The Scott Foresman Handbook is designed to anticipate the questions of student writers and answer them clearly, fully, and imaginatively. It supports the multiple dimensions of a writerrs"s work - including language, reading, argument, research, technology, visual learning and more. The eighth edition of Scott Foresman Handbook for Writers continues to break new ground by thinking about how writers may respond to the emerging technologies and theories that impact communication. It is a valuable resource and the ideal guide to help students write in the college classroom and beyond. Topics include the writing process (finding and exploring a topic, focus and organization, drafting and revising, editing and proofreading, and evaluation); writing for academic and public forums; style (crafting opening and closing paragraphs, what kinds of language to use, effective sentences, and stylish sentences); visual design (documents, web sites); grammar, punctuation, and mechanics; research and writing; and documentation.An excellent reference resource for anyone needing to learn effective writing skills, whether for college, business, or other areas.
PART I Writing Processes
1 What Does Writing Involve?
a Why write?
b What does it take to write well?
c How does writing work?
d How do you define a writing situation?
e How do you define your purpose(s) for writing?
f How do you write for an audience?
g How do you present yourself to readers?
2 How Do You Find and Explore a Topic?
a How do you find a topic?
b How do you refine your topic?
c How do you explore and develop a topic?
d How do you write a topic proposal?
3 How Do You Focus and Organize a Writing Project?
a How do you craft a thesis statement?
b How do you avoid plagiarism?
c How do you organize a writing project?
d How do you outline a paper?
e How do you choose a title?
4 How Do You Write a Draft?
a How do you start a draft?
b How do you keep a draft on track?
c When should you take a break?
d How do you know when you have a solid draft?
e How do you work on a draft collaboratively?
5 How Do You Revise, Edit, and Proofread?
a What does revising involve?
b What does editing involve?
c What does proofreading involve?
d How do you help another writer revise, edit, and proofread?
PART II Writing for Academic and Public Forums
6 How Do You Write in College?
a How do you write a successful academic paper?
b How do you write on essay examinations?
7 How Do You Write for the Public?
a How do you write outside the classroom?
b How do you write in service-learning courses?
8 How Do You Read and Think Critically?
a How do you read to understand complex material?
b How do you think critically about your reading?
c How do you critically interpret charts, tables, and graphs?
d How do you write a response paper?
9 How Do Written and Visual Arguments Work?
a What is an argument?
b How do visual arguments work?
c How can you recognize and avoid fallacies?
10 How Do You Write Powerful Arguments?
a How do you construct a solid written argument?
b How do you write an argument that appeals to readers?
c How do you effectively address other viewpoints?
11 How Do You Write About Literature and Film?
a What elements should you look for when you read literature or view film?
b What approaches can you use to write about literature and film?
c What sources can you use in writing essays about literature and film?
d How do you develop a paper that analyzes literature or film?
PART III Style
12 What Makes Paragraphs Work?
a How do you construct unified paragraphs?
b How can you organize paragraphs?
c How long should a paragraph be?
13 How Do You Craft Opening and Closing Paragraphs?
a What makes an opening paragraph effective?
b What makes a closing paragraph effective?
14 How Do You Manage Transitions?
a How do you spot problems with transitions?
b How can you solve problems with transitions?
15 What Kinds of Language Can You Use?
a How formal should your writing be?
b What’s denotation and connotation?
c How do you improve readability?
d How do you keep language civil?
e Do you understand dialects?
16 How Do You Construct Effective Sentences?
a How are sentences structured?
b What do modifiers do?
c What are phrases?
d What do clauses do in sentences?
e What types of sentences can you write?
f How does coordination build sentences?
g How does subordination build sentences?
h How does parallelism work?
i How do you craft balanced sentences?
j How do you craft cumulative sentences?
17 How Do You Write Stylish Sentences?
a What are agent/action sentences?
b How can you achieve clarity?
c How can you reduce wordiness?
d How can you achieve sentence variety?
e How do you use figurative language?
PART IV Design and Shape of Writing
18 How Do You Design Documents?
a How do you design documents with a computer?
b How do you lay out pages?
c How do you choose type?
d How do you add charts and images?
e How do you work with color?
19 How Do You Write Professional and Business Documents?
a How do you write formal e-mails?
b How do you write formal letters?
c How do you write application letters?
d How do you write résumés?
e How do you write a personal statement?
f How do you prepare for interviews?
g How do you write official memos?
h How do you design newsletters?
i How do you design brochures?
20 How Do You Design and Deliver an Oral Presentation?
a How do you plan oral presentations?
b How do you script what you’ll say?
c How do you create audio-visual aids?
d How do you speak before an audience?
21 How Do You Write for the Web?
a When should you use social media at school?
b How do you participate on class Web sites?
c How do you write for wikis, blogs, and other Web 2.0 environments?
d How do you establish your ethos online?
PART V Grammar
22 Questions About Subject-Verb Agreement?
a Agreement: Is the subject singular or plural?
b Agreement: Is the subject an indefinite pronoun?
c Agreement: Is the subject a collective noun?
d Agreement: Is the subject separated from its verb?
e Agreement: Is the subject hard to identify?
23 Questions About Verb Tense, Voice, and Mood?
a How do you choose verb tenses?
b How do regular and irregular verbs differ?
c Problems with tense in parallel constructions?
d Questions about tense consistency in longer passages?
e Do you understand active and passive voice?
f What is the subjunctive mood and how do you use it?
24 Questions About Verbals?
a What are verbals?
b How do verbals cause sentence fragments?
c What is a split infinitive?
25 Questions About Plurals, Possessives, and Articles?
a How are nouns made plural?
b Questions about possessives?
c Should it be a or an?
26 Questions About Pronoun Reference?
a Do pronouns lack antecedents?
b Are pronoun references unclear?
c Questions about this, that, which, and it?
27 Questions About Pronoun Agreement?
a Do antecedents and pronouns agree in number?
b Questions about agreement with indefinite pronouns?
c Treat collective nouns as singular or plural?
d Questions about agreement with conjunctions?
28 Questions About Pronoun Case?
a Questions about pronouns in subjective and objective case?
b Difficulties with possessive pronouns?
c Confused by its/it’s and whose/who’s?
29 Questions About Pronoun Choices?
a When to use I, we, you, or one?
b Do your pronouns treat both sexes fairly?
c Questions about that, which, and who?
d Questions about reflexive and intensive pronouns?
30 Questions About Modifiers?
a What’s the problem with misplaced or dangling modifiers?
b Where should adjectives go?
c How do you get predicate adjectives right?
d Questions about absolute adjectives?
e Questions about adverb form?
f Where should adverbs go?
g What’s wrong with double negatives?
h How do comparatives and superlatives differ?
i Questions about nonessential and essential modifiers?
31 Is English a Second Language for You (ESOL)?
a Common problem areas for ESOL writers
b Finding other ESOL resources
32 Questions About Verbs (ESOL)?
a Which verb tense should you use?
b How do you use transitive and intransitive verbs?
c How do you use two-word and three-word verbs?
d Which modal should you use?
33 Questions About Gerunds, Infinitives, Articles, or Number (ESOL)?
a How do you use gerunds and infinitives?
b Questions about articles and number agreement?
PART VI Punctuation and Mechanics
34 How Do You Punctuate Sentence Endings?
a When do you use periods?
b When do you use question marks?
c When should you use exclamation marks?
35 Problems with Sentence Boundaries: Fragments, Comma Splices, and Run-ons?
a How do you identify and fix sentence fragments?
b When are fragments acceptable?
c How can you avoid comma splices?
d How can you fix run-on sentences?
36 How Do You Use Commas?
a When do commas separate items in a sentence?
b When should commas enclose words and phrases?
c When are commas connect parts of a sentence?
d Where are commas not necessary or wrong?
e What special uses do commas have?
37 Questions About Semicolons and Colons?
a When do you use semicolons?
b When do you use colons?
38 How Do You Use Quotation Marks and Ellipses?
a When do you use quotation marks?
b When do you use ellipses?
39 How Do Parentheses and Brackets Differ?
a When do you use parentheses?
b When do you use brackets?
40 Questions About Dashes, Hyphens, and Slashes?
a When do you use an em dash?
b When do you use an en dash?
c When do you use hyphens?
d When do you use slashes?
41 Questions About Italics and Capitalization?
a When do you use italics?
b When do you capitalize?
42 Questions About Abbreviations and Numbers?
a How do you handle abbreviations?
b How do you handle numbers?
PART VII Research and Writing
43 How Do You Plan a Research Project?
a How do you claim a topic?
b How do you develop a research project?
c How do you schedule a research project?
44 How Do You Find Information?
a How do you find information?
b How do you search with keywords?
45 How Do You Evaluate Sources?
a How do sources differ?
b How do you evaluate source materials?
46 How Do You Use Sources Responsibly?
a How do you annotate research materials?
b Should you summarize or paraphrase a source?
c How do you avoid plagiarism?
47 How Do You Manage Quotations Effectively?
a How do you choose quotations?
b How do you introduce quotations and source materials?
c How may you modify direct quotations?
d What conventions govern direct quotations?
48 How Do You Produce a Final Draft?
a Is the organization solid?
b Is the format correct?
PART VIII Documentation
49 How Do You Document a Research Paper?
a What are documentation styles?
b How do you document a research project?
c Where do you find information to document a source?
50 How Do You Use MLA Documentation?
a Insert in-text notes wherever you use sources in the body of your paper.
b List all cited sources on a separate “Works Cited” page.
c Sample research paper–MLA
51 How Do You Use APA Documentation?
a How do you create in-text citations?
b How do you create an APA References page?
c Sample Empirical Research Paper–APA
52 How Do You Use CMS Documentation?
a How CMS documentation work
b Using CMS footnotes and endnotes
c Formatting CMS footnotes and endnotes
d Formatting CMS bibliographies
e Sample literary analysis–CMS
Glossary of Terms and Usage