9780199562848

Risk Communication and Public Health

by ; ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780199562848

  • ISBN10:

    0199562849

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-02-22
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

Controversies about risks to public health regularly hit the news, whether about food safety, environmental issues, medical interventions, or "lifestyle" risks, such as drinking. To those trying to manage or regulate risks, public reactions sometimes seem bizarre. To the public, the behavior of those supposedly "in charge" can seem no less odd. Trust is currently at a premium. This new edition of Risk Communication and Public Health covers the theoretical and research background, and presents a wide range of contemporary case studies and the learning experiences from these, and the political, institutional, and organizational issues they raise. It concludes with an analysis of the lessons learned and gives pointers for the future. The book offers international perspectives, and contributors include representatives from consumer organizations as well as public health practitioners and academics. This edition is substantially updated with new material and case studies, but retains the same focus--the improvement of communication and promotion of "good practice" in risk communication, in government, the health service, and elsewhere. This second edition presents a broad view of the issues around risk communication and public health in a way that will be of interest to a range of public health practitioners, managers and policy makers, postgraduate students and academics in a number of disciplines, and those interested in environmental health.

Author Biography


Following a first degree in Physics, Peter Bennett studied the logic, history and philosophy of science, obtaining his DPhil from Sussex University. He joined the Operational Research Group at Sussex, before moving to Strathclyde University, where he became becoming Reader in Management Science and Director of Postgraduate Studies. At the same time, he was involved in applied research and consultancy projects for clients ranging from community groups to transnational companies. He joined the Department of Health as a Principal OR Analyst in 1996, and since then has been heavily involved in analyses of risks to Public Health. He produced the Department of Health guidelines on Risk Communication. He now leads a cross-disciplinary team of analysts in the Heath Improvement and Protection Directorate of the Department, and is acting Head of Profession for Operational Research. Sir Kenneth Calman is Chancellor of the University of Glasgow. He graduated in medicine (with commendation) in 1967. He moved into the Department of Surgery in Glasgow and proceeded to the Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons and an MD Thesis with Honours on Organ Preservation. In 1972, he was the MRC Clinical Research Fellow at the Chester Beatty Research Institute in London and returned to Glasgow in 1974 as Professor of Oncology. He remained in that post for 10 years. In 1984 he became Dean of Postgraduate Medicine and Professor of Postgraduate Medical Education at the University of Glasgow and Consultant Physician with an interest in palliative care at Victoria Infirmary, Glasgow. He is a member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and President of the Institute of medical Ethics. Sarah Curtis is Professor of Health and Risk at Durham University. She has extensive international research experience in geography of health and health services, especially on inequalities of health and access to health care, health care needs assessment, health impact assessment and development of healthy public policy. Her research covers topics including: adaption of health and social care systems to changing risks of climate change (funded by EPSRC); Health Impact Assessment of urban regeneration schemes, (for Dept of Health, and other agencies); development of healthy public policy (with agencies in Canada and UK); ESRC funded research on effects of the socio-economic environment on well-being and health of adults and children; research funded by British Academy on hospital design; International research on migration, health and wellbeing supported by ESRC; comparative research on geographical variation in psychiatric service use supported by the Office of Mental Health for New York State. Denis Smith is Professor of Management at the University of Glasgow. His main research interests are in the areas of: organisational resilience, risk and crisis management; adverse events in health care; complexity and organisational performance (especially around health care organisations and the emergency services); human error and systems failure; and the role of embedded error cost in strategic change. Professor Smith's work has been concerned with issues of risk management and business continuity and this has been carried out over a 25 year period. His early work was concerned with the evacuation of urban areas due to extreme events - an interest he maintains to this day. He has also undertaken research on the training and performance of crisis management teams, the production of emergency/contingency plans (and their limitations), and the processes by which vulnerability can be generated within organisations and urban 'space'.

Table of Contents

Risk, communication and the public understanding of uncertainty in public health
Understanding public responses to risk
Bringing light to the shadows and shadows to the light: risk, risk management and risk communication
Consumer perceptions of the risks and benefits associated with food hazards
The social amplification of risk framework (SARP): Theory, critiques and policy implications
From trouble to trauma: the need for public-private health Partnerships
Public health risk communication in practice
The role of the media in public health crises: Perspectives from the UK and Europe
Where do we go from here? The evacuation of city centres and the communication of public health risks from extreme threats
Radiation in London: managing risk communication in the Litvinenko affair
Risk Communication in the British Pertussis and MMR Vaccine Controversies
Risk communication and pandemic influenza
CJD: risk communication in a health care setting
Contesting the science: public health knowledge and action in controversial land-use developments
A Precautionary tale - the role of the precautionary principle in policy making for public health
From the inside looking out, looking in - organisational issues around preparation and response for public health risks
Changes to food risk management and communication
Communicating across publics and between organisations: the case of childhood accidents
Exporting Pandora's Box - Exploitation, risk communication and public health problems associated with the export of hazard
Communication about persistent environmental risks: problems of knowledge exchange and potential of Participative techniques
Geographical information systems as a means for communicating about public health
Exploring and Communicating Risks: Scenario-based workshops
Embedding better practice in risk communication and public health
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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