9780521859615

Science Education and Student Diversity: Synthesis and Research Agenda

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521859615

  • ISBN10:

    0521859611

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-06-26
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

The achievement gaps in science and the under-representation of minorities in science-related fields have long been a concern of the nation. This book examines the roots of this problem by providing a comprehensive, 'state of the field' analysis and synthesis of current research on science education for minority students. Research from a range of theoretical and methodological perspectives is brought to bear on the question of how and why our nation's schools have failed to provide equitable learning opportunities with all students in science education. From this wealth of investigative data, the authors propose a research agenda for the field of science education - identifying strengths and weaknesses in the literature to date as well as the most urgent priorities for those committed to the goals of equity and excellence in science education.

Table of Contents

Foreword by Roland G. Tharp vii
Acknowledgments xiii
Introduction 1(6)
SECTION I. CONCEPTUAL GROUNDING AND POLICY CONTEXT 7(24)
1 Student Diversity and Science Outcomes
9(14)
Student Diversity
9(4)
Gaps in Science Outcomes
13(8)
Science Outcomes
21(2)
2 Conceptual Frameworks and Educational Policies
23(8)
Views of Science: Is Science Independent of Culture?
23(3)
Theoretical Perspectives Guiding This Synthesis
26(1)
Accountability as the Policy Context for Science Education
27(4)
SECTION II. STUDENT LEARNING AND CLASSROOM PRACTICES 31(70)
3 Students and Science Learning
33(25)
Factors Related to Science Achievement and Career Choice
33(4)
Cultural Beliefs and Practices
37(9)
Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation
46(2)
The Sociopolitical Process of Science Learning
48(2)
Science Learning among ELL Students
50(5)
Discussion
55(3)
4 Science Curriculum
58(14)
Representation of Student Diversity in Existing Science Curricula
59(3)
Culturally Relevant Science Curricula
62(1)
Technology-Based Science Curricula
63(3)
Science Curricula for ELL Students
66(3)
Discussion
69(3)
5 Science Instruction
72(20)
Culturally Congruent Science Instruction
72(6)
Cognitively Based Science Instruction
78(3)
Sociopolitical Process of Science Instruction
81(2)
English Language and Literacy in Science Instruction
83(6)
Discussion
89(3)
6 Science Assessment
92(9)
Science Assessment with Culturally Diverse Student Groups
93(3)
Science Assessment with ELL Students
96(3)
Discussion
99(2)
SECTION III. CREATING EQUITABLE LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS 101(44)
7 Teacher Education
103(21)
Teacher Preparation
104(6)
Teacher Professional Development
110(7)
Teacher Education with ELL Students
117(4)
Discussion
121(3)
8 School Organization and Educational Policies
124(14)
School Organization
124(4)
Educational Policies
128(8)
Discussion
136(2)
9 School and Home/Community Connections
138(7)
Families and Home Environments
138(2)
School Science and Community Connections
140(2)
Science Learning of Homeless Children
142(1)
Discussion
143(2)
SECTION IV. CONCLUSIONS AND A RESEARCH AGENDA 145(18)
10 Conclusions
147(7)
Key Features of the Literature
147(3)
Key Findings in the Literature
150(4)
11 Research Agenda
154(9)
Science Outcomes
154(1)
Student Diversity
155(1)
Diversity of Student Experiences in Relation to Science Curriculum and Instruction
156(2)
Teacher Education
158(1)
High-Stakes Assessment and Accountability Policy
159(1)
School Science and Home/Community Connections
160(1)
Closing
161(2)
Appendix: Method for Research Synthesis 163(4)
References 167(22)
Index 189

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