This book presents a constructivist approach to the content and methodology needed to be an effective teacher of elementary science. Twelve inquiry units further explore the inquiry and concepts of specific science topics. These topics include: how science concepts and skills are effectively taught and learned, ways to successfully plan science instruction, resources needed to enhance the science program, assessment of student inquiry, and integration of instructional and design technology. The chapter on technology covers not only discussions on the applications of technology to advance science, but also the latest educational technology to promote learning in science classrooms. For science teachers at the elementary school level.
(NOTE: Science in Elementary Education includes all chapters.)
(NOTE: Chapters 1 through 8 conclude with Summary, Reflection, References, and Suggested Readings. Inquiry Units 1 through 12 conclude with References, Selected Trade Books, and Resource Books.)
I. HOW TO TEACH ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE.
1. Science Inquiry and the Nature of Science.
The Nature of Science. Scientific Concepts and Generalizations. Science Process and the Process Skills. Teaching Children. Teacher as Researcher. 2. Constructing Science Experiences.
Paradigms. Constructivism. 3. Planning for Inquiry and National Standards.
Planning for Inquiry. Closed- and Open-Ended Activities. Learning with an Integrated Approach. Planning Units. A Sample Unit. 4. Developing Inquiry Skills.
Using the Learning Cycle. Observing. Classifying. Measuring. Communicating. Inferring. Predicting. Experimenting. Scientific Attitudes. 5. Assessment.
Assessment Today. Authentic Assessment. Types of Authentic Assessment. Assessing Attitudes. 6. Science Experiences for All Students.
Science Learning Centers. Science Projects. Science Fairs. Teaching Students with Special Needs. 7. Constructing Technological Understandings.
Educational Technology and Elementary Science. Science Technology Society. Technology Education and Elementary Science. 8. Science Learning Opportunities.
Mrs. Blackwelder's Class Trip. Science Learning Resources. Individual Partners in Education.
II. CONCEPTS AND INQUIRIES IN ELEMENTARY SCIENCE.
1. Light Energy and Color.
2. Heat Energy.
3. Sound Energy.
4. Magnetic Interactions.
5. Electrical Energy.
6. Simple Machines.
7. Plant Life.
8. Animal Life.
9. The Human Body and Nutrition.
10. The Earth's Changing Surface.
11. Water, Air, and Weather.
12. The Earth in Space.
Appendix A: Professional Bibliography.
Appendix B: Science Curriculum Projects.
Appendix C: Commercial Science Suppliers.
Appendix D: Environments and Nutrition for Classroom Animals.
Appendix E: Summary of Children's Thinking.
Appendix F: State Education Agencies.
Science in Elementary Education