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Sense and Nonsense about Crime and Drugs : A Policy Guide,9780534554361

Sense and Nonsense about Crime and Drugs : A Policy Guide

by
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780534554361

ISBN10:
0534554369
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
7/28/2000
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing
List Price: $40.67
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Summary

Walker's SENSE AND NONSENSE was the first book to challenge common misconceptions about crime and remains the most effective at doing so. Described as a "masterful critique" of American policies on everything from crime control to guns to drugs Walker cuts through myths and political rhetoric and confronts both conservative and liberal propositions relative to current research and proven effectiveness. The result is a research-based, lucid work that stimulates critical thinking and enlivens class discussions. Walker captures the complexity of the administration of justice while providing students with a clear sense of the general patterns.

Table of Contents

List of Propositions
xiii
Foreword xvi
Preface xviii
THINKING CLEARLY ABOUT CRIME 1(74)
Crime and Policy: A Complex Problem
3(23)
The Miracle of Falling Crime Rates
3(3)
Is It for Real?
4(1)
The Great American Paternity Fight
5(1)
Understanding the Crime Problem
6(2)
America's Two Crime Problems
6(2)
Wagging War on Crime
8(5)
Race and the War on Crime
9(2)
The War on Crime and the Criminal Justice System
11(1)
The Futility of Waging ``War'' on Crime
11(1)
Crime Policy: A Plague of Nonsense
12(1)
The Ground Rules
13(4)
Thinking Clearly about Crime Prevention
14(1)
Reducing Crime: The New Community Focus
15(1)
The Larger Context: Recent Social Trends
16(1)
Guilty: Liberals and Conservatives
17(1)
Crime Control Theology
17(5)
Conservative Theology
18(2)
Liberal Theology
20(1)
A Word about Rules
21(1)
Ideological Confusion: Switching Sides
22(1)
Conclusion
22(1)
Notes
23(3)
Models of Criminal Justice
26(15)
The Crime Commission's Model
28(1)
The Criminal Justice Wedding Cake
29(9)
Celebrated Cases: The Top Layer
29(2)
Serious Felonies: The Second and Third Layer
31(5)
Prior Relationship: A Policy Dilemma
36(1)
Hard or Soft on Crime? Unraveling the Paradox
36(1)
The Lower Depths: The Fourth Layer
37(1)
Conclusion
38(1)
Notes
39(2)
The Going Rate
41(21)
Evaluating the System
41(2)
The Funnel
43(9)
Rejections and Dismissals: Loophole?
46(4)
From Indictment to Punishment
50(1)
An International Perspective on the Going Rate
51(1)
The Courtroom Work Group
52(6)
The Limits of Reform
54(1)
The Dynamics of Reform
55(1)
Criminal Justice Thermodynamics
55(2)
How Many Mistakes?
57(1)
Conclusion
58(1)
Notes
59(3)
The Career Criminal
62(13)
Wolfgang's Birth Cohort
62(2)
Other Cohort Studies
64(2)
From Research to Policy
66(1)
The Prediction Problem
67(4)
The Rand Selective Incapacitation Study
69(2)
How Much Crime Do They Do?
71(1)
Conclusion
72(1)
Notes
73(2)
``GET TOUGH'': THE CONSERVATIVE ATTACK ON CRIME 75(92)
Unleash the Cops!
77(22)
More Cops
77(8)
The Police and Crime
78(1)
The Lessons of Kansas City
79(3)
Focused Police Officer Activities
82(2)
Sorting Out the Issues
84(1)
Faster Response Time
85(1)
More Detectives
86(3)
Myths and Realities of Detective Work
86(2)
Targeting Career Criminals
88(1)
Eliminate the ``Technicalities''
89(6)
Repeal the Exclusionary Rule
89(4)
Abolish Miranda
93(2)
Conclusion
95(1)
Notes
95(4)
Deter the Criminals
99(22)
Deterrence Theory
99(4)
Assumptions Underlying Deterrence
100(2)
From Theory to Practice: Four Problems
102(1)
The Risk of Crime: Some Preliminary Evidence
102(1)
The Death Penalty
103(4)
Sorting Out the Issues
103(1)
Executions and Crimes: Sellin's Studies
104(1)
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullets
105(1)
Delays and Deterrence
106(1)
Brutilization Theory?
107(1)
Summary
107(1)
Deterring the Drunk Driver
107(8)
The ``Killer Drunk'' and Other Myths
107(2)
Deterrence and Drunk Driving
109(2)
Drunk Drivers in Court
111(2)
Crackdown Costs
113(1)
Some Good News: Alternative Strategies for Dealing with Drunk Drivers
113(2)
Deterring Burglars and Robbers
115(2)
The Rand Inmate Survey
116(1)
Deterring Domestic Violence
117(1)
Conclusion
118(1)
Notes
119(2)
Lock 'Em Up
121(26)
Getting Criminals off the Street
121(1)
Preventive Detention
122(7)
A Short History of Bail Reform
122(1)
Preventive Detention in Operation: Washington, D.C.
123(1)
The 1984 Federal Bail Reform Act
124(1)
Crime on Bail: Myths and Reality
125(2)
The Prediction Problem Revisited
127(2)
Speedy Trial: A Better Way
129(1)
Incapacitation
129(6)
Selective Incapacitation: The Rand Formula
129(3)
Gross Incapacitation: Zedlewski's New Math
132(2)
Incapacitation: A Sober Estimate
134(1)
Mandatory Sentencing
135(5)
Two Case Studies
136(3)
Mandatory Sentencing and Crime
139(1)
Three Strikes---We Are All Out
140(3)
Implementation
141(1)
Impact
141(1)
Summary---Striking Out
142(1)
Conclusion
143(1)
Notes
143(4)
Close the Loopholes
147(20)
Prosecute the Career Criminal
147(3)
Getting Tough in San Diego
147(2)
Other Prosecution Programs
149(1)
Abolish the Insanity Defense
150(6)
Sorting Out the Issues
151(1)
The Reality of the Insanity Defense
151(1)
Aftermath of Acquittal
152(1)
Danger to the Community
153(1)
The Impact of Abolition
153(3)
Abolish Plea Bargaining
156(5)
Alaska Bans Plea Bargaining
157(2)
Other Experiments
159(1)
In Search of Plea Bargains
159(2)
Restrict Appeals
161(2)
Limiting Appeals
161(1)
Appeals in Practice
162(1)
Conclusion
163(1)
Notes
163(4)
THE MIDDLE GROUND: GUNS AND VICTIMS 167(40)
Protect Crime Victims
169(15)
The Victims' Rights Movement
170(4)
The Costs of Crime
172(1)
New Laws and Programs
172(1)
Critics of the Movement
172(1)
Sorting Out the Issues
172(1)
Criteria for Evaluation
173(1)
Victim Assistance Programs
174(3)
Police-Victim Recontact
175(1)
Victim Compensation
176(1)
Expanding the Victim's Voice
177(2)
The Impact of Victim's Voice Laws
178(1)
Speedy Trial
179(1)
Getting Tough on Crime
180(1)
Mandatory Arrest for Domestic Violence
181(1)
Conclusion
181(1)
Notes
182(2)
Control Gun Crimes
184(23)
The Problem with Guns---and Gun Policy
184(2)
Gun Ownership and Gun-Related Violence
186(2)
Types of Guns
186(1)
Gun Ownership
186(1)
Handgun-Related Violence
187(1)
Handguns as Self-Protection
187(1)
Gun-Related Laws
188(1)
The Policy Alternatives
188(1)
Public Attitudes toward Gun Control
189(1)
Ban Handguns
189(4)
Ban Possession
189(1)
The Limits of ``Banning'' Handguns
190(1)
Ban Bullets
191(1)
Ban the Manufacture and Importation of Handguns
191(1)
Buy Back Handguns
191(1)
Buy Saturday Night Specials
192(1)
Ban Assault Weapons
192(1)
Summary
193(1)
Regulate the Sale and Possession of Handguns
193(2)
Restrict the Use of Handguns
195(5)
Restrict the Carrying of Handguns
195(2)
Boston: Operation Cease Fire
197(1)
Guns at Airports and Schools
198(1)
Get Guns Off the Street: The Kansas City Experiment
199(1)
More Guns?
200(1)
Get Though on Weapons Offenses
200(2)
Getting Tough in Detroit
201(1)
Conclusion
202(1)
Notes
203(4)
REFORM: THE LIBERAL PRESCRIPTION 207(42)
Treat 'Em!
209(27)
Rehabilitating Criminals
209(2)
The Philosophy of Rehabilitation
209(1)
The Politics of Rehabilitation: The Willie Horton Furlough
210(1)
The ``Nothing Works'' Controversy
211(2)
Was Martinson Right?
212(1)
The Prediction Problem Revisited
212(1)
Traditional Rehabilitation Programs
213(9)
Diversion
213(3)
Probation
216(3)
Parole
219(3)
The New Intermediate Punishments
222(7)
Boot Camps
222(2)
Intensive Probation Supervision
224(3)
Home Confinement and Electronic Monitoring
227(1)
Summary: Lessons of the Intermediate Punishment Movement
228(1)
Restorative Justice
229(2)
Restorative Justice in Operation
230(1)
Conclusion: Is Rehab Running on Empty?
231(1)
Notes
232(4)
Reform the Law and the System
236(13)
Eliminate Injustice
236(3)
Does Justice Matter?
238(1)
Decriminalization
239(6)
The Rationale for Decriminalization
240(2)
The Terms of the Debate
242(1)
The Impact of Decriminalization
243(2)
Summary
245(1)
Conclusion
245(1)
Notes
246(3)
THE DRUG PROBLEM 249(32)
Sense and Nonsense About Drugs
251(30)
The Drug Problem
251(5)
Hysteria over Drugs
251(1)
Myths and Realities about Drugs and Crime
252(3)
The Drug Policy Choices
255(1)
The War on Drugs: Policy and Consequences
256(5)
The Impact of the War on Drugs
257(1)
Police Crackdowns
258(1)
Interdiction and Eradication
259(1)
Tougher Sentencing
260(1)
Limits of the Criminal Law: The Lessons of History
261(2)
The Lessons of History
262(1)
When Social Control Does Work
262(1)
Demand Reduction: Drug Education
263(3)
``Just Say No''
263(1)
DARE: Success or Failure?
264(1)
But Some Education Programs Do Work
265(1)
Drug Treatment
266(4)
Varieties of Treatment
267(1)
Does Treatment Work?
267(2)
But Something Positive Has Happened
269(1)
Legalize Drugs?
270(5)
Varieties of Legalization
271(1)
The Impact of Legalization
272(1)
A Specific Proposal
272(3)
Conclusion
275(1)
Notes
275(6)
CONCLUSIONS 281(12)
In the End: What Works?
283(10)
A Great American Paternity Fight
284(1)
A Quick Review of What We Have Learned
285(2)
Crime Prevention: The Maryland Report
287(3)
Conclusion
290(1)
Notes
290(3)
Index 293


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