This four-genre, thematically-arranged collection groups together selections that retell the same story or events: three interpretations of Cinderella from Walt Disney, The Brothers Grimm, and a Chinese folktale, for example, or the myth of Oedipus as told by Sophocles, Rita Dove, Randall Jarrell, amd Sigmund Freud. "Retellings" includes many frequently taught works of fiction, poetry, drama, and non-fiction, as well as visual texts, and offers a complete introduction to reading, interpreting, and writing about literature.
Table of Contents
Preface to the Instructor
Preface to the Student: Every Story Tells a Story that Has Already Been Told
PART I. READING LITERATURE: THE BIG PICTURE
CHAPTER 1. TELLING AND RETELLING STORIES
READING AND INTERPRETATION
The Influence of Culture: Three Tellings of "Cinderella"
Chinese story of Cinderella, "Yeh-hsien"
The Influence of Time
The Importance of Perspective
Riddling: Multiple Perspectives
Atwood, "you fit into me"
Plath, "Metaphors" (exercise)
Parody: Arnold's "Dover Beach" and Hecht's "The Dover Bitch"
READING CRITICALLY AND THINKING CRITICALLY: WHAT VERSUS HOW AND WHY
Atwood, "Happy Endings"
CHAPTER 2. READING ACROSS GENRES: THE ELEMENTS OF LITERATURE
TELLING THE TALE: THE ROLE OF THE SPEAKER
Browning, "Porphyria’s Lover"
GETTING TO KNOW THE PEOPLE: CHARACTER AND CHARACTERIZATION
Silko, "Yellow Woman"
TIME AND PLACE: LOOKING AT SETTING
The Physical Setting
The Temporal Setting
Retelling Time and Place
APPEALS TO THE SENSES: SOUND AND VISUAL IMAGERY
Sound and Sense
Frost, "Stopping by Woods"
Sight and Sense
Shakespeare, Sonnet 73 and Snodgrass, two retellings of Shakespeare's Sonnet 73 (exercise)
THE READER"S ROLE: THE IMPORTANCE OF AUDIENCE
Differing World Views
Finding the Evidence
Roethke, "My Papa's Waltz"
PART II. READING DIFFERENT GENRES
CHAPTER 3. READING SHORT FICTION
Chopin, "The Story of an Hour"
ELEMENTS OF FICTION
The Narrator/Point of View
CHAPTER 4. READING POETRY
THE LANGUAGE OF POETRY
cummings, "in Just-"
RHYTHM AND RHYME
The Beat Goes On: Stress and Sense in Poetry
Donne, "Batter My Heart"
Dickinson, "Because I Could Not Stop for Death"
Donne, "Death, Be Not Proud" (exercise)
Traditional Metrical Patterns
Alliteration and Assonance
POETIC STRUCTURE AND GENRE
Shakespeare, Sonnet 73 ("That time of year")
CHAPTER 5. READING DRAMA
Valdez, Los Vendidos
ELEMENTS OF DRAMA
The Absence of the Narrator
Plot and Structure
Two movie stills for Hamlet
Setting and Staging
The Audience and Dramatic Irony
DRAMATIC CONVENTIONS: THE FOURTH WALL
TYPES OF DRAMA
CHAPTER 6. READING NONFICTION AND OTHER NON-LITERARY TEXTS
Types of Essays
The Narrative Essay
The Descriptive Essay
The Argumentative or Analytical Essay
Rapping, "In Praise of Roseanne"
Elements of Essays
Tone and Style
CRITICAL READING AND NONFICTION: "RETELLING" STORIES OF "FACT"
READING OTHER TEXTS
Buying a Story: Advertising
The New Beetle (graphic)
Storytelling in Film and Television
Frame from The English Patient
Elements of Film and Television
Film, Television, and Drama
Film and Fiction
PART III. WRITING ABOUT LITERATURE
CHAPTER 7. WRITING FROM START TO FINISH
GETTING READY TO WRITE
Keeping a Journal and Freewriting
Annotating a Text
Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress"
Summarizing the Work
Playing with Word Associations
Asking Reporters' Questions
MOVING TOWARD A THESIS
Finding Some Answers
Formulating the Thesis Question
MOVING TOWARD THE FIRST DRAFT
Writing Notes and Questions
A Rough Outline
THE PARTS OF THE PAPER: WORKING ON THE INTRODUCTION, BODY, AND CONCLUSION
The Body Paragraphs: Supplying the Argument and Using Evidence
Writing a Conclusion
REVISING AND EDITING
A Note on Writing with a Word Processor
PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
Johnson, "'In Thy Marble Vault’: Violence and Coercion in Andrew Marvell's 'To His Coy Mistress’" (student essay)
PART IV. TELLINGS AND RETELLINGS
CHAPTER 8. MONSTERS AND HEROES
Frontispiece: John Tenniel's Illustration of "Jabberwocky"
AN ALBUM OF RETELLINGS:
The Modern Monster
Oates, "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Visual from Smooth Talk
Moser, "The Pied Piper of Tucson"
Dylan, "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue"
Grien, Death and the Maiden
Carter, "The Fall River Ax Murders"
McGovern and Powers, Three Lyrics from Lizzie Borden (a musical)
"The House on the Hill"
"I Cry Alone"
"In a New Light" (from The New York Recorder)
"Will Go to the Jury To-Day" (from The New York Times)
"'Guilty-No! No!"" (from Sunday Post)
King, "A WASP Looks at Lizzie Borden"
The Borden Home (website for Lizzie Borden Bed and Breakfast and Museum)
The Wandering Hero: The Odysseus Story
Selections from Homer
Howard, "Ithaca: The Palace at 4 a.m."
Pastan, "Rereading The Odyssey in Middle Age"
Dickey (William), "Telemachus"
Glück, "Telemachus" Fantasy"
A Brief Introduction to Shakespeare's Theater
Blurring the Line: The Tempest
Shakespeare, The Tempest
Poster for Forbidden Planet
Condon, "The Usurped Turns Usurper" (student writing)
Goto, "Miranda Cries . . ."
Greger, "Miranda on the British Isles"
Hecht (Roger), "Ferdinand to Prospero at Milan"
Césaire, A Tempest
FURTHER REFLECTIONS: A Collection of Works on the Theme of Monsters and Heroes
Browning, "My Last Duchess"
Cummings, "Buffalo Bill's"
Housman, "To An Athlete Dying Young"
Keats, "La Belle Dame Sans Merci"
Atwood, "Rape Fantasies"
Marquez, "A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings"
O'Connor, "A Good Man Is Hard To Find"
Poe, "The Tell-Tale Heart"
Engle, "What Makes Superman So Darned American?"
MAKING CONNECTIONS: Chapter Questions on the Theme of Monsters and Heroes
CHAPTER 9. LOVE AND FRIENDSHIP
Frontispiece: Gerôme's Pygmalion and Galatea
Petrarch, Sonnet 130
Shakespeare, Sonnet 126 (My Mistress's Eyes)
Hayden, "Those Winter Sundays"
AN ALBUM OF RETELLINGS
In Praise of the Beloved
Shakespeare, "Shall I Compare Thee"
Moss, "Shall I Compare Thee"
The Wooing Game
Marlowe, "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love"
Raleigh, "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd"
Donne, "The Bait"
C. Day Lewis, "Song"
Williams, "Raleigh Was Right"
Nash, "Love under the Republicans (or Democrats)"
Love and Marriage
Li Po, "Song from Chang-Kan"
Pound, "The River Merchant's Wife: A Letter"
Hirsch, "The River Merchant"
A Question of Fidelity
Chekhov, "The Lady with the Pet Dog"
Oates, "The Lady with the Pet Dog"
Charamuga, on "The Two Worlds of Gurov" (student writing)
Bringing Up the Past
Gallagher, "Rain Flooding Your Campfire"
Gallagher, "The Harvest" (excerpt)
The Family and Beyond: The Story of Ruth
Hebrew Ruth story
Piercy, "The Book of Ruth and Naomi"
Rothschild, "Growing Up and Older with Ruth"
Plate of the Cluny La Vue (Sight) tapestry (from The Lady and the Unicorn series)
Sarton, "The Lady and the Unicorn: The Cluny Tapestries"
The Unicorn in Captivity
Lindbergh, "The Unicorn in Captivity"
Thurber, "The Unicorn in the Garden"
FURTHER REFLECTIONS: A Collection of Works on the Theme of Love and Friendship
Blake, "The Sick Rose"
Ginsberg, "Supermarket in California"
Hughes, "Mother to Son"
Liu, "My Father's Martial Art"
Mirikitani, "Desert Flowers"
Piercy, "A Work of Artifice"
Song, "The Youngest Daughter"
Faulkner, "A Rose for Emily"
Gilman, "The Yellow Wallpaper"
Munro, "The Found Boat"
Olsen, "I Stand Here Ironing"
Walker, "Everyday Use"
A Brief Introduction to the Modern Theater
Still from a 1994 film version of Oleanna
EssayDidion, "Some Dreamers of the Golden Dream"
MAKING CONNECTIONS: Chapter Questions on the Theme of Love and Friendship
CHAPTER 10. LIFE PASSAGES
Frontispiece: Album Cover for Def Leppard’s Retro ActiveHall, "My Son My Executioner"
AN ALBUM OF RETELLINGS:
Childhood and Innocence: Little Red Riding Hood