9780134080376

Rhetorical Grammar Grammatical Choices, Rhetorical Effects

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780134080376

  • ISBN10:

    0134080378

  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/4/2016
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

For courses in first-year composition and rhetoric.

Grammar as a valuable tool for the writer

Rhetorical Grammar encourages writers to recognize and use the grammatical and stylistic choices available to them, and to understand the rhetorical effects of those choices on their readers. Kolin and Gray ask students to regard sentence structure as a toolkit – and its application an artful way to elicit a desired emotion or reaction – rather than a list of tedious rules to remember. In this way, grammar is defined as an intellectual exercise that opens students' minds to the versatility, beauty, and possibilities of language.

 

The Eighth Edition offers a more intuitive content organization, updated passage selections, and current exercises and examples. It maintains its hallmark revision strategies and systematic discussions about reader expectations, sentence rhythm and cohesion, subordination and coordination, punctuation, modification, diction, and many other essential principles.

 

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Table of Contents

PART I.  The Structure of Sentences

 

1.  A Review of Words and Phrases

Chapter Preview

Open Classes

Nouns and Verbs

The Noun Phrase

The Verb Phrase

NP + VP = S

Adjectives and Adverbs

Prepositional Phrases

Key Terms

 

 

2. Sentence Patterns

Chapter Preview

Rhetorical Effects

The Be Patterns

The Linking Verb Pattern

The Intransitive Verb Pattern

The Basic Transitive Verb Pattern

Transitive Patterns with Two Complements

Sentence Pattern Summary

The Optional Adverbial

Questions and Commands

Punctuation and the Sentence Patterns

Basic Patterns in Prose

The Short Paragraph

Key Terms

Rhetorical Reminders

Punctuation Reminder

 

 

3. Our Versatile Verbs

Chapter Preview

The Expanded Verb

Using the Expanded Verbs

Special Uses of the Present Tense

Other Auxiliaries

Do-Support

Modal Auxiliaries

The Passive Voice

Forms of the Passive Voice

Using the Passive Voice

The Missing Agent

Well-Chosen Verbs: Showing, Not Telling

Key Terms

Rhetorical Reminders

 

 

4. Coordination and Subordination

Chapter Preview

Coordination within the Sentence

Parallel Structure

Coordination of the Series

Climax

Coordination with Correlative Conjunctions

Subject-Verb Agreement

Compound Sentences

Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Phrases

Compound Sentences with Semicolons

Compound Sentences with Colons

Punctuation Pitfalls

The Compound Sentence: Punctuation Review

Subordination: The Dependent Clauses

Effective Coordination and Subordination

Key Terms

Rhetorical Reminders

Punctuation Reminders

 

 

PART II.  Making Choices: Form and Function

 

5. Choosing Adverbials

Chapter Preview

The Movable Adverbials 

Adverb Phrases 

Prepositional Phrases 

The Proliferating Prepositional Phrase 

Noun Phrases 

Verb Phrases 

Dependent Clauses

Punctuation of Adverbial Clauses

The Movability of Adverbial Clauses 

The Because-Clause Myth 

The Elliptical Adverbial Clause

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders

Punctuation Reminders

 

 

6.  Choosing Adjectivals

Chapter Preview

The Noun Phrase

Preheadword Modifiers

Determiners

Adjectives and Nouns

Modifier Noun Proliferation

Postheadword Modifiers

Prepositional Phrases

Adjective Phrases

Participial Phrases

The Prenoun Participle

The Movable Participial Phrase

The Dangling Participle

Relative Clauses

The Relatives

The Broad-Reference Clause

Punctuation of Phrases and Clauses

A Punctuation Rule Revisited

Key Terms

Rhetorical Reminders

Punctuation Reminders

 

 

7. Choosing Nominals

Chapter Preview

Appositives

Colons and Dashes with Appositives

Avoiding Punctuation Errors

The Sentence Appositive

Nominal Verb Phrases

Gerunds

The Dangling Gerund

The Subject of the Gerund

Infinitives

Nominal Clauses

Nominals as Delayed Subjects

Key Terms

Rhetorical Reminders

Punctuation Reminders

 

 

8. Other Stylistic Variations

Chapter Preview

Style

Absolute Phrases

The Coordinate Series

Repetition

Word-Order Variation

Ellipsis

Antithesis

The Deliberate Fragment

Key Terms

Rhetorical Reminders

Punctuation Reminders

 

 

PART III.  Controlling the Message

 

9. Cohesion

Chapter Preview

Reader Expectation

Repetition

The Known–New Contract

The Role of Pronouns

Personal Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

The Role of the Passive Voice

Other Sentence Inversions

Parallelism

Parallelism and Repetition versus Redundancy and Wordiness

Key Terms

Rhetorical Reminders

 

 

10. Sentence Rhythm

Chapter Preview

Your Sense of Rhythm

End Focus

Controlling Rhythm

The It-Cleft

The What-Cleft

The There-Transformation

Transitional Phrases and Conjunctive Adverbs

Power Words

Adverbials of Emphasis

The Common Only

Correlative Conjunctions

Key Terms

Rhetorical Reminders

Punctuation Reminder

 

 

11. The Writer’s Voice

Chapter Preview 

Tone 

Diction 

Metaphor 

Verbs and Formality 

Nominalized Verbs and Abstract Subjects 

Contractions 

Metadiscourse 

Point of View 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders 

 

 

PART IV.  Your Way with Words

 

12. Words and Word Classes

Chapter Preview 

Your Lexicon 

Parts of Speech 

The Open Classes 

Nouns

Plural-Only Forms

Collective Nouns 

Proper Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs 

Derivational Affixes 

The Closed Classes 

Determiners

Auxiliaries 

Qualifiers 

Prepositions 

Particles 

Conjunctions 

Pronouns 

Personal Pronouns 

The Missing Pronoun 

Case Errors 

The Unwanted Apostrophe

The Ambiguous Antecedent

Reflexive Pronouns 

Intensive Pronouns 

Reciprocal Pronouns 

Demonstrative Pronouns 

Indefinite Pronouns

The Everyone/Their Issue 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders

 

 

PART V.  Punctuation

 

13. Punctuation: Its Purposes and Its Rhetorical Effects

Chapter Preview

The Purposes of Punctuation Marks

Syntax

Prosody

Semantics

Open and Close Punctuation

The Rhetorical Effects of Punctuation

Key Terms

 

Glossary of Punctuation

Glossary of Terms

Bibliography

Answers to the Exercises

Index

 

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