9781849710701

Responsible Tourism : Critical Issues for Conservation and Development

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781849710701

  • ISBN10:

    1849710708

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-04-23
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis

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Summary

‘Responsible Tourism presents a wide variety of valuable lessons learned in responsible tourism initiatives in Southern Africa that many tourism practitioners can use in their efforts to make the tourism sector work for the poor and for the environment.’Dr Harsh Varma, Director, Development Assistance Department, World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)‘For those interested in how tourism can assist in the economic and social development of societies in need, Responsible Tourism effectively integrates scales and types of knowledge to present an informative, stimulating perspective. It will be on my bookshelf.’Steve McCool, Professor Emeritus, Wildland Recreation Management, University of Montana‘Responsible tourism is one of the most significant contemporary issues for tourism scholars and practitioners alike. This useful and clearly written collection of new research demonstrates the innovations in responsible tourism occurring within southern Africa and provides lessons for international research and practice.’Professor Christian Rogerson, University of Witwatersrand, South AfricaConservation efforts are often seen to be in conflict with local livelihoods and resource use - the ‘park versus people’ debate. ‘Responsible tourism’ and ‘Ecotourism’ are often invoked as a third way that serve both ends. Yet do they actually work in practice?This volume delves deep into practice in southern Africa, the hotbed of innovation on the issue, and provides a comprehensive, evidence-based examination of what works and what fails, using a wealth of information from scholars and practitioners working in the region. This book opens with an overview of the issues, looks at what sustainable and responsible tourism are in practice and how they may contribute to conservation, poverty alleviation and local economic development. Part 1 examines policies and institutional activities in responsible tourism by governments, donor agencies and nongovernmental organizations, and addresses the market for responsible travel. Part 2 considers responsible nature-based tourism, the economics of wildlife tourism and ecotourism, transfrontier conservation areas, ecological impacts of tourism and other issues. Part 3 looks at more detailed case studies of community-based tourism projects, and highlights the reasons for successes and failures in this sector. The book concludes with a synthesis of the key findings with implications for policy, destination planning, business management, and future private sector and donor interventions.Published with the Southern African Sustainable Use Specialist Group (SASUSG) of IUCN

Author Biography

Dr Anna Spenceley is an independent consultant and a Director of the International Centre for Responsible Tourism - South Africa. She is also a former post-doctoral researcher at the Transboundary Protected Areas Research Initiative of the University of the Witwatersrand and is Associate Editor of Evolution and Innovation in Wildlife Conservation (2008).

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables and Boxesp. vii
List of Contributorsp. xiii
Foreword by UNWTOp. xix
Prefacep. xxi
Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. xxv
Introduction: Responsible Tourism in Southern Africap. 1
Policies, Institutional Interventions and Market Forces
Local Economic Development in Mozambique: An Assessment of the Implementation of Tourism Policy as a Means to Promote Local Economiesp. 27
Ecotourism in Madagascar: How a Sleeping Beauty is Finally Awakeningp. 41
Public-Private Partnerships in South African National Parks: The Rationale, Benefits and Lessons Learnedp. 69
A Perspective on Community-based Tourism from South Africa: The TRANSFORM Programme, 1996-2007p. 85
Responsible Tourism and the Tourism Industry: A Demand and Supply Perspectivep. 107
The Development Impacts of Tourism Supply Chains: Increasing Impact on Poverty and Decreasing Our Ignorancep. 129
Responsible Nature-based Tourism
Impacts of Wildlife Tourism on Rural Livelihoods in Southern Africap. 159
Tourism in Transfrontier Conservation Areas: The Kavango-Zambezi TFCAp. 187
The Realities of Ecotourism Development in Botswanap. 205
Citizen Participation in the Lodge Sector of the Okavango Deltap. 225
The Impacts of Tourism Initiatives on Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction in South Africa: Mathenjwa and Mqobelap. 239
Madikwe Game Reserve, South Africa-Investment and Employmentp. 267
Community-based Tourism
Local Impacts of Community-based Tourism in Southern Africap. 285
Livelihoods, Conservation and Community-based Tourism in Tanzania: Potential and Performancep. 305
The Unsustainability of Community Tourism Donor Projects: Lessons from Zambiap. 323
Community-based Tourism and Natural Resource Management in Namibia: Local and National Economic Impactsp. 343
Conclusions
Implications of Responsible Tourism for Conservation and Development in Southern Africap. 361
Indexp. 375
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