9781405108621

Retrieving the Ancients : An Introduction to Greek Philosophy

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781405108621

  • ISBN10:

    1405108622

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2004-06-18
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Retrieving the Ancients tells the story of the first philosophers in the West. Beginning with Thales, who correctly predicted an eclipse in 585 BC, and culminating in a discussion of the works of Aristotle, who died in 322 BC, Roochnikrs"s work provides a clear and engaging introduction to one of the most fertile periods in the history of human thought. The author presents the history of Greek philosophy as an unfolding conversation, with the key thinkers engaged with and responding to their predecessors. Elegantly and compellingly written, Roochnik demonstrates the abiding relevance of this conversation to the modern reader. In retrieving the ancients, he argues, we help to illuminate ourselves.

Author Biography

David Roochnik is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Boston University. His previous publications Of Art and Wisdom: Plato’s Understanding of Techne (1996) and Beautiful City: The Dialectical Character of Plato’s Republic (2003). In addition to his scholarly work in the field of ancient Greek philosophy, he has also published a short story and has recently completed a novel.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1(10)
Two Reasons to Study Ancient Greek Philosophy
1(5)
The Organization and Strategy of This Book
6(5)
1 The Presocratics 11(55)
Preliminaries
11(1)
Before the Beginning: Hesiod
12(5)
The Ionian Philosophers of the Sixth Century
17(14)
a) The Beginning: Thales of Miletus
17(4)
b) The First Debate: Anaximander v. Anaximenes
21(4)
c) Sixth-Century Rationalism: Xenophanes and Pythagoras
25(5)
d) The Crisis of Sixth-Century Philosophy
30(1)
Heraclitus and Parmenides: Extreme Solutions
31(18)
a) Heraclitus: Lover of Flux
31(10)
b) Parmenides: Champion of Being
41(8)
Fifth-Century Elementalism
49(17)
a) Democritus: Atomic Theory
50(8)
b) Empedocles: Evolution
58(4)
c) Anaxagoras
62(4)
2 The Sophists and Socrates 66(25)
A New Beginning: The Sophists
66(2)
Protagoras
68(8)
Gorgias
76(4)
Socrates
80(11)
3 Plato 91(68)
Preliminaries
91(2)
Plato's Critique of the Presocratics
93(8)
Plato's Critique of the Sophists
101(14)
a) The "Self-Reference" Argument
101(2)
b) The Reductio ad Absurdum
103(4)
c) "What is it?"
107(7)
d) "The Old Quarrel": Philosophy v. Sophistry
114(1)
Recollection
115(11)
a) The Phaedo
115(4)
b) The Meno
119(7)
The Divided Line and the Form of the Good
126(8)
a) The Divided Line
126(6)
b) The Form of the Good
132(2)
Eros
134(12)
The Political Implications of the Forms
146(13)
4 Aristotle 159(71)
Preliminaries
159(5)
Aristotle's Conception of Nature
164(21)
a) "By Nature"
164(9)
b) Form and Matter
173(4)
c) The Four Causes
177(8)
Aristotle's Psychology
185(14)
Teleological Ethics
199(15)
a) Moral Virtue
199(11)
b) Intellectual Virtue
210(4)
Natural Politics
214(11)
a) The Political Animal
214(6)
b) Best Life; Best City
220(5)
Conclusion
225(5)
References 230(5)
Index 235

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