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Science Stories : Science Methods for Elementary and Middle School Teachers,9780618376476
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Science Stories : Science Methods for Elementary and Middle School Teachers

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780618376476

ISBN10:
061837647X
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
4/19/2004
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $117.33
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Summary

Using narratives about science in the classroom as a tool for teaching and learning, this text helps prepare teachers to build their own knowledge--through a constructivist approach--and learn from students' experiences. Each science story presents actual classroom scenarios that demonstrate content, learning, and strategies in action. Stories are followed by "Expanding Meanings" sections, as well as coverage of the "Teaching Ideas," "Science Ideas," and "Science Standards" applicable to each one. Broadened coverage includes science stories from grades six through eight; the corresponding passages address concepts and issues relevant to middle school students. Coverage of standards includes National Science Education Standards and an emphasis on the National Education Technology Standards from ISTE. Marginal icons highlight these for easy reference. The chapter on assessment has been expanded to include information on technology-enhanced methods, using such tools as PowerPoint and concept maps.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
Part One: The Scientist Within
1(54)
An Invitation to Teaching Science
2(31)
Focusing Questions
2(1)
What Is Science, and Why Teach It?
3(5)
Science as a Process, a Set of Ideas, and a Set of Attitudes
3(3)
The Nature of Science
6(1)
The Value of Teaching Science
7(1)
How Do Students Learn Science?
8(6)
Key Tenets of Constructivist Theory
8(4)
Implications for Teaching
12(2)
Science Story: Listening to Students' Ideas
14(2)
Science Story: The Search for Understanding: A Toaster Story
16(3)
Standards for Science Education
19(2)
Issues of Diversity
21(3)
Questions to Ask About Your Students
21(1)
Connecting Science to All Students
22(2)
The Role of Technology
24(4)
Technology Education Standards
25(1)
Ways of Using Technology
26(1)
Issues of Technology Access
27(1)
Structure of This Book
28(2)
Part One: The Scientist Within
28(1)
Part Two: Doing Science with Students: Inquiry in Practice
28(1)
Part Three: Creating the Science Experience in Your Classroom
29(1)
Becoming a Science Teacher
30(3)
Key Terms
30(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
31(2)
Locating Your Scientific Self
33(22)
Focusing Questions
33(2)
Science Story: Why the Balloon Doesn't Pop: An Experience for New Teachers
33(2)
Teachers as Scientists
35(1)
Beliefs About Science: We Teach What We Think
36(2)
What Is a Scientist? Stereotype Versus Reality
38(6)
Drawing a Scientist
38(3)
Interviewing a Scientist
41(3)
Reflective Practice I: Your Science Autobiography
44(2)
Writing Your Science Autobiography
45(1)
Reflecting on Your Science Autobiography
45(1)
Reflective Practice II: Keeping a Science Journal
46(6)
A Bird Story: Sample Entries from a Science Journal
47(4)
Learning from Your Science Journal
51(1)
Some Guidelines for Your Own Science Journal
52(1)
The Inner Scientist
52(3)
Key Terms
53(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
53(2)
Part Two: Doing Science with Students: Inquiry in Practice
55(198)
The Teacher as Mediator
56(30)
Focusing Questions
56(1)
Science Story: The Bottle and the Balloon
57(3)
Expanding Meanings
58(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
58(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
59(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
59(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
59(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
60(1)
Helping Students Construct Meaning
60(4)
Prior Knowledge
61(1)
Valuing the Students' Thinking
61(1)
Mediating the Students' Learning
62(2)
Science Story: Jcicles
64(9)
The Next Day: From Icicles to Ice Cubes
69(1)
Expanding Meanings
69(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
69(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
70(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
71(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
72(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
72(1)
Mediation and Alternative Conceptions
73(2)
Science Story: The ``Skin'' of Water
75(9)
An Experiment to Explore Shondra's Question
75(3)
Further Experiments and Discussion
78(1)
More Challenges
79(2)
Expanding Meanings
81(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
81(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
82(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
83(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
83(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
83(1)
Students as Knowers
84(2)
Key Terms
85(1)
The Science Circus: Using the Skills of Scientific Study
86(18)
Focusing Questions
86(1)
The Science Circus
87(1)
Science Story: The Circus Comes to Mount Holly
88(13)
An Old Log
88(2)
The Soda Can
90(1)
Crazy Rocks
91(1)
The Leaky Faucet
91(2)
The Penny in the Pie Pan
93(1)
Three Types of Soil
94(1)
The Weather Station
95(1)
Expanding Meanings
96(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
96(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
97(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
98(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
99(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
100(1)
Science in the Classroom and in Everyday Life
101(1)
Family Science Night
101(3)
Key Terms
103(1)
Making Connections: Science in the Students' Own Environment
104(22)
Focusing Questions
104(1)
Diversity Within and Without
105(3)
Seeing the Larger Picture: Content Plus Context
105(2)
From Alienation to Inclusion
107(1)
Science Corners
108(9)
Making the Science Corner an Interactive Experience
108(3)
Connections to Literature and Other Subjects
111(2)
Sample Science Corners from Around the Country
113(2)
Field Trips
115(2)
Science Story: Making Connections, Inside and Outside the Classroom
117(8)
The Osage
117(1)
A Snow Story
118(1)
Two Seashores
118(2)
Investigating a Natural Disaster
120(1)
Coconuts Outside the Door
120(1)
Expanding Meanings
121(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind These Stories
121(1)
The Science Ideas Behind These Stories
122(1)
The Science Standards Behind These Stories
123(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
123(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
124(1)
The Daily Life of the Classroom
125(1)
Key Terms
125(1)
Science Is Not Neat: Explorations of Matter
126(15)
Focusing Questions
126(1)
Classifying
126(1)
Science Story: Exploring Solids, Liquids, and Gases
127(5)
Science Story: Mysterious Matter
132(5)
Expanding Meanings
133(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind These Stories
133(1)
The Science Ideas Behind These Stories
134(1)
The Science Standards Behind These Stories
135(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
135(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
135(2)
If It's So Messy, Can It Be Science?
137(4)
Messiness in the Classroom
137(1)
Messiness in the Categories
138(2)
Key Terms
140(1)
Sustained Inquiry: Explorations of Living Things
141(31)
Focusing Questions
141(1)
Science Story: What Does It Mean to Be Alive?
142(4)
What Makes a Rabbit Real?
142(1)
Are Plants Alive?
143(1)
Expanding Meanings
144(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind These Stories
144(1)
The Science Ideas Behind These Stories
144(1)
The Science Standards Behind These Stories
145(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
145(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
145(1)
Plants and Animals in Your Science Corner
146(1)
Science Story: From Seed to Plant: A Failed Experiment
146(2)
Science Story: What's Inside a Seed?
148(9)
The Following Days: Germination Bags
150(4)
Expanding Meanings
154(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind These Stories
154(1)
The Science Ideas Behind These Stories
155(1)
The Science Standards Behind These Stories
156(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
156(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
156(1)
Science Story: Planting in a Vacant Lot
157(1)
Science Story: When Is a Vegetable a Fruit?
157(5)
Expanding Meanings
160(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind These Stories
160(1)
The Science Ideas Behind These Stories
161(1)
The Science Standards Behind These Stories
161(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
161(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
162(1)
A Classroom Invertebrate
162(1)
Science Story: A Book of Snails
163(6)
Expanding Meanings
167(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
167(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
167(1)
The Science Standards Behind These Stories
168(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
168(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
168(1)
Working Together to Conduct Investigations Over Time
169(3)
Key Terms
170(2)
Spiraling Curriculum: Explorations of Density
172(29)
Focusing Questions
172(1)
Science Story: Looking at Liquids
173(8)
The Next Day: Building Science Toys to Illustrate Density
177(1)
Expanding Meanings
178(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
178(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
178(2)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
180(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
180(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
180(1)
Science Story: Delving Deeper into Density
181(3)
The Floating Egg
181(1)
Expanding Meanings
182(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
182(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
183(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
183(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
183(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
183(1)
Extending Curriculum: Taking Advantage of Emerging Relevance
184(1)
Science Story: Floating and Sinking Fruits
185(4)
Expanding Meanings
188(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
188(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
188(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
188(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
189(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
189(1)
Looking Back to Look Ahead
189(1)
Science Story: Apples, Potatoes, and Density
190(10)
The Following Days: Further Tests and Measurements
195(2)
Expanding Meanings
197(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
197(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
197(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
198(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
199(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
199(1)
``Replacement'' of Understandings
200(1)
Key Terms
200(1)
Making Models: Explorations of the Solar System
201(22)
Focusing Questions
201(1)
The Usefulness of Models
202(1)
Science Story: An Edible Solar System
203(8)
Expanding Meanings
208(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
208(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
208(2)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
210(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
210(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
210(1)
Models and Meaning
211(1)
Science Story: A Model Orbit
212(3)
Expanding Meanings
214(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
214(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
214(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
214(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
215(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
215(1)
Science Story: Shapes of the Moon
215(6)
Modeling the Moon Phases
217(1)
Expanding Meanings
218(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
218(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
218(1)
The Science Standards Behind These Stories
219(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
219(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
220(1)
Using Moon-Phase Journals
221(2)
Key Terms
221(2)
Expanding the Science ``Box'': Explorations of Electricity and Atoms
223(30)
Focusing Questions
223(1)
Science Story: Batteries, Bulbs, and Wires
224(2)
Science Story: Batteries, Bulbs, and Wires Revisited
226(10)
The Next Day: Lighting a Shoebox House
232(2)
Expanding Meanings
234(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind These Stories
234(1)
The Science Ideas Behind These Stories
234(1)
The Science Standards Behind These Stories
235(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
236(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
236(1)
Thinking About Teaching and Learning
236(2)
Science Story: Making Models of Atoms
238(12)
Exploring the History of Atomic Theory
239(2)
Mystery Boxes
241(1)
Discussing the Nucleus
241(2)
The Periodic Table
243(1)
The Atom Design Challenge
243(4)
Expanding Meanings
247(1)
The Teaching Ideas Behind This Story
247(1)
The Science Ideas Behind This Story
248(1)
The Science Standards Behind This Story
249(1)
Questions for Further Exploration
249(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
249(1)
Design Technology
250(3)
Key Terms
251(2)
Part Three: Creating the Science Experience in Your Classroom
253(134)
Planning for Science: Lesson Plans and Instructional Strategies
254(26)
Focusing Questions
254(1)
An Activity Is Not a Lesson
254(1)
Planning the Lesson
255(6)
A Planning Guide
256(3)
If I Know It, Do I Have to Write It?
259(1)
Time Allotment
259(1)
After the Planning, the Letting Go!
260(1)
The Role of Questioning
261(3)
Types of Questions
261(2)
A Word About Wait Time
263(1)
Science Learning Groups: Creating an Environment for Cooperative Learning
264(6)
Cooperative Learning Groups
264(1)
Constructivism and Small-Group Learning
265(2)
Scientific Investigation and Group Learning
267(1)
Structuring Cooperative Learning Groups in Your Classroom
267(3)
Inclusive Science Education
270(6)
Science and the Inclusion Model
271(1)
Classroom Strategies for Doing Science with Students with Disabilities
272(4)
Questions for Your Own Reflection
276(4)
Key Terms
277(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
277(3)
Science and Technology: A Seamless Connection
280(22)
Focusing Questions
280(1)
The Meanings and Uses of Technology
281(4)
The National Educational Technology Standards
282(1)
Integrating Technology with Instruction and Learning
283(1)
The Need to Know
284(1)
Making Observations and Gathering Data
285(5)
Obtaining Information from the Web
285(3)
Instruments with Computer Interfaces
288(1)
Video Cameras: Extending Our Senses
289(1)
Internet Projects and Collaboration
290(1)
Web-Based Projects
290(1)
Science Story: A WebQuest on Marine Organisms
291(4)
Underwater Adventure
291(1)
Mission
291(2)
Resources
293(1)
Conclusion
294(1)
Extending Student Collaboration Through Email
294(1)
Using Commercial Software for Science Instruction
295(1)
Evaluating Software
295(1)
Internet Resources for Teachers
296(3)
Gateway Sites
296(1)
Lesson Plans on the Web
297(2)
Technology and Learning: Some Concluding Thoughts
299(3)
Key Terms
300(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
300(2)
Science Content and Curriculum: The Big Ideas and Your Scientific Self
302(48)
Focusing Questions
302(1)
Making Big Ideas Your Own Ideas
303(1)
Ways of Thinking About Science Topics
304(2)
Systems
306(16)
The Solar System
306(3)
Thinking About Systems: The Interconnection of Parts
309(1)
Human Body Systems
310(6)
Thinking About Systems: Noticing Similarities and Differences
316(1)
Simple Machines
316(4)
Thinking About Systems: Simple Machines as Systems
320(2)
Thinking About Systems: The Benchmarks for Science Literacy
322(1)
Interactions and Patterns of Change
322(17)
Heat Energy and Matter
323(2)
Thinking About Interactions: Chemical and Physical Changes
325(3)
Thinking About Interactions: Links Between Interactions and Systems
328(1)
Electricity
329(2)
Light
331(2)
Thinking About Interactions: Making Connections: From Electricity to Heat and Light
333(2)
Sound
335(2)
Thinking About Interactions: Sound Energy and Musical Instruments
337(1)
Magnetism
337(2)
From Content to Curriculum
339(5)
Who Creates the Curriculum? National Influence and Local Control
340(1)
MST (Mathematics, Science, and Technology) Curriculum
341(2)
Other Interdisciplinary Trends
343(1)
Developing Curriculum Units
344(6)
Aligning a Unit of Study with the Standard
345(1)
Selecting Activities
345(1)
What Is Missing?
346(1)
A Checklist for the Science Curriculum
346(1)
Key Terms
347(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
347(3)
What's the Big Idea? Assessing What Students Know and Are Able to Do
350(26)
Focusing Questions
350(1)
Assessment and Testing
351(1)
Assessment and the Instructional Context
352(1)
Using Science Journals for Assessment
353(5)
A Sample Structure for a Science Journal
353(3)
Integrating Technology with Science Journals
356(1)
Drawing Pictures and Telling Stories
357(1)
Evaluating Student Journals
357(1)
Using Science Portfolios for Assessment
358(2)
Evaluating Student Portfolios
359(1)
Using Science Conversations for Assessment
360(1)
Using Technology to Assess Understanding
361(5)
Concept Maps
362(1)
Concept Cartoons
363(1)
Electronic Presentations
364(2)
Multiple Types of Performances
366(1)
Science Story: Third Graders Enact the Water Cycle
367(1)
Science Story: Second Graders Do a Station Assessment for a Unit on Matter
368(2)
Assessment and National Standards
370(3)
Teaching, Learning, and Assessing
373(3)
Key Terms
374(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
374(2)
Pulling It All Together: Reflection and Self-Assessment
376(11)
Focusing Questions
376(1)
Your Scientific Self
376(3)
Becoming a Reflective Teacher
379(1)
Developing a Personal Philosophy
379(1)
Professional Development
380(3)
Networking in the Profession
380(1)
Promotion and Certification Requirements
380(2)
Further Means of Professional Development
382(1)
How Am I Doing? A Guide to Self-Evaluation
383(1)
Looking Back to Look Ahead: A New Chapter in Your Science Autobiography
383(4)
Key Terms
386(1)
Resources for Further Exploration
386(1)
More Resources for Teachers 387(10)
Glossary 397(14)
References 411(8)
Index 419


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