Preface | p. xiii |

List of Abbreviations | p. xv |

List of Symbols | p. xvii |

Introduction | p. 1 |

Radiofrequency and Microwave Applications | p. 1 |

Frequency Bands | p. 2 |

Physical Phenomena in the High Frequency Domain | p. 4 |

Electrically Short Transmission Line | p. 4 |

Transmission Line with Length Greater than One-Tenth of Wavelength | p. 6 |

Radiation and Antennas | p. 7 |

Outline of the Following Chapters | p. 8 |

References | p. 9 |

Electromagnetic Fields and Waves | p. 11 |

Electric and Magnetic Fields | p. 11 |

Electrostatic Fields | p. 11 |

Steady Electric Current and Magnetic Fields | p. 18 |

Differential Vector Operations | p. 23 |

Maxwell's Equations | p. 24 |

Differential Form in the Time Domain | p. 25 |

Differential Form for Harmonic Time Dependence | p. 26 |

Integral Form | p. 27 |

Constitutive Relations and Material Properties | p. 29 |

Interface Conditions | p. 32 |

Classification of Electromagnetic Problems | p. 34 |

Static Fields | p. 34 |

Quasi-Static Fields | p. 34 |

Coupled Electromagnetic Fields | p. 35 |

Skin Effect | p. 36 |

Electromagnetic Waves | p. 39 |

Wave Equation and Plane Waves | p. 39 |

Polarization of Waves | p. 43 |

Reflection and Refraction | p. 46 |

Spherical Waves | p. 53 |

Summary | p. 55 |

Problems | p. 55 |

References | p. 57 |

Further Reading | p. 57 |

Transmission Line Theory and Transient Signals on Lines | p. 59 |

Transmission Line Theory | p. 59 |

Equivalent Circuit of a Line Segment | p. 59 |

Telegrapher's Equation | p. 61 |

Voltage and Current Waves on Transmission Lines | p. 63 |

Load-Terminated Transmission Line | p. 67 |

Input Impedance | p. 69 |

Loss-less Transmission Lines | p. 71 |

Low-loss Transmission Lines | p. 74 |

Transmission Line with Different Terminations | p. 75 |

Impedance Transformation with Loss-less Lines | p. 83 |

Reflection Coefficient | p. 84 |

Smith Chart | p. 87 |

Transient Signals on Transmission Lines | p. 91 |

Step Function | p. 91 |

Rectangular Function | p. 101 |

Eye Diagram | p. 102 |

Summary | p. 104 |

Problems | p. 106 |

References | p. 107 |

Further Reading | p. 107 |

Transmission Lines and Waveguides | p. 109 |

Overview | p. 109 |

Coaxial Line | p. 112 |

Specific Inductance and Characteristic Impedance | p. 112 |

Attenuation of Low-loss Transmission Lines | p. 115 |

Technical Frequency Range | p. 117 |

Areas of Application | p. 119 |

Microstrip Line | p. 119 |

Characteristic Impedance and Effective Permittivity | p. 119 |

Dispersion and Technical Frequency Range | p. 123 |

Areas of Application | p. 124 |

Stripline | p. 124 |

Characteristic Impedance | p. 124 |

Technical Frequency Range | p. 125 |

Coplanar Line | p. 126 |

Characteristic Impedance and Effective Permittivity | p. 127 |

Coplanar Waveguide over Ground | p. 128 |

Coplanar Waveguides and Air Bridges | p. 129 |

Technical Frequency Range | p. 130 |

Areas of Application | p. 130 |

Rectangular Waveguide | p. 130 |

Electromagnetic Waves between Electric Side Walls | p. 131 |

Dominant Mode (TE10) | p. 135 |

Higher Order Modes | p. 138 |

Areas of Application | p. 139 |

Excitation of Waveguide Modes | p. 140 |

Cavity Resonators | p. 141 |

Circular Waveguide | p. 143 |

Two-Wire Line | p. 147 |

Characteristic Impedance | p. 148 |

Areas of Application | p. 148 |

Three-Conductor Transmission Line | p. 149 |

Even and Odd Modes | p. 149 |

Characteristic Impedances and Propagation Constants | p. 152 |

Line Termination for Even and Odd Modes | p. 154 |

Problems | p. 154 |

References | p. 155 |

Scattering Parameters | p. 157 |

Multi-Port Network Representations | p. 157 |

Normalized Power Waves | p. 159 |

Scattering Parameters and Power | p. 161 |

S-Parameter Representation of Network Properties | p. 164 |

Matching | p. 164 |

Complex Conjugate Matching | p. 165 |

Reciprocity | p. 167 |

Symmetry | p. 168 |

Passive and Loss-less Circuits | p. 168 |

Unilateral Circuits | p. 169 |

Specific Characteristics of Three-Port Networks | p. 169 |

Calculation of S-Parameters | p. 170 |

Reflection Coefficients | p. 170 |

Transmission Coefficients | p. 170 |

Renormalization | p. 173 |

Signal Flow Method | p. 175 |

One-Port Network/Load Termination | p. 176 |

Source | p. 176 |

Two-Port Network | p. 176 |

Three-Port Network | p. 177 |

Four-Port Network | p. 178 |

S-Parameter Measurement | p. 181 |

Problems | p. 184 |

References | p. 186 |

Further Reading | p. 186 |

RF Components and Circuits | p. 187 |

Equivalent Circuits of Concentrated Passive Components | p. 187 |

Resistor | p. 187 |

Capacitor | p. 189 |

Inductor | p. 191 |

Transmission Line Resonator | p. 192 |

Half-Wave Resonator | p. 193 |

Quarter-Wave Resonator | p. 194 |

Impedance Matching | p. 196 |

LC-Networks | p. 196 |

Matching Using Distributed Elements | p. 199 |

Filter | p. 203 |

Classical LC-Filter Design | p. 203 |

Butterworth Filter | p. 205 |

Transmission Line Filter | p. 211 |

Edge-Coupled Line Filter | p. 212 |

Hairpin Filter | p. 212 |

Stepped Impedance Filter | p. 218 |

Parasitic Box Resonance | p. 219 |

Waveguide Filter | p. 220 |

Circulator | p. 222 |

Power Divider | p. 223 |

Wilkinson Power Divider | p. 223 |

Unequal Split Power Divider | p. 224 |

Branchline Coupler | p. 227 |

Conventional 3 dB Coupler | p. 227 |

Unequal Split Branchline Coupler | p. 229 |

Rat Race Coupler | p. 231 |

Directional Coupler | p. 231 |

Balanced-to-Unbalanced Circuits | p. 234 |

Electronic Circuits | p. 236 |

Mixers | p. 238 |

Amplifiers and Oscillators | p. 240 |

RF Design Software | p. 242 |

RF Circuit Simulators | p. 242 |

Problems | p. 246 |

References | p. 247 |

Further Reading | p. 248 |

Antennas | p. 249 |

Fundamental Parameters | p. 249 |

Nearfield and Farfield | p. 249 |

Isotropic Radiator | p. 252 |

Radiation Pattern and Related Parameters | p. 252 |

Impedance Matching and Bandwidth | p. 257 |

Standard Types of Antennas | p. 259 |

Mathematical Treatment of the Hertzian Dipole | p. 262 |

Wire Antennas | p. 266 |

Half-Wave Dipole | p. 266 |

Monopole | p. 268 |

Concepts for Reducing Antenna Height | p. 270 |

Planar Antennas | p. 271 |

Rectangular Patch Antenna | p. 272 |

Circularly Polarizing Patch Antennas | p. 278 |

Planar Dipole and Inverted-F Antenna | p. 280 |

Antenna Arrays | p. 280 |

Single Element Radiation Pattern and Array Factor | p. 280 |

Phased Array Antennas | p. 285 |

Beam Forming | p. 290 |

Modern Antenna Concepts | p. 293 |

Problems | p. 293 |

References | p. 294 |

Further Reading | p. 294 |

Radio Wave Propagation | p. 295 |

Propagation Mechanisms | p. 295 |

Reflection and Refraction | p. 295 |

Absorption | p. 296 |

Diffraction | p. 296 |

Scattering | p. 298 |

Doppler Effect | p. 300 |

Basic Propagation Models | p. 302 |

Free Space Loss | p. 302 |

Attenuation of Air | p. 305 |

Plane Earth Loss | p. 305 |

Point-to-Point Radio Links | p. 310 |

Layered Media | p. 312 |

Path Loss Models | p. 314 |

Multipath Environment | p. 314 |

Clutter Factor Model | p. 317 |

Okumura-Hata Model | p. 317 |

Physical Models and Numerical Methods | p. 319 |

Problems | p. 321 |

References | p. 321 |

Further Reading | p. 322 |

| p. 323 |

Coordinate Systems | p. 323 |

Cartesian Coordinate System | p. 323 |

Cylindrical Coordinate System | p. 324 |

Spherical Coordinate System | p. 325 |

Logarithmic Representation | p. 326 |

Dimensionless Quantities | p. 326 |

Relative and Absolute Ratios | p. 327 |

Link Budget | p. 328 |

Index | p. 331 |

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