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This collection of readings in moral theory and moral issues from major Western philosophers is the ideal companion reader for James Rachels' text The Elements of Moral Philosophy. The anthology explores further the theories and issues introduced in that volume, in their original and classic formulations. The collection can stand on its own as the text for a course in moral philosophy, or it can be used to supplement any introductory text.
Table of Contents
About the Authors
1. A Short Introduction to Moral Philosophy, James Rachels
2. Some Basic Points about Arguments, James Rachels
3. Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill
4. Utilitarianism and Integrity, Bernard Williams
5. The Experience Machine, Robert Nozick
OTHER THEORETICAL ESSAYS
6. The Subjectivity of Values, J. L. Mackie
7. The Categorical Imperative, Immanuel Kant
8. The Virtues, Aristotle
9. Master Morality and Slave Morality, Friedrich Nietzsche
10. Caring Relations and Principles of Justice, Virginia Held
11. Why Abortion Is Immoral, Don Marquis
12. A Defense of Abortion, Judith Jarvis Thomson
13. On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion and Postscript on Infanticide, Mary Ann Warren
14. All Animals Are Equal, Peter Singer
15. Torturing Puppies and Eating Meat: It's All in Good Taste, Alastair Norcross
16. Do Animals Have Rights?, Tibor R. Machan
17. The Singer Solution to World Poverty, Peter Singer
THE DEATH PENALTY
18. A Defense of the Death Penalty, Louis P. Pojman
19. Why the United States Will Join the Rest of the World in Abandoning Capital Punishment, Stephen B. Bright
WAR, TERRORISM, AND TORTURE
20. Hellhole, Atul Gawande
21. The Ethics of War and Peace, Douglas P. Lackey
22. Fifty Years after Hiroshima, John Rawls
23. What Is Wrong with Terrorism?, Thomas Nagel
24. Liberalism, Torture, and the Ticking Bomb, David Luban
SEX AND DRUGS
25. America’s Unjust Drug War, Michael Huemer
26. Our Sexual Ethics, Bertrand Russell
27. Monogamy: A Critique, John McMurtry
28. A Few Words about Gay Marriage, Andrew Sullivan
29. Same-Sex Marriage and the Argument from Public Disagreement, David Boonin
30. Alcohol and Rape, Nicholas Dixon
31. Letter from the Birmingham City Jail, Martin Luther King Jr.
32. Is Racial Discrimination Arbitrary?, Peter Singer
33. In Defense of Quotas, James Rachels
34. The Morality of Euthanasia, James Rachels
35. The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia, J. Gay-Williams
36. The New Eugenics, Matt Ridley
37. Human Cloning and the Challenge of Regulation, John A. Robertson
38. Selling Organs for Transplantation, Lewis Burrows
39. A Free Market Would Reduce Donations and Would Commodify the Human Body, James F. Childress