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Scientific Integrity : Text and Cases in Responsible Conduct of Research,9781555813185

Scientific Integrity : Text and Cases in Responsible Conduct of Research

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9781555813185

ISBN10:
1555813186
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/30/2005
Publisher(s):
Amer Society for Microbiology
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Summary

Scientific Integrity: Text and Cases in Responsible Conduct of Research, 3rd Edition, presents an important revision of a best-selling text in the expanding field of responsible conduct of research training. Presents the core topics for graduate and postdoctoral trainees and professional researchers on the principles of scientific integrity Contains highly relevant interactive case studies, 30% of which are new to third edition, written by practicing scientists on the front lines of ethical issues Covers essential topics related to the conduct of scientific investigation, such as guidelines, policies, standards, and codes Offers a companion Web site, maintained by the author, containing a rich collection of Internet resources Includes discussion questions to promote critical thought Provides updates to most appendix material

Table of Contents

Contributors xi
Foreword xiii
Preface xvii
Acknowledgments xix
A Website Companion for Scientific Integrity: Text and Cases in Responsible Conduct of Research, Third Edition xx
Note to Students and Instructors xxi
chapter 1 Methods, Manners, and the Responsible Conduct of Research
Francis L. Macrina
1(18)
Overview
Scientific Misconduct
Responsible Conduct of Research
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
References
Resources
chapter 2 Ethics and the Scientist
Bruce A. Fuchs and Francis L. Macrina
19(20)
Overview
Ethics and The Scientist
Underlying Philosophical Issues
Utilitarianism
Deontology
Critical Thinking and the Case Study Approach
Moral Reasoning in the Conduct of Science
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
References
Resources
chapter 3 Mentoring
Francis L. Macrina
39(22)
Overview
Characteristics of the Mentor-Trainee Relationship
Selection of a Mentor
Mentoring Guidelines
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
References
Resources
chapter 4 Authorship and Peer Review
Francis L. Macrina
61(30)
Scientific Publication and Authorship
The Pressure to Publish
The Need for Authorship Criteria
Instructions to Authors
Guidelines for Authorship
Peer Review
The Workings of Peer Review
Being a Peer Reviewer
Emerging Trends and Policies
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
Resources
chapter 5 Use of Humans in Biomedical Experimentation
Paul S. Swerdlow
91(36)
Overview
Are You Conducting Human Subject Research?
The Issue of Informed Consent
Institutional Review Boards
The Institutional Review Board and the Informed Consent Issue
The Institutional Review Board and Expedited Review
Human Experimentation Involving Special Populations
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Fetal Tissue and Embryonic Stem Cell Research
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
The Declaration of Helsinki
References
Resources
chapter 6 Use of Animals in Biomedical Experimentation
Bruce A. Fuchs and Francis L. Macrina
127(32)
Introduction
Ethical Challenges to the Use of Animals in Research
Practical Matters: Constraints on the Behavior of Scientists
Political Realities: Then and Now
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
References
Resources
chapter 7 Managing Competing Interests
S. Gaylen Bradley
159(28)
Introduction
Conflict of Effort
Conflict of Conscience
Conflict of Interest
Managing Competing Interests
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
Resources
chapter 8 Collaborative Research
Francis L. Macrina
187(24)
Overview
The Nature of Collaboration
A Syllabus of Collaboration Principles
Collaboration Models
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
References
Resources
chapter 9 Ownership of Data and Intellectual Property
Thomas D. Mays
211(36)
Introduction
Review of Ownership of Research Data
Rights in Tangible Personal Property
Trade Secrets
Trademarks
Copyrights
Patents
Patent Law in the Age of Biotechnology
Seeking a Patent
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
Author's Note
Resources
Glossary
chapter 10 Genetic Technology and Scientific Integrity
Cindy L. Munro
247(22)
Introduction
Genetic Screening and Diagnosis
The Human Genome Project
Manipulating Genes
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
References
Resources
chapter 11 Scientific Record Keeping
Francis L. Macrina
269(28)
Introduction
Why Do We Keep Records?
Defining Data
Data Ownership
Data Storage and Retention
Tools of the Trade
Laboratory Record-Keeping Policies
Suggestions for Record Keeping
Electronic Record Keeping
Conclusion
Discussion Questions
Case Studies
References
Resources
appendix I Surveys as a Tool for Training in Scientific Integrity
Michael W. Kalichman
297(24)
appendix II Student Exercises 321(12)
appendix III Standards of Conduct 333(10)
appendix IV Sample Protocols for Human and Animal Experimentation 343(30)
appendix V Example of a U.S. Patent Specification 373(14)
appendix VI Laboratory Notebook Instructions 387(6)
Index 393


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