessible terms by leading experts. It features project suggestions, troubleshooting tips, and data assessment across diverse languages.
- Explores an array of anthropological and scientific methods that cover the full spectrum of contemporary sociolinguistics, from the study of style and discourse analysis to the study of phonetics
- Details the types of data available, and explains collection methods ranging from sociolinguistic interviews to linguistic landscapes
- Provides comprehensive coverage of data analysis, subdivided into segments on linguistic and socio-cultural techniques, and linked to numerous languages
- Includes useful summaries, seasoned advice and troubleshooting tips, ideas for research projects, and a full directory of supplementary reading
Janet Holmes holds a personal Chair in Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. Her sociolinguistics teaching focuses on workplace discourse, New Zealand English, and language and gender. She is Director of the Wellington Language in the Workplace (LWP) project and a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Her many publications include The Handbook of Language and Gender (edited with M. Meyerhoff, Wiley-Blackwell, 2003), Leadership, Discourse and Ethnicity (with M. Marra and B. Vine, 2011), and An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, Fourth Edition (2013).
Kirk Hazen is Professor of Linguistics and director of the West Virginia Dialect Project at West Virginia University. He is the author of Dialect Change and Maintenance on the Outer Banks (with W. Wolfram and N. Schilling-Estes, 1998), Identity and Ethnicity in the Rural South: A Sociolinguistic View through Past and Present Be (2000), and An Introduction to Language (Wiley-Blackwell, 2014).
Table of Contents
Notes on Contributors vii
Symbols for Vowels Used in This Volume xiii
Articulatory Position of Vowels Used in This Volume xiv
Janet Holmes and Kirk Hazen
1 A Historical Assessment of Research Questions in Sociolinguistics 7
Part I Types of Data and Methods of Data Collection 23
2 Sociolinguistic Interviews 25
3 Written Surveys and Questionnaires in Sociolinguistics 42
4 Experimental Methods in Sociolinguistics 58
5 Computer-mediated Communication and Linguistic Landscapes 74
Part II Methods of Analysis 91
Focusing on Features of Language from a Sociolinguistic Perspective 92
6 Sociohistorical Analysis 93
7 Corpus Linguistics in Sociolinguistics 107
8 Phonetic Analysis in Sociolinguistics 119
Erik R. Thomas
9 Phonological Considerations in Sociophonetics 136
Paul Kerswill and Kevin Watson
10 Morphosyntactic Analysis in Sociolinguistics 149
11 Vocabulary Analysis in Sociolinguistic Research 163
12 Doing Discourse Analysis in Sociolinguistics 177
13 Words and Numbers: Statistical Analysis in Sociolinguistics 194
Gregory R. Guy
Focusing on Aspects of Sociocultural Context in Analyzing Language 211
14 Anthropological Analysis in Sociolinguistics 213
15 Conversation Analysis in Sociolinguistics 230
16 Geographical Dialectology 246
17 Speech Communities, Social Networks, and Communities of Practice 262
18 Analyzing Sociolinguistic Variation in Multilingual Contexts 276
19 Social Context, Style, and Identity in Sociolinguistics 290
20 Researching Children’s Acquisition of Sociolinguistic Competence 304