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Resources of the Earth : Origin, Use, and Environmental Impact,9780130834102
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Resources of the Earth : Origin, Use, and Environmental Impact

by ; ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780130834102

ISBN10:
0130834106
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2001
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $125.20

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This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 1/1/2001.
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Summary

Extensively illustrated, balanced, broadbased, and uptodate, this book explores the nature and critical issues of all major types of earth resources--energy, metallic, nonmetallic, water, soil--and the impacts that resource usage has on the earth environment. It provides geologic background of resource formation and occurrence of most of the various types of resources; offers an international perspective; discusses resources not only from the scientific point of view, but also from the point of economic, political, historical considerations; and considers how the extraction and use of the resources creates impacts--local or global, immediate or delayed, visible or invisible, singular or cumulative.Minerals: The Foundations of Society. Plate Tectonics and The Origins of Mineral Resources. Earth's Resources Through History. Environmental Impacts of Resource Exploitation and Use. Energy from Fossil Fuels. Nuclear Power and Alternative Energy Sources. Abundant Metals. The Geochemically Scare Metals. Fertilizer and Chemical Minerals. Building Materials and Other Industrial Minerals. Water Resources. Soil as a Resource. Future Resources.For anyone interested in earth resources.

Table of Contents

Preface vi
PART I INTRODUCTION AND THE ORIGIN OF RESOURCES 1(4)
Modern Society and Earth Resources: The Complex Network
1(1)
The Changing World
2(1)
Interdependence and Complexity
2(1)
The Earth -- Our Only Home
3(1)
The Formation of Earth Resources and Plate Tectonics
3(2)
Minerals: The Foundations of Society
5(18)
The World's Resource Needs
6(1)
Population Growth: The Force That Drives Resource Consumption
7(5)
Materials We Use
12(3)
Consequences of Resource Exploitation
15(5)
Resources, Reserves, and Ores
20(2)
Where Do Earth Resources Come From?
22(1)
Internet Information Sources
22(1)
CO2 and the Greenhouse Effect
13(3)
The Lessons of Busang and Bre-X
16(7)
The Origins of Earth Resources
23
Inroduction
24(1)
Plate Tectonics
24(2)
Subsurface Igneous and Metamorphic Processes
26(11)
Surface Processes
37(3)
Shallow Subsurface and Diagenetic Processes
40(2)
Marine Processes
42(2)
Conclusions
44(1)
Internet Information Sources
44
Fluid Inclusions
28(4)
Placer Deposits: Panning Gold and Mining Gravel
32(4)
Seabed Ownership
36
PART 2 HISTORY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF RESOURCE USAGE 5(234)
Historical Changes
45(1)
Environmental Impacts
46(3)
Earth Resources Through History
49(28)
Introduction
50(1)
Resources of Antiquity
51(1)
From Rome to the Renaissance
52(1)
Global Exploration and Colonialism
52(3)
Humans and Metals
55(5)
Modern Trends in Resource Usage
60(5)
Global Distribution and the International Flow of Resources
65(11)
Internet Information Sources
76(1)
The California Gold Rush
56(12)
The Industrial Revolution
68(9)
Environmental Impacts of Resource Exploitation and Use
77(52)
Introduction
78(1)
How Exploiting Resources Affects the Environment
79(21)
How Using Resources Affects the Environment
100(13)
Disposal or Recycling of Industrial and Domestic Waste Products
113(9)
Internet Information Sources
122(3)
Acid Rain
84
Radon
5(115)
The Move to Recycle
120(5)
PART 3 ENERGY
Fossil Fuels
125(2)
Nuclear Energy
127(1)
Alternative Energy
127(2)
Energy From Fossil Fuels
129(61)
Introduction
130(1)
Energy Units
131(1)
The Changing Use of Energy
131(2)
Fossil Fuels
133(55)
Future Fossil Fuel Resources
188(1)
Internet Information Sources
188(2)
The Persian Gulf War 1990-91: Oil, Politics, Environment
134(14)
The United States Strategic Petroleum Reserves
148(7)
Coal Bed Methane
155(24)
Plastics
179(11)
Energy for the Future---Nuclear Power and Other Possible Alternatives
190(49)
Introduction
191(1)
Nuclear Power---Uranium and Nuclear Fission
192(18)
Alternative Energy Sources
210(27)
The Future
237(1)
Internet Information Sources
237(2)
United States Nuclear Waste Storage-Yucca Mountain
201(15)
Chernobyl
216(12)
Hydroelectric Power
228(11)
PART 4 METALS 239(92)
History
239(1)
Types and Abundances of Metals
240(3)
Abundant Metals
243(36)
Metals and Their Properties
244(1)
The Nature of Ore Deposits
244(2)
Iron: The Backbone of Industry
246(15)
Manganese
261(3)
Aluminum, the Metal of the Twenty-first Century
264(7)
Titanium
271(1)
Megnesium
272(2)
Silicon
274(3)
Abundant Metals in the Future
277(1)
Internet Information Sources
278(1)
The Iron Ranges
252(13)
Making and Recycling Automobiles
265(11)
The Values of Metals
276(3)
The Geochemically Scarce Metals
279(52)
Production of the Geochemically Scarce Metals
280(1)
Distribution of Scarce Metals in the Crust
280(3)
Ore Minerals of the Scarce Metals
283(1)
Classification of the Scarce Metals by Usage
283(1)
The Ferro-Alloy Metals
284(13)
The Base Metals
297(15)
The Precious Metals
312(13)
The Special Metals
325(4)
Internet Information Sources
329(2)
Lead in the Environment
287(21)
More than Zinc from a Zinc Mine
308(11)
Gold Extraction Using Mercury and Cyanide
319(12)
PART 5 FERTILIZER, CHEMICAL CONSTRUCTION, AND INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES 331(70)
Construction and Industrial Minerals
331(1)
Fertilizer and Chemicals Minerals
332(3)
Fertilizer and Chemical Minerals
335(27)
Introduction
336(1)
Minerals for Fertilizers
336(1)
Historical Overview of Fertilizers
336(5)
Nitrogen
341(1)
Phosphorus
342(3)
Potassium
345(3)
Sulfur
348(1)
Minerals for Chemicals
349(12)
Fertilizer and Chemical Minerals in the Future
361(1)
Internet Information Sources
361(1)
The Early Potash Industry and U.S. Patent Number 1
339(19)
Lake Peigneur, Where Oil and Salt did not Mix
358(2)
Minerals in Foods, Medicines, and Cosmetics
360(2)
Building Materials and Other Industrial Minerals
362(39)
Introduction
363(1)
Untreated Rock Products
364(9)
Treated Rock Products
373(8)
Other Major Industrial Minerals
381(13)
Gemstones
394(5)
The Future for Building Materials and Industrial Minerals
399(1)
Internet Information Sources
399(2)
Marble for the Masters
367(15)
What Is This Page Made Of?
382(7)
Synthetic Diamonds
389(12)
PART 6 WATER AND SOIL FOR LIFE SUPPORT 401(96)
Water
401(1)
Soil
402(3)
Water Resources
405(57)
Introduction
406(1)
The Global Distribution of Water
406(19)
Our Use of Water
425(17)
Potential Water Problems
442(11)
Large-Scale Transportation and Diversion Systems
453(7)
Internet Information Sources
460(2)
Restoring a River: The Kissimmee
414(16)
Water for New York City
430(11)
Water in the Middle East
441(16)
The Death of a Lake---The Aral Sea
457(5)
Soil as a Resource
462(24)
Introduction
463(1)
Soil Formation and Distribution
463(9)
Soil Type and Land Use
472(6)
Erosion and Deterioration of Soils
478(3)
Conservation---The Keyword for Soil Science
481(3)
Internet Information Sources
484(2)
How Fast Does Soil Form?
468(5)
The Dust Bowl
473(4)
Selenium Poisoning in the San Joaquin Valley
477(5)
Deforestation, Soil Erosion, and the Destruction of Environmental Assets
482(4)
Future Resources
486(11)
Introduction
487(1)
Future Mineral Resources
487(3)
Metals for the Future
490(1)
Fertilizers and Chemicals for the Future
491(1)
Building and Industrial Materials for the Future
491(1)
Energy for the Future
491(3)
The Future of Alternative Energy Sources
494(1)
Water and Soil for the Future
495(1)
Technology and Innovation
495(1)
Internet Information Sources
496(1)
Appendix: Calendar of Earth Resources Events 497(5)
Glossary 502(8)
Index 510


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